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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jinete is a Spanish word meaning "horseman", but in some cases this is applied to the horse, the rider or both.

As a military term of art, jinete (also spelled ginete or genitour) means a Spanish light horseman armed with a javelin, sword and a shield, a troop type developed in the Middle Ages in response to the massed light cavalry of the Moors. Often fielded in significant numbers by the Spanish, and at times the most numerous of the Spanish mounted troops, they were proficient at skirmishing and rapid maneuver, and played an important role in Spanish mounted warfare throughout the Reconquista until the sixteenth century.

In its original Spanish title "The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse" by Vicente Blasco Ibanez is "Los Cuatro Jinetes del Apocalipsis"

Contemporary usage, at least in Mexico, means "rodeo rider", hence "cowboy".

Spanish Wikipedia on Jinete

The word Jinete (of Berber and Arab-Berber Zenete or zenetha) designates in Castilian and other languages (Catalan, Basque, Galician and French Provencale Occitan in the south) those who show great skill and riding especially if this relates to their work more common (muleteers tamers, etc.)..

Although the etymological explanation of the basis from the word "zenetha" requires its own article on history, it is here that the "zenetha" or Zenete or zanatas were "a tribe of Berbers during the Middle Ages another rival not least, of the zeneguĂ­s.

The zenethas apparently arose ethnically in Western Sahara Mauritania, Mali and on the north side of the river Senegal, particularly after the Arab invasion. Such an invasion would have forced them-among other things, to adopt as part of their tactic to use with great dexterity first dromedaries camels. The acquisition of such skills are usually enhanced when they were able to mount a horse, especially the kind of agile horse (nothing yihill ") called light Arabian horse. This allowed them to post a prevalence in North Africa and especially in medieval Spain dominated by the Moors.

Since then it is in Castilian is adjectival as a rider who knows how to ride a horse, especially those who are fluent or champions at equestrian practices, as is the case with the gaucho, the huaso of the plains, the cowboy, or charro among others.

Appearances in popular culture

Jinetes appear in Ensemble Studios' Age of Empires III. The game portrays Jinetes as special Portuguese dragoon units armed with rifles.

They also appear in Creative Assembly's Medieval: Total War and Medieval II: Total War as highly effective Spanish and Portuguese mounted skirmishers.

The Genitour was originally planned to be the Spanish unique unit in Ensemble Studios' Age of Empires II: The Conquerors, in much the same way as in Medieval II: Total War, but was replaced by musket-armed Conquistadores. It now appears only in the unpatched Expansion with a Militia sprite and Cavalry Archer icon.


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