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History of Japan



Jingo-keiun (神護景雲 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Tenpyō-jingo and before Hōki. This period spanned the years from August 767 through October 770.[1] The reigning empress was Empress Shōtoku-tennō (称徳天皇 ?). This was the same woman who had reigned previously as the former Kōken-tennō (孝謙天皇 ?).[2]


Change of era

  • 767 Jingo-keiun gannen (神護景雲元年 ?): The new era name was created to mark an event or series of events. The previous era ended and the new one commenced in Tenpyō-jingo 3, on the 18th day of the 8th month of 767.[3].

Events of the Jingo-keiun era

  • September 8, 669 (Jingo-keiun 3, 4th day of the 8th month]): In the 5th year of Shōtoku-tennō 's reign (称徳天皇5年), the empress died; and she designated Senior Counselor Prince Shirakabe as her heir.[4]
  • 770 (Jingo-keiun 3, 4th day of the 8th month): The succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by a 62-year-old grandson of Emperor Tenji. [5]
  • 770 (Jingo-keiun 3, 1st day of the 10th month): Emperor Kōnin was is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’) in a formal ceremony;and the nengō was changed to Hōki on the very same day.[6]

The Jingō-kaihō' was a copper coin issued from 765 to 796. It had a diameter of about 23 mm and a weight of between 3.4 and 4.5 grams.[7]

See also


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jingo-keiun" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 422; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 78-81; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 274-276; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 143-147.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 276.
  4. ^ Brown, pp. 276-277.
  5. ^ Brown, p. 276; Varley, p. 44, 148. [A distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.]
  6. ^ Titsingh, p. 81; Brown, p. 277; Varley, p. 44, 148.
  7. ^ Nussbaum, "Jingō-kaihō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 422.


External links

Jingo-keiun 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Gregorian 767 768 769 770

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:



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