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Jishō (治承 ?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Angen and before Yōwa. This period spanned the years from 1177 through 1181. The reigning emperors were Takakura-tennō (高倉天皇 ?) and Antoku-tennō (安徳天皇 ?).[1]

Contents

Change of era

  • Jishō gannen (治承元年 ?); 1177: The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Angen 3, on the 4th day of the 8th month of 1177.[2]

Events of the Jishō era

  • Jishō 1, on the 28th day of the 4th month (1177): A great fire in the capital was spread by high winds; and the palace was reduced to cinders.[3]
  • Jishō 2, 12th day of the 11th month (1178): Emperor Takakura's consort, Tokuko, gives birth to an infant who will become Emperor Antoku.[4]
  • Jisho 4, 21st day of the 2nd month (1180): Emperor Takakura abdicates.[4]
  • Jishō 4, on the 21st day of the 4th month (1180): In the 12th year of Takakura-tennō's reign (高倉天皇12年), the emperor was forced to abdicate; and the succession (‘‘senso’’) was received by his infant son, the grandson of Taira Kiyomori.[5]
  • Jisho 4, 22nd day of the 4th month (1180): Emperor Antoku’s is said to have acceded to the throne (‘‘sokui’’) on the day of his cornonation ceremony.[6]
  • Jisho 4, 2nd day of the 6th month (1180): Former-Emperor Go-Shirakawa-in, former-emperor Takakura-in and Emperor Antoku leave Kyoto for Fukuhara, which is near modern-day Kōbe, Hyōgo.[4]
  • Jisho 4, 26th day of the 11th month (1180): The capital is moved back to Kyoto from Fukuhara.[7]
  • Jisho 4 (1180): A devastating whirlwind causes havoc in Heian-kyo, the capital.[8]
  • Jisho 5, 14th day of the 1st month (1181): Emperor Takakura dies.[4]

References

  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 195-200; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 330-333; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 212-214.
  2. ^ Brown, p. 332.
  3. ^ Titsigh, p. 198; Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 783; Kamo no Chōmei. (1212). Hōjōki.
  4. ^ a b c d Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 784.
  5. ^ Titsingh, p. 200; Brown, p. 333; Kitagawa, p. 784; Varley, p. 44. [A distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Go-Murakami.]
  6. ^ Kitagawa, p. 784; Varley, p. 44.
  7. ^ Kitagawa, p. 785.
  8. ^ Kamo no Chōmei. (1212). Hōjōki.

External links

Jishō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
Gregorian 1177 1178 1179 1180 1181

Preceded by:
Angen

Era or nengō:
Jishō

Succeeded by:
Yōwa

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