Joachim: Wikis

  
  

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Saint Joachim
Saints Joachim and Anne, parents of the Virgin Mary
Father of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Confessor
Born 1st century BC
Died unknown, Sepphoris or Jerusalem
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Orthodox Churches
Anglican Communion
Islam
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Feast July 26; March 20 (General Roman Calendar, 1584-1738); Sunday after the Octave of the Assumption (General Roman Calendar, 1738-1913); August 16 (General Roman Calendar, 1913-1969)
Attributes Lamb, doves, with Saint Anne or Mary
Patronage Adjuntas, Puerto Rico, fathers, grandparents, Fasnia (Tenerife)

Saint Joachim ("he whom YHWH has set up", Hebrew: יְהוֹיָקִים Yəhôyāqîm, Greek Ἰωακείμ Iōākeím) was the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus, and therefore is ascribed the title of "forebearer of God", in the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions. The story of SS. Joachim and Anne appears in the apocryphal Gospel of James.

The canonical Gospel accounts in the New Testament do not explicitly name either of Mary's parents, but some argue that the genealogy in Luke 3 is that of Mary rather than Joseph, thereby naming her father as Eli (Heli).[1] Later traditions, however, specify that this Eli was a first cousin of Mary's father Joachim.[2]

In the Gospel of James, Joachim is described as a rich and pious man of the house of David who regularly gave to the poor and to the temple (synagogue) at Sepphoris.[3] However, as his wife was barren, the high priest rejected Joachim and his sacrifice, as his wife's childlessness was interpreted as a sign of divine displeasure. Joachim consequently withdrew to the desert where he fasted and did penance for forty days. Angels then appeared to both Joachim and Anne to promise them a child. Joachim later returned to Jerusalem and embraced Anne at the city gate. The cycle of legends concerning SS. Joachim and Anne were included in the Golden Legend and remained popular in Christian art until the Council of Trent restricted the depiction of apocryphal events. Traditional depictions (vestibular statuary, etc) of St. Joachim show him bearing a shovel.

No liturgical celebration of Saint Joachim was included in the Tridentine Calendar. It was added to the General Roman Calendar in 1584, for celebration on March 20, the day after the feast day of Saint Joseph. In 1738 it was transferred to the Sunday after the Octave of the Assumption. As part of his effort to allow the liturgy of Sundays to be celebrated, Pope Pius X transferred it to August 16, the day after the feast day of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, so that St. Joachim may be remembered in the celebration of her triumph.[4] It was then celebrated as a Double of the 2nd Class, a rank that was changed in 1960 to that of 2nd Class Feast. In 1969 it was joined to that of Saint Anne, for celebration on July 26.[5]

In Islam

The House of Imran (Arabic: آل عمران) is the 3rd chapter of the Qur'an and contains two hundred verses. Imran is Arabic for the biblical figure Amram who is regarded as being the ancestor of Mary. This chapter is named after the family of Imran (Joachim) which includes; Imran (Arabic: عمران , Joachim), Hanna (Arabic: حنـّا , St. Ann), Maryam (Arabic: مريم, Mary) and Jesus (Arabic: عيسى , Jesus). The chapter is believed to have been revealed in Medina and is either the second or third in Medinan revelation. Almost all of it also belongs to the 3rd year of the Hijra. In this chapter the miraculous birth of Mary, St. John the Baptist and Jesus is mentioned. In this chapter mention is made of God having chosen Adam, Noah, the family of Abraham and the family of Imran over the Alamin (creation).

References

  1. ^ See the main article, Genealogy of Jesus. It is further suggested that Eli is short for Eliakim, another name of king Joachim.
  2. ^ Doctrina Jacobi, written about 634; similarly in On the Orthodox Faith iv.14: Joachim's father Panther and Eli's father Melchi were brothers, sons of Levi.
  3. ^ The reference to a temple at Sepphoris seems to contradict the generally held view that at that time no Jewish temple was admitted other than that in Jerusalem: see The Temple at Jerusalem and Its Culture.
  4. ^ Dom Gaspar LeFebvre, "The Saint Andrew Daily Missal, with Vespers for Sundays and Feasts," Saint Paul, MN: The E. M. Lohmann Co., 1952, p. 1513
  5. ^ "Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), pp. 98 and 135

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology

Biblical Jehoiachim (2 Kings 24), Hebrew "may Yahweh raise".

Proper noun

Joachim

  1. The father of Virgin Mary in apocryphal gospels.
  2. A male given name, always rare in English.

Translations


Danish

Proper noun

Joachim

  1. A male given name, German style spelling of Joakim.

Dutch

Proper noun

Joachim

  1. A male given name, cognate to English Joachim.

Related terms


German

Proper noun

Joachim

  1. A male given name, cognate to English Joachim.

Related terms


Norwegian

Proper noun

Joachim

  1. A male given name, a less common spelling of Joakim.

Swedish

Proper noun

Joachim

  1. A male given name, a less common spelling of Joakim.







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