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Joan Röell

In office
May 9, 1894 – July 27, 1897
Monarch Regent Emma
Preceded by Gijsbert van Tienhoven
Succeeded by Nicolaas Pierson

Born 21 July 1844(1844-07-21)
Haarlem, The Netherlands
Died 13 July 1914 (aged 69)
The Hague, The Netherlands
Birth name Joan Röell
Political party Conservative Liberal
Spouse(s) Eritia Erna Romelia de Beaufort
Occupation Lawyer
Religion Reformed Protestant

Jonkheer Joan Röell (Haarlem, Netherlands, 21 July 1844 – The Hague, 13 July 1914) was a Dutch nobleman, lawyer, politician and statesman.[1] He was a member of a prominent Dutch noble family which produced many public administrators and politicians.

From 1894 to 1897 Röell headed the Dutch government as Prime Minister (formally: chairman of the Council of Ministers) and Minister of Foreign Affairs.



Röell was a son of Herman Hendrik, Baron Röell, C.N.L., G.E.K. (1806-1883), member (1842) and registrar (1843-1858) of the Provincial States of North Holland, King's commissioner of the Province of Utrecht (1858-1860) and of the Province of North Holland (1860-1879), curator of the University of Utrecht (1859-1883), and Elisabeth van de Poll (1808-1862).[2]

Röell married Utrecht 10 September 1868 with Jonkvrouw Eritia Ena Romelia de Beaufort (Utrecht 26 February 1843 – The Hague 20 February 1910). The couple had no children.[3]


As a former registrar of the Provincial States of South Holland, Röell was familiar with the intricacies of local and regional government and water management. In 1877, he was elected to the House of Representatives for the district of Utrecht. When Röell was not re-elected in 1886, he became a member of the Senate.

In 1894 Röell was asked to form a cabinet, in which he NEVER became Prime Minister but he WAS Minister of Foreign Affairs. In 1897, after finishing his term he stood for election to the House of Representatives again, and was not elected. From 1898 to 1901 he was a member of the Senate, returned to the House of Representatives in 1901 and was President of the House of Representatives from 1905 to 1909.

After another stint in the Senate, Röell was appointed vice-president of the Raad van State (Council of State). Röell died in 1914 in The Hague, nine days before his 70th birthday, and was buried in the family vault in Leusden three days later.


  1. ^ Röell. pp. 413–415.  
  2. ^ Röell. pp. 412–413.  
  3. ^ Röell. pp. 415.  




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