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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Job hunting or job seeking is the act of looking for employment, due to unemployment or discontent with a current position. The immediate goal of job seeking is usually to obtain a job interview with an employer which may lead to getting hired. The job hunter or seeker typically first looks for job vacancies or employment opportunities. Common methods of job hunting are:

Contents

Overview

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Knowing the employers

It is expected the job seekers will have done a reasonable amount of research into the employers. Some basic information about an employer should be collected first before applying the organization's positions, including full name, locations, web site, business description, year established, revenues, number of employees, stock price if public, name of chief executive officer, major products or services, major competitors, strength as well as challenges.

Networking

Contacting as many people as possible is a highly effective way to find a job. It is estimated that 60% or higher of all jobs are found through networking.[1] Job recruiters may use online social networking sites for this purpose.

Applying

One can also go and hand out résumés or Curriculum Vitae to prospective employers. Another recommended method of job hunting is cold calling or emailing companies that one desires to work for and inquire to whether there are any job vacancies.

After finding a desirable job, they would then apply for the job by responding to the advertisement. This may mean applying through a website, emailing or mailing in a hard copy of your résumé to a prospective employer. It is generally recommended that résumés be brief, organized, concise, and targeted to the position being sought. With certain occupations, such as graphic design or writing, portfolios of a job seeker's previous work are essential and are evaluated as much, if not more than the person's résumé. In most other occupations, the résumé should focus on past accomplishments, expressed in terms as concretely as possible (e.g. number of people managed, amount of increased sales or improved customer satisfaction).

Interviewing

Once an employer has received your résumé, they will make a list of potential employees to be interviewed based on the résumé and any other information contributed. During the interview process, interviewers generally look for persons who they believe will be best for the job and work environment. The interview may occur in several rounds until the interviewer is satisfied and offers the job to the applicant.

Onboarding

Everything communicates. New employees begin their onboarding into new organizations even before their first contact with potential employers. While the best employers will invest in accommodating, assimilating and accelerating new employees joining firms that don't, should take charge of their own onboarding, doing their best to get a head start before their start, manage their messages, and help others deliver results after they start

Job hunting in economic theory

Economists use the term 'frictional unemployment' to mean unemployment resulting from the time and effort that must be expended before an appropriate job is found. Search theory is the economic theory that studies the optimal decision of how much time and effort to spend searching, and which offers to accept or reject (in the context of a job hunt, or likewise in other contexts like searching for a low price).

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See also

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Study guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiversity

The Job hunting module is a stub. You can help Wikiversity by expanding it.

Part of a series of guides at Wikiversity:Career services

Resume writing

There are a number of guides that go into the mechanics of resume writing so it is unnecessary to go through them here. However, very few of them go into the psychology of resume writing, and why it is sometimes so difficult to write the resume.

One key trick is this....

The resume is a 30 second commercial about you. It is not an autobiography.

If you think of the resume as an autobiography, then writing it becomes difficult because adding and removing things means making a commentary about your life. If it is a 30 second commercial, then it becomes much easier. You are coming up with a jingle, and the resume is a piece of promotional literature.

When you write your resume, think about it as your marketing tool and not only your personal document. Below are some tips and suggestions on how to write an attractive resume. Some of the main tips [1] for writing a good resume are: 1- Use Titles/Headings that match the jobs you are applying for 2- Use an attractive design 3- Mention your skills, knowledge, and experience 4- Make a list of your training and education 5- Describe your accomplishment 6- Quantify and use power words 7- Analyze the job description to Identify key words 8- Tweak and target your resumes

External links


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