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Jodhpur
Jodhpur, also known as Blue City
Jodhpur
Location of Jodhpur
in Rajasthan and India
Coordinates 26°17′N 73°01′E / 26.28°N 73.02°E / 26.28; 73.02
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District(s) Jodhpur
Mayor Dr. Om Kumari Gehlot
Population
Density
1070000(www.citypopulation.de) and city population 1,006,652[1] (2009)
11,210 /km2 (29,034 /sq mi)[2]
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
95.50 km2 (37 sq mi)
231 m (758 ft)

Jodhpur About this sound pronunciation (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It was formerly the seat of a princely state of the same name, it was the capital of the kingdom known as Marwar. Jodhpur is a popular tourist destination, featuring many palaces, forts and temples, set in the stark landscape of the Thar desert

The city is known as the Sun City for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year. It is also referred to as the Blue City due to the blue tinge of the whitewashed houses around the Mehrangarh Fort. Jodhpur lies near the geographic centre of Rajasthan state, which makes it a convenient base for travel in a region much frequented by tourists. The old city of Jodhpur is surrounded by a thick stone wall.

Contents

History

Jodhpur Panorama, seen from the Mehrangarh Fort.

This area was part of the Gurjara - Pratihara empire and till 1100 CE was ruled by a powerful Bargujar King. Jodhpur was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha, a Rajput chief of to the Rathore clan. Rao Jodha succeeded in conquering the surrounding territory and thus founded a state which came to be known as Marwar. As Rao Jodha hailed from the nearby town of Mandore, that town initially served as the capital of this state; however, Jodhpur soon took over that role, even during the lifetime of Rao Jodha. The city was located on the strategic road linking Delhi to Gujarat. This enabled it to profit from a flourishing trade in opium, copper, silk, sandals, date palms and coffee.

Early in its history, the state became a fief under the Mughal Empire, owing fealty to them while enjoying some internal autonomy. During this period, the state furnished the Mughals with several notable generals such as Maharaja Jaswant Singh. Jodhpur and its people benefited from this exposure to the wider world: new styles of art and architecture made their appearance and opportunities opened up for local tradesmen to make their mark across northern India.

[[Image:JODHPUR 1960.jpg|thumb|left|View of the Rajasthan \s, who soon supplanted the Mughals as overlords of the region. This did not make for stability or peace, however; 50 years of wars and treaties dissipated the wealth of the state, which sought and gratefully entered into subsidiary alliance with the British in 1818.

During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur had the largest land area of any in Rajputana. Jodhpur prospered under the peace and stability that were a hallmark of this era.The land area of the state was 23543 mi² its population in 1901 was 44,73,759. It enjoyed an estimated revenue of £35,29,000/. Its merchants, the Marwaris, flourished without let or limit and came to occupy a position of dominance in trade across India. In 1947, when India became independent, the state merged into the union of India and Jodhpur became the second city of Rajasthan.

Oswal Jains were mainly concentrated in Gorwar Region which was again ruled by Maharaja of Jodhpur . And Oswal jains also played main role in strengthening foundation of Jodhpur by donating mass wealth , gems to Maharaja of Jodhpur & in turn Maharaja of Jodhpur used to honour these wealthy Oswal Jain Merchants as Nagar Seth or various other honourable titles.

At the time of partition, ruler of Jodhpur Hanwant Singh didn't want to join India, but finally due to the effective leadership of Sardar Vallab Patel the then Home Minister at centre princely state of Jodhpur was included in Indian Republic. Later after State Reorganization Act, 1956 it was made part of the state of Rajasthan. [3] BWhw). Although the average rainfall is around 360 millimetres (14 in), it is extraordinarily variable. In the famine year of 1899, Jodhpur received only 24 millimetres (0.94 in), but in the flood year 1917 it received as much as 1,178 millimetres (46.4 in).

Temperatures are extreme throughout the period from March to October, except when monsoonal rain produces thick clouds to lower it slightly. During these periods of heavy rain, however, the generally low humidity rises and this adds to the normal discomfort from the heat.

Monuments

A number of historical monuments dot the city and surrounding region. Some of these monuments are described here.

Umaid Bhawan Palace

The Umaid Bhawan Palace.

The Umaid Bhawan Palace is not only one of India's most imposing palaces but also among its most recent. This lavish art deco monument to royal living had an improbable conception: it was built as a public relief and employment project during a long period of drought. Over one million square feet (90,000 m²) of the finest marble was used in the construction of the palace. A special type of sandstone, called Chittar sandstone, has been used in constructing the palace and this gives it a special effect. For this reason, it is also referred to as Chittar Palace by the locals. Its style of construction, with beautiful balconies, charming courtyards, green gardens and stately rooms, makes it a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. The project employed three thousand artisans over a period of 15 years (1929-1943). The palace is named after its builder, Maharaja Umaid Singh (1876-1947), who was incidentally the president of the British Royal Institute of Architects. In 1977, the palace was segmented into the royal residence, the Heritage Hotel and a museum. It has total 347 rooms.It is the biggest private residence in the world, out of which 98 air-conditioned rooms are elegantly decorated with antique furniture as well as all the other amenities for a five star hotel.

Mehrangarh Fort

[[Image:Meherangarh Fort 1.jpg|thumb|The iconic Mehrangarh Fort]] The Mehrangarh Fort lies at the outskirts of Jodhpur city and is located atop a 125 m high hill. The magnificent Mehrangarh Fort (Jodhpur ka kila) is the most majestic and one of the largest forts in India. It was originally started (c.1459) by Rao Jodha, founder of Jodhpur. However, most of the extant fort dates from the period of Jaswant Singh (1638-78). The walls of the fort are up to 36 m high and 21 m wide; they enclose some exquisite structures. The fort museum houses an exquisite collection of palanquins, howdahs, royal cradles, miniatures, musical instruments, costumes and furniture. The ramparts of Mehrangarh Fort provide not only excellently preserved cannons but also a breath-taking view of the city.

Jaswant Thada

The Jaswant Thada is architectural landmark found in Jodhpur. It is a white marble memorial built in 1899 in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. The monument, in its entirety, is built out of intricately carved sheets of marble. These stones are extremely thin and polished so that they emit a warm glow when the sun's rays dance across their surface. Within this cenotaph, there are also two more tombs.

The Osiyan temple is one of the most famous temples in Jainism.

Osiyan Temple

An ancient temple, well worth the visit, lies in the village of Osiyan, about 60 km outside Jodhpur. It is believed that all the Oswal (a Major Jain community) originated from Osiyan. There are many sections of this temple, which was built in several distinct phases.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census[4], Jodhpur had a population of 846,408. Men constitute 53 percent of the population and women 47 percent. Jodhpur has an average literacy rate of 67 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent: male literacy is 75 percent, and female literacy is 58 percent. In Jodhpur, 14 percent of the population is under six years of age.

Economy

Industrial plant near Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

The Handicrafts industry has in recent years eclipsed all other industries in the city. By some estimates, the furniture export segment is a $200 million industry, directly or indirectly employing as many as 200,000 people. Other items manufactured include textiles, metal utensils, bicycles, ink and sporting goods. A flourishing cottage industry exists for the manufacture of such items as glass bangles, cutlery, carpets and marble products.

After handicrafts, tourism is the second largest industry of Jodhpur. Crops grown in the district include wheat and the famous Mathania red chillies. Gypsum and salt are mined. The city serves as an important marketplace for wool and agricultural products. The Indian Air Force, Indian Army and Border Security Force maintain training centres at Jodhpur.

Administration

The administration of Jodhpur is consisting of a District Collector, followed by 4 Additional District Magistrates (I,II, Land Conversion and City ADM). Presently, the Collector and District Magistrate is Mr. Navin Mahajan (I.A.S)

Elected Representatives

The present Member of Parliament from Jodhpur is Smt. Chandresh Kumari. The current MLAs from the 3 constituencies of Jodhpur are from Jodhpur City: Shri Kailash Bhansali, Chartered Accountant; from Sardarpura: Shri Ashok Gehlot, Chief Minister of Rajasthan; from Soorsagar: Smt. Suryakanta Vyas

Excursions

mahipal maderna osian

Fairs and festivals

The Jain temple of Ranakpur, located close to Jodhpur

Cuisine

A number of Indian delicacies have originated in Jodhpur . To name a few, the delectable Makhaniya Lassi, Mawa Kachori, Pyaaj Kachori, Hot & Spicy Mirchibada ( Famous chaudhary ka mirchi bada)(A preparation made with potato, onion, chilli and gramflour), Dal Bati Churma, Panchkuta, Lapsi (a special kind of dessert made with wheat, Jaggery, and ghee), Kachar mircha curry (made with chilli and kachar, a special type of vegetable grown in desert area) and Kadhi (made with gramflour, curd and chilli) with Baajre ka sogra. Jodhpur is known for its high quality of sweets ranging from traditional "Makhanbada" to Bengali "Rosgullas".

Judiciary

Transport

The city is very well connected with Road, Rail and Air. It is mostly connected with railways to major Indian cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai,Kota, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Indore, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Nagpur, Lucknow and Jaipur.The railway station is also the originating point for various trains like Jodhpur - Indore Express, Jodhpur - Bhopal Express, Jodhpur - Puri Express etc.

See also

Further reading

  • Jodhpur, Published by [s.l.], 1933.
  • Maharaja M 1973.
  • Marwar under Jaswant Singh, (1658-1678): Jodhpur hukumat ri bahi, by Satish Chandra, Raghubir Sinh, Ghanshyam Dattan Singh of Jodhpur and His Times (1803-1843 A.D.), by Padmaja Sharma. Published by Shiva Lal Agarwala, 1972.
  • The Administration of Jodhpur State, 1800-1947 A.D., by Nirmala M. Upadhyaya. International Publishers, Sharma. Published by Meenakshi Prakashan, 1976.
  • Jodhpur, Bikaner, Jaisalmer: Desert Kingdoms, by Kishore Singh, Karoki Lewis. Lustre Press Ltd. 1992.
  • The House of Marwar: The Story of Jodhpur, by Dhananajaya Singh. Lotus Collection, Roli Books, 1994. ISBN 8174360026.
  • Modern Indian Kingship: Tradition, Legitimacy & Power in Jodhpur, by Marzia Balzani. Published by James Currey Limited, 2003. ISBN 0852559313.
  • Jodhpur and the Later Mughals, AD 1707-1752, by R. S. Sangwan. Published by Pragati Publications, 2006.

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Jodhpur is the second largest city in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is called the Gateway to Thar, as it is literally on the edge of the Thar desert. It is also called the Sun City as the sun shines (very bright and hot!) almost every day of the year.

The Blue City of Brahmpur from the ramparts of Mehrangarh Fort
The Blue City of Brahmpur from the ramparts of Mehrangarh Fort

Did you know?

The word jodhpurs owes its etymology to this city. (riding breeches, cut at the hips but tight fitting from knee to ankle, usually worn while riding horses or playing polo).

Jodhpur is a historic city and the origin dates to the year 1459 AD when it was founded by Rao Jodha, the Rajput chieftan of the Rathores. The Rathore kingdom was also known as the Marwar and was the largest in Rajputana.

The city was built as the new capital of the state of Marwar (now Rajasthan) to replace the ancient capital Mandore, the ruins of which can be seen near what is now the Mandore Gardens. The people of Jodhpur and surrounding areas are hence also commonly called as Marwaris.

Jodhpur is also known as the Blue City, an apt name as most houses in the old city are shades of blue. This is particularly noticeable on the north side of the town, known as Brahmpuri for the many Brahmins that live there.

The forts and palaces, temples and havelis, culture and tradition, spices and fabrics, colour and texture, a booming handicrafts industry, all add up to make this historic city worth a visit.

  • The Regional Tourist office run by the Government of Rajasthan is located at RTDC Hotel Ghoomar, High Court Road, +91 291 2545083

Get in

Jodhpur is well connected by road, rail and air to all major cities and towns.

By plane

Jodhpur (IATA: JDH) (ICAO: VIJO) is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Udaipur; the airport is about 5 km from the city centre. Take a taxi (Rs.200) or autorickshaw (Rs.100) from the airport to your hotel.

  • Indian [1] operates daily flights to Jodhpur from Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur and Udaipur; the airline office is located on Airport Road, 91 291 2510757, 2510758. Open everyday from 10AM-1PM and 2PM-4.30PM. Contacts for the airport counter are 91 291 2512617, 2511516.
  • Jet Airways [2] operates daily flights from Delhi and Mumbai.
  • Kingfisher [3] operates daily flights from Dehli, Udaipur and Jaipur. Most flighs connect via Udaipur.

By train

Jodhpur is an important division of the North Western zone of the Indian Rail network . It is well connected by direct trains from all metros and major cities in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Jaisalmer, Barmer, Bikaner, Ajmer, Alwar, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Gaya, Kolkata, Indore, Lucknow, Varanasi, Patiala, Chandigarh, Kalka, Jammu, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad. For example, the popular Mandor Express leaves Delhi at 8:45 PM and arrived in Jodhpur at 8 AM the next morning (Rs.1000 in AC2).

The taxi stand and auto-rickshaw stand are located near the exit of the railway station.

The advance reservation office is on Station Road, between the railway station and Sojati Gate. The office is open from Monday to Saturday from 8 am to 8 pm and on Sunday until 1.45 pm IST. If you are a foreign tourist, you can also buy Indrail passes in USD and reserve tickets at the International Tourist Bureau [4]; this counter is located at the advance reservation office. You can also book your tickets online at IRCTC [5], the official booking site on the internet, from 4 am to 11 pm IST on all days.

By car

Approximate road distances from various destinations are

Agra 580 km
Ajmer 200 km
Barmer 220 km
Bikaner 240 km
Jaipur 345 km
Jaisalmer 290 km
Mount Abu 265 km
Mumbai 1075 km
New Delhi 590 km
Osiyan 60 km
Ranakpur 175 km
Udaipur 275 km

By taxi

Various tour operators and travel agencies offer chauferred car-taxi services; these are charged on a per km, per day basis. You can plan to take one to arrive into the city or take one for sightseeing in and around the city.

By bus

Jodhpur can be reached by RSRTC [6] (Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation) buses and private luxury buses which operate from all major towns and cities in Rajasthan as well as the cities of Ahmedabad and Delhi.

Get around

Means of transport include:

  • Tourist Cabs (Taxis) - ply on a minimum distance/hour per day basis.
  • Mini buses - public transport is available but chaotic and not advisable except when on a shoestring budget.
  • Car Rental - Visit Jodhpur by car. There are many car rental companies available which provide world class services:

Enterprises Car Rental

Savaari Car Rental [7] has a reputation for providing quality luxury car rentals Jodhpur. For more information visit the website.

Hertz Car Rental

The narrow lanes of the inner walled city of Jodhpur are best traversed by cars, but can also be explored by bicycle or motorcycle/scooter.

  • Auto Rickshaws (unmetered) - negotiate before you board on.
  • Tongas - horse driven carriages.
Mehrangarh Fort
Mehrangarh Fort
Moti Mahal
Moti Mahal
Zenana Deodi
Zenana Deodi

Mehrangarh Fort [8] dominates the city and is the largest fort in all Rajasthan. Founded in 1458 as the site of Rao Jodha's new capital — hence the name, Jodhpur — the city has grown around it, and in the 500 years that have passed the fort has never been taken by force. It's easy to see why: it occupies the entire top of a 150-meter hill with commanding views all around, with some three kilometers of massive ramparts built around the edges.

The name "fort" belies the size of the complex, which houses the Maharaja's palace, several temples and, tucked away in the back, an extensive garden still farmed to this day. Highlights within the palace include:

  • Moti Mahal (Pearl Hall). Pearl-colored inside and decorated with colored glass windows, this is where the Maharaja held his audiences, with the five alcoves on the far wall allowing his queens to listen in.
  • Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Hall). Just what the name says.
  • Phool Mahal (Flower Hall). The most extravagant of them all, this was the Maharaja's pleasure chamber, for dancing girls and revelry.
  • Zenana Deodi. The inner sanctum of the palace once guarded by eunuchs, this is where the Maharaja's wives whiled away their days. The delicate sandstone screens and carvings are exquisite.
  • Chamunda Mataji Temple. Tucked away at the far end of the battlements, this temple is devoted to Rao Jodha's favorite goddess and remains a local favorite to this day.

A number of people are employed here and there to add flavor by dressing in period costume and doing photogenic things like playing traditional instruments and smoke opium (yes, the real thing). Snap away, but they'll appreciate a tip if you do. The museum also includes galleries devoted to howdahs (elephant-mounted seats), palanquins, fine arts, weaponry, and the inevitable Turban Gallery.

Entry to Mehrangarh costs Rs.250, including still camera fee and an excellent audioguide available in six languages. A rickshaw from the city will cost around Rs.30, or you can try to pick your way through the alleys up on foot. Open 9AM-5PM daily.

Jaswant Thada
Jaswant Thada
  • Jaswant Thada, 1 km downhill from Mehrangarh (easily walked). Royal cenotaphs built in marble, with a picturesque location next to a little lake. Entry Rs. 20, plus Rs. 25 for a camera.
  • Mandore, 7 km outside the city. The ancient capital of Marwar, before Jodhpur was built.
  • Umaid Bhawan Palace. Clearly visible to the south of the city and completed only in 1944, this is the last great palace built in India. The Maharaja of Jodhpur lives here to this day, but half the building has been converted to a 5-star hotel (see Sleep) and there is also a small museum on grounds (Rs. 50, open 9 AM to 5 PM). You'll have to take a rickshaw to get here, and it's best to ask them to wait: figure on Rs. 100 for a round-trip with an hour's waiting time.
  • Khejarla Fort, located 85 kms. from the main city. Situated in a rural setting, the 400-year-old, Fort Khejarla offers guests an enlivening experience. The stunning red sandstone monument is a mesmerizing example of the architecture of the Rajputs. The rugged exterior contradicts an inner paradise with a striking blend of art and architecture leaving one with a magnificent aura! The spellbound grandeur of the Fort offers picturesque settings, latticework friezes, and intricate Jharokas that at once transports you back in time to experience the majesty of a long-gone era of valour and chivalry.

To reach Khejarla from Jodhpur, head on Jodhpur Jaipur highway for 73 Kms. You'll cross Bhavi village and a railway crossing. After railway crossing go 3.5 kms and take a left turn. Then go straight for 12 kms and you'll find Khejarla fort. (Visit http://www.jodhpurfortkhejarla.com)

  • Balsamand Lake - now converted to a resort
  • Kailana Lake - a picnic spot and a main drinking water source for the city
  • Ranisar Padamsar - Ranisar was made by Queen Jasmade Hadi, Rao Jodha's wife in 1459. Ranisar is situated near Fateh Pole in Mehrangarh.
  • Gulab Sagar Lake - Gulab Sagar water storage was constructed by Gulab Rai in 1788.
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Masuria Hills.
  • Ganesh Temple, Ratanada.
  • Mahamandir Temple, Mahamandir Chauraha.
  • Pal Balaji Temple, Pal Gaon.
  • Santoshi Mata Temple, Lal Sagar.

Learn

This is not a complete list of options, but just to indicate that if you wish to stay in this city for a longer period, there are a lot of options for education and learning as well as research organizations.

  • Jai Narain Vyas University (JNVU) offers undergraduate, graduate/postgraduate and doctoral courses. Formerly University of Jodhpur, estd 1962, took over 4 state run colleges Jaswant College, Shri Maharaj Kumar College, Kamal Nehru Girls college and MBM Engineering College.
  • National Law University (NLU) is a national level law school established in 2001 and offers five years and three years in law as well as post graduate courses intelligently combined with other streams such as science, technology, commerce etc. to provide a complete professinal degree. The campus of NLU lies just outside the periphery of city on NH-65, at Mandore, spread over an area of 50 acres and complete with state of the art infrastructure.
  • Arid Forest Research Institute (AFRI)([9]) situated at Jodhpur, is one of the institutes of the Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education ( ICFRE ) working under the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Govt. of India. The Objective of the Institute is to carry out scientific research in forestry in order to provide technologies to increase the vegetative cover and to conserve the biodiversity in the hot arid and semi arid region of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Dadara & Nagar Haveli union territory. The picturesque campus of the institute covers 66 ha. of area on the New Pali Road, Jodhpur. The institute is also a center of FRI University. Students are carrying out their Ph.D. research. The institute also offers training in Biotechnology and other disciplines to the bachelors and masters students. For details consult institute website at [10]

Work

National Law University [11], this is one of four major Universities in India specializing in Law.

Fabrics for sale, Sardar Market
Fabrics for sale, Sardar Market

The city's main shopping drag is Nai Sadak, lined mostly with sari and shoe shops and leading straight into Sardar Market, a full-on bustling Indian market with a barely contained riot of sights, sounds and stinks. The clocktower in the center is a useful orientation point. Popular souvenirs include:

  • Bandhej sarees and dress material
  • Mojris or Jootis. Shoes with a pointed front, a must-have accessory if you plan on dressing like a Rajput Maharaja.
  • Handicrafts these are handmade (made to look like old antiques), the handicraft industry is a booming industry in this city.

One shop stands out from the crowd:

  • National Handloom, Nai Sadak (and three other outlets around the city). A four-story shop easily identified by their logo of a gloriously mustachioed and turbaned man, the jumble of items inside is authentically Indian, but prices are cheap, clearly marked, and hassle-free. The fourth story houses handicrafts and art, with most of the rest devoted to clothes.
  • Nitisha,Located at Raikabad, Near Rajmata School. The store does readymade garments for both men and women, silver and semi precious stones jewellery, cushions, bedsheets and bedcovers, fragrances, gift items, souvenirs, candles, gift packing material, show pieces and handicrafts, gift packaging accessories at great rates. All prices are clearly marked on the items and thus there is no chance of quoting high prices.

Eat

Don't forget to try the Rajasthani delicacies

  • Makhaniya Lassilassi (yoghurt drink) spiced up with cardamom and butter
  • Mawa Kachori
  • Panchkuta
  • Dal Bati Churma
  • Gatte ka saag
  • Kabuli (a rice speciality)
  • Mirchi Bada / Samosa/ Pyaz Ki Kachori
  • Gulab Jamun ki Sabji, Pokar sweets (Nai sadak). Its is very tasty sabji, made of raw gulab jamun (non sweet). This recipe is famous only in Jodhpur.  edit
  • Gulab Jamun, Chaturbhuj Sweets (Pungal para, City Area). It is very tasty. Every piece is near 50 GMS. 120-150.  edit
  • Gypsy, Sardarpura - Fast food restaurant, quite crowded often but food is delicious.
  • Cafe Mehran, Meherangarh Fort. Simple but pleasant cafe in the fort itself, with a range of tourist favorites from pizza to burgers as well as Indian thalis. Rs.60-140.
  • Omelette Shop (aka Garib Hotel), just outside the gates to the main square. A bit of a cult favorite, although controversy and confusion have been stoked by a Lonely Planet recommendation, which has inspired signs all over the area claiming the mantle of the "real" Omelette Shop. Five yards away is the up and coming Vicky, whose omelettes are identical except for the noticeable increase in the amount of ginger. There is no place to sit, so don't come here expecting to relax with your omelette.
  • Shahi Samosas, Nai Sawak (left side just before main gate to Sardar Market). Easily spotted thanks to the neverending queue, their samosas and kachoris are made in front of your eyes with generous amounts of stuffing. Rs.6-8.
  • New Saheen Hotel (restaurant), 9166531533 - Very nice restaurant busy with locals, not touristy at all. For about Rs. 60-80 you can try out several different dishes. Selection includes fish, kababs, dal, paneer and of course fresh roti with ghee, etc. Kitchen in same space as sitting area, a treat on all senses. Highly recommended. On the second floor of a building, above a sign "qadri guesthouse", just outside of old town, in an area full with pharmacies and clinics, close to a fancy hotel.
  • Mehran Terrace, Meherangarh Fort. Candlelit dining with an exquisite view of the city. Thalis are Rs 300-400. Book ahead.
  • Bal Samand, Balasamand Lake Palace. Outdoor dining as well as indoor dining in peaceful surroundings. Typical North Indian food. Alcoholic drinks also served. A perfect place for a quiet evening with family and friends.
  • On the rocks, Ratnada - Nice place with outdoor dining. It has a separate bar and nice ambiance. Great food but service is quite slow.
  • Chilly and Garlic, Residency Road - A nice and cozy garden restaurant. Its a small place but good service and wonderful for family outing
  • Pillars, Umaid Bhawan Palace, [12]. Gorgeous setting in the countyard of the palace, and the quality of the food is very high -- as is the price: there's a Rs.1500 minimum for non-guests, and you can easily reach that with a main, an appetizer and a drink. Non-guests may be turned away if the hotel is full, so call ahead to avoid disappointment.
  • ON THE ROCKS at Ajit Bhawan, Jodhpur.
  • Geoffrey's at Park Plaza, Jodhpur.
  • Chamunda Dhaba, 9th mile stone 9 meel (NH-65). sad to say but this place doesnt offer drinks. Its not a licensed bar.  edit
  • Sadar Haveli Heritage Guesthouse Near Ummed Chowk, Mohalla Laiquann, Jodhpur. No website as yet. Call: 291 9392. Sadar Haveli is a recently restored 200 year old haveli in a quiet part of the old town at the bottom of the hill under the fort. There are 4 HUGE rooms with massive beds and 24hr hot water.The rooms are arranged around a central courtyard garden as is the usual haveli style and the family that runs it make you feel very welcome. Great views of fort and city from the many roof terraces. Good cheap food. Prices vary depending on season but between R400 and R1000.
  • Heaven Guest House has 6 rooms of different sizes, all with attached bathrooms. Some have A/C with T.V. Nice roof-top restaurant with great view. Prices range from 300 to 850 Rupees (peak season) and from 150 to 450 Rupees (low season, from March to June). nishajijain@yahoo.com, phone 0291-2639283, mobile 093524-57380 or 093524-57381.
  • Hotel Lake View & Resort [13], Akhey Raj Ka Talab, Kaylana Road, Jodhpur-Jaisalmer Highway, JODHPUR, rajasthan.Phone No. (Resort) :- +91 0291 2750614, 2751614.[14].
  • Hotel Rajputana Palace [16] – This resort comprises well-appointed rooms reflecting the Grand Architecture of Rajasthan's Royal Residence. Email ID - info@hotelrajputanapalace.com or [17]
  • Shivam Paying Guest House. Nice, clean rooms (some doubles have their own separate kama-sutra sex beds with mirrors on the ceiling), and incredibly nice people. Most importantly, they don't give commission to rickshaw drivers, so you'll have to be a bit persistent to actually get there (ask to get off by the clock-tower and then walk - rickshaw drivers will take you to commission places that will tell you they are Shivam, or else have someone wait outside the door who will pretend to be the owner and tell you that they are full. Get in the door to the front desk before asking about availability).
  • Durag Niwas Guest House, tel. +91-291-2512385, [18]. Riotously colorful and comfortable family-run guesthouse in a quiet area of Jodhpur, a brisk stroll or 25-rupee rickshaw ride from the center of town. The owners speak excellent English and are happy to assist travellers. Basic fan rooms from Rs.350, free pickup from anywhere in town. Highly recommended.
  • Karni Bhawan, Defence Lab Road, Ratnada.
  • Amar Niwas Guest House, 507,singh pole marg,navchowkiya (in oldest pert of city,near fort gate Named Fethpole), +91-291-2440974, [19]. checkout: 10.00am. Amar Niwas Guest House is a 525 year old Haveli run by a Brahman family so you can stay in a family atmosphere. The building is rich in history and the haveli maintains many of its original features such as stone lattice work balconies, gharokha (women can peep outside from here), antique wooden ceiling and an open central courtyard. There is a plant-filled terrace where you can relax with great views of the Mehrangarh fort and the oldest part of the blue city. Eight (8) rooms well decorated with Indian textiles and great Golden paintings on the wall. Hot and cold shower 24 hours. Roof-top restaurant with the great view of the fort. Basic fan room from Rs.150 per person.  edit
  • Quality Inn Chandra, Panch Batti Circle, Airport Road.
  • Ratan Vilas [20], Loco Shed Road, Ratanda, tel: +91-291-2614418, ratanvilasjdh@sify.com. Still runs as an old rajputana house, with excellent facilities and very warm hosts, this hotel is like an oasis of quiet in the mad house of rajasthan. Highlights: courtyard meals and engrossing reminisces of the owner mr. Bharat Singh.
  • Yogi's Guest House, Raj Purohitji ki Haveli, Naya Bas. Tel: (0291)2643436.

Home stays

There are two Mahindra Homestays in Jodhpur:

* Mandore Guest House - a leafy resort accommodation Set in one acre of delightful garden, the Mandore Guest House(Mandore Resort) offers comfortable & delightful accommodation in traditionally designed Bungalows/cottages. The cottages are ethnically designed in round chalet style to provide the perfect getaway from the noisy city straight into nature's arms.

Location- Mandore Guest House is just a minute's walk from the main historic garden of Mandore, Jodhpur. The Government Bus Stand is about 7 kilometers away, while the Railway station is about 9 kilometers away from the resort. The airport is 12 kilometers away, while the Jodhpur Fort is about 5 kilometers.

Rooms Mandore Guest House - offers accommodation in 15 well furnished, air conditioned Garden Bungalows that are built around a lush garden, which has a variety of seasonal plants and flowers. The rooms boast of contemporary facilities and ethnic decor. Each room is equipped with twin beds and spacious en suite washroom. There is a comfortable sitting area outside the rooms where guests can lounge and enjoy snacks and beverages.

Dining

Add to the above "To crown the comforts is the homely envirornment and personal touch in hospitality" and savour the traditional home made food served by Us! Guests can pick their dining venue from anywhere in the property - be it the al fresco seating outside their cottages or a picnic style meal on the manicured lawns. During season, bonfire dinners are organised at the hotel.

  • Heritage Hotel Fort Khejarla, located 85 kms from Jodhpur. Take a walk down history and know more about the present culture of Rajasthan. The hotel has 40 unique rooms with emphasis on design and detail and guests can experience aspects of royal living, traditional culture, beautiful elegant furniture, and priceless antiques during the stay. The mosaic laid spacious rooms have high ceilings, historical photographs, traditional old paintings, elegant tapestry, beautifully carved furniture and panoramic views to verbalize the elegance and grandeur reminiscence of the Rajputs. Visit http://www.jodhpurfortkhejarla.com
  • Heritage Hotel Ajit Bhawan Palace, Circuit House Road
  • Heritage Hotel Balsamand Lake Palace, Mandore Road
  • Krishna Prakash Heritage Haveli, Nayabas, Killikhana (near Mehrangarh Fort), +91 291 263-3448, (info@kpheritage.com, mobile 98292-41547), [23]. Beautiful rooms in a old heritage haveli. Located on the foot of Mehrangarh Fort, with amazing views of all monuments. Will arrange airport/train station pickup. Rs 2000-2500 (Dlx) /3500 (Suite). (singles/doubles)
  • Pal Haveli, Gulab Sagar (near the clocktower), +91 291 329-3328, (info@palhaveli.com, mobile 98292-43247), [24]. Beautiful rooms in a heritage hotel-like atmosphere. A short (though steep) walk from Mehrangarh. Will arrange airport/train station pickup. Forget trying to book via the net though. Rs 1300-1500/1500-1800. (singles/doubles)
  • Devi Bhawan, Defence Lab Road, Ratanada, +91 291 251-1067 (devibhawan@sify.com, reservations +91 98 2803-5359), [25]. A 90 year old heritage property with delightful rooms set around a lush garden. The rooms are decorated with period furniture and Rajasthani textiles. Only 1.5 Km from the centre of the town.
  • Innseason, P.W.D Road, Jodhpur 342001. Tel: 91-291-2616400, 2621481, fax: 91-291-2616400, innseason@hotmail.com.
  • Umaid Bhawan Palace, Circuit House Road, +91 291 251=0101, (ubpresv.jodh@tajhotels.com, fax 91 291 2510100), [26]. This is a 5* hotel now managed by the Taj Hotels (earlier by ITC Welcomgroup) and is housed in the famous Umaid Bhawan Palace. The view is scenic and it has an underground swimming pool for the guests alongwith squash and tennis courts.
  • Area Code: The telephone area code is 0291.

If you are dialing into a Jodhpur number from outside India dial +91 291 xxxxxxx; if you are dialing into a Jodhpur number long distance from anywhere in India, prefix the area code by a 0 i.e. dial 0291 xxxxxxx; in Jodhpur just dial the 7 digit number xxxxxxx.

Stay safe

This is a comparatively safe city, however it is advisable not to venture out late in the night alone.

While travelling in trains or buses, avoid any snacks offered by seemingly well meaning strangers. There have been some incidents where tourists or even locals have been drugged and looted after consuming narcotic-laced biscuits or tea.

Though the incidents of rape or sexual assualt are far and few in between, women should avoid wearing revealing clothes in public places since hooligans are known to chase the girls and may cause harm. Try to move around with a couple of male friends.

Beware of touts selling rail tickets or promising reservations on trains. It is a criminal offence to buy and sell tickets except from recognized agents or the reservation offices.

Cope

You can see the neighbouring tourist destinations of Osiyan temples, Ranakpur Jain temples, Nathdwara temple, Bikaner and Deshnok, Ajmer and Pushkar, the desert city of Jaisalmer, the hill station Mount Abu, the city of lakes Udaipur or the pink city Jaipur

  • Bishnoi Village safari, +91 97 9929 9398 ([28], ). Full / Half day Jeep Safaris through the desert visiting the lonely villages of the amazing bishnoi sect.

A great opportunity to spot the abundant wildlife of the region. The safaris include lunch (traditional desert cuisine) and mineral water.

Luni fort - about 40 km outside Jodhpur - now converted to a heritage hotel

  • Osiyan [29]- about 60 km - Jain temples as well as Kali temples.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

JODHPUR, or Marwar, a native state of India, in the Rajputana agency. Area, 34,963 sq. m. Pop. (1901), 1,935,565, showing a decrease of 23% in the decade, due to the results of famine. Estimated revenue, £373,600; tribute, £14,000. The general aspect of the country is that of a sandy plain, divided into two unequal parts by the river Luni, and dotted with picturesque conical hills, attaining in places an elevation of 3000 ft. The river Luni is the principal feature in the physical aspects of Jodhpur. One of its head-streams rises in the sacred lake of Pushkar in Ajmere, and the main river flows through Jodhpur in a south-westerly direction till it is finally lost in the marshy ground at the head of the Runn of Cutch. It is fed by numerous tributaries and occasionally overflows its banks, fine crops of wheat and barley being grown on the saturated soil. Its water is, as a rule, saline or brackish, but comparatively sweet water is obtained from wells sunk at a distance of 20 or 30 yds. from the river bank. The famous salt-lake of Sambhar is situated on the borders of Jodhpur and Jaipur, and two smaller lakes of the same description lie within the limits of the state, from which large quantities of salt are extracted. Marble is mined in the north of the state and along the south-east border.

The population consists of Rathor Rajputs (who form the ruling class), Brahmans, Charans, Bhats, Mahajans or traders, and Fats. The Charans, a sacred race, hold large religious grants of land, and enjoy peculiar immunities as traders in local produce. The Bhats are by profession genealogists, but also engage in trade. Marwari traders are an enterprising class to be found throughout the length and breadth of India.

The principal crops are millets and pulses, but wheat and barley are largely produced in the fertile tract watered by the Luni river. The manufactures comprise leather boxes and brass utensils; and turbans and scarfs and a description of embroidered silk knotted thread are specialities of the country.

The Maharaja belongs to the Rathor clan of Rajputs. The family chronicles relate that after the downfall of the Rathor dynasty of Kanauj in 1194, Sivaji, the grandson of Jai Chand, the last king of Kanauj, entered Marwar on a pilgrimage to Dwarka, and on halting at the town of Pali he and his followers settled there to protect the Brahman community from the constant raids of marauding bands. The Rathor chief thus laid the foundation of the state, but it was not till the time of Rao Chanda, the tenth in succession from Sivaji, that Marwar was actually conquered. His grandson Jodha founded the city of Jodhpur, which he made his capital. In 1561 the country was invaded by Akbar, and the chief was forced to submit, and to send his son as a mark of homage to take service under the Mogul emperor. When this son Udai Singh succeeded to the chiefship, he gave his sister Jodhbai in marriage to Akbar, and was rewarded by the restoration of most of his former possessions. Udai Singh's son, Gaj Singh, held high service under Akbar, and conducted successful expeditions in Gujarat and the Deccan. The bigoted and intolerant Aurangzeb invaded Marwar in 1679, plundered Jodhpur, sacked all the large towns, and commanded the conversion of the Rathors to Mahommedanism. This cemented all the Rajput clans into a bond of union, and a triple alliance was formed by the three states of Jodhpur, Udaipur and Jaipur, to throw off the Mahommedan yoke. One of the conditions of this alliance was that the chiefs of Jodhpur and Jaipur should regain the privilege of marriage with the Udaipur family, which they had forfeited by contracting alliances with the Mogul emperors, on the understanding that the offspring of Udaipur princesses should succeed to the state in preference to all other children. The quarrels arising from this stipulation lasted through many generations, and led to the invitation of Mahratta help from the rival aspirants to power, and finally to the subjection of all the Rajput states to the Mahrattas. Jodhpur was conquered by Sindhia, who levied a tribute of £60,000, and took from it the fort and town of Ajmere. Internecine disputes and succession wars disturbed the peace of the early years of the century, until in January 1818 Jodhpur was taken under British protection. In 1839 the misgovernment of the raja led to an insurrection which compelled the interference of the British. In 1843, the chief having died without a son, and without having adopted an heir, the nobles and state officials were left to select a successor from the nearest of kin. Their choice fell upon Raja Takht Sinh, chief of Ahmednagar. This chief, who did good service during the Mutiny, died in 1873. Maharaja Jaswant Singh, who died in 1896, was a very enlightened ruler. His brother, Sir Pertab Singh (q.v.), conducted the administration until his nephew, Sardar Singh, came of age in 1898. The imperial service cavalry formed part of the reserve brigade during the Tirah campaign.

The state maintains a railway running to Bikanir, and there is also a branch railway into Sind. Gold, silver and copper money is coined. The state emblems are a jhar or sprig of seven branches and a khanda or sword. Jodhpur practically escaped the plague, but it suffered more severely than any other part of Rajputana from the famine of 1899-1900. In February 1900 more than 110,000 persons were in receipt of famine relief.

The city of Jodhpur is 64 m. by rail N.W. of Marwar junction, on the Rajputana railway. Pop. (1901), 60,437. It was built by Rao Jodha in 1459, and from that time has been the seat of government. It is surrounded by a strong wall nearly 6 m. in extent, with seventy gates. The fort, which stands on an isolated rock, contains the maharaja's palace, a large and handsome building, completely covering the crest of the hill on which it stands, and overlooking the city, which lies several hundred feet below. The city contains palaces of the maharaja, and town residences of the thakurs or nobles, besides numerous fine temples and tanks. Building stone is plentiful and close at hand, and the architecture is solid and handsome. Three miles north of Jodhpur are the ruins of Mandor, the site of the ancient capital of the Parihar princes of Marwar, before its conquest by the Rathors. Mills for grinding flour and crushing grain have been constructed for the imperial service troops. The Jaswant college is affiliated to the B.A. standard of the Allahabad university. To the Hewson hospital a wing for eye diseases was added in 1898, and the Jaswant hospital for women is under an English lady doctor.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

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Jodhpur (or Marwar)

  1. A city in Rajasthan, India.

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