Joensuu: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Joensuu
—  City  —
Joensuun kaupunki
Joensuu City Hall

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Joensuu in Finland
Coordinates: 62°36′N 029°45′E / 62.6°N 29.75°E / 62.6; 29.75Coordinates: 62°36′N 029°45′E / 62.6°N 29.75°E / 62.6; 29.75
Country Finland
Region North Karelia
Sub-region Joensuu sub-region
Charter 1848
Government
 - City manager Juhani Meriläinen
Area (2009-01-01)[1]
 - Total 2,751.13 km2 (1,062.2 sq mi)
 - Land 2,381.84 km2 (919.6 sq mi)
 - Water 369.29 km2 (142.6 sq mi)
Area rank 24th largest in Finland
Population (2009-12-31)[2]
 - Total 72,718
 - Density 30.53/km2 (79.1/sq mi)
Population rank 12th largest in Finland
Population by native language [3]
 - Finnish 97.4% (official)
 - Swedish 0.1%
 - Others 2.5%
Population by age [4]
 - 0 to 14 15.3%
 - 15 to 64 68.5%
 - 65 or older 16.2%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 19.5%
Website www.jns.fi

Joensuu (lit. "mouth of the river") is a city and municipality in North Karelia in eastern Finland. It is located in the province of Eastern Finland and is part of North Karelia region. It was founded in 1848. The population of Joensuu is 72,718 (December 31, 2009).[1]

Joensuu is a lively student city with over 8,000 students enrolled at the University of Joensuu and a further 4,000 at the North Karelia University of Applied Sciences[6].

The largest employers are the municipal City of Joensuu, North Karelian Hospital District Federation of Municipalities, Abloy and Punamusta.

The European Forest Institute, the University and many other institutes and export enterprises such as Abloy and John Deere Forestry give Joensuu an international flavour.

Contents

History

The central church of Joensuu is renowned for its sharply augmented towers, which in this image are tinged by the midnight sun and with a moonrise in the background.
Evangelical-Lutheran Church, Kirkkokatu, Joensuu.

The city of Joensuu, which was founded by the Czar Nicholas I of Russia in 1848, is the regional centre and the capital of North Karelia. During the 19th century Joensuu was a city of manufacture and commerce. When in 1860 the city received dispensation rights to initiate commerce, former restrictions against industry were removed and the local sawmills began to prosper and expand. Water traffic was improved by the building of the Saimaa Canal. Consequently, a lively commerce between the regions of North Karelia, St.Petersburg and Central Europe was enabled. At the end of the 19th century Joensuu was one of the largest harbour cities in Finland.

Throughout the centuries Karelian traders have plied the Pielisjoki River. The river has always been the lively heart of the city. Canals – completed by 1870 – increased the river traffic. Thousands of steamboats, barges and logging boats sailed along the river during the golden age of river traffic. The Pielisjoki River has also been an important log raft route, providing wood for the sawmills and for the entire lumber industry.

During the last few decades, the formerly modest agrarian town has developed into a vital center of the province. Success in regional annexations, the establishment of the province of Karelia and investments in education have been the most decisive actions in this development.

Municipality of Pielisensuu was consolidated with Joensuu in 1954. At the beginning of 2005, the municipalities of Kiihtelysvaara and Tuupovaara were consolidated with Joensuu. At the beginning of 2009 the municipalities of Eno and Pyhäselkä were consolidated with Joensuu. After the most resent consolidations, there are approximately 72,000 inhabitants in the Joensuu municipal area.

The University of Joensuu has, in twenty-five years, expanded to eight faculties. The University of Joensuu is one of the mainstays for the vitality of the city and so for all North Karelia. Diversified international cooperation in science, industry and commerce benefits the whole region.

The proximity of the eastern border has been an important factor in the history of the city. The Republic of Karelia is once again a significant area for cooperation with nearby regions in Russia. Export companies in Joensuu continue the pre-revolutionary traditions in foreign trade. Joensuu offers varied cultural activities. A series of events – Ilosaarirock, Joensuu Music Winter, Festival of Visual Culture Viscult, Gospel festivals – and the unspoilt environment increase the attractiveness of the city.

Joensuu is sometimes referred to as the 'Forest Capital of Europe', mainly due to the fact that the European Forest Institute is based there. Other forestry research and educational facilities are also based in Joensuu.

Statistics

  • Nearest airport with regular air service: Joensuu Airport, Liperi, 11 km
  • Nearest inland port: Joensuu
  • Districts: 26

Transport

Orthodox Church, Kirkkokatu, Joensuu

Distances to other Finnish cities:

City Distance Direction
Helsinki 437 km SW
Jyväskylä 245 km W
Kuopio 136 km NW
Lappeenranta 235 km SW
Oulu 393 km NW
Kajaani 222 km NW
Savonlinna 133 km SW
Tampere 393 km SW
Turku 542 km SW
Vaasa 492 km W

Joensuu has a railway station, which offers intercity connections to Helsinki and local connections to several other places. Numbered bus service is available to all parts of Joensuu. It also has an airport, with flights to Helsinki.

Sports

The ice hockey team Jokipojat plays in the Finnish second-tier league Mestis, and their home arena is the Mehtimäki Ice Hall.

Friendship cities

References

  1. ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2009" (in Finnish and Swedish) (PDF). Land Survey of Finland. http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/Pintaalat_kunnittain_1.1.2009.pdf. Retrieved 20 February 2009.  
  2. ^ "Population by municipality as of 31 December 2009" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Information System. Population Register Center of Finland. http://www.vrk.fi/vrk/files.nsf/files/4AD425C09E8E9093C22576AA001D7112/$file/091231.htm. Retrieved 13 January 2010.  
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=060_vaerak_tau_107_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+kielen+mukaan+sek%E4+ulkomaan+kansalaisten+m%E4%E4r%E4+ja+maa%2Dpinta%2Dala+alueittain++1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 29 March 2009.  
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=050_vaerak_tau_104_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+i%E4n+%281%2Dv%2E%29+ja+sukupuolen+mukaan+alueittain+1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2010". Tax Administration of Finland. 24 November 2009. http://www.vero.fi/download.asp?id=5853;25512. Retrieved 13 January 2010.  
  6. ^ http://www.pkamk.fi/english/default.htm

External links

Advertisements

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Joensuu the second largest city in Eastern Finland, the capital of North Karelia.

Located at the outfall of the river Pielisjoki in the Saimaa lake system.

The city center is on the right bank of the river around the main square, where the town hall, museum, hotels and restaurants, shops. Joensuu has square plan. From the main square of the bridge leading across the island Ilosaari to the train station.

Understand

Joensuu is - as the name of the place translates - at the mouth of a river entering a lake. It is one of the relatively fast growing centres in Eastern Finland whichs university supplies a constant stream of freshmeat student from all over the country. There are reportedly also a few foreign students doing their study exchange or post-graduate studies here.

Get in

By plane

Many daily flights from Helsinki provided by Finncomm Airlines.

By train

Direct connection from Helsinki via Lappeenranta, several trains a day. Travel time is about 4 hours. If coming from Russia, transfer at Kouvola.

Station is small, open only during the day. Located on Railway square on the left bank of the River.

By bus

From Helsinki several times a day on the road for about 7 hours, there is a night bus almost every day. See Matkahuolto.

Bus station is located on Railway square.

By car

If coming from Russia, after Nuijamaa in Lappeenranta you turn on the main road 6, which will result in Joensuu.

Main route 6 goes from Helsinki via Lappeenranta and Kouvola in Joensuu and further Nurmes and Kajaani.

  • Train
  • Bus
  • Car
  • Plane from Helsinki

Get around

There are about 10 lines, which serve traffic inside the city of Joensuu. Departures are usually every hour per line, most traffic runs in work/school days and there are not many departures in Saturdays and Sundays. Some bus lines continue to countryside outside the city.

See more: Public transport in Joensuu [1]

See

City Hall in the main square in the Art Nouveau architect. Eliel Saarinen (within theater), there is lore and art museums, a wooden block with cafes and shops.

Street connects pseudogothic Kirkkokatu cathedral in the southern city and an Orthodox wooden church in the north, passing through the main square.

Ilosaarirock music festival [2] once every summer (30+ years and counting),

  • Bunker museum: As part of the Salpa-line protecting Finland from the thread of Russia during WW2 the museum displays several models of concrete bunkers fully equipped with original guns and gear. A bizarr but worthwhile visit. During summer some local history students will hang round geared up as soldiers serving tea and are willing to answer all your questions. Open only during the summer. 2007: 1.6. - 19.8. tuesday-sunday 11.00-17.00.
  • Keskusta (City center): Wooden 19th century houses close to the Pielisjoki river. Some other remains of the wooden Joensuu remain here and there, but the old town as it was is now mainly lost due to construction speculation in the 1960's up to present. The center anyhow follows the town plan that was made in 1848. Streets were made wide to prevent fire in a wooden town, and the trees in the streets are birch for the same reason, for example in Kirkkokatu (Church St.) that has a church in both ends, Greek Orthodox and Lutheran. Otherwise the centre is a rather ugly grid system post war concrete collection of houses with the typical shops and bars and restaurants you will find in any finnish city. Most important modern buildings are the new library and Metla building in the university campus (There is a cafe inside).
  • Tori (Market): is held in the centre of Joensuu and is especially lively during the summer months. In the winter the two market cafes will close and most of the stands will not be there.
  • Carelicum: The North Karelian Museum displays a wide range of stuff from karelian folklore dresses to maps and photographs of places nowadays forgotten behind the russian border. If you have made the effort to go to Joensuu, it is well worth a visit. If you are a student of finnish Culture (e.G. in Helsinki University), you might get in for free, try! Open daily, Mo-Fr 10 - 17 Sa-Su 11 - 16, except on national holidays.

Eat

For Carelian food, try Karjalantalo restaurant, serving lunch menu all year round and evening menu at summertime. At the cityhall there is a (quite expensive) restaurant as well. Rosso in the corner of the marketplace is a chain pizzeria, but very popular. In Kauppatori marketplace you have a choice of local and etnic (including thai) food stands. For small snacks only, try local "karjalanpiirakka" pastry at the marketplace stands or from Marttakahvila's Piirakkapaja. In Finland so called grilliruoka or Grill food is popular but not much recommended. For fish lovers, however, some stands will serve "muikku," a small fish that is fried whole in butter and coated with rye flour. It's eaten whole, head and all; it's small enough to not even feel the bones. A choice of these are around the town, including in both ends of the marketplace Kauppahalli. You can also go to eat in any of the University canteens or in the canteen of Joensuu Science Park (most busy and maybe best of them) Lunch menu starting from around 5 euros. Otherwise there are plenty of pizzerias and kebab places all around the city center.

Drink

There are plenty of pubs around the city center.

  • Jet Set Bar is a local sports bar that is, of course, very popular among the local sportsman, and there seem to be plenty of them. Small and good ambient, relatively low prices.
  • Kerubin kuppila at the univercity students uninon building is the opposite of the former. Nice and relaxed. Used to be in another location the best (and only) rock club of the town.
  • Public Corner, beers and ciders. Also internet.
  • Palaveri, The best selection of beers in Joensuu
  • Giggling Marlin, The cheapest and most crowded bar in Joensuu (they sell vodka drinks for 1€ per glass!)
  • Scouts' Youth Hostel (Partiotalon retkeilymaja), [3].  edit

Get out

There is a disco in the hotel Sokos Kimmel (Fri / Sat), a pub in the hotel Atrium.

Surroundings

Ski resort and national park of Koli north of the city. You can reach Koli ski resort by bus of Matkahuolto.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also joensuu

Contents

English

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Proper noun

Singular
Joensuu

Plural
-

Joensuu

  1. A city in eastern Finland.

Translations

  • Greek: Γιόενσου

Finnish

Proper noun

Joensuu (stem Joensu-*)

  1. Joensuu

Simple English

]] Joensuu is a city in Finland. It is the centre of the region of North Karelia. Joensuu has an area of 2.751,13 km² and a population of 73,076 people. 369.3 km² of the area is water.

The Finnish capital, Helsinki is located 437 km away from Joensuu. There is a university in Joensuu.

The municipalities of Tuupovaara and Kiihtelysvaara were merged with Joensuu on January 1 2005.

Other websites


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message