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Self-portrait
Tischbein's most famous painting: Goethe in the Campagna, 1787

Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, also known as Goethe-Tischbein (15 February 1751  – 26 February 1828) was a German painter. He was a descendant of the Tischbein family of painters, and a pupil of his uncle Johann Jacob Tischbein.

Tischbein was born at Haina, in what is now Hesse. Like many contemporary colleagues, he moved to Rome for some years. During his first stay in Rome (1779–1781) his style changed from Rococo to Neoclassicism. He painted landscapes, historical scenes and still lifes. His second stay in Rome lasted 16 years (1783–1799). He met Johann Wolfgang von Goethe there in 1786, made friends with him and accompanied him to Naples in 1787. Later, Goethe recounted this travel in his Italian Journey.

Diogenes of Sinope c. 1780 (attributed).

Also in 1787, Tischbein painted his most famous work, a portrait of Goethe as a traveler in the Roman Campagna (now in the Städel museum, Frankfurt am Main).

From 1808, Tischbein was a painter at the court of Oldenburg in Northern Germany. He died at Eutin in 1829.


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