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Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Born 28 August 1749(1749-08-28)
Free Imperial City of Frankfurt or Frankfurt on Main, Holy Roman Empire
Died 22 March 1832 (aged 82)
Weimar, Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Occupation Poet, Novelist, Playwright, Natural Philosopher, Diplomat, Civil servant
Nationality German
Period Romanticism
Literary movement Sturm und Drang; Weimar Classicism
Notable work(s) e.g. Faust; The Sorrows of Young Werther; Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship; Elective Affinities
Spouse(s) Christiane Vulpius
Signature
.Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (German pronunciation: [ˈjoːhan ˈvɔlfɡaŋ fɔn ˈɡøːtə]  ( listen), 28 August 1749  – 22 March 1832) was a German writer and polymath.^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Achilleis 1.
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von: Gedichte.

^ GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von: Gott, Gemt und Welt.

[1] .Goethe's works span the fields of poetry, drama, literature, theology, philosophy, pantheism, and science.^ Science and philosophy in the age of Goethe , Chicago et Londres, University of Chicago Press, 2002, XIX, 587 p.
  • L'Encyclop�die de L'Agora: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC agora.qc.ca [Source type: Academic]

.His magnum opus, lauded as one of the peaks of world literature, is the two-part drama Faust.^ The last twelve years of Goethe’s life, when he had passed his seventieth birthday, were occupied by his criticisms on the literature of foreign countries, by the Wanderjahre, and the second part of Faust.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The last twelve years of Goethe's life, when he had passed his seventieth birthday, were occupied by his criticisms on the literature of foreign countries, by the Wanderjahre, and the second part of Faust.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[2] .Goethe's other well-known literary works include his numerous poems, the Bildungsroman Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and the epistolary novel The Sorrows of Young Werther.^ Une ralisation des ditions Diane de Selliers En anglais Egmont (traduction de Anna Swanwick): Bartleby , Project Gutenberg Faust (part I) , traduction de Anna Swanwick (Bartleby) Hermann and Dorothea, traduction de Ellen Frothingham: Bartleby , Project Gutenberg The Poems of Goethe , traduction de Edgar Alfred Bowring (Project Gutenberg) The Sorrows of Werther , traduction de Thomas Carlyle (Bartleby) The Sorrows of Young Werther , dition prpare par Nathan Haskell Dole, traduction de Thomas Carlyle et de R. Dillon Boylan (Project Gutenberg) Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship , traduction de Thomas Carlyle, avec l'aide de Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen, J. R. Seeley et Edward Dowden (Bartleby) .
  • L'Encyclop�die de L'Agora: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC agora.qc.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ A wide and everyway most important interval divides /Werter/, with its sceptical philosophy and 'hypochondriacal crotchets,' from Goethe's next Novel, /Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship/, published some twenty years afterwards.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Mein Leipzig lob ich mir!
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Goethe was one of the key figures of German literature and the movement of Weimar Classicism in the late 18th and early 19th centuries; this movement coincides with Enlightenment, Sentimentality (Empfindsamkeit), Sturm und Drang and Romanticism.^ Zeit des Sturm und Drang .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ As a brilliant writer, Goethe was one of the paramount figures of German literature and European Romanticism during and around the 18th and 19th century.
  • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was the progenitor, not only of the "Sturm and Drang" period to which it gave the tone, but of the romantic knightly literature which teemed from the German press.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The author of the scientific text Theory of Colours, his influential ideas on plant and animal morphology and homology were extended and developed by 19th century naturalists including Charles Darwin.^ During these years Goethe was occupied with Faust, with his researches into the theory of colours and of biological development, with the conduct of the theatre and the practical encouragement of art.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ American Poetry--Women Authors--Bibliography , English Poetry--18th Century--Bibliography , English Poetry--19th Century--Bibliography , English Poetry--Women Authors--Bibliography , Romanticism--Bibliography , Women And Literature--English-Speaking Countries--Bibliography , Women--Poetry--Bibliography .
  • The Poems of Goethe by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Edgar Alfred Bowring at Questia Online Library 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

[3][4] He also served at length as the Privy Councilor ("Geheimrat") of the duchy of Weimar.
.Goethe is the originator of the concept of Weltliteratur ("world literature"), having taken great interest in the literatures of England, France, Italy, classical Greece, Persia, the Arab world, and others.^ Goethe washis indiuspensable adviser, and must on this occasion, if not on others, have taken a keen interest in politics and in the independence of Germany.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The princes of the smaller states, shut out from the great world of politics, surrounded themselves with literature and art, and with men who would be likely to give an interest to their lives.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Glances at Europe In a Series of Letters from Great Britain, France, Italy, Switzerland, &c.
  • Browse By Author: G - Project Gutenberg 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Browse By Author: G - Project Gutenberg 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.gutenberg.net [Source type: Original source]

.His influence on German philosophy is virtually immeasurable, having major effect especially on the generation of Hegel and Schelling, although Goethe himself expressly and decidedly refrained from practicing philosophy in the specialized sense.^ Goethe made her acquaintance in a journey which he took in the Rhine country with Sulpiz Boiseree, who had succeeded in interesting Goethe in early German art, a subject to which he was himself devoted.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The influence of Lessing had scarcely made itself felt; Herder was only five years older than Goethe himself.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Goethe occupied himself chiefly with drawing, he was able to announce on June 6 that this work was finished.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Goethe's influence spread across Europe, and for the next century his works were a major source of inspiration in music, drama, poetry and philosophy. .Goethe is considered by many to be the most important writer in the German language and one of the most important thinkers in Western culture as well.^ Goethe stayed in Strasburg till August 28, 1771, his twenty-second birthday, and these sixteen months are perhaps the most important of his life.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In allusions, in similitudes, though no one known to us is happier, many are more copious than Goethe.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In his official holiday costume he could well have personated the most important French prelate.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Early in his career, however, he wondered whether painting might not be his true vocation; late in his life, he expressed the expectation that he would ultimately be remembered above all for his work on colour.^ At all events, she would be bound he was as good as I; and his talents might probably procure him a fortune, of which I could not even venture to dream.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All this, however, must be a work of progression and detail.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As if to put the finishing stroke to the efforts of his life, he married mother of his children, arranged and published his collected works, and competed his theory of colours.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Early life

Goethe's birthplace in Frankfurt, Germany (Großer Hirschgraben)
.Goethe's father, Johann Caspar Goethe (Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, 29 July 1710 – Frankfurt, 25 May 1782), lived with his family in a large house in Frankfurt, then an Imperial Free City of the Holy Roman Empire.^ His father was born on July 31, 1710.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
  • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My father's mother, for it was her house in which we dwelt, lived in a large back-room directly on the ground-floor; and we were accustomed to carry on our sports even up to her chair, and, when she was ill, up to her bedside.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goethe's mother, Catharina Elisabeth Textor (Frankfurt, 19 February 1731 – Frankfurt, 15 September 1808), the daughter of the Mayor of Frankfurt Johann Wolfgang Textor (Frankfurt, 11 December 1693 – Frankfurt, 6 February 1771) and wife (married at Wetzlar, 2 February 1726) Anna Margaretha Lindheimer (Wetzlar, 23 July 1711 – Frankfurt, 18 April 1783, a descendant of Lucas Cranach the Elder and Henry III, Landgrave of Hesse-Marburg), married 38-year-old Johann Caspar when she was 17 at Frankfurt on 20 August 1748. All their children, except for Goethe and his sister, Cornelia Friederike Christiana, who was born in 1750, died at early ages.^ GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von: Gedichte.

^ Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe (1749-1832) was born in Frankfort [Frankfurt] on August 28, 1749.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe ( Biography ) .
  • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

.Johann Caspar and private tutors gave Goethe lessons in all the common subjects of that time, especially languages (Latin, Greek, French and English).^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (aus: Eckermann) Suchen lt sich der Ruhm nicht, und alles Jagen danach ist eitel.
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Sprichwörtlich "Hast deine Kastanien zu lange gebraten, // Sie sind dir alle zu Kohlen geraten."
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Ein Blick von dir, Ein Wort mehr unterhlt Als alle Weisheit dieser Welt.
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Goethe also received lessons in dancing, riding and fencing. .Johann Caspar was the type of father who, feeling frustrated in his own ambitions by what he saw as a deficiency of educational advantages, was determined that his children would have all those advantages which he had not had.^ The one who finds what is to their own advantage in all that happens to them.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
  • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But these I could not well take, as they were not in rhyme; and my desire before all things was to show my father something that would please him.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This renders a long and circumstantial biography a necessity to all who would study the poet seriously.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goethe had a persistent dislike of the church, characterizing its history as a "hotchpotch of fallacy and violence" (Mischmasch von Irrtum und Gewalt).^ Es ist die ganze Kirchengeschichte // Mischmasch von Irrtum und von Gewalt ."
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von: Gott, Gemt und Welt.

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (aus: Eckermann) Suchen lt sich der Ruhm nicht, und alles Jagen danach ist eitel.
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His great passion was drawing.^ His great passion was drawing.
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  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Goethe quickly became interested in literature; Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock and Homer were among his early favourites.^ Another was Lerse, a frank open character who became Goethe’s favourite, and whose name is immortalized in Gotz von Berlichingen.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe made her acquaintance in a journey which he took in the Rhine country with Sulpiz Boiseree, who had succeeded in interesting Goethe in early German art, a subject to which he was himself devoted.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.He had a lively devotion to theatre as well and was greatly fascinated by puppet shows that were annually arranged in his home; a familiar theme in Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship.^ The first effect of Schiller's influence on Goethe was the completion of Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship: -- .
  • The Poems of Goethe by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Edgar Alfred Bowring at Questia Online Library 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

Legal career

.Goethe studied law in Leipzig from 1765 to 1768. Learning age-old judicial rules by heart was something he strongly detested.^ The young Goethe studied at the universities of Leipzig and Strasbourg, and in 1772 entered upon the practice of law at Wetzlar.
  • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Auf Weisung des Vaters begann Goethe im Herbst 1765 ein Jurastudium in Leipzig.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ He was sent to Leipsic [Leipzig] to study law, in order that he might return to Frankfort [Frankfurt] fitted for the regular course of municipal distinction.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

He preferred to attend the poetry lessons of Christian Fürchtegott Gellert. .In Leipzig, Goethe fell in love with Käthchen Schönkopf and wrote cheerful verses about her in the Rococo genre.^ Besides these plays Goethe wrote at Leipsic [Leipzig] twenty little songs of an erotic character, which were set music by his young friend breitkopf.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe, if we may believe his autobiography, experienced his first love about the age of fifteen in the person of Gretchen, whom some have supposed to be the daughter of an innkeeper at Offenbach.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1770, he anonymously released Annette, his first collection of poems.^ In 1770, he anonymously released Annette , his first collection of poems.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The joyful collection of poems "Annette" is written.

^ In 1766 he fell in love with Anne Catharina Schoenkopf (1746-1810) and wrote his joyfully exuberant collection of poems Annette .

His uncritical admiration for many contemporary poets vanished as he became interested in Lessing and Wieland. .Already at this time, Goethe wrote a good deal, but he threw away nearly all of these works, except for the comedy Die Mitschuldigen.^ These two great works were not the only occupations of Goethe at this time.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A deeper chord is struck in Die Mitschuldigen (The Fellow Sinners), which forms a dismal and forbidding picture both of the time and of the experiences of the youth who wrote it.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Faust justly stands at the head of all Goethe’s works, and it deserves a very high place among the best works of every age.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The restaurant Auerbachs Keller and its legend of Faust's 1525 barrel ride impressed him so much that Auerbachs Keller became the only real place in his closet drama Faust Part One.^ The most remarkable of these stories is the "Marchen," a wild and mystic tale, which has been the subject of as much controversy and of as many interpretation a the second part of Faust.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Faust, Auerbachs Keller) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Mein schnes Frulein, darf ich wagen, / Meinen Arm und Geleit Ihranzutragen?
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Faust, Auerbachs Keller) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Ein lustiger Gefhrte ist ein Rollwagen auf der Wanderschaft.
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Because his studies did not progress, Goethe was forced to return to Frankfurt at the close of August 1768.
.In Frankfurt, Goethe became severely ill.^ In Frankfurt, Goethe became ill.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Biography - Poems 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.poemofquotes.com [Source type: General]

^ In Frankfurt, Goethe became severely ill.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, Goethe became ill in Leipzig and returned to Frankfurt.
  • Calvin Boardman, Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe : Department of Finance 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.business.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

During the year and a half that followed, because of several relapses, the relationship with his father worsened. .During convalescence, Goethe was nursed by his mother and sister.^ During convalescence, Goethe was nursed by his mother and sister.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Goethe's health broke down in Leipzig and he returned to Frankfurt, where, during his convalescence, he studied occult philosophy, astrology, and alchemy.
  • GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.history.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Goethe, during his illness, received great attention from Fraulein von Klettenberg, a friend of his mother’s, a pietist of the Moravian school.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Bored in bed, he wrote an impudent crime comedy.^ Bored in bed, he wrote an impudent crime comedy.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His relationship with his father worsened as he wrote an impudent crime comedy while his mother and sister cared for him in.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Biography - Poems 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.poemofquotes.com [Source type: General]

.In April 1770, his father lost his patience; Goethe left Frankfurt in order to finish his studies in Strasbourg.^ He was sent to Leipsic [Leipzig] to study law, in order that he might return to Frankfort [Frankfurt] fitted for the regular course of municipal distinction.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first thing brought into order was my father's collection of books, the best of which, in calf and half-calf binding, were to ornament the walls of his office and study.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Im April 1770 setzte Goethe sein Studium in Straburg fort.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

In Alsace, Goethe blossomed. .No other landscape has he described as affectionately as the warm, wide Rhine area.^ No other landscape has he described as affectionately as the warm, wide Rhine area.
  • MySpace - Goethe - 101 - Male - DE - myspace.com/goethe1967 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
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^ The history of literature exhibits no other instance in which a great poet has supplemented his proper orbit with so wide an epicyle.
  • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

^ For Goethe, his first ten years at Weimar could well be described as a garnering of a degree and range of experience which perhaps could be achieved in no other way.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Strasbourg, Goethe met Johann Gottfried Herder, who happened to be in town on the occasion of an eye operation.^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , An Herder, etwa 10.
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , an Johann Gottfried Herder , Dezember 1798 "Im ganzen können wir vieles aufopfern, aber uns im einzelnen herzugeben, ist eine Forderung , der wir selten gewachsen sind."
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Die wichtigste davon war die mit dem Theologen, Kunst- und Literaturtheoretiker Johann Gottfried Herder.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

.The two became close friends, and crucially to Goethe's intellectual development, it was Herder who kindled his interest in Shakespeare, Ossian and in the notion of Volkspoesie (folk poetry).^ Der ltere ffnete ihm die Augen fr die ursprngliche Sprachgewalt von Autoren wie Homer, Shakespeare und Ossian sowie der Volkspoesie und gab so entscheidende Impulse fr Goethes dichterische Entwicklung.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ But the person who had the strongest effect on Goethe's mental development was Adam Frederick Oeser, at this time director of the academy of arts in Leipsic.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His experience and his refined taste were very attractive to Goethe, who made him his intimate friend.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.On October 14, 1772 he held a speech in his parental home in honour of the first German "Shakespeare Day". His first meeting with Shakespeare's works is described as his personally awakening in literature.^ In his first work, published in 1791 and 1792, he describes with great accuracy and liveliness the experiments which he has made.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The work in its entirely may be described as the first part of Faust "writ large."
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Who knows, or can figure what the Man Shakespeare was, by the first, by the twentieth perusal of his works?
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

[5]
.On a trip to the village Sesenheim, Goethe fell in love with Friederike Brion, but, after a couple of weeks, terminated the relationship.^ Marginalien lterer Datum ** (37110) 48,00 EUR Vieles um Friederike Brion und Sesenheim .

^ GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von / FRIEDERIKE: SCHULZ, Klaus-Peter: Die Gstebcher von Sesenheim.

^ Goethe’s stay at Strasburg is generally connected still more closely with another circumstance, - his passion for Frederike Brion of Sesenheim.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Several of his poems, like Willkommen und Abschied, Sesenheimer Lieder and Heideröslein, originate from this time.^ Willkommen und Abschied , Mailied , Heidenrslein ) waren in ihrer Ausdruckskraft der revolutionre Beginn einer neuen lyrischen Epoche .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ (Willkommen und Abschied) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Und doch, welch Glck, geliebt zu werden!
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Willkommen und Abschied) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Unedel sind die Waffen eines Weibes.
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the end of August 1771, Goethe was certified as a licensee in Frankfurt.^ Goethe stayed in Strasburg till August 28, 1771, his twenty-second birthday, and these sixteen months are perhaps the most important of his life.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Im August 1771 schloss Goethe sein Studium cum applausu ab.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe (1749-1832) was born in Frankfort [Frankfurt] on August 28, 1749.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.He wanted to make the jurisdiction progressively more humane.^ He wanted to make the jurisdiction progressively more humane.
  • MySpace - Goethe - 101 - Male - DE - myspace.com/goethe1967 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
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In his first cases, he proceeded too vigorously, was reprimanded and lost the position. .This prematurely terminated his career as a lawyer after only a few months.^ This prematurely terminated his career as a lawyer after only a few months.
  • MySpace - Goethe - 101 - Male - DE - myspace.com/goethe1967 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At this time, Goethe was acquainted with the court of Darmstadt, where his inventiveness was praised.^ Many of Goethe’s writings were from this time inspired by the necessities of the court.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.From this milieu came Johann Georg Schlosser (who was later to become his brother-in-law) and Johann Heinrich Merck.^ She was Marianne von Willemer, the newly married wife of a Frankfort [Frankfurt] banker, Jacob von Willemer, who was an old friend of Goethe’s and of his brother-in-law Schlosser.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frankfort [Frankfurt] was broken up; Schlosser, his brother-in-law, had retired to Auerbach; Jacobi was flying to Holstein.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (An Johann Heinrich Merck) (7.10.
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Goethe also pursued literary plans again; this time, his father did not have anything against it, and even helped.^ Goethe also pursued literary plans again; this time, his father did not have anything against it, and even helped.
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  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Increasingly aloof from national, political, or even literary partisanship, Goethe became more and more the Olympian divinity, to whose shrine at Weimar all Europe flocked.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe — Poet Seers 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.poetseers.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Despite the immense success of Werther , it did not bring Goethe much financial gain – copyright law at the time being essentially nonexistent.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Goethe obtained a copy of the biography of a noble highwayman from the Peasants' War. In a couple of weeks the biography was reworked into a colourful drama. .Entitled Götz von Berlichingen, the work went directly to the heart of Goethe's contemporaries.^ Götz von Berlichingen, 1.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Götz von Berlichingen, Zweiter Akt - Bamberg / Adelheid "Die Welt ist ein Gefängnis."
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ But the work into which he threw all his genius was the dramatization of the history of the imperial knight of the Middle Ages, Gottfried or Gotz von Berlichingen.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goethe could not subsist on being one of the editors of a literary periodical (published by Schlosser and Merck).^ Professional and later life (1772-1832) Goethe could not subsist on being one of the editors of a literary periodical (published by Schlosser and Merck).
  • MySpace - Goethe - 101 - Male - DE - myspace.com/goethe1967 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.myspace.com [Source type: General]

^ Goethe could not subsist on being one of the editors of a literary periodical (published by Schlosser and Merck).
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After graduating in 1771, Goethe practiced law for 4 years with his father and continued to publish works that brought him literary fame.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC enloehs.wcpss.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In May 1772 he once more began the practice of law at Wetzlar. .In 1774 Goethe wrote the book which would bring him worldwide fame, The Sorrows of Young Werther.^ Besides these plays Goethe wrote at Leipsic [Leipzig] twenty little songs of an erotic character, which were set music by his young friend breitkopf.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gtz and Werther formed the solid foundation of Goethe's fame.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The autumn brought new friends, drawn to him by the fame of the newly published Werther.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Despite the immense success of Werther, it did not bring Goethe much financial gain – copyright law at the time being essentially nonexistent. .(In later years Goethe would bypass this problem by periodically authorizing "new, revised" editions of his Complete Works.^ Goethe at first fled from her, as Byron did at a later period.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the beginning of 1805 Goethe was convinced that either he or Schiller would die in that year.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the autumn of this year the duke left the Prussian service, and Goethe could look forward to a period of peace.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[6])

Early years in Weimar

.
Johann Wolfgang Goethe ca.
^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Achilleis 1.
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Werther 2.
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von: Gedichte.

1775
.In 1775, Goethe was invited, on the strength of his fame as the author of The Sorrows of Young Werther, to the court of Carl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.^ He invited Goethe to stay at Weimar.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Gtz and Werther formed the solid foundation of Goethe's fame.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frau von Stein, with whom he had renewed his friendship if not his love, died in January 1827; and in June 1828 he lost the companion of his youth, the grand-duke Karl August, who died suddenly, away from Weimar, on his return from a journey.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.(The Duke at the time was 18 years of age, to Goethe's 26.) Goethe thus went to live in Weimar, where he remained for the rest of his life and where, over the course of many years, he held a succession of offices, becoming the Duke's chief adviser.^ Goethe took the opportunity of reconciling himself with Wieland, who lived in Weimar.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The last twelve years of Goethe’s life, when he had passed his seventieth birthday, were occupied by his criticisms on the literature of foreign countries, by the Wanderjahre, and the second part of Faust.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was natural at the beginning of a new course of life that Goethe should write an account of his past existence.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goethe, aside from official duties, was also a friend and confidant to the Duke, and participated fully in the activities of the court.^ In reality there is no period of Goethe’s life in which his literary activity was so prodigious, or when he was more fully occupied with literary plans which had reference to the deepest problems of human nature.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe and the duke dined together and bathed together; the duke addressed his friend by the familiar thou.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.For Goethe, his first ten years at Weimar could well be described as a garnering of a degree and range of experience which perhaps could be achieved in no other way.^ He was ten years younger than Goethe.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The second daughter, Lotte, blue-eyed, fair, and just twenty years of age, was first met by Goethe shortly after his arrival at a ball at Wolpersthausen.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He had now been ten years in Weimar, and he must have felt that his own inward development, and the work which he was most fitted to on in the world, were not advancing as favourably as they should.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goethe was ennobled in 1782 (this being indicated by the "von" in his name).^ (Faust, Abend) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Name ist Schall und Rauch ...
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another was Lerse, a frank open character who became Goethe’s favourite, and whose name is immortalized in Gotz von Berlichingen.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe’s real letters to Bettina von Armin are in the main unpublished; those which bear the name have been largely falsified, but have a substratum of truth.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.During Goethe's term of office as a member of the Geheime Consilium, the top deliberative circle of the Duke Carl August of Saxony-Weimar, there were three cases of the killing of a newborn infant by its mother.^ Goethe, during his illness, received great attention from Frulein von Klettenberg, a friend of his mother's, a pietist of the Moravian school.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was Karl Ludwig von Knebel, who was traveling with the two princes of Saxe-Weimar, the reigning duke, Karl August, then just seventeen, and his younger brother, Constantine.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe, during his illness, received great attention from Fraulein von Klettenberg, a friend of his mother’s, a pietist of the Moravian school.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Whereas in 1781 Dorothea Altwein was sentenced to lifelong penal servitude (she was released after 27 years), and Maria Rost was assigned to lifelong penal servitude by the Duke without judicial sentence (she was released after 6 years), Johanna Höhn was executed. Johanna Catharina Höhn, born the 15th of April 1759 in Tannroda in Saxony-Weimar, had killed her just-born baby, a boy, in an attack of panic. Her crime exposed her to a possible death sentence by sword. But Duke Carl August sent her punishment to be adjudicated, due to arguments for its mitigation. The duke wished to save her, repealing capital punishment in her case and sentencing her to lifelong penal servitude. He therefore referred Johanna's case to members of his government and deliberative circle for consideration. .The three members of the Consilium, Goethe, Fritsch and Schnauss, voted on the matter on 4 November 1783. The other counsellors, Fritsch and Schnauss, voted first.^ For the first period of his life Der Junge Goethe, in three voumes, published by Hirzel, with an introduction by Michael Bernays, is indispensable.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Goethe's vote decided the issue. In Saxony-Weimar capital punishment was not repealed. Duke Carl August immediately ordered Johanna's execution. Johanna Höhn was beheaded on 28 November 1783.[citation needed]

Italy

Goethe, age 38, painted by Angelika Kauffmann 1787
.Goethe's journey to the Italian peninsula from 1786 to 1788 was of great significance in his æsthetical and philosophical development.^ Goethe’s Italian journey, the most momentous epoch in the development of his intellectual life, lasted from September 3, 1786 to June 18, 1788.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.His father had made a similar journey during his own youth, and his example was a major motivating factor for Goethe to make the trip.^ Goethe made her acquaintance in a journey which he took in the Rhine country.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Goethe the characters are ennobled by a higher principle, and the struggle between truth and falsehood is made a prominent motive of the piece.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe would make the gods speak in their own large utterance if they spoke at all.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.More importantly, however, the work of Johann Joachim Winckelmann had provoked a general renewed interest in the classical art of ancient Greece and Rome.^ Whatever occupies and interests men in general, will interest him still more.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Thus Goethe's journey had something of the nature of a pilgrimage to it. .During the course of his trip Goethe met and befriended the artists Angelica Kauffmann and Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein, as well as encountering such notable characters as Lady Hamilton and Alessandro Cagliostro (see Affair of the Diamond Necklace).^ (Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Mein Leipzig lob ich mir!
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von: BODE, Wilhelm: Weib und Sittlichkeit in Goethe's Leben und Denken.

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (aus: Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre) ...
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He also journeyed to Sicily during this time, and wrote intriguingly that "To have seen Italy without having seen Sicily is to not have seen Italy at all, for Sicily is the clue to everything."^ Until his journey to Italy he made her acquainted with every action, every thought of his mind, all the working of his brain.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.While in Southern Italy and Sicily, Goethe encountered, for the first time genuine Greek (as opposed to Roman) architecture, and was quite startled by its relative simplicity.^ In December they went by the Lake of Constance and the falls of the Rhine to Stuttgart, where, on December 14, Goethe saw Schiller for the first time.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Winckelmann had not recognized the distinctness of the two styles.
.Goethe's diaries of this period form the basis of the non-fiction Italian Journey.^ Goethe’s Italian journey, the most momentous epoch in the development of his intellectual life, lasted from September 3, 1786 to June 18, 1788.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Italian Journey only covers the first year of Goethe's visit.^ In the autumn of the same year he accompanied the duke to Silesia, the first of those military journeys which strike so discordant a note in the harmonious tenor of his existence.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The second daughter, Lotte, blue-eyed, fair, and just twenty years of age, was first met by Goethe shortly after his arrival at a ball at Wolpersthausen.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He had conceived the plan of the work twenty years before, and the first six books had been written before the Italian journey.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

The remaining year is largely undocumented, aside from the fact that he spent much of it in Venice. This "gap in the record" has been the source of much speculation over the years.
.In the decades which immediately followed its publication in 1816 Italian Journey inspired countless German youths to follow Goethe's example.^ However, in the West-ostliche Divan, he made the first attempt to transplant Eastern poetry to a German soil, and set an example which has been followed by Heine and Mirza Schaffy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe made her acquaintance in a journey which he took in the Rhine country with Sulpiz Boiseree, who had succeeded in interesting Goethe in early German art, a subject to which he was himself devoted.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe’s Italian journey, the most momentous epoch in the development of his intellectual life, lasted from September 3, 1786 to June 18, 1788.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

This is pictured, somewhat satirically, in George Eliot's Middlemarch.

Weimar

A Goethe watercolour depicting a Liberty pole at the border to the short-lived Republic of Mainz, created under influence of the French Revolution and destroyed in the Siege of Mainz in which Goethe participated.
.In late 1792, Goethe took part in the battle of Valmy against revolutionary France, assisting Duke Carl August of Saxe-Weimar during the failed invasion of France.^ Goethe took the opportunity of reconciling himself with Wieland, who lived in Weimar.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He took but little part in the Weimar life, and died in 1793.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On August 6 Goethe took his degree as doctor of law.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Again during the Siege of Mainz he assisted Carl August as a military observer. .His written account of these events can be found within his Complete Works.^ For the completion of these works Goethe required leisure and repose, impossible to obtain in the distraction and pleasures of the court.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After his recovery he sketched out what was the most important work of these years, a trilogy on the subject of the French Revolution; of this only the first part, the naturliche Tochter, was completed.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

In 1794 Friedrich Schiller wrote to Goethe offering friendship; they had previously had only a mutually wary relationship ever since first becoming acquainted in 1788. This collaborative friendship lasted until Schiller's death in 1805.
.In 1806, Goethe was living in Weimar with his mistress Christiane Vulpius, the sister of Christian A. Vulpius, and their son Julius August Walter von Goethe.^ Christiane Vulpius , Zeichnung von Johann Wolfgang von Goethe .
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Goethe took the opportunity of reconciling himself with Wieland, who lived in Weimar.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Die wichtigste und prgendste Beziehung Goethes whrend dieses Weimarer Jahrzehnts war die zu der Hofdame Charlotte von Stein.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

On 13 October, Napoleon's army invaded the town. .The French "spoon guards", the least-disciplined soldiers, occupied Goethe's house.^ Frankfort [Frankfurt] was full of French soldiers, and a certain Comte Thorane, who was quartered in Goethe’s house, had an important influence on the boy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frankfort was full of French soldiers, and a certain Comte Thorane, who was quartered in Goethe's house, had an important influence on the boy.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Goethe. Painting by Luise Seidler (Weimar 1811)
.The 'spoon guards' had broken in, they had drunk wine, made a great uproar and called for the master of the house.^ Every personage is made to live; they speak in short, sharp sentences like the powerful lines of a great master's drawing.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Goethe's secretary Riemer reports: 'Although already undressed and wearing only his wide nightgown … he descended the stairs towards them and inquired what they wanted from him … . His dignified figure, commanding respect, and his spiritual mien seemed to impress even them.' But it was not to last long. Late at night they burst into his bedroom with drawn bayonets. .Goethe was petrified, Christiane raised a lot of noise and even tangled with them, other people who had taken refuge in Goethe's house rushed in, and so the marauders eventually withdrew again.^ His companions were the brothers Stolberg, noisy, wild young noblemen, who is May had stayed at Goethe’s house.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frankfort [Frankfurt] was full of French soldiers, and a certain Comte Thorane, who was quartered in Goethe’s house, had an important influence on the boy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Frankfort was full of French soldiers, and a certain Comte Thorane, who was quartered in Goethe's house, had an important influence on the boy.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

It was Christiane who commanded and organized the defense of the house on the Frauenplan. The barricading of the kitchen and the cellar against the wild pillaging soldiery was her work. .Goethe noted in his diary: "Fires, rapine, a frightful night … Preservation of the house through steadfastness and luck."^ After a night quietly slept through, we heard of the violent commotion which had shaken the house the previous evening.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

The luck was Goethe's, the steadfastness was displayed by Christiane.

Schopenhauer and the Wild Years of Philosophy, Ch. 5[7]

.The next day, Goethe legitimized their eighteen year relationship by marrying Christiane in a quiet marriage service at the court chapel.^ In the autumn of this year the duke left the Prussian service, and Goethe could look forward to a period of peace.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We must pass rapidly over the next six years, until Goethe’s genius received a new impulse and direction by his friendship with Schiller.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.They already had several children together by this time.^ All truly wise thoughts have been thought already thousands of times; but to make them truly ours, we must think them over again honestly, until they take root in our personal experience.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

^ It is often regarded as an instinct of cruelty that children like at last to break, tear, and devour objects with which for a long time they have played, and which they have handled in various manners.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their son, Julius August Walter von Goethe (25 December 1789  – 28 October 1830), whose wife, Ottilie von Pogwisch (31 October 1796  – 26 October 1872), cared for the elder Goethe until his death in 1832. The younger couple had three children: Walther, Freiherr von Goethe (9 April 1818  – 15 April 1885), Wolfgang, Freiherr von Goethe (18 September 1820  – 20 January 1883) and Alma von Goethe (29 October 1827  – 29 September 1844).^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Achilleis 1.
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Werther 2.
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Eckermann, 31.
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

Christiane Vulpius died in 1816.

Later life

After 1793, Goethe devoted his endeavours primarily to literature. .By 1820, Goethe was on amiable terms with Kaspar Maria von Sternberg.^ Er schloss Freundschaft mit Karl Friedrich Reinhard und Kaspar Maria von Sternberg.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , J.Ch.Lobe, Mitte April 1820 [ Bearbeiten ] Parasit .
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

.In 1823, having recovered from a near fatal heart illness, Goethe fell in love with Ulrike von Levetzow whom he wanted to marry, but because of the opposition of her mother he never proposed.^ She never married; the heart that Goethe had loved, she said, should never love another.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe, during his illness, received great attention from Frulein von Klettenberg, a friend of his mother's, a pietist of the Moravian school.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe, during his illness, received great attention from Fraulein von Klettenberg, a friend of his mother’s, a pietist of the Moravian school.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Their last meeting in Carlsbad on 5 September 1823 inspired him to the famous Marienbad Elegy which he considered one of his finest and dearest works.^ It is until he is blind to outward objects that one moment of divine rapture reveals to him the continuance of his work in coming generations, and convinces him that he has not lived in vain.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of their last friendly meetings was in a journey to Rudolstadt, where Goethe met Schiller.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[8]
.In 1832, after a life of vast productivity, Goethe died in Weimar.^ He took but little part in the Weimar life, and died in 1793.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When Goethe died in 1832 none of the old Weimar set were left except Knebel, who lived two years longer.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.He is buried in the Ducal Vault at Weimar's Historical Cemetery.^ He is buried in the grand-ducal vault, where the bones of Schiller are also laid.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Eckermann closes his famous work, Conversations with Goethe, with this passage:
Ulrike von Levetzow. This 18 year old girl inspired Goethe to the famous Marienbad Elegy
.The morning after Goethe's death, a deep desire seized me to look once again upon his earthly garment.^ He died at Rome in October 1830, and is buried close by the pyramid of Caius Cestius, where Goethe himself once desired to be laid.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

His faithful servant, Frederick, opened for me the chamber in which he was laid out. Stretched upon his back, he reposed as if asleep; profound peace and security reigned in the features of his sublimely noble countenance. The mighty brow seemed yet to harbour thoughts. I wished for a lock of his hair; but reverence prevented me from cutting it off. .The body lay naked, only wrapped in a white sheet; large pieces of ice had been placed near it, to keep it fresh as long as possible.^ In one of these spaces Abraham resides; his brother Lot is near him: but they cannot long remain in such places.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As his dwelling lay near the Eschenheim gate, my way when I had visited him led me out of the city to some pieces of ground which my father owned beyond the gates.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The repertoire of the Weimar theatre was stocked with pieces of solid merit which long held their place.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Frederick drew aside the sheet, and I was astonished at the divine magnificence of the limbs. .The breast was powerful, broad, and arched; the arms and thighs were elegant, and of the most perfect shape; nowhere, on the whole body, was there a trace of either fat or of leanness and decay.^ Rector Albrecht was one of the most original figures in the world,-- short, broad, but not fat, ill-shaped without being deformed; in short, an Aesop in gown and wig.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

A perfect man lay in great beauty before me; and the rapture the sight caused me made me forget for a moment that the immortal spirit had left such an abode. .I laid my hand on his heart - there was a deep silence - and I turned away to give free vent to my suppressed tears.^ My desire to become acquainted with such things he used very dexterously to divert my attention by sending me forth as his dun, and to turn me away from my intention.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Owing to my unremitted teazing and exhortation, the work went on, though slowly enough; for, as it was of that kind which can be taken in hand or laid aside at will, there was always something by which it was thrust out of the way, and put aside.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

(p. 426, Da Capo Press edition, John Oxenford translation)

The first production of Richard Wagner's opera Lohengrin took place in Weimar in 1850. The conductor was Franz Liszt, who chose the date 28 August in honour of Goethe, who was born on 28 August 1749.[9]

Works

Literary work

.The most important of Goethe's works produced before he went to Weimar were his tragedy Götz von Berlichingen (1773), which was the first work to bring him recognition, and the novel The Sorrows of Young Werther (called Die Leiden des jungen Werthers in German) (1774), which gained him enormous fame as a writer in the Sturm und Drang period which marked the early phase of Romanticism - indeed the book is often considered to be the "spark" which ignited the movement, and can arguably be called the world's first "best-seller". (For the entirety of his life this was the work with which the vast majority of Goethe's contemporaries associated him).^ Zahme Xenien IX [ Bearbeiten ] Die Leiden des jungen Werther .
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ His friendship with Goethe was not at first of advantage to him.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Götz von Berlichingen, 1.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
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.During the years at Weimar before he met Schiller he began Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship, wrote the dramas Iphigenie auf Tauris (Iphigenia in Tauris), Egmont, Torquato Tasso, and the fable Reineke Fuchs.^ Iphigenie auf Tauris, 1.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
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^ Bearbeiten ] Iphigenie auf Tauris .
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Iphigenie auf Tauris, 5.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
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.To the period of his friendship with Schiller belong Wilhelm Meister's Journeyman Years (the continuation of Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship), the idyll of Hermann and Dorothea, the Roman Elegies and the verse drama The Natural Daughter.^ A more solid result of the friendship between the poets was the production of Hermann und Dorothea.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The second period of Schiller’s life had begun with his friendship with Kroenr, and his residence in Saxony.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Im Roman wie im Drama sehen wir menschliche Natur und Handlung."
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

.In the last period, between Schiller's death, in 1805, and his own, appeared Faust Part One, Elective Affinities, the West-Eastern Divan (a collection of poems in the Persian style, influenced by the work of Hafez), his autobiographical Aus meinem Leben: Dichtung und Wahrheit (From My Life: Poetry and Truth) which covers his early life and ends with his departure for Weimar, his Italian Journey, and a series of treatises on art.^ Jahrhundert aus Werk und Leben.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (aus: Dichtung und Wahrheit) ...
  • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Dichtung und Wahrheit).

.His writings were immediately influential in literary and artistic circles.^ His writings were immediately influential in literary and artistic circles.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Faust Part Two was only finished in the year of his death, and was published posthumously.^ The last twelve years of Goethe’s life, when he had passed his seventieth birthday, were occupied by his criticisms on the literature of foreign countries, by the Wanderjahre, and the second part of Faust.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In that year he was busy with Helena for the second part, and he added nothing afterwards to the first except the "Walpurgis Night" and the scene of Valentine’s death.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After his recovery he sketched out what was the most important work of these years, a trilogy on the subject of the French Revolution; of this only the first part, the naturliche Tochter, was completed.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Scientific work

.As to what I have done as a poet,… I take no pride in it… But that in my century I am the only person who knows the truth in the difficult science of colours - of that, I say, I am not a little proud, and here I have a consciousness of a superiority to many.^ A warrior is worthy of honor, who considers himself a guest in the house of an enemy; but here there is no enemy, only a mistaking man.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My father had brought up a young person, who had been his footman, valet, secretary, and in short successively all in all.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And as elements of this kind, from "Ovid's Metamorphoses," or the "Pantheon Mythicum" of Pomey, were humming in swarms about my head, I had soon put together in my imagination a little piece of the kind, of which I can only say that the scene was rural, and that there was no lack in it of king's daughters, princes, or gods.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Johann Eckermann, Conversations with Goethe

.Although his literary work has attracted the greatest amount of interest, Goethe was also keenly involved in studies of natural science.^ In the spring of 1799 the study of Homer incited Goethe to sketch a long epic poem on the subject of Schiller did his best to encourage the work.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His efforts for the development of the duke’s dominion naturally led him to the study of science.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Goethe occupied himself chiefly with drawing, he was able to announce on June 6 that this work was finished.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[10] .He wrote several works on plant morphology, and colour theory.^ In 1810 Goethe finished the printing of his Farbenlehre (Theory of colours), a work which had occupied his mind ever since his journey to Italy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As if to put the finishing stroke to the efforts of his life, he married mother of his children, arranged and published his collected works, and competed his theory of colours.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Besides the ballads and his researches in the morphology of plants and insects, he translated a great part of the autobiography of Benvenuto Cellini, wrote a number of essays on the question of aesthetics, and worked at his long neglected Faust.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

His focus on morphology and what was later called homology influenced 19th century naturalists, though his ideas of transformation were about the continuing flux of living things and did not relate to contemporary ideas of "transformisme" or transmutation of species. .Homology, or as Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire called it "analogie", was used by Charles Darwin as strong evidence of common descent and of laws of variation.^ Poems (1828) (English) (as Author) Poetic Sketches (English) (as Author) Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Isidore, 1805-1861 .
  • Browse By Author: G - Project Gutenberg 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Browse By Author: G - Project Gutenberg 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.gutenberg.net [Source type: Original source]

[3][4] .Goethe's studies led him to independently discover the human intermaxillary bone in 1784, which Broussonet (1779) and Vicq d'Azyr (1780) had (using different methods) identified several years earlier.^ The care of his garden cottage naturally led him to the study of plants.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe used to dine with him at a table d’hote kept by a wine-dealer, Schonkopf, in the Bruhl (No.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The opening and direction of mines induced him to study geology; the classification of ancient forms of life led him to osteology and anatomy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[11] .While not the only one in his time to question the prevailing view that this bone did not exist in humans, Goethe, who believed ancient anatomists had known about this bone, was the first to prove its peculiarity to all mammals.^ Goethe at first fled from her, as Byron did at a later period.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These two great works were not the only occupations of Goethe at this time.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On one dared to tell Goethe the sad news, but he saw in the faces of those who surrounded him that Schiller must be very ill.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1790, he published his Metamorphosis of Plants.^ The Metamorphoses of Plants was not published till 1790, but the idea which had possession of his mind was a solid contribution to the science of botany.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[12]
Light spectrum, from Theory of Colours – Goethe observed that with a prism, colour arises at light-dark edges, and the spectrum occurs where these coloured edges overlap
During his Italian journey, Goethe formulated a theory of plant metamorphosis in which the archetypal form of the plant is to be found in the leaf - he writes, "from top to bottom a plant is all leaf, united so inseparably with the future bud that one cannot be imagined without the other".[13]
Goethe popularized the Goethe Barometer using a principle established by Toricelli (1608-1647). .According to Hegel, 'Goethe has occupied himself a good deal with meteorology; barometer readings interested him particularly...^ In the autumn of 1791 Goethe was able to devote himself regularly to a task which had informally occupied his first years in Weimar.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe made her acquaintance in a journey which he took in the Rhine country with Sulpiz Boiseree, who had succeeded in interesting Goethe in early German art, a subject to which he was himself devoted.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Although Goethe occupied himself chiefly with drawing, he was able to announce on June 6 that this work was finished.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

What he says is important: the main thing is that he gives a comparative table of barometric readings during the whole month of December 1822, at Weimar, Jena, London, Boston, Vienna, Töpel... He claims to deduce from it that the barometric level varies in the same propoportion not only in each zone but that it has the same variation, too, at different altitudes above sea-level'. (Hegel's Philosophy of Nature, pp 128–129) [14]
.In 1810, Goethe published his Theory of Colours, which he considered his most important work.^ The most important source of all is his own works.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Wilhelm Meister is the most exact expression of this portion of Goethe’s life; but loftily as it now towers above the level of his dramas, it did not then satisfy the author, nor was it in a state to be published.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By degrees it has, by careful labour, become intelligible to us, and the conviction is growing that it is the deepest and most important work of the author’s life.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

In it, he contentiously characterized color as arising from the dynamic interplay of darkness and light. .After being translated into English by Charles Eastlake in 1840, this theory became widely adopted by the art world, most notably J. M. W. Turner (Bockemuhl, 1991[15]).^ Thinking is easy, acting is difficult, and to put one's thoughts into action is the most difficult thing in the world.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

^ Beowulf (English) (as Translator) Beowulf (English) (as Translator) Gummerus, K. J., 1840-1898 .
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^ The Art of War (English) (as Translator) The Art of War (English) (as Translator) Gilfillan, George, 1813-1878 .
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It also inspired the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, to write his Remarks on Color. Goethe was vehemently opposed to Newton's analytic treatment of color, engaging instead in compiling a comprehensive description of a wide variety of color phenomena. .Although the accuracy of Goethe's observations does not admit a great deal of criticism, his theory's failure to demonstrate significant predictive validity eventually rendered it scientifically irrelevant.^ If Schiller does not hold the first place, it is at least true that he is more beloved, although Goethe may be more admired.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goethe was, however, the first to systematically study the physiological effects of color, and his observations on the effect of opposed colors led him to a symmetric arrangement of his color wheel, 'for the colors diametrically opposed to each other… are those which reciprocally evoke each other in the eye.^ His friendship with Goethe was not at first of advantage to him.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The care of his garden cottage naturally led him to the study of plants.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The scientific friends to whom he communicated these observations assured him that there was nothing in them opposed to Newton’s theory, - that they were even confirmations of it.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.(Goethe, Theory of Colours, 1810[16]).^ In 1810 Goethe finished the printing of his Farbenlehre (Theory of colours), a work which had occupied his mind ever since his journey to Italy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During these years Goethe was occupied with Faust, with his researches into the theory of colours and of biological development, with the conduct of the theatre and the practical encouragement of art.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

In this, he anticipated Ewald Hering's opponent color theory (1872).[17]
Goethe outlines his method in the essay, The experiment as mediator between subject and object (1772).[18] .In the Kurschner edition of Goethe's works, the science editor, Rudolf Steiner, presents Goethe's approach to science as phenomenological.^ In the same year, 1808, an edition of Goethe’s works in thirteen volumes was published by Cotta at Tubingen.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (English) (as Editor) The Merry Wives of Windsor The Works of William Shakespeare [Cambridge Edition] [9 vols.
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^ (English) (as Editor) Two Gentlemen of Verona The Works of William Shakespeare [Cambridge Edition] [9 vols.
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Steiner elaborated on this in the books The Theory of Knowledge Implicit in Goethe's World-Conception[19] and Goethe's World View,[20] in which he emphasizes the need of the perceiving organ of intuition in order to grasp Goethe's biological archetype (i.e. The Typus).

Key works

Statues of Goethe and Schiller, Weimar
.The short epistolary novel, Die Leiden des jungen Werthers, or The Sorrows of Young Werther, published in 1774, recounts an unhappy romantic infatuation that ends in suicide.^ Zahme Xenien IX [ Bearbeiten ] Die Leiden des jungen Werther .
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
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^ "Die Leiden des jungen Werther - Den 19.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
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^ Teil: Die Leiden des jungen Werther.

.Goethe admitted that he "shot his hero to save himself": a reference to Goethe's own near-suicidal obsession with a young woman during this period, an obsession he quelled through the writing process.^ The fifth act, in which Clavigo kills himself, is Goethe’s own.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In reality there is no period of Goethe’s life in which his literary activity was so prodigious, or when he was more fully occupied with literary plans which had reference to the deepest problems of human nature.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

The novel remains in print in dozens of languages and its influence is undeniable; its central hero, an obsessive figure driven to despair and destruction by his unrequited love for the young Lotte, has become a pervasive literary archetype. .The fact that Werther ends with the protagonist's suicide and funeral – a funeral which "no clergyman attended" – made the book deeply controversial upon its (anonymous) publication, for on the face of it, it appeared to condone and glorify suicide.^ Notwithstanding the coolness which the publication of Werther produced between them, the correspondence between Goethe and Kestner continued to the end of the century.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Suicide was considered sinful by Christian doctrine: suicides were denied Christian burial with the bodies often mistreated and dishonoured in various ways; in corollary, the deceased's property and possessions were often confiscated by the Church.[21] Epistolary novels were common during this time, letter-writing being a primary mode of communication. What set Goethe's book apart from other such novels was its expression of unbridled longing for a joy beyond possibility, its sense of defiant rebellion against authority, and of principal importance, its total subjectivity: qualities that trailblazed the Romantic movement.
.The next work, his epic closet drama Faust, was to be completed in stages, and only published in its entirety after his death.^ To write this drama he had studied the Koran through and through; only a few fragments were completed.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the completion of Faust, Goethe felt hat the work of his life was accomplished.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After his recovery he sketched out what was the most important work of these years, a trilogy on the subject of the French Revolution; of this only the first part, the naturliche Tochter, was completed.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The first part was published in 1808 and created a sensation.^ The first part was published in 1808 and created a sensation.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first part was published in 1808, the second shortly after Goethe's death.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In 1808, as we have seen, appeared the first part of Faust, and in 1809 it was followed by Die Wahlverwandtschaften.
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The first operatic version, by Spohr, appeared in 1814, and was subsequently the inspiration for operas and oratorios by Schumann, Berlioz, Gounod, Boito, Busoni, and Schnittke as well as symphonic works by Liszt, Wagner, and Mahler.^ The first five books of this autobiography appeared in 1811, the next five in 1812, the third installment at Easter 1814, and the conclusion after Goethe’s death.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Faust became the ur-myth of many figures in the 19th century. .Later, a facet of its plot, i.e., of selling one's soul to the devil for power over the physical world, took on increasing literary importance and became a view of the victory of technology and of industrialism, along with its dubious human expenses.^ The basic story of "selling one's soul to the devil" for power over the physical world took on an increasing importance as technology and industrialism marched forward, but at terrible human cost.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography, Works, and Message Board 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.knowledgerush.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the same time, though, he seriously studied alchemy and may already have formed the idea of writing a play about Faust, a half-legendary figure who sells his soul to the Devil for knowledge and power and who became the subject of Goethe’s greatest work.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (German author) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Deutsche Merkur, founded in 1773 to diminish the influence of the school of Klopstock, gave Weimar importance in the literary world.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

In 1919, the Goetheanum staged the world premiere of a complete production of Faust. .On occasion, the play is still staged in Germany and other parts around the world.^ The duchess was a great lover of the stage, and the best play writers of Germany worked for Weimar.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe washis indiuspensable adviser, and must on this occasion, if not on others, have taken a keen interest in politics and in the independence of Germany.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The stages of our self-development are better remembered than the exact circumstances which produced them, still less than the order of time in which they followed each other.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.
Goethe in the Roman Campagna (1786) by Johann Heinrich Wilhelm Tischbein.
^ (Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Mein Leipzig lob ich mir!
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^ GOETHE, Johann Wolfgang von: BODE, Wilhelm: Die Tonkunst in Goethes Leben.

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Schriften zur Kunst - Tischbeins Idyllen III "Ein einzig Wort enthält mein ganzes Glück ."
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

Oil on canvas, 164 x 206 cm.[22]
.Goethe's poetic work served as a model for an entire movement in German poetry termed Innerlichkeit ("introversion") and represented by, for example, Heine.^ However, in the West-ostliche Divan, he made the first attempt to transplant Eastern poetry to a German soil, and set an example which has been followed by Heine and Mirza Schaffy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iphigenie was the one great work of poetry which belongs entirely to this period, but that had not received its final form.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The life of Goethe has been popularized in England by G.H. Lewes, in a work which is as much read in German as in English.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Goethe's words inspired a number of compositions by, among others, Mozart, Beethoven, Schubert, Berlioz and Wolf. .Perhaps the single most influential piece is "Mignon's Song" which opens with one of the most famous lines in German poetry, an allusion to Italy: "Kennst du das Land, wo die Zitronen blühn?"^ Venezianische Epigramme, 52 "Kennst du das Land, wo die Zitronen blühen?"
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^ HOMUNCULUS: Befiehl den Krieger in die Schlacht, Das Mdchen fhre du zum Reihen, So ist gleich alles abgemacht.
  • DigBib.Org - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Faust, Der Trag�die zweiter Teil 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.digbib.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Auftritt) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Das Land, das die Fremden nicht beschtzt, ist zum Untergang verurteilt.
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("Know thou the land where the lemons bloom?").
He is also widely quoted. .Epigrams such as "Against criticism a man can neither protest nor defend himself; he must act in spite of it, and then it will gradually yield to him", "Divide and rule, a sound motto; unite and lead, a better one", and "Enjoy when you can, and endure when you must", are still in usage or are often paraphrased.^ Again he says that you could not be an hour with him, without seeing that it would be ridiculous to suppose that he could think or act otherwise than he really thinks and acts.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mephistopheles is shown to have worked out the good in spite of himself, and Margaret appears transfigured as the revelation to man of the divine love.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The author is at present far removed from such conditions; the world likewise has to some extent other struggles to undergo; nevertheless the state of man, in joy and sorrow, remains very much the same, and the latest born will still find cause to acquaint himself with what has been enjoyed and suffered before him in order to adapt himself to that which awaits him."
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Lines from Faust, such as "Das also war des Pudels Kern", "Das ist der Weisheit letzter Schluss", or "Grau ist alle Theorie" have entered everyday German usage.^ Das war ein Pfad, nun ist's ein Graus.
  • DigBib.Org - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Faust, Der Trag�die zweiter Teil 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.digbib.org [Source type: Original source]

^ D as also war des Pudels Kern !"
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^ Faust "Das Schaudern ist der Menschheit bestes Teil."
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It may be taken as another measure of Goethe's fame that other well-known quotations are often incorrectly attributed to him, such as Hippocrates' "Art is long, life is short", which is found in Goethe's Faust ("Art is something so long to be learned, and life is so short!") and Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship.

Eroticism

.Many of Goethe's works, especially Faust, the Roman Elegies, and the Venetian Epigrams, depict hetero- and homosexual erotic passions and acts.^ Faust justly stands at the head of all Goethe’s works, and it deserves a very high place among the best works of every age.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ With the completion of Faust, Goethe felt hat the work of his life was accomplished.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Venetian epigrams, still more outspoken in sensuality than the Roman, were the fruit of this journey.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

For instance, in Faust, the first use of Faust's power after literally signing a contract with the devil is to fall in love with and impregnate a teenage girl. In fact, some of the Venetian Epigrams were held back from publication due to their sexual content. .In his 1999 book The Tiger's Tender Touch: The Erotic Life of Goethe, Karl Hugo Pruys argued (with great controversy in Germany) that Goethe's writings suggest he may have been gay.^ It was natural at the beginning of a new course of life that Goethe should write an account of his past existence.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The account of Goethe and Schiller by Karl Goedeke in his Grundriss der Deutschen Ditchung is admirable, and so is the little book Goethes Leben und Schriften, published by him in 1874.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It has the quality, which in a drama must be a fault, so characteristic of Goethe’s later writing, of too great universality of treatment.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[23] Goethe's sexual portraitures and allusions may have been inspired by his sojourn in Italy, where some men, trying to avoid both the prevalence of venereal disease among prostitutes, and the demand of marriage among 'maidens', embraced homosexuality.[24] .Whatever the case, Goethe clearly saw sexuality as a topic worthy of poetic and artistic depiction—an idea that was uncommon in a time when the private nature of sexuality was rigorously normative, and one which may make him a more modern thinker than he is typically considered.^ It is, if one may say so, more Greek than Greece itself.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ No change could make him fairer or better; his nature has followed its own development, as the growth of a seed, or of a flower on a tree.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The effect of their advice was rather to disgust Goethe with modern German literature, to make him despise what he had already written, and to drive him into the distractions of society, which wasted both his time and his money.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[25]

Religion

.Born into a Lutheran family, Goethe's early faith was shaken by news of such events as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake and the Seven Years' War.^ In the Seven Year’s War, which was now raging, France took the side of the empire against Frederick the Great.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Before the Seven Year’s war the whole of German culture had been French.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During these years Goethe was occupied with Faust, with his researches into the theory of colours and of biological development, with the conduct of the theatre and the practical encouragement of art.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

In July 1782, he described himself as "not anti-Christian, nor un-Christian, but most decidedly non-Christian."[26] His later spiritual perspective evolved among pantheism, humanism, and various elements of Western esotericism, as seen most vividly in Part II of Faust.
.A year before his death he expressed an identification with the Hypsistarians, an ancient Jewish-pagan sect of the Black Sea region.^ The duchess Amalia had died eight years before, not long after the death of his own mother.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

After describing his difficulties with mainstream religion, Goethe laments:
…I have found no confession of faith to which I could ally myself without reservation. .Now in my old age, however, I have learned of a sect, the Hypsistarians, who, hemmed in between heathens, Jews and Christians, declared that they would treasure, admire, and honour the best, the most perfect that might come to their knowledge, and in as much as it must have a close connection to the Godhead, pay it reverence.^ No one would talk much in society if they knew how often they misunderstood others.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

^ We must not take the faults of our youth with us into old age, for age brings along its own defects.
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^ He did, however, read it, and learned much of it by heart.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.A joyous light thus beamed at me suddenly out of a dark age, for I had the feeling that all my life I had been aspiring to qualify as a Hypsistarian.^ In Goethe’s opinion, yellow was light seen through a thickened medium; blue was darkness seen through an illuminated medium; all other colours were derived from these two.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.That, however, is no small task, for how does one, in the limitations of one's individuality, come to know what is most excellent?^ He who has a task to perform must know how to take sides, or he is quite unworthy of it.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

^ The really unhappy person is the one who leaves undone what they can do, and starts doing what they don't understand; no wonder they come to grief.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

^ No one has ever learned fully to know themselves.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

from a letter to Sulpiz Boisserée dated 22 March 1831[27]

Politics

In politics Goethe was conservative. At the time of the French Revolution, he thought the enthusiasm of the professors of the students and professors to be a perversion of their energy and remained skeptical of the ability of the masses to govern. [28] Likewise, he "did not oppose the War of Liberation (1813–15) waged by the German states against Napoleon, but remained aloof from the patriotic efforts to unite the various parts of Germany into one nation; he advocated instead the maintenance of small principalities ruled by benevolent despots." [29]

Historical importance

"Science and art belong to the whole world, and before them vanish the barriers of nationality." (Goethe)
Goethe had a great effect on the nineteenth century. In many respects, he was the originator of many ideas which later became widespread. .He produced volumes of poetry, essays, criticism, a theory of colours and early work on evolution and linguistics.^ In 1810 Goethe finished the printing of his Farbenlehre (Theory of colours), a work which had occupied his mind ever since his journey to Italy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As if to put the finishing stroke to the efforts of his life, he married mother of his children, arranged and published his collected works, and competed his theory of colours.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

He was fascinated by mineralogy, and the mineral goethite is named after him.[30] .His non-fiction writings, most of which are philosophic and aphoristic in nature, spurred the development of many philosophers, including G.W.F. Hegel, Schopenhauer, Friedrich Nietzsche, Ernst Cassirer, Carl Jung, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.^ In his own day he had some adherents, - the most distinguished perhaps was the philosopher Hegel, whose views, however, of natural philosophy have caused many inquirers to recoil from his theory of metaphysics.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Along with Schiller, he was one of the leading figures of Weimar Classicism.^ From the end of 1799 Schiller was permanently settled in Weimar; a dramatic school was founded, and the representation of these classical dramas was the glory of the Weimar stage.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Goethe's work and philosophy had great impact on Mohammad Iqbal,[citation needed] one of the greatest poets of Persian and Urdu language in Indian subcontinent.^ These two great works were not the only occupations of Goethe at this time.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe’s father had a great respect for these rhyming poets, and he so strongly objected to the new German hexameters that Wolfgang could only read Klopstock’s Messiah with his sister in the greatest secrecy and in terror of discovery.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Iphigenie was the one great work of poetry which belongs entirely to this period, but that had not received its final form.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed] Iqbal has mentioned Goethe in various poems and compared him to Mirza Ghalib.[citation needed]
Goethe embodied many of the contending strands in art over the next century: his work could be lushly emotional, and rigorously formal, brief and epigrammatic, and epic. .He would argue that classicism was the means of controlling art, and that romanticism was a sickness, even as he penned poetry rich in memorable images, and rewrote the formal rules of German poetry.^ The father was fond of art and of the German poetry then is fashion.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Even in contemporary culture, he stands in the background as the author of the ballad upon which Disney's The Sorcerer's Apprentice is based.^ Wikipedia The Ghost Breaker A Melodramatic Farce in Four Acts (English) (as Author) The Ghost Breaker A Novel Based Upon the Play (English) (as Author) The Perils of Pauline (English) (as Author) Godden, G. M. .
  • Browse By Author: G - Project Gutenberg 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Browse By Author: G - Project Gutenberg 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.gutenberg.net [Source type: Original source]

.His poetry was set to music by almost every major Austrian and German composer from Mozart to Mahler, and his influence would spread to French drama and opera as well.^ French thoroughly well, and composed both prose and poetry in that language.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first contains some pretty songs,notably "Das Veilchen," set to music by Mozart.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, in the West-ostliche Divan, he made the first attempt to transplant Eastern poetry to a German soil, and set an example which has been followed by Heine and Mirza Schaffy.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Beethoven declared that a "Faust" Symphony would be the greatest thing for Art.^ Faust's lust for knowledge is limitless and he makes a contract with Mephistopheles: he will die at the moment he declares himself satisfied, if he should exclaim, "Stay, thou art so fair."
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.kirjasto.sci.fi [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Liszt and Mahler both created symphonies in whole or in large part inspired by this seminal work, which would give the 19th century one of its most paradigmatic figures: Doctor Faustus.^ But he was so conscious that imagination would play a large part in the composition that in the title he gave poetry the precedence before truth.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ After his recovery he sketched out what was the most important work of these years, a trilogy on the subject of the French Revolution; of this only the first part, the naturliche Tochter, was completed.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The work in its entirely may be described as the first part of Faust "writ large."
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Second Goetheanum
.The Faust tragedy/drama, often called Das Drama der Deutschen (the drama of the Germans), written in two parts published decades apart, would stand as his most characteristic and famous artistic creation.^ Oktober 1828 "Ob der Roman oder das Drama den Vorzug verdiene?
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Faust "Was glänzt , ist für den Augenblick geboren; // Das Echte bleibt der Nachwelt unverloren."
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The monologue of Prometheus included in the Lyrical Poems, was written at the same time; but it is doubtful whether is was intended to form part of the drama.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Followers of the twentieth century esotericist Rudolf Steiner built a theatre named the Goetheanum after him - where festival performances of Faust are still performed.
Goethe was also a cultural force, and by researching folk traditions, he created many of the norms for celebrating Christmas, and argued that the organic nature of the land moulded the people and their customs—an argument that has recurred ever since. .He argued that laws could not be created by pure rationalism, since geography and history shaped habits and patterns.^ He argued that laws could not be created by pure rationalism, since geography and history shaped habits and patterns.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This stood in sharp contrast to the prevailing Enlightenment view that reason was sufficient to create well-ordered societies and good laws.^ The calm repose of Spinoza’s mind spread over his own like a breath of peace; his systematic and well-ordered reasoning was the best antidote to Goethe’s passionate waywardness.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Hafez-Goethe memorial in Weimar.
.It was to a considerable degree due to Goethe's reputation that the city of Weimar was chosen in 1919 as the venue for the national assembly, convened to draft a new constitution for what would become known as Germany's Weimar Republic.^ This was a source of considerable reputation to him, and Winckelmann’s tragic death, the news of which reached Leipsic [Leipzig] whilst Goethe was there, must have brought the relation between them into stronger relief.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ From this time Lavater lost his influence over Goethe, and in 1786 he would gladly have run away from Weimar to avoid him.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A complete account of his labours in this field cannot be known until the secrets of the Goethe house at Weimar, now hermetically closed, are opened to the curious.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The Federal Republic of Germany’s cultural institution, The Goethe-Institut is named after him, and promotes the study of German abroad and fosters knowledge about Germany by providing information on its culture, society and politics.^ German writers claim that his design has been realized, and the literature of very age and country can be studied in a tongue which Goethe had made rich, flexible , and serviceable for the purposes.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goethe went to see them, was warmly received, and talked with them about the condition and prospects of Germany.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Evil reports flew about Germany; the court of Weimar had a bad name: Klopstock wrote letters of solemn advice, and forbade his young friend Stolberg to accept an appointment which the duke had offered to him.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.The literary estate of Goethe in the Goethe and Schiller Archives was inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register in 2001 in recognition of its historical significance.^ Since that time Schiller and Goethe have been inseparable in the minds of their countrymen, and have reigned as twin stars in the literary firmament.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

[31]

Influence

.Goethe's influence was dramatic because he understood that there was a transition in European sensibilities, an increasing focus on sense, the indescribable, and the emotional.^ Goethe's influence was dramatic because he understood that there was a transition in European sensibilities, an increasing focus on sense, the indescribable, and the emotional.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But there is another and higher sense of the word dramatic , where Goethe is supreme,--the sense in which Dante's great poem is called Commedia , a play.
  • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

.This is not to say that he was emotionalistic or excessive; on the contrary, he lauded personal restraint and felt that excess was a disease: "There is nothing worse than imagination without taste". He argued in his scientific works that a "formative impulse", which he said is operative in every organism, causes an organism to form itself according to its own distinct laws, and therefore rational laws or fiats could not be imposed at all from a higher, transcendent sphere; this placed him in direct opposition to those who attempted to form "enlightened" monarchies based on "rational" laws by, for example, Joseph II of Austria or, the subsequent Emperor of the French, Napoleon I.^ Those who know nothing of foreign languages, knows nothing of their own.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

^ He cared nothing for his profession; he was more determined than ever to devote himself to letters, and not to law.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ God could cause us considerable embarrassment by revealing all the secrets of nature to us: we should not know what to do for sheer apathy and boredom.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

A quotation from his Scientific Studies will suffice:
We conceive of the individual animal as a small world, existing for its own sake, by its own means. .Every creature is its own reason to be.^ Every creature is its own reason to be (Goethe 1988, 121).
  • CONNECTIONS WITH A QUALITY OF NECESSITY: 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.arch.ksu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Every creature is its own reason to be.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.All its parts have a direct effect on one another, a relationship to one another, thereby constantly renewing the circle of life; thus we are justified in considering every animal physiologically perfect.^ All its parts have a direct effect on one another, a relationship to one another, thereby constantly renewing the circle of life; thus we are justified in considering every animal physiologically perfect.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Goethe wrote in his 1820 Introduction to Comparative Anatomy, All [an animals] parts have a direct effect on one another, a relationship to one another, thereby constantly renewing the circle of life; thus we are justified in considering every animal physiologically perfect.
  • CONNECTIONS WITH A QUALITY OF NECESSITY: 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.arch.ksu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A joyous light thus beamed at me suddenly out of a dark age, for I had the feeling that all my life I had been aspiring to qualify as a Hypsistarian.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Viewed from within, no part of the animal is a useless or arbitrary product of the formative impulse (as so often thought).^ Viewed from within, no part of the animal is a useless or arbitrary product of the formative impulse (as so often thought).
  • CONNECTIONS WITH A QUALITY OF NECESSITY: 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.arch.ksu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Externally, some parts may seem useless because the inner coherence of the animal nature has given them this form without regard to outer circumstance.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His plays, with the exception of "Egmont" and the First Part of "Faust," have not commanded the stage; they form no part, I believe, of the stock of any German theatre.
  • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

.Externally, some parts may seem useless because the inner coherence of the animal nature has given them this form without regard to outer circumstance.^ Externally, some parts may seem useless because the inner coherence of the animal nature has given them this form without regard to outer circumstance.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The moral may be held by some to exalt the preponderance of fatality in human affairs, and the uselessness of contending against irresistible circumstance.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the same time a different taste was developed in him for observing the conditions of mankind in their manifold variety and naturalness, without regard to their importance or beauty.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

Thus…[not] the question, What are they for? but rather, Where do they come from?

.Suhrkamp ed., vol 12, p.^ Suhrkamp ed., vol 12, p.

  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Italian Journey , Suhrkamp ed., vol 6.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ernst Beutler); COLLECTED WORKS (1983-89, 12 vols., ed.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.kirjasto.sci.fi [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

121; trans. Douglas Miller, Scientific Studies
.This change later became the basis for 19th century thought; organic rather than geometrical, evolving rather than created, and based on sensibility and intuition, rather than on imposed order, culminating in, as he said, a "living quality" wherein the subject and object are dissolved together in a poise of inquiry.^ Goethe was a man of thought rather than of action.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The characters are not living beings but abstractions, and the language is vague and general rather than clear and defined.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But he was of necessity a follower of Werner, who based his classification of rocks rather on the minerals which they contained than upon an examination of the fossil remains of organic life.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

Consequently, he embraced neither teleological nor deterministic views of growth within every organism. .Instead, the world as a whole grows through continual, external, and internal strife.^ Instead, the world as a whole grows through continual, external, and internal strife.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The soul must see through these eyes alone, and if they are dim, the whole world is clouded.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
  • TPCN - Great Quotations ( By Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe To Inspire and Motivate You To Achieve Your Dreams! 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.cybernation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When in his study pent the whole year through, Man views the world, as through an optic glass, On a chance holiday, and scarcely then, How by persuasion can he govern men?
  • Faust - Part 1 ( read online ) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC book.joyurl.com [Source type: Original source]

Moreover, he did not embrace the mechanistic views that contemporaneous science subsumed during his time, and there with he denied rationality's superiority as the sole interpretation of reality. .Furthermore, he declared that all knowledge is related to humanity through its functional value alone and that knowledge presupposes a perspectival quality.^ Furthermore, he declared that all knowledge is related to humanity through its functional value alone and that knowledge presupposes a perspectival quality.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He also stated that the fundamental nature of the world is aesthetic.^ He also stated that the fundamental nature of the world is aesthetic.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.His views make him, along with Adam Smith, Thomas Jefferson, and Ludwig van Beethoven, a figure in two worlds: on the one hand, devoted to the sense of taste, order, and finely crafted detail, which is the hallmark of the artistic sense of the Age of Reason and the neo-classicistic period of architecture; on the other, seeking a personal, intuitive, and personalized form of expression and society, firmly supporting the idea of self-regulating and organic systems.^ Among the virtues and vices that make up the British character, we have one vice, at least, that Americans ought to view with sympathy.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

^ The weak-minded hero Fernando marries two wives one after the other.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Napoleon affords us an example of the danger of elevating one's self to the absolute, and sacrificing everything to the carrying out of an idea.
  • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

.Thinkers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson would take up many similar ideas in the 1800s.^ Thinkers such as Ralph Waldo Emerson would take up many similar ideas in the 1800s.
  • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biography 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to his father's wishes Goethe takes up law studies at the University of Leipzig though He himself would have preferred the "Fine Arts" (Poetry and Rhetoric).

^ Still, with all my inattention and repugnance, so much of that reading remained in my mind that I was able, in after times, to take up many threads of the narrative.
  • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

His ideas on evolution would frame the question which Darwin and Wallace would approach within the scientific paradigm.

Bibliography

.
  • Goethe: The History of a Man by Emil Ludwig
  • Goethe by Georg Brandes
  • Goethe: his life and times by Richard Friedenthal
  • Lotte in Weimar: The Beloved Returns by Thomas Mann
  • Conversations with Goethe by Johann Peter Eckermann
  • Goethe's World: as seen in letters and memoirs ed.^ Johann Peter Eckermann , 17.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Eckermann, 31.
    • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ At the table of Professor Ludwig, where Goethe had previously dined, the conversation had generally turned on medical and scientific subjects.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    by .Berthold Biermann
  • Goethe: Four Studies by Albert Schweitzer
  • Goethe and his Publishers by Siegfied Unseld
  • Goethe: The Poet and the Age (2 Vols.^ The first life of Goethe was published by Doring in 1828, of which a second enlarged edition appeared after the poet’s death in 1833.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ German writers claim that his design has been realized, and the literature of very age and country can be studied in a tongue which Goethe had made rich, flexible , and serviceable for the purposes.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ), by .Nicholas Boyle
  • Goethe's Concept of the Daemonic: After the Ancients, by Angus Nicholls
  • Goethe and Rousseau: Resonances of ther Mind, by Carl Hammer, Jr.
  • Goethe and Schiller , Essays on German Literature, by Hjalmar Hjorth Boyesen
  • Tales for Transformation, trans.^ In 1794 Schiller had arranged with the publisher, Cotta of Augsburg, whose name is from this time indissolubly connected with the history of German literature, for the production of a new literary journal.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Since that time Schiller and Goethe have been inseparable in the minds of their countrymen, and have reigned as twin stars in the literary firmament.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ German writers claim that his design has been realized, and the literature of very age and country can be studied in a tongue which Goethe had made rich, flexible , and serviceable for the purposes.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    Scott Thompson
  • Goethe Wörterbuch (Goethe Dictionary, abbreviated GWb). .Herausgegeben von der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Göttingen und der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften.^ Maximen und Reflexionen1286 "Das Beste, was wir von der Geschichte haben, ist der Enthusiasmus , den sie erregt."
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Das Kind erscheint als Realist , denn es findet sich so überzeugt von dem Dasein der Birnen und Äpfel als von dem seinigen.
    • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ "Auf diesem beweglichen Erdball ist doch nur in der wahren Liebe , der Wohltätigkeit und den Wissenschaften die einzige Freude und Ruhe ."
    • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    Stuttgart. Verlag W. Kohlhammer. ISBN X-0000-2730-6

See also

References

  1. ^ According to Gregory Maertz, Goethe was "Germany's greatest man of letters… and the last true polymath to walk the earth." Cf. Eliot, George (2004) [1871]. Note by editor of 2004 edition, Gregory Maertz at link. ed. Middlemarch. Broadview Press. pp. 710. ISBN 1551112337. http://books.google.com/books?vid=ISBN1551112337&id=4MopnRJ-HmMC&pg=PA710&lpg=PA710&sig=4nAO63zmLS9Ua-x0mevpZA7kSIY. 
  2. ^ "Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed. (2001-2005)". http://www.bartleby.com/65/go/Goethe-J.html. 
  3. ^ a b Darwin, C. R. (1859). On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life (1st ed.). John Murray. http://darwin-online.org.uk/content/frameset?itemID=F373&viewtype=text&pageseq=165&keywords=goethe. 
  4. ^ a b Opitz, John (2004). "Goethe's bone and the beginnings of morphology". American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 126A (1): 1–8. doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.20619. 
  5. ^ Originally speech of Goethe to the Shakespeare's Day by University Duisburg
  6. ^ see Goethe and his Publishers
  7. ^ Safranski, Rüdiger (1990). Schopenhauer and the Wild Years of Philosophy. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674792750. 
  8. ^ "Goethe's third summer". http://www.hamelika.cz/SHAMELIKA/1974/1974_16/h74_16.htm. 
  9. ^ Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th ed., 1954
  10. ^ "Johann Wolfgang von Goethe". The Nature Institute. http://www.natureinstitute.org/about/who/goethe.htm. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  11. ^ K. Barteczko and M. Jacob (1999). "A re-evaluation of the premaxillary bone in humans". Anatomy and Embryology 207 (6): 417–437. doi:10.1007/s00429-003-0366-x. 
  12. ^ Metamorphosis of Plants. Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?id=0Fjuaog1_E0C&pg=PA86&lpg=PA86&ots=ezKJugQmvs&dq=intermaxillary+bone+prove&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html&sig=jkPjZ1STzEfso5aFHxmFqxeof18. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  13. ^ Goethe, J.W.. Italian Journey. Suhrkamp ed., vol 6. 
  14. ^ Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Hegel's Philosophy of Nature: Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1830), Part 2 Translated by A. V. Miller illustrated, reissue, reprint Oxford University Press, 2005 ISBN 0199272670, ISBN 9780199272679 [1]
  15. ^ Bockemuhl, M. (1991). Turner. Taschen, Koln. ISBN 3822863254. 
  16. ^ Goethe, Johann (1810). Theory of Colours, paragraph #50. 
  17. ^ "Goethe's Color Theory". http://webexhibits.org/colorart/ch.html. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ "The Theory of Knowledge Implicit in Goethe's World Conception". http://wn.rsarchive.org/Books/GA002/English/AP1985/GA002_index.html. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  20. ^ "Goethe's World View". http://wn.rsarchive.org/Books/GA006/English/MP1985/GA006_index.html. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  21. ^ "The Stigma of Suicide - A history". Pips Project. http://pipsproject.com/Understanding%20Suicide.html.  See also: "Ophelia's Burial". http://elsinore.ucsc.edu/burial/burialSuicide.html. 
  22. ^ "Goethe in the Roman Campagna". Städel. http://www.staedelmuseum.de/index.php?id=442. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  23. ^ Karl Hugo Pruys, The Tiger's Tender Touch: The Erotic Life of Goethe. Trans. Kathleen Bunten. (Edition Q, 1999). ISBN 1883695120.
  24. ^ Outing Goethe and His Age, edited by Alice A. Kuzniar (Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1996) p.97. ISBN 0804726159. Outing+Goethe+and+His+Age&printsec=frontcover&source=bn&hl=en&ei=vSu5SvakI87ZlAeikNTTDg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5#v=snippet&q=venereal&f=false
  25. ^ Outing Goethe and His Age; edited by Alice A. Kuzniar (page number needed)
  26. ^ Boyle 1992, 353
  27. ^ quoted in Peter Boerner, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1832/1982: A Biographical Essay. Bonn: Inter Nationes, 1981 p. 82]
  28. ^ McCabe, Joseph. 'Goethe: The Man and His Character'. pp. 343
  29. ^ [www.history.com/encyclopedia.do?articleId=210582]
  30. ^ Webmineral.com. Retrieved 8-21-2009,
  31. ^ "The literary estate of Goethe in the Goethe and Schiller Archives". UNESCO Memory of the World Programme. 2008-05-16. http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=23224&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html. Retrieved 2009-12-15. 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Who is the happiest of men? He who values the merits of others, and in their pleasure takes joy, even as though 'twere his own.
.Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 174922 March 1832) was a German novelist, dramatist, poet, humanist, scientist, philosopher, and for ten years chief minister of state at Weimar.^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Achilleis 1.
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

^ JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE (1749-1832), German poet, dramatist and philosopher, was born at Frankfort-on-Main on the 28th of August 1749.
  • Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe - LoveToKnow 1911 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1911encyclopedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Xenien 32 .
  • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

.See also: Faust, and The Sorrows of Young Werther, and the German version of this page.^ "Die Leiden des jungen Werthers", ("The sorrows of young Werther") a novel written in monologue letters becomes a worldwide success, Goethe becomes famous and admired at once.

^ They gave birth to "Gtz von Berlichingen" and the "Sorrows of Werther," to the first inception of "Faust," and to many of his sweetest lyrics.
  • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Sourced

.
  • One lives but once in the world.^ Götz von Berlichingen, 1.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Götz von Berlichingen, Zweiter Akt - Bamberg / Adelheid "Die Welt ist ein Gefängnis."
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Mai 1771 [ Bearbeiten ] Götz von Berlichingen .
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    • Clavigo, Act I, sc. i .(1774)
  • If you inquire what the people are like here,
    I must answer, "The same as everywhere!"^ Indeed, you must at all events plunge into the great world, whether you like it or not.

    ^ We don't get to know people when they come to us; we must go to them to find out what they are like.

    .
  • Getting along with women,
    Knocking around with men,
    Having more credit than money,
    Thus one goes through the world.^ Zahme Xenien IX [ Bearbeiten ] Die Leiden des jungen Werther .
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ "Die Leiden des jungen Werther - Den 19.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Teil: Die Leiden des jungen Werther.

    .
    • Claudine von Villa Bella (1776)
  • When young one is confident to be able to build palaces for mankind, but when the time comes one has one's hands full just to be able to remove their trash.
    • Letter to Johann Kaspar Lavatar (6 March 1780)
  • Wer reitet so spät durch Nacht und Wind?^ "Claudine von Villa Bella.

    ^ Claudine von Villa Bella .
    • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Wer reitet so spt durch Nacht und Wind?
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


    .Es ist der Vater mit seinem Kind;
    Er hat den Knaben wohl in dem Arm,
    Er faßt ihn sicher, er hält ihn warm.
    • Who rides, so late, through night and wind?^ [Literaturzitate/Allgemein] Es ist mit den Talenten wie mit der Tugend: ...
      • ZITATE-ONLINE.DE +++ Zitate von Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.zitate-online.de [Source type: Academic]

      ^ "Es ist an der Zeit!"
      • Das Märchen 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fln.vcu.edu [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Es ist der Vater mit seinemKind ...
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


      It is the father with his child.

      He holds the boy in the crook of his arm
      He holds him safe, he keeps him warm. .
  • Noble be man,
    Helpful and good!^ Noble let man be, Helpful and good!


    .For that alone
    Sets hims apart
    From every other creature
    On earth.
    ^ For that alone Sets him quite apart From every being Which we can know.

    .
    • Das Göttliche (The Divine) (1783)
  • In der Kunst ist das Beste gut genug.
  • A noble person attracts noble people, and knows how to hold on to them.^ Das ist die Kunst.
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A great person attracts great people and knows how to hold them together.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ A noble person attracts noble people, and knows how to hold on to them.

    .
    • Torquato Tasso, Act I, sc.^ "Torquato Tasso", play in five acts.

      i .(1790)
  • A talent is formed in stillness, a character in the world's torrent.^ Character is formed in the stormy billows of the world.

    ^ Character is best formed in the stormy billows of the world.

    .
    • Torquato Tasso, Act I, sc.^ "Torquato Tasso", play in five acts.

      ii .(1790)
  • Untersuchen was ist, und nicht was behagt
    • Investigate what is, and not what pleases.
      • Der Versuch als Vermittler von Objekt und Subjekt (The Attempt as Mediator of Object and Subject) (1792)
  • We can't form our children on our own concepts; we must take them and love them as God gives them to us.
  • The spirits that I summoned up
    I now can't rid myself of.^ Hermann und Dorothea, 1.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Hermann und Dorothea 5.
    • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Hermann und Dorothea 9.
    • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    .
  • One of the most striking signs of the decay of art is the intermixing of different genres.^ One of the most striking signs of the decay of art is when we see its separate forms jumbled together.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ "Der Zauberlehrling" (The Sorcerer's apprentice).

    .
    • Propylaea (1798) Introduction
  • The true, prescriptive artist strives after artistic truth; the lawless artist, following blind instinct, after an appearance of naturalness.^ Submitting to the spirit, man must strive for true humanity, so that he may become whatever his nature destines him to be.

    The one leads to the highest peaks of art, the other to its lowest depths. .
    • Propylaea (1798) Introduction
  • In limitations he first shows himself the master,
    And the law can only bring us freedom.^ Only law can give us freedom.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It is in self-limitation that a master first shows himself.

    ^ He shows himself first serviceable and useful to a great kingdom, then to his own kindred.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Was Wir Bringen (1802)
  • One never goes so far as when one doesn't know where one is going.^ One never goes further than when they do not know where they are going.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ He is so far beyond me, not so much in years as in experience and culture, that we can never come together in one course."
    • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Who wants to understand the poem
    Must go to the land of poetry;
    Who wishes to understand the poet
    Must go to the poet's land.^ Carl Friedrich Zelter, 15.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Carl Friedrich Zelter, 19.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Carl Friedrich Zelter, 16.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    • West-östlicher Diwan, motto (1819)
  • For I have been a man, and that means to have been a fighter. .
    • West-östlicher Diwan, Buch des Paradies (1819)
  • Should I not be proud, when for twenty years I have had to admit to myself that the great Newton and all the mathematicians and noble calculators along with him were involved in a decisive error with respect to the doctrine of color, and that I among millions was the only one who knew what was right in this great subject of nature?^ He who does not expect a million readers should not write a line.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Meister is the mature product of the first genius of our times; and must, one would think, be different, in various respects, from the immature products of geniuses who are far from the first, and whose works spring from the brain in as many weeks as Goethe's cost him years.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He was, take him all in all, the greatest, best, most noble human being that God had ever created.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Letter to Eckermann (December 30, 1823)
  • All poetry is supposed to be instructive but in an unnoticeable manner; it is supposed to make us aware of what it would be valuable to instruct ourselves in; we must deduce the lesson on our own, just as with life.
    • Letter to Carl Friedrich Zelter (November 26, 1825)
  • One must be something in order to do something.
    • Conversation with Eckermann (October 20, 1828)
  • If I work incessantly to the last, nature owes me another form of existence when the present one collapses.^ Carl Friedrich Zelter, 15.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , an Carl Friedrich Zelter , 30.
    • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Carl Friedrich Zelter, 19.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    .
    • Letter to Eckermann (February 4, 1829)
  • The artist may be well advised to keep his work to himself till it is completed, because no one can readily help him or advise him with it...but the scientist is wiser not to withhold a single finding or a single conjecture from publicity.^ The poet found it necessary, as I have said, in later years, under social pressure, for the sake of the work which was given him to do, to fortify himself with a mail of reserve.
    • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To one of these protégés who thanks him for his help, Goethe replies (on November 23, 1778), "you are not a burden to me; on the contrary, this is teaching me to economize.

    ^ To Eckermann, the loyal assistant who had worked with him since 1823, he even expressed the conviction that they could never become so.

    .
    • Essay on Experimentation
  • Willst du immer weiterschweifen?^ Die Wahlverwandschaften II, 2 "Willst du immer weiter schweifen?
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Willst du immer weiter schweifen?
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


    .Sieh, das Gute liegt so nah.^ Sieh, das Gute liegt so nah.
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Sieh, das Gute liegt so nah!"
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Unser Mops fraß einige davon und sieh, da liegt er am Kamine tot; das arme Tier!
    • Das Märchen 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fln.vcu.edu [Source type: Academic]


    .Lerne nur das Glück ergreifen,
    denn das Glück ist immer da.
    • Do you wish to roam farther and farther?^ Lernenur das Glck ergreifen, / Denn das Glck ist immer da.
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Was man nicht nützt, ist eine schwere Last; // Nur was der Augenblick erschafft, das kann er nützen."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ So ist denn alles, was ihr Sünde , // Zerstörung , kurz das Böse nennt, // Mein eigentliches Element."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]


      See the good that lies so near.
      .Just learn how to capture your luck,
      for your luck is always there.
    • Variant translation:
      Do you wish to roam farther and farther?^ You have had no reason to be edified by the good will of the master of the house; but the mistress has anticipated all your wishes, and the children have regarded you as their uncle.
      • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ It was settled that we should learn the harpsichord, but there was always a dispute about the choice of a master.
      • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ To the question of how a man can best learn to understand himself, Goethe replies, "Try to do your duty and at once you will know what kind of man you are."


      See! The Good lies so near.
      .Only learn to seize good fortune,
      For good fortune's always here.
    • Erinnerung
  • Create, artist!^ Only learn to seize good fortune, for good fortune's always here.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ This good old man was indeed only half an artist.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    Do not talk! .
    • Saying
  • O'er all the hilltops
    Is quiet now,
    In all the treetops
    Hearest thou
    Hardly a breath;
    The birds are asleep in the trees:
    Wait; soon like these
    Thou too shalt rest.^ But the friendship which was worth all these was soon to be severed.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Now compare, with these two Poets, any other two; not of equal genius, for there are none such, but of equal sincerity, who wrote as earnestly and from the heart, like them.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ All this I had soon comprehended and retained, and supposed we should now take up reading.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Wandrers Nachtlied (Wanderer's Nightsong)
  • Welche Regierung die beste sei?^ (Sprichwrtlich) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Welche Regierung die beste sei?
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Wandrers Nachtlied "Ach, was ist die Nacht der Ferne // Für ein Abgrund, für ein Schmerz!"
    • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (aus: Wandrers Nachtlied) ber Rosen lt sich dichten, / In die pfel mu man beien.
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Diejenige, die uns lehrt, uns selbst zu regieren.
    • Which is the best government?^ Diejenige, die uns lehrt, uns selbst zuregieren.
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ "Die Geschichte , selbst die beste, hat immer etwas Leichenhaftes , den Geruch der Totengruft.
      • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Die Reise wurde fr Goethe zu einem einschneidenden Erlebnis; er selbst sprach von einer Wiedergeburt, die er in Italien erfahren habe.
      • Radio Swiss Jazz - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Biografie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.radioswissjazz.ch [Source type: Academic]

      .That which teaches us to govern ourselves.
    • The Maxims and Reflections of Goethe as translated by Bailey Saunders (1893) Maxim 225
  • Amerika, du hast es besser—als unser Kontinent, der alte.
    • America, you have it better than our continent, the old one.
    • Wendts Musen-Almanach (1831)
  • Who is the happiest of men?^ "We cannot separate ourselves from that which belongs to us," says Goethe in Maxims and Reflections.

    ^ The best government is that which teaches us to govern ourselves.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ (Sonette XIII) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Amerika, du hast es besser / Als unser Kontinent, das alte ...
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He who values the merits of others,
    And in their pleasure takes joy, even as though 'twere his own.

    Not in the morning alone, not only at mid-day he charmeth;
    Even at setting, the sun is still the same glorious planet.^ People have a peculiar pleasure in making converts, that is, in causing others to enjoy what they enjoy, thus finding their own likeness represented and reflected back to them.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mephistopheles does not really take pleasure in sexual desire for its own sake--only for the evil it may lead to.
    • Faust Study Questions 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.wsu.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Take pleasure then in what you do; The work of others honor too.

    .
    • The Poems of Goethe Translated in the original metres by Edgar Alfred Bowring
  • Without haste, but without rest.^ Edgar Alfred Bowring) .
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe , Edgar Alfred Bowring Publisher: .
    • The Poems of Goethe by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Edgar Alfred Bowring at Questia Online Library 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Edgar Alfred Bowring.
    • The Poems of Goethe by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Edgar Alfred Bowring at Questia Online Library 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

    • Motto
  • Mehr licht.
    • More light!
    • Last words.

Wilhelm Meister's Lehrjahre (Apprenticeship) (1786-1830)

.
  • Ich singe, wie der Vogel singt
    Der in den Zweigen wohnet.
    • I sing as the bird sings
      That lives in the boughs.
    • Bk.^ Schriften zur Kunst - Von deutscher Baukunst 1823 "Ich singe wie der Vogel singt, der in der Zweigen wohnt."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Eight Early Songs dont Blummengruss , Der Strauss, den ich .
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, sa biographie 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.biographie.net [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Auch hngt der alte Pelz am alten Haken, Erinnert mich an jene Schnaken, Wie ich den Knaben einst belehrt, Woran er noch vielleicht als Jngling zehrt.
      • DigBib.Org - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Faust, Der Trag�die zweiter Teil 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.digbib.org [Source type: Original source]

      II, Ch. 11
  • Wer nichts wagt, gerwinnt nichts.
    .Wer nie sein Brod mit Tränen ass,
    Wer nie die kummervollen Nächte
    Auf seinem Bette weinend sass,
    Der kennt euch nicht, ihr himmlischen Mächte.
    • Nothing venture, nothing gain.^ Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre "Wer nie sein Brot mit Tränen aß, // Wer nie die kummervollen Nächte // Auf seinem Bette weinend saß, // Der kennt euch nicht, ihr himmlischen Mächte."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ In Wilhelm Meister he has the harpist sing: Wer nie sein Brot mit Tränen ass, Wer nie dei kummervollen Nächte Auf seinem Bette weinend sass, Der kennt euch nicht, ihr himmlischen Mächte.

      ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Der liebt nicht, der die Fehler des Geliebten nicht fr Tugenden hlt.
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


      .Who ne'er his bread in sorrow ate,
      Who ne'er the mournful midnight hours
      Weeping upon his bed has sate,
      He knows you not, ye Heavenly Powers.
    • Bk.^ He who with tears ne'er ate his bread, He who through dark and saddened hours Sat never weeping on his bed, He knows you not, you heavenly powers.

      ^ We know that he places at the disposal of Vogel, his physician, whatever is necessary to assist those in his practice who need help.

      II, Ch. .13; translation by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • Knowst thou the land where the lemon trees bloom,
    Where the gold orange glows in the deep thicket's gloom,
    Where a wind ever soft from the blue heaven blows,
    And the groves are of laurel and myrtle and rose?^ The golden orange glows 'mid verdant gloom, A gentle wind from heaven's deep azure blows, The myrtle low, and high the laurel grows,-- Know'st thou the land?
    • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ "Know'st thou the land that bears the citron's bloom?
    • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Bryant, William Cullen (1794-1878) , Debates , Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth (1807-82) , Nationalism , Poetry , Poets , Simms, William Gilmore , United States .
    • The Poems of Goethe by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Edgar Alfred Bowring at Questia Online Library 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.questia.com [Source type: Academic]

    • Bk. III, Ch. 1
  • What's it to you if I love you?
    • Philine in Bk. IV, Ch. .9
    • Variant translation: If I love you, what business is it of yours?
  • One ought, every day at least, to hear a little song, read a good poem, see a fine picture, and, if it were possible, to speak a few reasonable words.
    • Bk.^ If I love you, what business is it of yours?
      • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

      ^ Each day will tell you, this your task.

      ^ One ought every day at least, to hear a little song, read a good poem, see a fine picture, and, if it were possible, to speak a few reasonable words.
      • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

      V, Ch. .1
  • To know of someone here and there whom we accord with, who is living on with us, even in silence—this makes our earthly ball a peopled garden.^ To know someone here or there with whom you can feel there is understanding in spite of distances or thoughts expressed - that can make life a garden.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The world is so empty if one thinks only of mountains, rivers and cities; but to know someone here and there who thinks and feels with us, and though distant, is close to us in spirit - this makes the earth for us an inhabited garden.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ From the first day of the occupation of our city, there was no lack of constant diversion, especially for children and young people.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Bk. VII, Ch. .5
  • Art is long, life short; judgment difficult, opportunity transient.^ Art is long, life short, judgment difficult, opportunity transient.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    • Bk. VII, Ch. .9
  • Die Welt ist so leer, wenn man nur Berge, Flüsse und Städte darin denkt, aber hie und da Iemand zu wissen, der mit uns übereinstimmt, mit dem wir auch stillschweigend fortleben, das macht uns dieses Erdenrund erst zu einem bewohnten Garten.
    • The world is so empty if one thinks only of mountains, rivers and cities; but to know someone here and there who thinks and feels with us, and though distant, is close to us in spirit - this makes the earth for us an inhabited garden.
    • "Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre," in Goethes Sämmtliche Werke, vol.^ Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre "Dem Reinen ist alles rein."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Das ist die Kunst.
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ (Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe So eine Messe ist wirklich die Welt in einer Nu ...
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      7 (Stuttgart: J. G. Cotta, 1874), p. 520.

Iphigenie auf Tauris (1787)

  • Seeking with the soul the land of the Greeks.
    • Act I, sc. i
    • .
  • A useless life is an early death.^ An unused life is an early death.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ A useless life is an early death.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Act I, sc. ii
    • .
  • One says a lot in vain, refusing;
    The other mainly hears the "No."^ No one would talk much in society if they knew how often they misunderstood others.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Conspicuous among these are Frulein von Klettenberg and the Duchess Luise, whom no one, says Lewes, ever speaks of but in terms of veneration.
    • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Act I, sc. iii
    • .
  • Pleasure and love are the pinions of great deeds.^ Ambition and love are the wings to great deeds.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Love and desire are the spirit's wings to great deeds.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Act II, sc. i
    • .
  • Life teaches us to be less harsh with ourselves and with others.^ The best government is that which teaches us to govern ourselves.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Man should imitate them; His life should teach us To accept them.

    ^ We lay aside letters never to read them again, and at last we destroy them out of discretion, and so disappears the most beautiful, the most immediate breath of life, irrecoverable for ourselves and for others.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Act IV, sc. iv

Roman Elegies (1789)

  • Tell me you stones, O speak, you towering palaces!
    Streets, say a word! Spirit of this place, are you dumb?
    .All things are alive in your sacred walls
    Eternal Rome, it's only for me all is still.
    • Elegy 1
  • I'm gazing at church and palace, ruin and column,
    Like a serious man making sensible use of a journey,
    But soon it will happen, and all will be one vast temple,
    Love's temple, receiving its new initiate.^ The mountain's magic-mad today, And if a will-o'-the-wisp must show the way, You must not take things all too seriously.

    ^ Official duty impelling them to speak, some said one thing, some another; all felt in secret that they knew not what to say.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But now, by the new arrangement, by more convenient room, and still more by the acquaintance of a skilful artist, our love of art was again quickened and animated.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]


    .Though you're a whole world, Rome, still, without Love,
    The world isn't the world, and Rome can't be Rome.
    • Elegy 1
  • Ah, how often I've cursed those foolish pages,
    That showed my youthful sufferings to everyone!^ How long I've swept and swept at this conceit absurd And can't sweep clean - this is unheard-of, on my word!

    ^ From Jung-Stilling, a close friend of Goethe's from Strasbourg days, come these lovely words: "His heart, which was known to but a few, was as great as his intelligence, which everyone knew."

    ^ He often sacrifices time and trouble to render service to those whom circumstances reveal as deserving of his fraternal love.


    .If Werther had been my brother, and I'd killed him,
    His sad ghost could hardly have persecuted me more.
    ^ But these I could not well take, as they were not in rhyme; and my desire before all things was to show my father something that would please him.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Mercury, especially, made so vivid an impression on me, that I could almost be sworn that I had seen him with my own eyes.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Meanwhile, I had informed my sister of all the droll names: we could hardly wait for the lesson, and succeeded in having the man engaged.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Elegy 2 (First version)
  • A world without love would be no world.
    • Elegy 2
  • Beloved, don't fret that you gave yourself so quickly!^ But there is no other evidence of this first love, and it would be quite in accordance with Goether’s manner to enlarge on a very small foundation, or to concentrate on one person the feelings which were devoted to several individuals.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The wife he does not love is fruitful: the beloved one bears no children.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Again he says that you could not be an hour with him, without seeing that it would be ridiculous to suppose that he could think or act otherwise than he really thinks and acts.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]


    Believe me, I don't think badly or wrongly of you.
    .The arrows of Love are various: some scratch us,
    And our hearts suffer for years from their slow poison.
    ^ The heights charm us, but the steps do not; with the mountain in our view we love to walk the plains.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We can't form our children on our own concepts; we must take them and love them as God gives them to us.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ We cannot fashion our children after our desires, we must have them and love them as God has given them to us.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]


    But others strong-feathered with freshly sharpened points
    Pierce to the marrow, and quickly inflame the blood.
    .In the heroic ages, when gods and goddesses loved,
    Desire followed a look, and joy followed desire.
    ^ We cannot fashion our children after our desires, we must have them and love them as God has given them to us.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Elegy 3
  • I feel I'm happily inspired now on Classical soil:
    The Past and Present speak louder, more charmingly.^ In the Elegies written after his return from Italy, the author figures as a classic poet inspired by the Latin Muse.
    • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ It is even now present to my mind; and I have since seen more costly, but not more graceful, specimens of show and magnificence in this sort.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]


    Here, as advised, I leaf through the works of the Ancients
    With busy hands, and, each day, with fresh delight.
    But at night Love keeps me busy another way:
    I become half a scholar but twice as contented.
    .And am I not learning, studying the shape
    Of her lovely breasts: her hips guiding my hand?
    ^ In truth, the eyes of one who's dead are those, Which there was no fond, loving hand to close; That is the breast that Gretchen offered me, That is the body sweet that I enjoyed.

    • Elegy 5

Venetian Epigrams (1790)

.
  • All Nine often used to come to me, I mean the Muses:
    But I ignored them: my girl was in my arms.^ 'But,' said he, 'I shall never or rarely use it; all indolent habits are against my nature.
    • Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.djmcadam.com [Source type: Original source]


    Now I’ve left my sweetheart: and they’ve left me,
    And I roll my eyes, seeking a knife or rope.
    But Heaven is full of gods: You came to aid me:
    Greetings, Boredom, mother of the Muse.
    • Epigram 27
  • Is it so big a mystery
    what god and man and world are?
    No! but nobody knows how to solve it
    so the mystery hangs on.
    • As translated by Jerome Rothenberg
  • Much there is I can stand. .Most things not easy to suffer
    I bear with quiet resolve, just as a God commands it.
    ^ Thinking is easy, acting is difficult, and to put one's thoughts into action is the most difficult thing in the world.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]


    Only a few things I find as repugnant as snakes and poison.
    These four: tobacco smoke, bedbugs and garlic and Christ. .
    • Epigram 60.
  • Much there is I can stand, and most things not easy to suffer
    I bear with quiet resolve, just as a god commands it.^ Thinking is easy, acting is difficult, and to put one's thoughts into action is the most difficult thing in the world.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ She received the answer usual in such cases: she might be quite easy, for there was nothing to fear; and should keep quiet, and mention the matter to no one.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The belief that God can be simultaneously one and three persons is one of the most controversial aspects of Christian belief, giving theologians much exercise to explain this paradox in logical terms.
    • Faust Study Questions 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.wsu.edu [Source type: Original source]


    Only a few I find as repugnant as snakes and poison —
    These four: tobacco smoke, bedbugs, garlic, and †.
    • Variant translation: Lots of things I can stomach. .Most of what irks me
      I take in my stride, as a god might command me.
      ^ He was, take him all in all, the greatest, best, most noble human being that God had ever created.
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]


      .But four things I hate more than poisons & vipers:
      tobacco smoke, garlic, bedbugs, and Christ.
    • Epigram 67, as translated by Jerome Rothenberg
  • Doesn't surprise me that Christ our Lord
    preferred to live with whores
    & sinners, seeing
    I go in for that myself.^ Children are not to be blamed for this, when even our naturalists believe they get their knowledge oftener by separation and division than by union and combination,--more by killing than by making alive.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ What I liked more than any thing was, to promenade on the great bridge spanning the Main.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Nothing is more terrible than to see ignorance in action.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    • As translated by Jerome Rothenberg

Elective Affinities (1808)

  • Three things are to be looked to in a building: that it stand on the right spot; that it be securely founded; that it be successfully executed.
    • Bk. I, Ch. .9
  • The sum which two married people owe to one another defies calculation.^ The weak-minded hero Fernando marries two wives one after the other.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Goethe’s labours in this domain fall into two natural divisions – one in which he tries to prove that the hypotheses of Newton are unsatisfactory, and another in which he promulgates a theory of his own.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    It is an infinite debt, which can only be discharged through all eternity.
    • Bk. I, Ch. .9
  • One is never satisfied with a portrait of a person that one knows.^ One never goes further than when they do not know where they are going.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ How I Know God Answers Prayer The Personal Testimony of One Life-Time (English) (as Author) Gogh-Kaulbach, Anna van, 1869-1960 .
    • Browse By Author: G - Project Gutenberg 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.gutenberg.org [Source type: Original source]
    • Browse By Author: G - Project Gutenberg 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.gutenberg.net [Source type: Original source]

    • Bk. II, Ch. 2
  • The fate of the architect is the strangest of all. .How often he expends his whole soul, his whole heart and passion, to produce buildings into which he himself may never enter.^ Love and passion may fly away ever, But kindness of heart will lose the day never.

    • Bk. II, Ch. .3
  • Let us live in as small a circle as we will, we are either debtors or creditors before we have had time to look round.^ These great epochs, which came round regularly in spring and autumn, were announced by curious solemnities, which seemed the more dignified because they vividly brought before us the old time, and what had come down from it to ourselves.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Bk. II, Ch. .4
  • No one would talk much in society, if he knew how often he misunderstands others.^ No one would talk much in society if they knew how often they misunderstood others.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The mark of highest originality lies in the ability to develop a familiar idea so fruitfully that it would seem no one else would ever have discovered so much to be hidden in it.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Four volumes were soon completed, but the preparation of the other four convinced him how much labour many of his poems still required for perfection.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Bk. II, Ch. .4
  • None are more enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free.^ None are more hopelessly enslaved than those who falsely believe they are free.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ None are so hopelessly enslaved, as those who falsely believe they are free.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ None are so hopelessly enslaved as those who falsely believe they are free.
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Bk. II, Ch. .5
  • A teacher who can arouse a feeling for one single good action, for one single good poem, accomplishes more than he who fills our memory with rows on rows of natural objects, classified with name and form.^ We have already stated our opinion, that Goethe's success in this matter has been more complete than that of any other man in his age; nay, that, in the strictest sense, he may almost be called the only one that has so succeeded.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ He who does not think much of himself is much more esteemed than he imagines.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ In allusions, in similitudes, though no one known to us is happier, many are more copious than Goethe.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    • Bk. II, Ch. 7

Faust, Part 1 (1808)

.
Mergefrom.svg
It has been suggested that Goethe's Faust be merged into this article or section.^ During these years Goethe was occupied with Faust, with his researches into the theory of colours and of biological development, with the conduct of the theatre and the practical encouragement of art.
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

.(Discuss)
  • Was glänzt, ist für den Augenblick geboren;
    das Echte bleibt der Nachwelt unverloren.
    • What dazzles, for the Moment spends its spirit:
      What's genuine, shall Posterity inherit.^ Faust "Was glänzt , ist für den Augenblick geboren; // Das Echte bleibt der Nachwelt unverloren."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Maximen und Reflexionen1286 "Das Beste, was wir von der Geschichte haben, ist der Enthusiasmus , den sie erregt."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Was man nicht nützt, ist eine schwere Last; // Nur was der Augenblick erschafft, das kann er nützen."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      .
      • Prelude on the Stage
  • Das Alter macht nicht kindisch, wie man spricht,
    Es findet uns nur noch als wahre Kinder.
    • Age does not make us childish, as they say.^ Faust I, Vers 1323 / Faust "Das Alter macht nicht kindisch, wie man spricht, // Es findet uns nur noch als wahre Kinder ."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Das Alter macht nicht kindisch, wie man spricht, / Es findet uns nurnoch als wahre Kinder.
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Es ist nicht genug, zu wollen, man muss auch tun."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]


      .It only finds us true children still.^ Age does not make us childish, as some say; it finds us true children.
      • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

      .
      • Prelude on the Stage
  • Es irrt der Mensch, so lang er strebt.
    • Man errs as long as he strives.^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (aus: Maximen und Reflexionen) Es irrt der Mensch, so lang er strebt.
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Mephistopheles "Es irrt der Mensch , solang er strebt ."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Es irrt der Mensch so lang er strebt ...
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .
      • Prologue in Heaven
  • Da stehe ich nun, ich armer Thor!^ Da steh ich nun, ich armer Tor !
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Da steh ich nun, ich armer Tor!
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ (Faust, Studierzimmer) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Da steh ich nun, ich armer Tor!
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


    .Und bin so klug als wie zuvor.
    • And here, poor fool!^ Und bin so klug als wie zuvor ...
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Und bin so klug als wie zuvor."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Und bin so klug, als wie zuvor...
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      with all my lore
      I stand! no wiser than before. .
      • Night, Faust in His Study
  • Bin ich ein Gott?^ Direktor " (Ich bin) Ein Teil von jener Kraft, // Die stets das Böse will und stets das Gute schafft."
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Ich find' Euch noch, wie ich Euch sah; Ein anderer bin ich wieder da.
    • DigBib.Org - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Faust, Der Trag�die zweiter Teil 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.digbib.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Ich renne zu und bin ein rechter Mann, // Als hätt ich vierundzwanzig Beine ."
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    Mir wird so licht!
    • Am I a god? I see so clearly! .
      • Night, Faust in His Study
  • Die Botschaft hör ich wohl, allein, mir fehlt der Glaube
    • The message well I hear, my faith alone is weak
      • Faust's Study
  • Zwey Seelen wohnen, ach!^ Der Herr "Die Botschaft hör ich wohl, allein mir fehlt der Glaube ."
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Faust I, Vers 601 / Wagner "Zwei Seelen wohnen, ach!
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ "Zwei Seelen wohnen, ach!
    • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    in meiner Brust.
    • Two souls alas! dwell in my breast. .
      • Outside the Gate of the Town
  • Ich bin der Geist der stets verneint.
    • I am the Spirit that always denies!^ I ch bin der Geist, der stets verneint!
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Direktor " (Ich bin) Ein Teil von jener Kraft, // Die stets das Böse will und stets das Gute schafft."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Ich bin der Mann, das Glck ihm zu beschleunen.
      • DigBib.Org - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Faust, Der Trag�die zweiter Teil 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.digbib.org [Source type: Original source]

      .
      • Faust's Study
  • Blut ist ein ganz besondrer Saft.
    • Blood is a juice of rarest quality.
    • (Also translated as:) Blood is a very special juice.^ Mephistopheles " Blut ist ein ganz besondrer Saft ."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ "Die ganze Natur ist eine Melodie, in der eine tiefe Harmonie verborgen ist."
      • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Faust I, Vers 940 / Faust "Hier ist ein Saft , der eilig trunken macht."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      .
      • Faust's Study
  • Grau, theurer Freund, ist alle Theorie,
    Und grün des Lebens goldner Baum.
    • Dear friend, all theory is gray,
      And green the golden tree of life.^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Grau, teurer Freund, ist alle Theorie, / Und grn des Lebens goldnerBaum.
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ All theory, dear friend, is gray, but the golden tree of life springs ever green.
      • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Und kurz ist unser Leben ."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      .
      • Mephistopheles and the Student
  • Ein echter deutscher Mann mag keinen Franzen leiden,
    Doch ihre Weine trinkt er gern.
    • A true German can't stand the French,
      Yet willingly he drinks their wines.^ MEPHISTOPHELES: Ihr bleibt doch hier?
      • DigBib.Org - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Faust, Der Trag�die zweiter Teil 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.digbib.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ E in echter deutscher Mann mag keinen Franzen ( Franzosen ) leiden, // Doch ihre Weine trinkt er gern."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Maximen und Reflexionen "Wenn ein deutscher Literator seine Nation vormals beherrschen wollte, so musste er ihr nur glauben machen, es sei einer da, der sie beherrschen wolle.
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      .
      • Auerbach's Cellar
  • Wer Recht behalten will und hat nur eine Zunge,
    Behält’s gewiß.
    • Whoever intends to have the right, if but his tongue be clever,
      Will have it, certainly.
    • (Sometimes translated as:) He who maintains he's right—if his the gift of tongues—
      Will have the last word certainly.^ Was man nicht nützt, ist eine schwere Last; // Nur was der Augenblick erschafft, das kann er nützen."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Brief Denn ich fühle recht gut, daß meine Natur nur nach Sammlung und Stimmung strebt und an allem keinen Genuß hat, was diese hindert."
      • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ (Rmische Elegien) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Amor bleibet ein Schalk, und wer ihm vertraut, ist betrogen!
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      • Faust and Gretchen. .A Street
  • Meine Ruh' ist hin,
    Mein Herz ist schwer.
    • My peace is gone,
      My heart is heavy.^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Mein Ruh ist hin, mein Herz ist schwer...
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .
      • Gretchen's Room
  • Schön war ich auch, und das war mein Verderben.
    • Fair I was also, and that was my ruin.^ Ich aber frei, wie mir's im Geiste spricht, Verfolge froh mein innerliches Licht, Und wandle rasch, im eigensten Entzcken, Das Helle vor mir, Finsternis im Rcken.
      • DigBib.Org - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe: Faust, Der Trag�die zweiter Teil 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.digbib.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Auftritt / Iphigenie "Und am Ufer steh' ich lange Tage, das Land der Griechen mit der Seele suchend."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ (Faust, Kerker) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Herrlicher war das Farbenspiel in dem Augenblick der sinkenden Sonne,aber auch alle Bewegung schien schneller, wilder und sprhender zuwerden.
      • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      • A Prison
  • Gut! .Ein Mittel, ohne Geld
    Und Arzt und Zauberei zu haben:
    Begib dich gleich hinaus aufs Feld,
    Fang an zu hacken und zu graben,
    Erhalte dich und deinen Sinn
    In einem ganz beschraunken Kreise,
    Ernauhre dich mit ungemischter Speise,
    Leb Mit dem Vieh als Vieh, and acht es nicht fur Raub,
    Den Acker, den du erntest, selbst zu dungen;
    Das ist das beste Mittel, glaub,
    Auf achtzig Jahr dich zu verjungenl

    • Good!^ Das Manuskript selbst ist nicht erhalten.
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Dauert nicht so lang in den Landen // Als das: Christ ist erstanden.
      • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Ein Mittel, ohne Geld // Und Arzt und Zauberei zu haben: // Begib dich gleich hinaus aufs Feld, // Fang an zu hacken und zu graben, // Erhalte dich und deinen Sinn // In einem ganz beschränkten Kreise, // Ernähre dich mit ungemischter Speise, // Leb mit dem Vieh als Vieh und acht es nicht für Raub, // Den Acker, den du erntest, selbst zu düngen!
      • Diskussion:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe/Zitate mit Quelle – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      .A method can be used
      without physicians, gold, or magic,
      Go out into the open field
      and start to dig and cultivate;
      keep your body and your spirit
      in a humble and restricted sphere,
      sustain yourself by simple fare,
      live with your herd and spread your own manure
      on land from which you reap your nourishment.
      ^ Trust yourself, then you will know how to live.
      • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
      • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ I will listen to anyone's convictions, but pray keep your doubts to yourself.
      • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
      • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Without, therefore, instituting a very close investigation into the point, which, after all, could lead to nothing, I am conscious that we lived in an old house, which, in fact, consisted of two adjoining houses, that had been opened into each other.
      • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]


      Believe me, that's the best procedure
      to keep your youth for eighty years or more.
      • A Witch's Kitchen, Mephistopheles to Faust

Wilhelm Meister's Wanderjahre (Journeyman Years) (1821-1829)

.
  • Alles Gescheite ist schon gedacht worden.^ "Alles Gescheite ist schon gedacht worden.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

    ^ (Faust, Nacht) Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Alles Gescheite ist schon gedacht worden; man mu nur versuchen, es nocheinmal zu denken.
    • markus internet sprüche | spr�che | johann wolfgang von goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.myfear.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


    .Man muss nur versuchen, es noch einmal zu denken.
    • All intelligent thoughts have already been thought;
      what is necessary is only to try to think them again.^ All intelligent thoughts have already been thought; what is necessary is only to try to think them again.
      • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Man muss nur versuchen, es noch einmal zu denken."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Es ist nicht genug, zu wollen, man muss auch tun."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      .
      • Variant: All truly wise thoughts have been thoughts already thousands of times; but to make them truly ours, we must think them over again honestly, till they take root in our personal experience.
    • Bk.^ All truly wise thoughts have been thought already thousands of times; but to make them truly ours, we must think them over again honestly, until they take root in our personal experience.
      • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

      ^ We must not take the faults of our youth with us into old age, for age brings along its own defects.
      • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

      ^ We reckon it a rare phenomenon, this temper; and worthy, in our times, if it do exist, of best study from all inquiring men.
      • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 1/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

      II, Observations in the Minset of the Wanderer: Art, Ethics, Nature

Faust, Part 2 (1832)

  • Law is mighty, mightier necessity. .
    • Act I, A Spacious Hall
  • Once a man's thirty, he's already old,
    He is indeed as good as dead.^ This good old man was indeed only half an artist.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At first the good old man tried to restrain me from such digressions, but at last they seemed to entertain him also.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But for this the good old man cared but little, having always played the eccentric, and that in a striking manner.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]


    It's best to kill him right away. .
    • Act II, The Gothic Chamber
  • What wise or stupid thing can man conceive
    That was not thought of in ages long ago?^ "But you have long known these sentiments, and have endured them like a wise man: they are, besides, held only by a minority.
    • Autobiography by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe - Full Text Free Book (Part 3/7) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.fullbooks.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Thinking is easy, acting is difficult, and to put one's thoughts into action is the most difficult thing in the world.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]
    • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

    .
    • Act II, The Gothic Chamber
  • I love those who yearn for the impossible.
    • Act II, Classical Walpurgis Night
  • The deed is everything, the glory nothing.^ The deed is everything, the glory is naught.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The classical Walpurgis Night has its prototype in the first part.
    • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German poet, novelist, dramatist and scholar (1749-1832) 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC www.1902encyclopedia.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Those who know nothing of foreign languages, knows nothing of their own.
    • Johann von Goethe Quotes :: Quoteland :: Quotations by Author 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC www.quoteland.com [Source type: General]

    .
    • Act IV, A High Mountain Range
  • Nur der verdient sich Freiheit wie das Leben der täglich sie erobern muss.
    • Of freedom and of life he only is deserving
      Who every day must conquer them anew.
    • Freedom and life are earned by those alone
      Who conquer them each day anew (tr.^ Mephistopheles "Das ist der Weisheit letzter Schluss: // Nur der verdient sich Freiheit wie das Leben , // Der täglich sie erobern muss."
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 20 January 2010 22:26 UTC de.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]
      • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Wikiquote 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC pl.wikiquote.org [Source type: Academic]

      ^ He only earns his freedom and his life Who takes them every day by storm.
      • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

      ^ This is the highest wisdom that I own; freedom and life are earned by those alone who conquer them each day anew.
      • ActionScript-ToolBox: by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 17 January 2010 16:17 UTC actionscript-toolbox.com [Source type: Original source]

      Walter Kaufmann
      )
    • Act V, Court of the Palace
  • Wer immer strebend sich bemüht,
    Den können wir erlösen.
    • Who strives always to the utmost,
      For him there is salvation.
    • Act V, Mountain Gorges
  • Alles Vergängliche ist nur ein Gleichnis.
    • All perishable is but an allegory
    • Variant translation: All that is transitory is but a metaphor
    • Act V, Chorus mysticus, last sentence, immediately before:
  • Das Ewig-Weibliche zieht uns hinan.
    • The Eternal Feminine draws us on.
    • Act V, Heaven, last line

Sprüche in Prosa (Proverbs in Prose, 1819)

  • Individuality of expression is the beginning and end of all art.
  • Nothing is more damaging to a new truth than an old error.
  • Doubt grows with knowledge.
  • The greatest happiness for the thinking man is to have fathomed the fathomable, and to quietly revere the unfathomable.
  • First and last, what is demanded of genius is love of truth.
  • A man's manners are a mirror in which he shows his portrait.
  • All intelligent thoughts have already been thought; what is necessary is only to try to think them again.
  • Es ist nichts schrecklicher als eine tätige Unwissenheit.
    • Nothing is more terrible than ignorance in action.
  • Of all peoples the Greeks have dreamt the dream of life best.
  • Everything that emancipates the spirit without giving us control over ourselves is harmful.

Misattributed

.

External links

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Simple English

File:Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (Josef Stieler).jpg
Goethe in a 1828 painting by Josef Stieler.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (August 28, 1749 – March 22, 1832) was a German writer, poet, novelist, and playwright. He also worked as an actor, administrator, scientist, geologist, botanist and philosopher. He influenced many 19th century writers and thinkers. His contributions to science include his work in botany and his Theory of Colours. Famous lines from his books are often quoted, and some of his phrases have become part of the German language. His poems were set to music by composers like Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Wolf, and Strauss. Critics and scholars say his poems are only good in German, because that is the language he wrote them in. His plays are not often performed outside Germany, and most of his scientific work now seems old-fashioned.

Contents

Early life

Goethe was born in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. His father was well-educated and very strict. His mother was only eighteen when he was born. When Goethe was a young boy, he began to write stories and plays for his friends. In his youth, he learned Greek, Latin and French. He studied law in Leipzig from 1765 to 1768. He also wrote some letters that are seen as beautiful, and that showed his promise as a writer. He continued his studies in Strasbourg from 1770 to 1771. He joined other young men who wanted to change the way that Germans were writing. He thought that people like Johann Christoph Gottsched were too strict about writing poetry. Instead of the ideas of the Enlightenment, he wanted poets to be creative and make their own rules.

One man who had many new ideas was a poet named Johann Gottfried von Herder. Herder liked the plays of Shakespeare (which he had learned in German) as well as folk poetry. These ideas were exciting for Goethe, and he helped Herder to collect folk poetry. Both men believed that poetry should always come from the heart, and that it should be based on the poet’s experiences instead an old-fashioned idea of what a good poem should be. Some of Goethe's best known poems were written during this time, like Heidenröslein, Der König in Thule, and Erlkönig.

Goethe fell in love with several women during his lifetime. During the early period of his life, he was in love with a girl named Friederike Brion, the daughter of a pastor. Several of his poems are inspired by her. He felt extremely sad when they split up. The feeling of desertion by a lover is a lot of Goethe’s works. They are all based on his own experience. His disappointment in love inspired him when writing about Werther in Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Gretchen in his great play Faust. His poems also show his ideas about science and philosophy.

Die Leiden des jungen Werthers (The Sufferings of Young Werther) is a book written in the form of letters. Werther is a young man who falls passionately in love with a girl called Lotte who is married to someone else. Werther kills himself in the end. The book was very successful all over Europe. People talked about “Werther fever.” Many young men who were disappointed in love copied Werther and killed themselves.

Goethe’s most famous work is a very long play called Faust. He spent most of his life working at it. He was writing the first version of Faust at this time. Based on a legendary character, it tells of a man called Faust who is tired of studying and wants to have the greatest possible happiness. The devil (called Mephistopheles in the play) tells Faust he can help him to do this, but that in the end Faust must give him his soul and go with him to hell. Faust uses magic in the hope that it will tell him everything about life.

Along with writing, Goethe was developing a career in law. In 1772, he spent four months in Wetzlar at the Imperial Law Courts. Here he made new friends, including a young girl who was already engaged to someone else.

Middle Period: Arrival in Weimar until death of Schiller (1775-1805)

Goethe had been well-educated and was good at organizing and getting on with important people. For eleven years he worked at the court of Weimar for a young Duke called Karl August. He became a member and later the president of the Duke’s cabinet. He had to organize road-building projects, and look after parks and buildings. He studied geology, mineralogy, botany and anatomy. He fell in love with a woman called Charlotte von Stein who was married and had several children. He wrote love letters to her, and she inspired him to write many poems. At this time he felt that a man’s task in life was to be useful. The heroes of his books at this time were often ordinary people instead of geniuses.

After a time he realized that all his work on governmental duties were not giving him time for his writing, so he went to Italy for 18 months. He loved the landscape and made lots of sketches, and he read the ancient poets and books on the history of art. He wrote a play in rhyme called Iphigenie auf Tauris which combines the beauty of Classicism with great poetry.

When he returned from Italy he settled once more in Weimar. He visited Italy a second time. He became great friends with the famous poet and playwright Friedrich Schiller. The two men talked about many of their ideas and helped one another by offering criticism of their works. He wrote short works such as Hermann und Dorothea which is about life in a small German town at the time of the French Revolution.

Two works of the greatest importance works occupied him at this time. One is the novel Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre. This is an example of what is called in German a “Bildungsroman” which means something like “Education novel”. It means a novel which shows a person growing up and developing his character and learning about the world. This book was a very important influence on the 19th century Romantic novel and on all German autobiographical novels ever since. Goethe spent many years working on this book.

The second work of enormous importance was his play Faust. He made changes to the original version, putting all the small bits together into one great play. Schiller gave him advice while he was writing it. Faust enters into a pact with the devil, Mephistopheles who promises him all his soul can wish for: fine living, gold, women and honour. He signs the pact with his blood.

Later life (1805-1832)

Napoleon was fighting wars all over Europe at this time. Germany, which was still made up of lots of small countries, was an enemy of France. Goethe always thought of Napoleon as a hero. His ideas about politics were still based on 18th century ideas. He hated war and so he did not take part in politics but concentrated on science and literature. He wrote a book called Die Wahlverwandtschaften (Elective Affinities) which is about a divorce problem. Some of his scientific ideas are used in the story as he talks about the way that two chemical compounds can break up and form new unions. He compares this to the people in his story. His poems in Westöstlicher Divan are some of his greatest. He uses ideas from Persia and other Eastern countries together with ideas from the West. It has a lot of parables about human life.

Many interesting things that Goethe said were written down in a book by his friend Eckermann, who published them in a book called Conversations with Goethe. Goethe also wrote about his own life in his autobiography which he called Dichtung und Wahrheit (Poetry and Truth). The book tells us about his youth up to the time of his arrival in Weimar. It is in four parts. The fourth part was published after his death. He chose the title to show that he was telling us the truth about his life, but that he had changed the order of some events to make it into a poetic book.

Goethe wrote a sequel (a part which follows on) to Wilhelm Meister called Wilhelm Meisters Wanderjahre (The Years of Wilhelm Meister’s Wanderings). It consists of several sections which are like separate stories. They tell us about Wilhelm Meister’s relationship with society and how he has to change his ways to fit in with other people.

Goethe’s Faust had made him the greatest person in European literature. At the end of his life he finished a second part of Faust. It is quite hard to read, and is more of a long poem than a dramatic play. It talks of his ideas about allegory, science and philosophy.

Goethe died in Weimar on March 22, 1832. He had started as a great Classical writer of the 18th century and finished as a young Romantic of the 19th century. No one else had such a big influence on art and literature of that time.

His works

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Wikimedia Commons has images, video, and/or sound related to:
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
  • Götz von Berlichingen mit der eisernen Hand, 1773
  • Prometheus, 1774
  • Die Leiden des jungen Werthers, 1774
  • Iphigenie auf Tauris, 1779
  • Torquato Tasso, 1780 - 1790
  • Römische Elegien, 1788-90
  • Venezianische Epigramme, 1790
  • Faust. Ein Fragment, 1790
  • Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre, 1795/96
  • Faust. Eine Tragödie, 1808
  • Theory of colours, 1810
  • West-östlicher Divan, 1819
  • Faust II, 1833

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 27, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, which are similar to those in the above article.








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