From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Johann von Rist (1607-1667) was a German poet and dramatist best
known for the hymns he wrote.
He was born at Ottensen
in Holstein (today
Hamburg) on 8 March 1607; the son of the Lutheran pastor of that
place, Caspar Rist. He received his early training at the Gelehrtenschule des
Johanneums in Hamburg
and the Gymnasium Illustre in Bremen; he then
studied theology at the
University of Rinteln. Under
the influence of Josua Stegman there, his interest in hymn writing
began. On leaving Rinteln, he tutored the sons of a Hamburg
merchant, accompanying them to the University of Rostock, where he
himself studied Hebrew, mathematics, and medicine. During his time
at Rostock, the Thirty Years War almost emptied the University, and
Rist himself lay there for several weeks, suffering from
In 1633 he became tutor in the house of Landschreiber Heinrich
Sager at Heide, in Holstein. Two
years later (1635) he was appointed pastor of the village of Wedel on the Elbe. The same year he married Elisabeth Stapel,
sister of Franz Stapel, bailiff of nearby Pinneberg. They had 5
children, of whom 2 died early; Elisabeth died 1662. In 1664 he
married Anna Hagedorn, born Badenhop, widow of his friend Phillipp
Hagedorn. He died in Wedel on 31 August 1667
Work as a dramatist and
Rist first made his name known to the literary world by a drama,
Perseus (1634), which he wrote while at Heide, and in the
next succeeding years he produced a number of dramatic works of
which the allegory Das friedewünschende Teutschland (1647)
and Das friedejauchzende Teutschland (1653) (new ed. of
both by H. M. Schletterer, 1864) are the most interesting. Rist
soon became the central figure in a school of minor poets. The
emperor Ferdinand III crowned
him laureate in 1644, ennobled him in 1653, and invested him with
the dignity of a Count Palatine, an honor which enabled him
to crown, and to gain numerous poets for the Elbschwanen order
("Elbe Swan Order"), a literary and poetical society which he
founded in 1660. He had already, in 1645, been admitted, under the
name Daphnis aus Cimbrien, to the literary order of
Pegnitz, and in 1647 he became, as Der Rüstige, a member
of the Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft ("Fruitbearing Society").
Work as a
It is, however, as a writer of church hymns that Rist is best
known. Among these several are still retained in the evangelical
hymn book: e.g. O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort and
Ermunt're dich, mein schwacher Geist. Collections of his
poems appeared under the titles Musa Teutonica (1634) and
Himmlische Lieder (1643).
- Die alleredelste Belustigung (1666)
- Die alleredelste Erfindung (1667)
- Das alleredelste Leben (1663)
- Das alleredelste Nass der gantzen Welt (1663)
- Das Friedewünschende Teuschland (1649)
- Sabbathische Seelenlust. Lüneburg: J. and H. Stern
- Neue Musikalische Fest-Andachten: Lüneburg: J. and H.
- Neue Musikalische Katechismus-Andachten. Lüneburg: J.
and H. Stern: 1656
- Himmlische Lieder. Lüneburg: J. and H. Stern 1641
- Neue Musikalische Kreutz- Trost- Lob und DankSchule.
Lüneburg: J. and H. Stern 1659
- This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.
Rist-Jahr 2007 Homepage by the Municipality of
Wedel with lots of information about the "Wedel Rist-Anniversary
2007", the man Johann Rist and his circle of friends, register of
works, register of documents stored in the Rist-Archive of the
Wedel Municipal Archive, pictures etc.