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John Anthony Durkin


In office
September 18, 1975 – December 29, 1980
Preceded by Norris H. Cotton
Succeeded by Warren B. Rudman

Born March 26, 1936 (1936-03-26) (age 73)
Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Nationality American
Political party Democratic

John Anthony Durkin (born March 29, 1936, in Portsmouth, New Hampshire) was a Democratic U.S. Senator from New Hampshire from 1975 until 1980.

Durkin graduated from the College of the Holy Cross in 1959 and Georgetown University Law Center in 1965. He was assistant attorney general of New Hampshire from 1966 to 1968 and state insurance commissioner from 1968 to 1973.

1974 Senate election

In 1974, he won the Democratic nomination for the Senate seat being vacated by 20-year Republican incumbent Norris Cotton. He lost to Republican Congressman Louis Wyman by 355 votes in the November 5 election.

However, Durkin demanded a recount, which resulted in him winning by 10 votes. Governor Meldrim Thomson then certified Durkin as the winner. However, Wyman demanded another recount, in which he prevailed by only two votes. Cotton resigned on December 31, 1974; Thomson appointed Wyman to the seat for the balance of the term ending January 3, 1975 to give him a leg up in seniority. This appeared to end the dispute, but Durkin appealed to the full Senate, which is the final arbiter of Senate elections per the Constitution.[1]

The Senate Rules Committee, which has jurisdiction over elections, deadlocked on whether to seat Wyman for the 1975-1981 term pending the resolution of the dispute. On January 14, the Senate returned the matter to the Rules Committee, which returned 35 disputed points to the full Senate based on 3,000 questionable ballots. However, the Senate was unable to break a deadlock on even one of the 35 points.

After seven months of wrangling which included six unsuccessful Democratic attempts to seat Durkin, Wyman proposed that he and Durkin run again in a special election. Durkin agreed, and the Senate declared the seat vacant on August 8, 1975 pending the new election. Thomson appointed Cotton to his old seat in the meantime. The special election was held on September 16, and Durkin won handily, defeating Wyman by over 27,000 votes – ending what remains the longest vacancy following the most closely contested direct Senate election in history.

For the first four years of his term, Durkin served alongside fellow Democrat Thomas J. McIntyre. New Hampshire hadn't been represented by two Democratic Senators since before the Civil War.

He was defeated for re-election in 1980 by Warren Rudman and resigned six days before the end of his term. He sought the state's other Senate seat in 1990, but was defeated handily by Republican Congressman Bob Smith.

External links

As a member of the senate Veteran's Affairs Committee, Durkin authored an amendment to the 1976 Veterans Affairs Authorization which extended GI Bill benefits to the veterans of the recently concluded conflict in Viet Nam.

References

United States Senate
Preceded by
Norris H. Cotton
United States Senator (Class 3) from New Hampshire
1975–1980
Served alongside: Thomas J. McIntyre, Gordon J. Humphrey
Succeeded by
Warren B. Rudman
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