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John Blair Balfour, 1st Baron Kinross, PC, QC (11 July 1837 – 22 January 1905) was a Scottish lawyer and politician.

Born in Clackmannan, he was educated at the Edinburgh Academy and Edinburgh University, becoming an advocate of the Scottish bar in 1861. He served as Advocate Depute from 1870 to 1872, and in 1880 was made a Queen's Counsel. That same year he was elected Liberal Member of Parliament for Clackmannan and Kinross, and was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland. In 1881 he succeeded this appointment by becoming Lord Advocate, a post he held for four years, and the following year he became a Privy Counsellor.

In 1892, on the return of the Liberals to power, Balfour was again appointed Lord Advocate, finally resigning on the fall of Lord Rosebery's government in 1895. In 1899 he was appointed Lord Justice General and Lord President of the Court of Session, and in 1902 was created Baron Kinross, of Glascune in the County of Haddingtonshire. He died aged 67 in Edinburgh and was buried in the city's Dean Cemetery.

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir William Patrick Adam
Member of Parliament for Clackmannan and Kinross
1880–1899
Succeeded by
Eugene Wason
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Macdonald
Solicitor General for Scotland
1880–1881
Succeeded by
Alexander Asher
Preceded by
John McLaren
Lord Advocate
1881–1885
Succeeded by
John Macdonald
Preceded by
John Macdonald
Lord Advocate
1886
Succeeded by
John Macdonald
Preceded by
Sir Charles John Pearson
Lord Advocate
1892–1895
Succeeded by
Sir Charles John Pearson
Preceded by
James Robertson
Lord Justice General
1899–1905
Succeeded by
Andrew Graham Murray
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
new creation
Baron Kinross
1902–1905
Succeeded by
Patrick Balfour
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