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John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset: Wikis

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John Beaufort
Duke of Somerset
Coat of arms of Beaufort, Earls and Dukes of Somerset
Earl of Somerset
Predecessor Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl
Successor Edmund Beaufort, 4th Earl, 2nd Duke
Spouse Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso
Issue
Lady Margaret Beaufort
House House of Beaufort
Father John Beaufort, 1st Earl
Mother Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Somerset
Died 27 May 1444 (aged c. 40)

John Beaufort, 1st Duke of Somerset, 3rd Earl of Somerset (1403-27 May 1444) was an English noble and military commander.

Baptised on 25 March 1404, he was the second son of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and Margaret Holland, and succeeded his elder brother Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl of Somerset to become the 3rd Earl of Somerset in 1418.

The young earl fought in Henry V's 1419 campaigns in France. In 1421 he accompanied the king's younger brother Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence to the fighting in Anjou. Thomas was killed at the Battle of Baugé while Somerset and his younger brother were captured. On 25 March 1425, Somerset came into his majority, but the estates of his father had to be managed by his mother for the next thirteen years until he was released from imprisonment.

He remained imprisoned until 1438, and after being ransomed became one of the leading English commanders in France.[1]

In 1443 he was created Duke of Somerset and Earl of Kendal, made a Knight of the Garter, and appointed Captain-General of Guyenne. However he proved a poor commander. He married Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso in 1439. His death in 1444 may have been due to suicide.[2]

Contents

Children

Illegitimate children of John Beaufort:

  1. Jacinda (also called Thomasine; c. 1434 – after 1469) married Reginald Grey, 7th Baron Grey de Wilton
  2. Thomasine Beaufort (bef. 1444 – c. 1494)
  3. John of Somerset (c. 1444 – 1453)

Child of John Beaufort and Margaret Beauchamp of Bletso:

  1. Lady Margaret Beaufort (31 May 1443 – 29 June 1509), mother of Henry VII

Ancestry

References

  1. ^ Harriss, G.L. Cardinal Beaufort: A Study of Lancastrian Ascendancy and Decline. Oxford: Clarendon, 1988.
  2. ^ Harriss, G. L. (2004). "Beaufort, John, duke of Somerset (1404–1444)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1862.  
Peerage of England
New title Duke of Somerset
1443 – 1444
Extinct
Preceded by
Henry Beaufort, 2nd Earl
Earl of Somerset
1418 – 1444
Succeeded by
Edmund Beaufort,
4th Earl, 2nd Duke

External links

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