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John Boehner


Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 4, 2007
Deputy Roy Blunt (2007-2009)
Eric Cantor (2009-Present)
Preceded by Nancy Pelosi

In office
February 2, 2006 – January 3, 2007
Deputy Roy Blunt
Preceded by Roy Blunt (Interim)
Succeeded by Steny Hoyer

In office
2001–2006
Preceded by William Goodling
Succeeded by Howard McKeon

Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 8th District
Incumbent
Assumed office 
January 3, 1991
Preceded by Buz Lukens

In office
1985–1990

Born November 17, 1949 (1949-11-17) (age 60)
Reading, Ohio
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Deborah L. Gunlack (from 1973)
Children Lindsay Boehner
Tricia Boehner
Residence West Chester, Ohio
Alma mater Xavier University
Profession Business Consultant
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1968 (medically discharged after eight weeks)

John Andrew Boehner (pronounced /ˈbanər/, BAY-nər;[1] born November 17, 1949) is a Republican American politician who is currently serving as the House Minority Leader in the 111th Congress. He serves as a U.S. Representative from Ohio's 8th congressional district, which includes several rural and suburban areas near Cincinnati and Dayton and a small portion of Dayton itself.

Contents

Background and personal life

John Boehner was born in Cincinnati to Mary Anne (Hall) and Earl Henry Boehner as one of 12 brothers and sisters. He has lived in Southwest Ohio his entire life. He graduated from Cincinnati's Moeller High School in 1968, when US involvement in the Vietnam War was at its peak. Boehner enlisted in the United States Navy but was honorably discharged after eight weeks for medical reasons.[2] He earned his bachelor's degree in business from Xavier University in Cincinnati in 1977. He subsequently accepted a position with Nucite Sales, a small sales business in the packaging and plastics industry, where he eventually became president of the firm.[1]

Family

He and his wife Debbie were married in 1973. They live in the Wetherington section of West Chester Township. They have two daughters, Lindsay and Tricia.

Political career

In 1981 Boehner served on the board of trustees of Union Township, Butler County, Ohio. Boehner then served as an Ohio state representative from 1985 to 1990.

Gang of Seven

In 1990, Boehner was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in the 102nd Congress. During his freshman year, Boehner and fellow members of the Gang of Seven took on the House establishment, Republicans and Democrats alike, and successfully closed the House Bank (House banking scandal), uncovered "dine-and-dash" practices at the House Restaurant, and exposed drug sales and illegal cash-for-stamps deals at the House Post Office.[1]

Contract With America

Boehner, along with Newt Gingrich and several other Republican lawmakers, was one of the engineers of the Contract with America in 1994 that helped catapult Republicans into the majority in Congress for the first time in four decades.

Legislative accomplishments

From 1995 to 1999, Boehner served as House Republican Conference Chairman. There he championed the Freedom to Farm Act and a series of balanced budgets that, when Bill Clinton was president, helped lead to the first federal surplus in a generation.

Following the election of President George W. Bush, Boehner was chosen by his colleagues to serve as chairman of the House Education and the Workforce Committee from 2001 until 2006. There he authored several landmark reforms including the Pension Protection Act and a successful school choice program for low-income children in Washington, DC.[3] He was also a major force to the passage of No Child Left Behind, saying it was his “proudest achievement” in two decades of public service.[4]

Congressional leadership

Boehner was elected by his colleagues to serve as House Majority Leader on February 2, 2006, after one of the most open and public House leadership races in American political history. The election followed Tom DeLay's resignation from the post after being indicted on criminal charges. As of January 2010, the prosecutor has yet to bring the case before a jury.

Boehner campaigned as a reform candidate who wanted to reform the so-called "earmark" process and rein in government spending. He defeated Majority Whip Roy Blunt of Missouri and Representative John Shadegg of Arizona, even though he was considered an underdog candidate to Blunt. In the second round of voting by the House Republican Conference, Boehner received 122 votes compared to 109 for Blunt. Blunt kept his previous position as Majority Whip, the No. 3 leadership position in the House. (There was some confusion on the first ballot for Majority Leader as the first count showed one more vote cast than Republicans present,[5] due to a misunderstanding as to whether the rules allowed Resident Commissioner Luis Fortuño of Puerto Rico to vote or not.[6])

After the Republicans lost control of the House in the 2006 elections, the House Republican Conference elected Boehner Minority Leader. Elected on January 4, 2007, he is the highest-ranking Republican in the House. According to the 2008 Congress.org Power Ranking, Boehner is the 6th most powerful congressman (preceded by Speaker Pelosi, Majority Leader Hoyer, Ways and Means Committee Chairman Charles Rangel, Dean of the House John Dingell, and Appropriations Committee Chairman Dave Obey, all Democrats) and the most powerful Republican[7]. As Minority Leader, Boehner serves as an ex officio member of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.

Congressional record

John Boehner playing golf, 2009

A profile in the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review said, "On both sides of the aisle, Boehner earns praise for candor and an ability to listen."[8] And the Cleveland Plain Dealer says Boehner "has perfected the art of disagreeing without being disagreeable."[9]

John Boehner has been classified as a "hard-core conservative" by OnTheIssues.[10] Although Boehner has a strong reputation and conservative voting record, when he was running for House leadership, religious conservatives in the GOP expressed that they were not satisfied with his positions. According to the Washington Post: "From illegal immigration to sanctions on China to an overhaul of the pension system, Boehner, as chairman of the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, took ardently pro-business positions that were contrary to those of many in his party. Religious conservatives — examining his voting record — see him as a policymaker driven by small-government economic concerns, not theirs.[11]

On May 25, 2006, Boehner issued a statement defending his agenda and attacking his "Democrat friends" such as Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi. Boehner said regarding national security that voters "have a choice between a Republican Party that understands the stakes and is dedicated to victory, and a Democrat [sic] Party with a non-existent national security policy that sheepishly dismisses the challenges of a post-9/11 world and is all too willing to concede defeat on the battlefield in Iraq."

On October 3, 2008 Rep. Boehner voted in favor of the Troubled Asset Relief Program[12] believing that the enumerated powers grant congress the authority to "purchase assets and equity from financial institutions in order to strengthen its financial sector."

Boehner has been highly critical of several recent initiatives by the Democratic Congress and President Obama, including the "cap and trade" plan that Boehner says would hurt job growth in his congressional district and elsewhere. He also led an opposition to the trillion-dollar stimulus and to the President's budget proposal, promoting instead an alternative economic recovery plan[13] and a Republican budget (authored by Ranking Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wisc.).[14] He has advocated for an across-the-board spending freeze, including entitlements.

Political controversies

Connections to lobbyists

In June 1995, Boehner provoked contentions of unethical conduct when he distributed campaign contributions from tobacco industry lobbyists on the House floor as House members were weighing how to vote on tobacco subsidies.[15] Boehner eventually led the effort to change House rules and prohibit campaign contributions from being distributed on the House floor.[16]

Financial Crisis

On September 18, 2008, Congressman Boehner attended a closed meeting with congressional leaders, then-Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, and was urged to craft legislation to help financially troubled banks. That same day (trade effective the next day), Congressman Boehner cashed out of an equity mutual fund.[17]

Re-election campaigns

In the November 2006 election, Boehner defeated the Democratic Party candidate, U.S. Air Force veteran Mort Meier, 64% to 36%.[18] In the November 2008 election, Boehner defeated Nicholas Von Stein, 67.9% to 32.1%.

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c "John Boehner - 8th District of Ohio". U.S. House of Representatives. http://johnboehner.house.gov/Biography. Retrieved 2009-07-13. 
  2. ^ http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2002/09/23/loc_military_service.html Cincinnati Enquirer]
  3. ^ http://pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/opinion/columnists/will/s_154631.html
  4. ^ Rudalevige, Andrew (June 10–11, 2002). "Accountability and Avoidance in the Bush Education Plan: The ‘No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.’". “Taking Account of Accountability” Conference, Program on Education Policy and Governance. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. http://users.dickinson.edu/~rudaleva/ed_final.pdf. 
  5. ^ Roll Call
  6. ^ CNN
  7. ^ http://www.congress.org/congressorg/power_rankings/overall.tt
  8. ^ Salena Zito (May 10, 2009). "Boehner's job: Recapture 'squandered' GOP brand". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. http://www.pittsburghlive.com/x/pittsburghtrib/news/pittsburgh/s_624471.html?source=rss&feed=7. Retrieved June 3, 2009. 
  9. ^ Sabrina Eaton (March 8, 2009). "House Republican leader John Boehner of Ohio helps unite GOP". Cleveland Plain Dealer. http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2009/03/waiting_for_the_banana_peel_ho.html. Retrieved June 3, 2009. 
  10. ^ http://www.issues2000.org/OH/John_Boehner.htm
  11. ^ Washington Post
  12. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2008/roll681.xml
  13. ^ http://republicanleader.house.gov/News/DocumentSingle.aspx?DocumentID=109659
  14. ^ http://www.house.gov/budget_republicans/hbcrepbudget.shtml
  15. ^ Washington post
  16. ^ See House Rule IV 7 at rules.house.gov.
  17. ^ “Lawmakers’ inside advantage to trading” September 17,2009, http://marketplace.publicradio.org/display/web/2009/09/17/pm-inside-dope/ Retrieved 2009-09-20
  18. ^ "State Races: Ohio 2006 Elections". CNN. November 2006. http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2006//pages/results/states/OH/index.html. Retrieved 2006-03-16. 

References

  • Barone, Michael, and Grant Ujifusa, The Almanac of American Politics 2006: The Senators, the Representatives and the Governors: Their Records and Election Results, Their States and Districts (2005) pp 1328–32.

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Donald "Buz" Lukens
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 8th congressional district

1991 – present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
William Goodling
Pennsylvania
Chairman of House Education and Workforce Committee
2001–2006
Succeeded by
Howard "Buck" McKeon
California
Party political offices
Preceded by
Richard Armey
Texas
Chairman of House Republican Conference
1995–1999
Succeeded by
J. C. Watts
Oklahoma
Preceded by
Roy Blunt (Acting)
Missouri
House Majority Leader
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Steny Hoyer
Maryland
Preceded by
Nancy Pelosi
California
House Minority Leader
2007–Present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
United States order of precedence
Preceded by
David Lee Camp
United States Representatives by seniority
67th
Succeeded by
David Price

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

John Andrew Boehner (born 1949-11-17) is an American politician of the Republican Party who served as House Majority Leader in the 109th Congress. He is a U.S. Representative from Ohio's 8th congressional district, which includes parts of Dayton as well as several southwestern counties along the Indiana border.

Sourced

Unsourced

  • Americans are being taxed almost every moment of their lives. My goodness, when they are dead, do we have to tax them again?
    • Referring to the estate tax.

External links

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