The Full Wiki

John C. Stennis: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John C. Stennis


In office
November 5, 1947 – January 3, 1989
Preceded by Theodore Bilbo
Succeeded by Trent Lott

In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1989
Deputy George J. Mitchell
Preceded by Strom Thurmond
Succeeded by Robert Byrd

In office
January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1981
Preceded by Richard Russell
Succeeded by John Tower

Born August 3, 1901(1901-08-03)
Kemper County, Mississippi
Died April 23, 1995 (aged 93)
Jackson, Mississippi
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Coy Hines
Alma mater Mississippi A&M University
University of Virginia
Profession Lawyer
Religion Presbyterian
Stennis (left) visited the Marshall Space Flight Center in mid-November 1967, where he was greeted at the Redstone Airfield by Center Director Dr. Wernher von Braun.

John Cornelius Stennis (August 3, 1901 – April 23, 1995) was a U.S. Senator from the state of Mississippi. He was a Democrat who served in the Senate for over 41 years, becoming its most senior member by his retirement.

Contents

Early life

Stennis as a boy
Stennis takes his seat in the Mississippi House of Representatives in 1928

Born in Kemper County, Mississippi, Stennis received a bachelor's degree, Phi Beta Kappa[1] from Mississippi State University in Starkville (then Mississippi A&M) in 1923. In 1928, Stennis obtained a law degree from the University of Virginia at Charlottesville, where he was a member of ΦBK and ΑΧΡ. While in law school, he won a seat in the Mississippi House of Representatives, in which he served until 1932. Stennis was a prosecutor from 1932 to 1937 and a circuit judge from 1937 to 1947, both for Mississippi's Sixteenth Judicial District.

Stennis married Coy Hines, and together, they had two children, John Hampton and Margaret Jane.

U.S. Senator

Upon the death of Senator Theodore Bilbo in 1947, Stennis won the special election to fill the vacancy, winning the seat from a field of five candidates (including two sitting Congressmen: John E. Rankin and William M. Colmer). He remained in the Senate until 1989. From 1947 to 1978, he served alongside fellow Mississippi senator and Democrat James Eastland; thus, notwithstanding his long service Stennis would serve 31 years as Mississippi's junior Senator. He and Eastland were at the time the longest serving Senate duo in American history, later broken by the South Carolina duo of Strom Thurmond and Fritz Hollings. He later developed a good relationship with Eastland's successor, Republican Thad Cochran.

Stennis wrote the first Senate ethics code, and was the first chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee.

In 1973, Stennis was almost fatally wounded by two gunshots after being mugged outside his Washington home. In October 1973, during the Watergate scandal, the Nixon administration proposed the Stennis compromise, wherein the hard-of-hearing Stennis would listen to the contested Oval Office tapes and report on their contents, but this plan went nowhere. Time Magazine ran a picture of John Stennis that read :"Technical Assistance Needed." The picture had his hand cupped around his ear.

Stennis lost his left leg to cancer in 1984.

He was unanimously selected President pro tempore of the Senate during the 100th Congress (1987–1989). During his Senate career he chaired, at various times, the Select Committee on Standards and Conduct, and the Armed Services, and Appropriations committees. Because of his work with the Armed Services committee (1969–1980) he became known as the "Father of America's Modern Navy", and he was subsequently honored by having a supercarrier named after him. He is one of only two members of Congress to be so honored, the other being former Georgia Democrat Carl Vinson.

Civil rights record

Throughout Stennis' long career, his record on civil rights was poor. As a prosecutor, he sought the conviction and execution of three African American share croppers whose murder confessions had been extracted by torture[2]. The convictions were overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court in the landmark case of Brown v. Mississippi (1936) that banned the use of evidence obtained by torture. The transcript of the trial indicates Stennis was fully aware of the methods of interrogation, including flogging, used to gain confessions.

As a Senator, Stennis was a strong supporter of racial segregation. In the 1950s and 1960s he vigorously opposed the Voting Rights Act, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as well as the Civil Rights Act of 1968 and he signed the Southern Manifesto of 1956, supporting filibuster tactics to block or delay passage in all cases.

Near the end of his life, in the 1980s, he supported civil rights legislation while opposing the national holiday to honor civil rights leader Martin Luther King. Stennis campaigned (along with Governor Bill Allain) for Mike Espy in 1986 during Espy's successful bid to become the first black Congressman from the state since the end of Reconstruction.

Civil liberties

Earlier in his career, Stennis was the first Democrat to publicly criticize Joseph McCarthy on the Senate floor during the Red Scare.

Retirement

In 1982, his last election, Stennis easily defeated Republican Haley Barbour in a largely Democratic year.

Declining to run for re-election in 1988, Stennis retired from the Senate in 1989. He had not lost an election in 60 years. He took a teaching post at his alma mater, which he held until his death in Jackson at the age of 93.

At the time of Stennis' retirement, his continuous tenure of 41 years and 2 months in the Senate was second only to that of Carl Hayden. (It has since been surpassed by Robert Byrd, Strom Thurmond, Ted Kennedy, and Daniel Inouye, leaving Stennis sixth).

John Stennis is buried at Pinecrest Cemetery in Kemper County

Naming honors

Quote

"I want to plow a straight furrow right down to the end of the row."

Notes

  1. ^ Stennis Space Center, Stennis History, NASA.gov, accessed Oct 14, 2009
  2. ^ Cortner, Richard C. (1986). A Scottsboro Case in Mississippi: The Supreme Court and Brown v. Mississippi. Jackson, Miss.: University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1578068150. http://books.google.com/books?id=UWQQmBoKttgC.  

References

External links

United States Senate
Preceded by
Theodore Bilbo
United States Senator (Class 1) from Mississippi
November 5, 1947 – January 3, 1989
Served alongside: James Eastland, Thad Cochran
Succeeded by
Trent Lott
Political offices
Preceded by
Richard B. Russell, Jr.
Georgia
Chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee
1969 – 1981
Succeeded by
John Tower
Texas
Preceded by
Strom Thurmond
South Carolina
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
1987 – 1989
Succeeded by
Robert C. Byrd
West Virginia
Preceded by
Mark O. Hatfield
Oregon
Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee
1987 – 1989
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Warren G. Magnuson
Washington
Dean of the United States Senate
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1989
Succeeded by
Strom Thurmond
South Carolina







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message