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Lord Coleridge.

John Duke Coleridge, 1st Baron Coleridge PC (3 December 1820 – 14 June 1894) was a British lawyer, judge and Liberal politician. He held the posts, in turn, of Solicitor General for England and Wales, Attorney General for England and Wales, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas and Lord Chief Justice of England.

Coleridge was the eldest son of John Taylor Coleridge, and the great-nephew of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. He was educated at Eton and Balliol College, Oxford, and was called to the bar in 1846. He established a successful legal practice on the western circuit. In 1865 he was elected to the House of Commons for Exeter for the Liberal Party. He made a favourable impression on the leaders of his party and when the Liberals came to office in 1868 under William Gladstone, Coleridge was appointed Solicitor General. In 1871 he was promoted to Attorney General, a post he held until 1873. In 1871 he was also involved in the high-publicity Tichborne Case.

Lord Coleridge presiding at the Percy Lefroy Mapleton trial in 1881.

In November 1873 Coleridge succeeded Sir William Bovill as Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and in January the following year was raised to the peerage as Baron Coleridge, of Ottery St Mary in the County of Devon. In 1880 he was made Lord Chief Justice of England on the death of Sir Alexander Cockburn, 12th Baronet. Despite his health failing towards the end of his life he remained in this office until his death.

Lord Coleridge married Jane Fortescue Seymour, daughter of the Rev. George Seymour of Freshwater, Isle of Wight, herself an accomplished artist who notably painted John Henry Newman. They had three sons and a daughter. His first wife died in February 1878. He remained a widower until 1885 when married Amy Augusta Jackson Lawford, who survived him. Lord Coleridge died in June 1894, aged 74, and was succeeded by his eldest son Bernard John Seymour, who later became a Judge of the High Court of Justice. His second son Stephen also became a barrister.

Leading cases and judgments

Lord Coleridge presiding in 1886.

References

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richard Sommers Gard
The Viscount Courtenay
Member of Parliament for Exeter
with The Viscount Courtenay 1865–1868
Edgar Alfred Bowring 1868–1873

1865–1873
Succeeded by
Edgar Alfred Bowring
Arthur Mills
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard Baggallay
Solicitor General
1868–1871
Succeeded by
Sir George Jessel
Preceded by
Sir Robert Collier
Attorney General
1871–1873
Succeeded by
Sir Henry James
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir William Bovill
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
1873–1880
Succeeded by
(office abolished)
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Cockburn
Lord Chief Justice of England
1880–1894
Succeeded by
The Lord Russell of Killowen
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Coleridge
1874–1894
Succeeded by
Bernard Coleridge
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