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The 1st Earl of Stair.

John Dalrymple (born 1648 – 8 January 1707) was a Scottish noble who played a crucial role in the 1707 Treaty of Union between the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England, that created the Kingdom of Great Britain.

The son of James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount of Stair, John Dalrymple was born at Stair House in the parish of Stair, in Kyle, Ayrshire. He served under King James VII, but as a dominant force in the Scots Parliament he helped bring about the 1688 accession of William II to the throne. In 1689 the king rewarded him with the position of Lord Advocate and in 1691 he was appointed Joint Secretary of State over Scotland with James Johnston.

Dalrymple is most remembered for his part in the 1692 Massacre of Glencoe out of which rose a government enquiry that traced the orders for the infamous massacre to him. The matter brought little more than a temporary suspension from his duties before he returned to government in 1700 as a member of the Privy Council of Scotland.

The Master of Stair, was created first Earl of Stair in 1703 by Queen Anne.

Legal offices
Preceded by
George Mackenzie
Lord Advocate
1687 – 1688
Succeeded by
George Mackenzie
Preceded by
Lord Colinton
Lord Justice Clerk
1688 – 1690
Succeeded by
Lord Cessnock
Preceded by
George Mackenzie
Lord Advocate
1689 – 1692
Succeeded by
William James Stewart
Political offices
Preceded by
Earl of Melville
Secretary of State, Scotland
1691 – 1695
Succeeded by
James Johnston
Peerage of Scotland
New creation Earl of Stair
1703 – 1707
Succeeded by
John Dalrymple
Preceded by
James Dalrymple
Viscount of Stair
1695 – 1707
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