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John S. D. Eisenhower

In office
1969 – 1971
President Richard Nixon
Preceded by Ridgway B. Knight
Succeeded by Robert Strausz-Hupe

Born August 3, 1922 (1922-08-03) (age 87)
Denver, Colorado
Birth name John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower
Political party None/Independent
Spouse(s) Barbara Jean Thompson (1947–1986; divorced)
Joanne Thompson (1988–present)
Relations Dwight D. Eisenhower – father
Mamie Eisenhower – mother
Children 4 (all by Barbara Thompson)
Alma mater U.S. Military Academy
Profession Diplomat, Brigadier General, Author
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1944-1963 (active), 1963-1974 (Reserves)
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars World War II
Korean War

John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower (born August 3, 1922) is the son of President Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife Mamie. He is a retired United States Army officer and the author of several books of military history. He served as the U.S. Ambassador to Belgium from 1969 to 1971.

Contents

Background and military career

John Eisenhower was born on August 3, 1922 in Denver, Denver County, Colorado to future U.S. President and World War II-era United States Army General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower and his wife, Mamie. John Eisenhower was the second child of Dwight and Mamie Eisenhower. Their first son, Doud Dwight, known affectionately as "Ikky," died in 1921, at age 3, after contracting scarlet fever. John Eisenhower, like his father, attended the United States Military Academy, graduating on June 6, 1944, the very day of the epic Normandy landings his father was commanding.

John Eisenhower served in the U.S. Army during World War II and the Korean War, remaining on active duty until 1963; then serving in the U.S. Army Reserve until retirement in 1975 — attaining the rank of brigadier general.[1] A decorated soldier, Eisenhower found his World War II military career thwarted by fears for his safety and concern from the top brass that his death or capture would be a distraction to his father, the Supreme Allied Commander. This issue arose again in 1952 when Major Eisenhower was assigned to fight in a combat unit in Korea while his father ran for President. After a short stint in combat with an infantry battalion, he was reassigned to the safety of division headquarters. In 2008, he wrote about this experience in an opinion piece in the New York Times entitled "Presidential Children Don’t Belong in Battle".[2]

During his father's presidency, John Eisenhower served as Assistant Staff Secretary in the White House, on the Army's General Staff, and in the White House as assistant to General Andrew Goodpaster.

U.S. Ambassador to Belgium

In the administration of President Richard Nixon, who had been his father's Vice President, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium. In 1972, President Nixon appointed Eisenhower Chairman of the Interagency Classification Review Committee.[3] In 1975, he served President Ford as chairman of the President's Advisory Committee on Refugees.[4]

Military / historical expertise

Eisenhower's greatest achievements have come as a military historian. Several of his books have proven popular with readers and reviewers alike. His best-known history, The Bitter Woods, is perhaps the definitive study of the Battle of the Bulge. So Far from God is a highly regarded history of the U.S.-Mexican War.

Personal life

He married Barbara Jean Thompson on June 10, 1947. They divorced in 1986. The Eisenhowers had four children: a son, Dwight David, II (b. March 31, 1948, West Point, NY), who married Julie Nixon, herself a presidential daughter; and three daughters Barbara Anne Eisenhower (b. May 30, 1949, West Point, NY), Susan Eisenhower (b. December 31, 1951, Fort Knox, KY) and Mary Jean Eisenhower (b. December 21, 1955, Washington, DC). In 1988, Eisenhower married Joanne Thompson. He lives in Trappe, Maryland, after moving there from Kimberton, Pennsylvania.

Recent events

A life-long Republican, Eisenhower became independent and voted for Democrat John Kerry in the 2004 Presidential election, citing Republican incumbent George W. Bush's mismanagement of U.S. foreign policy.[5]

As of 2009, the 87-year-old Eisenhower is the oldest living presidential child.

The city of Marshfield, Missouri chose him as a 2008 honoree of the Edwin P. Hubble Medal of Initiative. His grandson, Merrill Eisenhower Atwater spoke on his behalf.

John Eisenhower wrote the foreword to Borrowed Soldiers written by Mitchell Yockelson of the National Archives.

Books

  • The Bitter Woods (1969)
  • Strictly Personal (1974)
  • Allies, Pearl Harbor to D-Day (1982)
  • So Far from God: The U.S. War with Mexico, 1846-1848 (1989)
  • Intervention! : The United States Involvement in the Mexican Revolution, 1913-1917 (1993)
  • Agent of Destiny : The Life and Times of General Winfield Scott (1997)
  • Yanks : The Epic Story of the American Army in World War I (2001)
  • General Ike : A Personal Reminiscence (2003)

See also

References

  1. ^ "John Sheldon Doud Eisenhower". Internet Accuracy Project. http://www.accuracyproject.org/cbe-Eisenhower,JohnSheldonDoud.html.  
  2. ^ Eisenhower, John (September 27, 2008). "Presidential Children Don’t Belong in Battle". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/28/opinion/28eisenhower.html. Retrieved September 28, 2008.  
  3. ^ "History of the Information Security Oversight Office". www.archives.gov. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. http://www.archives.gov/isoo/about/history.html. Retrieved 2009-03-23.  
  4. ^ Woolley, John T.; Gerhard Peters. "Remarks Upon Establishing the President's Advisory Committee on Refugees". The American Presidency Project. Santa Barbara, California: University of California. http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=4924. Retrieved 2009-03-23.  
  5. ^ Eisenhower, John (2004-09-28). "Why I Will Vote for John Kerry for President". The Manchester Union Leader. http://www.ksdp.org/node/383. Retrieved 2007-05-19.  

External links

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