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Sir John Eliot Gardiner at rehearsal
John Eliot Gardiner at rehearsal in Wroclaw, PL.jpg

Sir John Eliot Gardiner CBE FKC (born 20 April 1943, Fontmell Magna, Dorset, England) is an English conductor. He founded the Monteverdi Choir (1966), the English Baroque Soloists (1978) and the Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique (1990). Gardiner has recorded over 250 albums with these and other musical ensembles, most of which have been published by Deutsche Grammophon and Philips Classics.[1] John Eliot Gardiner is most famous for his interpretations of Baroque music on period instruments with the Monteverdi Choir and the English Baroque Soloists, but his repertoire and discography are not limited to early music. With the Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique Gardiner has performed a wide range of Classical and Romantic music, including many works of Hector Berlioz and all of Beethoven's symphonies. A recording of the third symphony of the latter was used in a dramatisation by the BBC of Beethoven's writing of that symphony.[2] Gardiner has served as chief conductor of the North German Radio Symphony Orchestra and has appeared as guest conductor of some of the most famous orchestras including the Philharmonia, Boston, Cleveland, Royal Concertgebouw and Vienna Philharmonic orchestras.

Contents

Career

John Eliot Gardiner first took up the baton at the age of 15. He was educated at Bryanston School, and studied history and Arabic as an undergraduate at King's College, Cambridge. He toured the Middle East conducting the Oxford and Cambridge Singers. During his time in Cambridge he founded, in 1964, his first musical ensemble, the Monteverdi Choir. With the Monteverdi Choir he made his conducting debut at the Wigmore Hall in London in 1966. To complement the Monteverdi Choir he formed the Monteverdi Orchestra in 1968, who played on modern instruments, but after changing to period instruments in 1977 they became known as the English Baroque Soloists. After graduating from King's College, Cambridge, he studied at King's College London under Thurston Dart, and with the influential French music professor Nadia Boulanger.

In 1969 Gardiner made his debut in the opera house with a performance of Mozart's The Magic Flute at the English National Opera. Four years later, in 1973, he first appeared at Covent Garden conducting Gluck's Iphigénie en Tauride. The English Baroque Soloists made their debut with him in the 1977 Innsbruck Festival of Early Music, performing Handel's Acis and Galatea on period instruments. His American debut came in 1979 when he conducted the Dallas Symphony Orchestra. He then became the lead conductor of Canada's CBC Vancouver Orchestra from 1980 to 1983.[3]

After his period with the CBC Vancouver Orchestra, Gardiner went to France. From 1983 to 1988 he was Music Director of the Opéra National de Lyon. During his period with the Opéra he founded an entirely new orchestra.[4] During his time with the Opéra National de Lyon Gardiner was also Artistic Director of the Göttingen Handel Festival (1981 until 1990). [5] In 1989 the Monteverdi Choir had its 25th anniversary, touring the world giving performances of Monteverdi's Vespro della Beata Vergine 1610. In 1990, Gardiner formed a new period-instrument orchestra, the Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, to perform music of the 19th century. From 1991 until 1994 he was principal conductor of the North German Radio Symphony Orchestra.

In the 1990s he undertook more world tours with his ensembles, including:

  • A European tour in 1993 with the Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique featured Berlioz's rediscovered Messe solennelle. Beginning in Bremen, Germany the tour ended with a recorded performance in Westminster Cathedral, London 1993.[6][7]
  • In 2000, Gardiner set out on his Bach Cantata Pilgrimage, performing, over a 52-week period, all of Bach's sacred cantatas in churches around Europe and the United States.

Bach Cantata Pilgrimage, http://www.monteverdiproductions.co.uk/about_us/bcp.cfm, retrieved 2007-05-17   </ref>

  • In late 2004, Gardiner toured Spain with the Monteverdi Choir performing pieces from the Codex Compostelanus in cathedrals and churches along the Camino de Santiago.[8]
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Honours and awards

Gardiner has received a variety of honours and awards.[9] In particular:

Family

Gardiner was married to violinist Elizabeth Wilcock from 1981 to 1997; they have three daughters. In 2001 he married Isabella de Sabata, granddaughter of conductor Victor de Sabata.[18] In his spare time, Gardiner runs an organic farm at Springhead[19] in North Dorset, which was set up by his great uncle, composer Henry Balfour Gardiner. His father was Rolf Gardiner.

References

  1. ^ Monteverdi Productions website, http://www.monteverdi.co.uk/about_us/jeg.cfm, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  2. ^ BBC (15 May 2003). "Ian Hart is Beethoven in unique drama of the first performance of the Eroica Symphony". Press release. http://www.bbc.co.uk/pressoffice/pressreleases/stories/2003/05_may/19/eroica.shtml. Retrieved 2007-05-17.  
  3. ^ CBC Radio Orchestra, http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=U1ARTU0000638, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  4. ^ The Opera House Orchestra, http://www.lyon.fr/vdl/sections/en/culture/opera_1/, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  5. ^ Göttingen Händelfestspiele (2007) (PDF). A Brief History of the Göttingen Händelfestspiele. http://www.haendel-festspiele.com/fck_uploads/History-Handel-Festival.pdf. Retrieved 2007-05-17.  
  6. ^ Orchestre Revolutionnaire et Romantique, http://www.answers.com/topic/orchestre-revolutionnaire-et-romantique/, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  7. ^ Berlioz: Messe solennelle, http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0259887/, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  8. ^ Santiago Pilgrimage 2004 Website, http://www.monteverdipilgrimage.co.uk/, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  9. ^ John Eliot Gardiner (Bio), http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Gardiner-John-Eliot.htm, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  10. ^ Monteverdi Productions website, http://www.monteverdi.co.uk/about_us/jeg.cfm, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  11. ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 51981, p. 7, 29 December 1989. Retrieved on 2007-12-12.
  12. ^ Monteverdi Productions website, http://www.monteverdi.co.uk/about_us/jeg.cfm, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  13. ^ Grammy Award Winners, http://www.grammy.com/GRAMMY_Awards/Winners/Results.aspx?title=gardiner&winner=&year=0&genreID=0&hp=1, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  14. ^ London Gazette: no. 55610, pp. 9843–9844, 14 September 1999. Retrieved on 2008-12-05.
  15. ^ Grammy Award Winners, http://www.grammy.com/GRAMMY_Awards/Winners/Results.aspx?title=gardiner&winner=&year=0&genreID=0&hp=1, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  16. ^ Monteverdi Productions website, http://www.monteverdi.co.uk/about_us/jeg.cfm, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  17. ^ ( – Scholar search) Sir John Eliot Gardiner is awarded Royal Academy of Music / Kohn Foundation's prestigious Bach Prize, http://www.ram.ac.uk/whatsnew/Pages/SirJohnEliotGardinerisawardedRoyalAcademyofMusicKohnFoundationsprestigiousBachPrize.aspx, retrieved 2009-02-15  
  18. ^ ( – Scholar search) John Eliot Gardiner - gewend zijn eigen beslissingen te nemen (Dutch), http://www.audio-muziek.nl/interviews/gardiner01_interview.htm, retrieved 2007-05-17  
  19. ^ Springhead Trust

External links

Media

Sir John directs J.S.Bach BWV 248. Video on youtube

Preceded by
no predecessor
Music Director, Opéra National de Lyon
1983–1988
Succeeded by
Kent Nagano
Preceded by
Günter Wand
Chief Conductor, North German Radio Symphony Orchestra
1991–1994
Succeeded by
Herbert Blomstedt

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