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John Ernle: Wikis


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The Right Honourable Sir John Ernle (1620–1697) was an English Member of Parliament, sitting first in the Cavalier Parliament of 1660-1679 and becoming one of the longest-serving Chancellors of the Exchequer of England, a position he held from 2 May 1676 to 9 April 1689.



Ernle was descended from John Ernle the Elder, Esquire, of Fosbury and Bishop's Cannings, Wiltshire, (born 1461/2), the ancestor of the Wiltshire branch of the family, and from John Ernle, Esq., of Sidlesham, Sussex (died 1465), whose wife Margaret was a daughter of Nicholas Morley, Esq., of Glynde Place, Sussex. He was thus a kinsman of the Sir John Ernley who served as Solicitor General, Attorney General, and Lord Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas early in the 16th century.


Ernle served as a member of the House of Commons of England for more than thirty years, during the reigns of King Charles II and his brother King James II. He was appointed as Chancellor of the Exchequer on May 2, 1676, continuing until April 9, 1689, and was named one of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty on September 26, 1677. He was the only member of the Plantation Committee, which dealt with the American colonies, to attend all three sessions of July 1677, although he usually attended only a quarter of those meetings.[1] He was named a Privy Councillor in 1679. A free school for five boys founded by Ernle continued in his home county, Wiltshire, until 1829. He was the father of Sir John Ernle, a notable naval officer of the Third Anglo-Dutch War.


  1. ^ Winfred T. Root, The Lords of Trade and Plantations, 1675-1696, in American Historical Review 23 (October 1917), pp. 20-41 (online)

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Political offices
Preceded by
Sir John Duncombe
Chancellor of the Exchequer of England
Succeeded by
Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Edmund Ludlow
Member of Parliament for Wiltshire
Served alongside: Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper
Succeeded by
Charles Seymour
Henry Hyde
Preceded by
Hungerford Dunch
Nevil Maskelyne
Member of Parliament for Cricklade
Served alongside: John Powney
Succeeded by
Hungerford Dunch
Edmund Webb
Preceded by
Sir Francis Winnington
Thomas Higgons
Member of Parliament for New Windsor
Served alongside: Sir George Hungerford
Succeeded by
Richard Winwood
Samuel Starkey
Preceded by
Francis Stonehouse
William Finch
Member of Parliament for Great Bedwyn
Served alongside: John Wildman
Succeeded by
Lemuel Kingdon
Thomas Loder
Preceded by
Thomas Bennet
Lord Bruce
Member of Parliament for Marlborough
Served alongside: Sir George Willoughby 1685-1695
Thomas Bennet 1695
Succeeded by
Thomas Bennet
William Daniell


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