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John Franklin Enders

John Franklin Enders's bronze bust at the Polio Hall of Fame
Born February 10, 1897(1897-02-10)
West Hartford, Connecticut
Died September 8, 1985 (aged 88)
Waterford, Connecticut
Nationality American
Alma mater Yale University
Known for poliomyelitis viruses
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1954

John Franklin Enders (February 10, 1897 – September 8, 1985) was an American medical scientist and Nobel laureate. Enders had been called "The Father of Modern vaccines."



Enders was born in West Hartford, Connecticut and was educated at the Noah Webster School at Hartford and St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire. He then attended Yale University for a short time before entering the United States Army Air Corps in 1918.

After returning from war he graduated from Yale, where he was a member of Scroll and Key as well as Delta Kappa Epsilon, and went on to become a businessman in real estate in 1922. He tried his hand at several careers before choosing to work in the biological field studying infectious diseases, gaining a Ph.D. at Harvard in 1930.

In 1954, while working at Children's Hospital Boston, Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, and Frederick Chapman Robbins were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue".

Enders died in 1985 in Waterford, Connecticut, aged 88.


Honorary doctoral degrees from thirteen universities..[1]


  1. ^ Weller/Robb p. 62

Further reading

  • Thomas H. Weller and Frederick C. Robb: John Franklin Enders (1897 - 1985), A Biographical Memoir, Washington (D.C.), 1991 (NAS publication also online PDF)
  • Katz, S L (2009). "John F. Enders and measles virus vaccine--a reminiscence". Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology (Germany) 329: 3–11. ISSN 0070-217X. PMID 19198559.  

External links



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