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John Gaillard

John Gaillard (5 September, 1765–26 February, 1826) was a U.S. Senator from South Carolina.

Gaillard was born in St. Stephen's district, South Carolina on 5 September, 1765. He was of Huguenot descent. He was elected to the United States Senate in place of Pierce Butler, who resigned, and served from 31 January , 1805 until his death. He voted for the war of 1812. On account of the death of two Vice Presidents (Clinton and Gerry) during his term, he was chosen to preside over the Senate President pro tempore in every Congress from the 11th and 13th to the 18th. He was also the Acting Vice President or next in line to the presidency two days after the death of Vice President Elbridge Gerry from November 25, 1814 to March 4, 1817.

Thomas H. Benton, in his " Thirty Years' View," says: " Urbane in his manners, amiable in temper, scrupulously impartial, uniting absolute firmness of purpose with the greatest gentleness of manners—such were the qualifications which commended him to the presidency of the senate. There was probably not an instance of disorder or a disagreeable scene in the chamber during his long-continued presidency. He classed democratically, but was as much the favorite of one side of the house as of the other, and that in the high party times of the war with Great Britain, which so much exasperated party spirit."

Gaillard died in Washington D.C on 26 February , 1826 and was interred in the Congressional Cemetery.

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United States Senate
Preceded by
Pierce Butler
United States Senator (Class 3) from South Carolina
1804–1826
Served alongside: Thomas Sumter, John Taylor, William Smith, Robert Y. Hayne
Succeeded by
William Harper
Political offices
Preceded by
Andrew Gregg
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
February 28, 1810–December 11, 1810
Succeeded by
John Pope
Preceded by
Joseph Bradley Varnum
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
November 25, 1814–January 5, 1819
Succeeded by
James Barbour
Preceded by
James Barbour
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
January 25, 1820–December 4, 1825
Succeeded by
Nathaniel Macon
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