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John J. Kneen
Born 12 September 1873
Died 21 November 1938
Known for Isle of Man National Anthem translation to Manx

John Joseph Kneen (12 September 1873–21 November 1938) was a British linguist specializing in Manx who translated the Isle of Man National Anthem, "Arrane Ashoonagh Dy Vannin," into Manx.[1] The anthem was written in English and composed by William Henry Gill.

Life and career

Kneen was born in Douglas, Isle of Man. He studied Manx and became interested in its preservation. In 1910 Kneen completed A Grammar of the Manx Language.[2] He also published a multi-volume list of place names in each sheading. His work earned him a Master of Arts from University of Liverpool in 1929. He was later bestowed a Knighthood of the Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olaf in 1933 by King Haakon of Norway.[3]


  1. ^ Grove, George; Stanley Sadie (1980). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Macmillan Publishers, ISBN 9780333231111
  2. ^ Kneen, John J. (1911). A Grammar of the Manx Language. Ams Pr Inc ISBN 978-0404175641
  3. ^ William Cubbon (March 1939). Brief Biography of John Joseph Kneen 1873-1938. Journal Manx Museum, Vol. IV #58 pp91/94 March 1939

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