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John Leonard Hines
May 20, 1868(1868-05-20) ‚Äď October 23, 1968 (aged 100)
John L. Hines.jpg
General John L. Hines
Place of birth White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia
Place of death Washington, D.C.
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1891-1932
Rank Major General
Commands held 1st Brigade, 1st Division
5th Division
2nd Division
VIII Corps Area
Army Chief of Staff
IX Corps Area
Department of the Philippines
Battles/wars Spanish-American War
Philippine-American War
World War I
Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Service Medal
Légion d'honneur
Croix de guerre

John Leonard Hines (May 21, 1868‚ÄďOctober 13, 1968) was an American soldier who served as Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army from 1924 to 1926.

He was born in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, in 1891, and was commissioned a second lieutenant of Infantry. His first assignment was to the 2nd Infantry Regiment, and he served with the regiment in Nebraska and Montana from 1891 to 1898.

Hines served in Cuba during the Spanish-American War and in the Philippines during the Philippine-American War. He was adjutant of the Mexican Punitive Expedition in 1916-17 under General John J. Pershing.

During World War I, Hines commanded the 1st Brigade, 1st Division, from May to August 1918 and the 4th Division from August to October 1918. He received the Distinguished Service Cross, the second-highest U.S. Army decoration for valor, for "extraordinary heroism in action near Berzy-le-Sec, France, July 21, 1918." In October 1918, he took command of III Corps, leading it during the final engagements of the war and the occupation of Germany.

His post-war commands included the 5th Division, the 2nd Division and the VIII Corps Area.

In December 1922, he was assigned as Deputy Chief of Staff of the Army, and became Army Chief of Staff on September 14, 1924. His Army biography states that as Chief of Staff, he "stressed the need for balance in funding and personnel for all parts of the permanent establishment, pointed up the effects of strength deficiencies upon Army capability to meet the provisions of the National Defense Act of 1920, and urged action on housing and promotions to promote personnel retention."

In 1926, after completing his tour as Army Chief of Staff, Hines took command of the IX Corps Area in California, which he led until 1930. In 1930, Hines became commanding general of the Department of the Philippines. He retired in May 1932.

Hines died in Washington, DC, at Walter Reed Army Medical Center at age 100. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. The only American generals to have celebrated their 100th birthdays are John L. Hines, James Alward Van Fleet, and William Glascow as of 2006.

On May 5, 2000, the United States Postal Service issued the Distinguished Soldiers stamps in which Hines was honored.

Hines' son, Col. John L. Hines, Jr. (1905-1986), served in World War Two with the 6th Armored Division, commanding the division's Combat Command A from November 1944 to March 1945. He was twice decorated with the Distinguished Service Cross and was severely wounded outside Frankfurt, Germany when an antitank shell grazed his face.

Awards and decorations

See also

Military offices
Preceded by
John J. Pershing
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Succeeded by
Charles P. Summerall


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