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John Murray, 3rd Duke of Atholl KT PC (6 May 1729 – 5 November 1774) was the son of Lord George Murray.

On 23 October 1753, he married his first cousin, Lady Charlotte Murray, at Dunkeld. They had nine children:

John was Tory MP for Perthshire from 1761 to 1764. On 8 January 1764, his uncle and father-in-law, the 2nd Duke of Atholl died. John should have been heir to the dukedom, which was only able to descend through the male line; but he was ineligible since his father had fought in Jacobite Rising and consequently been attained in the blood. John's wife, however, had succeeded to her father's title of Baron Strange (which could descend through the female line) and consequently held a higher position in society than her husband. Thus, just less than a month later on 7 February 1764, the House of Lords deemed John as the rightful heir to his uncle's title (notwithstanding the attainder of his father) and he succeed him as 3rd Duke of Atholl. He was Grand Master of the Ancient Grand Lodge of England from 1771 until 1774, and Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from 1773 to 1774.

The duke died in 1774, aged 45, after drowning in the River Tay in a fit of delirium and was buried at Dunkeld.

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Lord John Murray
Member for Perthshire
1761–1764
Succeeded by
David Graeme
Head of State of the Isle of Man
Preceded by
James Murray
Lord of Mann
1764–1765
Succeeded by
George III
Revested into British Crown
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
James Murray
Duke of Atholl
1764–1774
Succeeded by
John Murray
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Mathew
Grand Master of the
Antient Grand Lodge of England

1771–1774
Succeeded by
The Duke of Atholl
Preceded by
The Earl of Dumfries
Grand Master of the
Grand Lodge of Scotland

1773–1774
Succeeded by
David Dalrymple
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