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John Peter Cleaver Shanks
June 17, 1826(1826-06-17) – January 23, 1901 (aged 74)
John P. C. Shanks
Place of birth Martinsburg, Virginia (now West Virginia)
Place of death Portland, Indiana
Place of burial Green Park Cemetery, Portland, Indiana
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Union Army
Battles/wars American Civil War

John Peter Cleaver Shanks (June 17, 1826 – January 23, 1901) was a U.S. Representative from Indiana.



Born in Martinsburg, Virginia (now West Virginia), Shanks pursued an academic course. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1848 and commenced practice in Portland, Indiana, in 1849. He served as prosecuting attorney of Jay County in 1850 and 1851 and served as member of the State house of representatives in 1855. During the Civil War he served in the Union Army as a colonel and aide-de-camp.

Shanks was elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1861-March 3, 1863). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1862 to the Thirty-eighth Congress.

Shanks was elected to the Fortieth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1867-March 3, 1875) and served as chairman of the Committee on Militia (Forty-first Congress) and the Committee on Indian Affairs (Forty-second Congress). He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1874. He resumed the practice of his profession. He was again a member of the State house of representatives in 1879.

Shanks died in Portland, Indiana, January 23, 1901 and was interred in Green Park Cemetery.

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United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John U. Pettit
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 11th congressional district

March 4, 1861 – March 3, 1863 (obsolete district)
Succeeded by
James F. McDowell
Preceded by
Thomas N. Stilwell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 11th congressional district

March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1869 (obsolete district)
Succeeded by
Jasper Packard
Preceded by
Schuyler Colfax
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Indiana's 9th congressional district

March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1875
Succeeded by
Thomas J. Cason

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.



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