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The Right Honourable
 The Earl of Carysfort 
KP, PC, PC (Ire), FRS

Joint Master of the Rolls in Ireland (with the The Earl of Glandore)
In office
1789 – 1801
Monarch George III
Preceded by The Duke of Leinster
Succeeded by Michael Smith

In office
1806 – 1807
Monarch George III
Prime Minister The Lord Grenville
Preceded by The Duke of Montrose
Lord Charles Spencer
Succeeded by The Earl of Chichester
The Earl of Sandwich

Born 12 August 1751 (1751-08-12)
Died 7 April 1828 (1828-04-08)
Upper Grosvenor Street, London
Nationality British
Political party Whig
Spouse(s) (1) Elizabeth Osborne
(d. 1783)
(2) Elizabeth Grenville (1756-1842)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

John Joshua Proby, 1st Earl of Carysfort KP, PC, PC (Ire), FRS (12 August 1751 – 7 April 1828) was a British judge, diplomat Whig politician and poet.


Background and education

Carysfort was the son of John Proby, 1st Baron Carysfort, and the Hon. Elizabeth, daughter of Joshua Allen, 2nd Viscount Allen. He was educated at Westminster School[1] and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1][2]

Political and judicial career

Carysfort succeeded his father as second Baron in 1772. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1779[1] and made a Knight of the Order of St Patrick in 1784.[3] In 1789 he was admitted to the Irish Privy Council,[4] created Earl of Carysfort in the Peerage of Ireland[5] and appointed Joint Master of the Rolls in Ireland,[6] which he remained until 1801.[1] In February 1790 he was returned to the House of Commons for East Looe, a seat he held until June the same year,[1][7] and then represented Stamford until 1801.[1][8] He was also Envoy to Berlin between 1800 and 1802.[1]

In 1801 he was created Baron Carysfort, of the Hundred of Norman Cross in the County of Huntingdon, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom,[9] which gave him a seat in the British House of Lords. He served as a Commissioner of the Board of Control and as Joint Postmaster General under Lord Grenville from 1806 to 1807 and was sworn of the British Privy Council in 1806.[10]

In 1810 Carysfort published Dramatic and Narrative Poems.[1]


Lord Carysfort married, firstly, Elizabeth Osbourne, daughter of Sir William Osborne, 8th Baronet, in 1774. They had three sons and one daughter. After Elizabeth's early death in 1783 he married, secondly, Elizabeth Grenville, daughter of Prime Minister George Grenville, in 1787. They had three daughters. Lord Carysfort died in April 1828, aged 76, and was predeceased by his eldest son, William, being succeeded in his titles by his second but eldest surviving son John. Lady Carysfort died in December 1842, aged 86.[1]


Legal offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Leinster
Master of the Rolls of Ireland
1789 – 1801
With: The Earl of Glandore
Succeeded by
Michael Smith
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Alexander Irvine
Viscount Belgrave
Member of Parliament for East Looe
With: Viscount Belgrave
Succeeded by
Hon. William Wellesley-Pole
Robert Wood
Preceded by
Sir George Howard
Henry Cecil
Member of Parliament for Stamford
1790 – 1801
With: Sir George Howard 1790–1796
John Leland 1796–1801
Succeeded by
John Leland
Albemarle Bertie
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
The Earl of Elgin
British Minister to Prussia
1800 – 1802
Succeeded by
Francis James Jackson
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Montrose
Lord Charles Spencer
Joint Postmaster General
1806 – 1807
With: The Earl of Buckinghamshire
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chichester
The Earl of Sandwich
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Earl of Carysfort
1789 – 1828
Succeeded by
John Proby
Preceded by
John Proby
Baron Carysfort
1772 – 1828
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Carysfort
1801 – 1828
Succeeded by
John Proby


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