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John Quincy Adams
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Representative Adams, copied from a lost daguerreotype taken in 1843 by Philip Haas.
^ He won exactly the same states that his father had Congressman Adams, from a Daguerreotype taken in 1848 by Southworth & Hawes shortly before his death.
  • John_Quincy_Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Congressman Adams, from a Daguerreotype taken in 1848 by Southworth & Hawes shortly before his death...
  • John Quincy Adams - US President | Juggle.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Andrew Jackson won a plurality of electoral votes in the Election of 1824 but still lost to John Quincy Adams when the election was deferred to the House of Representatives.
  • John Quincy Adams - US President | Juggle.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.juggle.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1]

In office
March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829
Vice President John C. Calhoun
Preceded by James Monroe
Succeeded by Andrew Jackson

In office
March 4, 1803 – June 8, 1808
Preceded by Jonathan Mason
Succeeded by James Lloyd

In office
September 22, 1817 – March 3, 1825
President James Monroe
Preceded by James Monroe
Succeeded by Henry Clay

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 8th, 11th, and 12th district
In office
March 4, 1831 – February 23, 1848

In office
1815–1817
President James Madison
Preceded by Jonathan Russell As Chargé d'affaires
Succeeded by Richard Russell

In office
1809–1814
President James Madison
Preceded by New Office
Succeeded by James A. Bayard

In office
1797–1801
President John Adams
Preceded by New Office
Succeeded by Henry Wheaton (after 34 years)

In office
1794–1797
President George Washington
Preceded by William Short
Succeeded by William Vans Murray

In office
1802–1803

Born July 11, 1767
Braintree (now Quincy), Province of Massachusetts Bay, British America
Died February 23, 1848 (aged 80)
Washington, D.C.
Resting place United First Parish Church, Quincy, Massachusetts
Political party Federalist
Democratic-Republican
National Republican
Anti-Masonic
Whig
Spouse(s) Louisa Catherine Johnson
Children Louisa Adams
George Washington Adams
John Adams
Charles Francis Adams
Alma mater Leiden University
Harvard University
Religion Unitarianism
Signature
.John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848) was the sixth President of the United States from March 4, 1825, to March 4, 1829. He was also an American diplomat and served in both the Senate and House of Representatives.^ Second in line was John Quincy Adams, born July 11, 1767.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams: Sixth President of the United States Sun, 20 Sep 2009 11:19:29 PDT .

^ John Quincy Adams as President John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of the United States serving from 1825 to 1829.
  • John Quincy Adams - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC politics.kosmix.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig parties.^ His party affiliations were Federalist , Democratic-Republican , National Republican , and later Anti-Masonic and Whig .
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The feeling between the Freemasons and the anti-Masons ran very high for several years, and once he was prevailed upon to allow his name to be used, by the latter party.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Democratic-Republican Party presidential candidate ² 1824 Template:S-non Template:S-new .
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Adams was the son of President John Adams and his wife Abigail Adams.^ John Quincy Adams letter to Abigail Adams .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams was the first son of a President to become President himself.
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: John Quincy Adams (The American Presidents Series) 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Adams served as the president of the American Bible Society and wrote a series of letters to one of his sons about the importance of studying the Scriptures.
  • Salute to America's Senior Statesmen: Ronald Reagan and John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: General]

.The name "Quincy" came from Abigail's maternal grandfather, Colonel John Quincy, after whom Quincy, Massachusetts is also named.^ John Quincy Adams letter to Abigail Adams .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ One of his most famous descendants, Colonel John Quincy, was Abigail Smith Adams' grandfather, and it was after him that she named her first son.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

Herring, James; Longacre, James Barton (1853). The National Portrait Gallery of Distinguished Americans. D. Rice & A.N. Hart. p. 1. .http://books.google.com/books?id=gVMYAAAAIAAJ&pg=PT50&dq=%22mount+wollaston%22&lr=&as_brr=3#PPT50,M1.^ Especially when one looks at these nonsense http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/10562904 .
  • John Quincy Adams » The Anchoress | A First Things Blog 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: General]

Retrieved 2008-10-22
.
 </ref>[pn 1]
.As a diplomat, Adams was involved in many international negotiations, and helped formulate the Monroe Doctrine as Secretary of State.^ JQA also was instrumental in the formulation of the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Adams John Quincy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Historian Robert V. Remini recounts how in the years before his presidency Adams was a shrewd, influential diplomat, and later, as a dynamic secretary of state under President James Monroe, he solidified many basic aspects of American foreign policy, including the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Adams John Quincy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

.Historians agree he was one of the great diplomats in American history.^ Adams is regarded as one of the greatest diplomats in American history and during his tenure as Secretary of State he was one of the designers of the Monroe Doctrine .
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While a distiguished scholar of American diplomatic history, he displays a great grasp of domestic affairs that his often lacking in those who are specialists in this subject.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Adams John Quincy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

[2]
.As president he proposed a program of modernization and educational advancement, but was stymied by Congress, controlled by his enemies.^ As president he proposed a grand program of modernization and educational advancement, but was unable to get it through Congress.
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In his first annual message to Congress, Adams presented an ambitious program for modernization that included roads, canals, a national university, an astronomical observatory, and other initiatives.
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Or the ineffectual president stymied by a hostile Congress and his own self-righteousness, the vindictive political foe famed for his cold, disagreeable character?
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Adams John Quincy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

.Adams lost his 1828 bid for re-election to Andrew Jackson.^ In the end, Adams lost the elections in a landslide.
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The House of Representatives selected Adams as president in 1824 after he finished second among four candidates in the popular and electoral vote to Andrew Jackson who soundly defeated him in the next election.
  • Salute to America's Senior Statesmen: Ronald Reagan and John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: General]

^ In the elections of 1827 Adams and his supporters lost the control of Congress.
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In doing so, Adams became the first President since his father to serve a single term.^ John Adams and John Quincy Adams were the first father and son to both serve as president.
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much of Adams' youth was spent overseas accompanying his father, who served as an American envoy to France from 1778 until 1779 and to the Netherlands from 1780 until 1782.
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Royall found his clothes on the bank of the river, sat on them, and waited for Adams' return, becoming the first female ever to interview a president.
  • John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org] 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: Academic]

.As president Adams presented a vision of national greatness resting on economic growth and a strong federal government, but his presidency was not a success as he lacked political adroitness, popularity or a network of supporters, and ran afoul of politicians eager to undercut him.^ Like his father who was also a one-term president, John Quincy Adams was an intelligent statesman whose strong commitment to certain principles proved to be liabilities as president.
  • John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org] 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In his first annual message to Congress, Adams presented an ambitious program for modernization that included roads, canals, a national university, an astronomical observatory, and other initiatives.
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Adams' vision of federal leadership was especially creative and included proposals for a publicly-funded national university and government investment in scientific research and exploration.
  • John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org] 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: Academic]

.Adams is best known as a diplomat who shaped American's foreign policy in line with his deeply conservative and ardently nationalist commitment to America's republican values.^ He specializes in American foreign policy.
  • Guide to the Walter LaFeber Papers,1961-1997 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC rmc.library.cornell.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Much of Adams' youth was spent overseas accompanying his father, who served as an American envoy to France from 1778 until 1779 and to the Netherlands from 1780 until 1782.
  • Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC mywikibiz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although a gifted linguist who served successfully as a foreign diplomat, it was his pragmatism more than his populism that garnered respect.
  • John Quincy Adams; by request » The Anchoress | A First Things Blog 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: General]
  • John Quincy Adams » The Anchoress | A First Things Blog 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.firstthings.com [Source type: General]

.More recently he has been portrayed as the exemplar and moral leader in an era of modernization when new technologies and networks of infrastructure and communication brought to the people messages of religious revival, social reform, and party politics, as well as moving goods, money and people ever more rapidly and efficiently.^ It was about this time that a new nomenclature of parties was introduced into our politics.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Monroe's adminis- tration has been christened the "era of good feeling ; " and, so far as political divisions among the people at large were concerned, this description is correct enough.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Its purpose to declare the causes which impelled the people of the English colonies on the continent of North America, to separate themselves from the political community of the British nation.
  • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

[3]
.Adams was elected a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts after leaving office, the only president ever to do so, serving for the last 17 years of his life.^ Adams served as the president of the American Bible Society and wrote a series of letters to one of his sons about the importance of studying the Scriptures.
  • Salute to America's Senior Statesmen: Ronald Reagan and John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: General]

^ Before he assumed the Presidency, Adams served as the Secretary of State under James Monroe.
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: John Quincy Adams (The American Presidents Series) 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Adams John Quincy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Kansas Press: "The Presidency of John Quincy Adams" Tue, 29 Sep 2009 17:42:42 PDT .

.In the House he became a leading opponent of the Slave Power and argued that if a civil war ever broke out the president could abolish slavery by using his war powers, which Abraham Lincoln partially did during the American Civil War in the 1863 Emancipation Proclamation.^ Many Americans heralded him as the defense attorney in the Amistad case and as a staunch opponent of slavery and the Mexican War of 1846-48.
  • Salute to America's Senior Statesmen: Ronald Reagan and John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.visandvals.org [Source type: General]

^ He was carried from the chamber of the House of Representatives by his fellow congressmen, among them Abraham Lincoln, a moment of great symbollism.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Adams John Quincy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

^ Actually, we (the U.S. and our allies) DID win the Cold War, and it DIRECTLY because of President Reagan's economic, social, and military policies.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

.Deeply troubled by slavery, Adams correctly predicted the dissolution of the Union on the issue, though the series of bloody slave insurrections he foresaw never came to pass.^ The seeds of this complicated machine, were all sown in the Declaration of Independence; and their fruits can never be eradicated but by the dissolution of the Union.
  • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In so doing he for the first time fairly exposes his intense repulsion for slavery, his full appreciation of the irrepres- sible character of the conflict between the slave and the free populations, and the sure tendency of that conflict to a dissolution of the Union.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He discerned in passing events the " title-page to a great tragic volume ; " and be predicted that the more or less distant but JO UN QUINCY ADAMS. 121 sure end must be an attempt to dissolve the Union.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

Contents

Early life

.Adams was born to John Adams and his wife [4] Abigail Adams in what is now Quincy, Massachusetts.^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Full text of "John Quincy Adams" .
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

.Quincy in 1767 was the "north precinct" of Braintree, Massachusetts; Quincy became incorporated as an independent town in 1792 and was named for John Quincy, just as John Quincy Adams had been.^ John Quincy Adams letter to Abigail Adams .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams letter to Grenville .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

.The John Quincy Adams Birthplace is now part of Adams National Historical Park and open to the public.^ John Quincy Adams letter to Abigail Adams .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams letter to Grenville .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

It is near Abigail Adams Cairn, marking the site from which Adams witnessed the Battle of Bunker Hill at age seven.
In 1779 Adams began a diary that he kept until just before his death in 1848.[5]
.Adams first learned of the Declaration of Independence from the letters his father wrote his mother from the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia.^ John Quincy Adams letter to mother...
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams letter to father...
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ My dear father and mother sent me word that they had received a letter from Aaron.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Much of Adams' youth was spent accompanying his father overseas.^ In September 1778 it disbanded the commission and recalled Johnny's father, a summons by then much desired by the disgusted senior Adams.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams, then eleven years old, accompanied his father and thus made bis first acquaintance with the foreign lands where so many of his coming years were to be passed.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

.John Adams served as an American envoy to France from 1778 until 1779 and to the Netherlands from 1780 until 1782, and the younger Adams accompanied his father on these journeys.^ The 1st was his father, John Adams.
  • John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org] 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: Academic]

^ John Quincy Adams letter to father...
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ Like his father who was also a one-term president, John Quincy Adams was an intelligent statesman whose strong commitment to certain principles proved to be liabilities as president.
  • John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org] 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: Academic]

Adams acquired an education at institutions such as Leiden University. For nearly three years, at the age of 14, he accompanied Francis Dana as a secretary on a mission to St. Petersburg, Russia, to obtain recognition of the new United States. .He spent time in Finland, Sweden, and Denmark and, in 1804, published a travel report of Silesia.^ This duty permitted him to be with his family only a bit of each year, and he often spent those times traveling around New England reviving his legal practice.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[6]
.During these years overseas, Adams gained a mastery of French and Dutch and a familiarity with German and other European languages.^ I have known John Q. Adams for seven or eight years, and during that time have never heard or known him to be guilty of any improper or immoral conduct.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But during the years of Mr. Adams's Administration it was dimly perceived only by a few.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Despite the relative lack of major events during the four years of the John Quincy Adams administration, Hargreaves manages to fill 323 pages.
  • Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Adams John Quincy 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.geometry.net [Source type: General]

.He entered Harvard College and graduated in 1788, Phi Beta Kappa.^ Home accordingly he came, and by assiduity prepared himself in a very short time to enter the junior class at Harvard College, whence he was graduated in high standing in 1787.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ When Johnny's father entered Harvard College, only one Adams cousin had been there before him.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[7] .(Adams House at Harvard College is named in honor of Adams and his father.^ The fact, recorded by my father 1 2 JOHN QU1NCY ADAMS. at the time, has connected with that portion of my name a charm of mingled sensibility and devotion.
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^ Mann said, "there was a young man living with my father in Harrisburg named J. Q. Adams.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ When Johnny's father entered Harvard College, only one Adams cousin had been there before him.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

)
.He apprenticed as a lawyer with Theophilus Parsons in Newburyport, Massachusetts, from 1787 to 1789. He was admitted to the bar in 1791 and began practicing law in Boston.^ From there he went to Newburyport, then a thriving and active seaport enriched by the noble trade of privateering in addition to more regular maritime business, and entered as a law student the office of Theophilus Parsons, afterwards the Chief Justice of Massachusetts.
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^ In the beginning of September I came to this town, and began the study of the law with Mr. Parsons.
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ It may be imagined that the change from the moderate practice of his Boston law office to a European court, of which he so well knew the charms, was not distasteful to him.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

Early career

.George Washington appointed Adams minister to the Netherlands (at the age of 26) in 1794 and Portugal in 1796. He then was promoted to the Berlin Legation.^ President Washington, toward the close of his second term, transferred Mr. Adams to the Court of Portugal.
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^ John Quincy made minister to the Netherlands 1794.
  • McCullough (David) John Adams Summary 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.mcgoodwin.net [Source type: Original source]

.When the elder Adams became president, he appointed his son in 1797 as Minister to Prussia at Washington's urging.^ President John Adams appoints JQA minister plenipotentiary to Prussia.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ First Son And President: A Story About John Quincy Adam Fri, 25 Sep 2009 17:40:37 PDT .

^ President Madison appoints JQA minister plenipotentiary to Russia.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

.There Adams signed the renewal of the very liberal Prussian-American Treaty of Amity and Commerce after negotiations with Prussian Foreign Minister Count Karl-Wilhelm Finck von Finckenstein.^ JQA signs a treaty of amity and commerce with Prussia.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ He traveled to France with his father when the elder Adams was minister to France and he was educated there and became fluent in French.
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: John Quincy Adams (The American Presidents Series) 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ So sure were the Americans that they were about to break off the negotiations that Mr. Adams be- gan to consider by what route he should return to St. Petersburg ; and they declined to renew the tenure of their quarters for more than a few days longer.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

He served at that post until 1801.
.While serving abroad, Adams married Louisa Catherine Johnson, the daughter of an American merchant, in a ceremony at the church of All Hallows-by-the-Tower, London.^ He made the acquaintance of Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughter of Joshua Johnson, then American Consul at London, and niece of that Governor Johnson of Maryland who had signed the Declaration of Independence and was afterwards placed on the bench of the Supreme Court of the United States.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is a good discussion of Adams's failed love affair as a young man --probably the one passion of his life -- and of his subsequent marriage to Louisa Johnson.
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: John Quincy Adams (The American Presidents Series) 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ All available space had to serve as John Adams' law office.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Adams remains the only president to have a foreign-born First Lady.^ First Son And President: A Story About John Quincy Adam Fri, 25 Sep 2009 17:40:37 PDT .

^ John Quincy Adams, then eleven years old, accompanied his father and thus made bis first acquaintance with the foreign lands where so many of his coming years were to be passed.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ John Quincy Adams was the first son of a President to become President himself.
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: John Quincy Adams (The American Presidents Series) 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

.On his return to the United States Adams was appointed a commissioner of bankruptcy in Boston by a Federal District Judge.^ Nor was the younger Adams himself long left without his private grievance against Mr. Jefferson, who promptly used the authority vested in him by a new statute to remove Mr. Adams from the po sition of commissioner in bankruptcy, to which, at the time of his resuming business, he had beer- appointed by the judge of the district court.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The appeal from these decrees to the Circuit Court of the United States came up before Judge William Johnson, in May, 1821.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John Quincy Adams: Sixth President of the United States Sun, 20 Sep 2009 11:19:29 PDT .

However, Thomas Jefferson rescinded this appointment. He again tried his hand as a lawyer, but shortly entered politics. .John Quincy Adams was elected a member of the Massachusetts State Senate in April 1802. In November 1802 he lost in a congressional election where he was the Federalist candidate for a seat in the United States House of Representatives.^ Planter ; member of South Carolina state house of representatives , 1864.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Adams, J. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams letter to Abigail Adams .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams letter to Grenville .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

[8]
.The Massachusetts General Court elected Adams as a Federalist to the U.S. Senate soon after, and he served from March 4, 1803, until 1808, when he broke with the Federalist Party.^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ On April 5, 1802, Mr. Adams was chosen by the Federalists of Boston to represent them in the State Senate.
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^ Instead, he preferred to point out that until his father's day, the descendants of Henry Adams had followed ordinary careers, doing the same thing in life generation after generation.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

.Adams, as a Senator, had supported the Louisiana Purchase and Jefferson's Embargo Act, actions which made him very unpopular with Massachusetts Federalists.^ Around this time, JQA breaks with the Massachusetts Federalists and supports the Louisiana Purchase.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ JQA is the only Federalist senator to support President Jefferson's embargo bill.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ That 32 JOHN QUJNCY ADAMS. cordiality, assistance, and sense of fellowship which Senators from the same State customarily expect and obtain from each other could not be enjoyed by him.
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The Federalist-controlled Massachusetts Legislature chose a replacement for Adams on June 3, 1808, several months early. .On June 8, Adams broke with the Federalists, resigned his Senate seat, and became a Democrat-Republican.^ On April 5, 1802, Mr. Adams was chosen by the Federalists of Boston to represent them in the State Senate.
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^ The Republicans trampled upon the Federalists, and the Federalists trampled on John Quincy Adams.
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[9] .While a member of the Senate, Adams also served as a professor of rhetoric at Harvard University.^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ JQA writes in his diary about his appointment as the first Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory at Harvard.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ Adams, Jesse — of Atlantic County , N.J. Member of New Jersey state senate from Atlantic County, 1869-71.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Adams, J. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: General]

[10]
New President James Madison appointed Adams as the first ever United States Minister to Russia in 1809. Louisa Adams was with him in St. Petersburg almost the entire time. .While not officially a diplomat, Louisa Adams did serve an invaluable role as wife-of-diplomat, becoming a favorite of the tsar and making up for her husband's utter lack of charm.^ John Adams' wife Louisa was born outside of the United States.
  • John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org] 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Statements originally made by others, that have become wrongly attributed to John Adams If we do not lay out ourselves in the service of mankind whom should we serve?
  • John Adams - Wikiquote 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

She was an indispensable part of the American mission.[11] .In 1812 Adams reported back to Washington the news of Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812 and his disastrous retreat.^ He found the answer by reaching back to three marriages he believed had infused his line with the vigorous new blood needed to make him a different sort of Adams.
  • John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Adams, Joseph Henry (c.1859-1924) — also known as Joseph H. Adams — of Manhattan, New York County , N.Y. Born in Washington , D.C. Republican.
  • The Political Graveyard: Index to Politicians: Adams, J. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC politicalgraveyard.com [Source type: General]

.In 1814, Adams was recalled from Russia to serve as chief negotiator of the U.S. commission for the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812 between the United States and Great Britain.^ Jay was then Chief justice of the United States.
  • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

^ JQA signs the Treaty of Ghent with Great Britain, ending the War of 1812.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

Finally, he was sent to be minister to the Court of St. James's (Britain) from 1815 until 1817.[9]

Secretary of State

John Quincy Adams by Gilbert Stuart, 1818
.Adams served as Secretary of State in the Cabinet of President James Monroe from 1817 until 1825, a tenure during which he was instrumental in the acquisition of Florida.^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ During the present session, a further correspondence between the Secretary of State and the Spanish minister has been communicated to Congress.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ John Quincy Adams: Sixth President of the United States Sun, 20 Sep 2009 11:19:29 PDT .

Typically, his views concurred with those espoused by Monroe. .As Secretary of State, he negotiated the Adams-Onís Treaty and wrote the Monroe Doctrine, which warned European nations against meddling in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere.^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ In cabinet debates, JQA urges President Monroe to protect the western hemisphere from further colonization by foreign powers.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ Fortunately this so dangerous negotiator was hardly less anxious than Mr. Adams to conclude a treaty.
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.Adams' interpretation of neutrality was so strict that he refused to cooperate with Great Britain in suppressing the slave trade.^ The capture by a naval armament from Great Britain, of several French islands in the West Indies, gave occasion to another conflict of belligerent pretensions and neutral rights.
  • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The District Court had decreed the restoration of the Antelope to the Spanish claimants, on the ground that she had not been forfeited to the United States, for the violation of the laws for the suppression of the slave trade.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I will read, said he, from another high authority, a book filled with valuable and authentic information on the subject of the slave trade' written by one of the most distinguished philanthropists of Great Britain, Sir Thomas Fowel1 Buxton.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

[citation needed] On Independence Day 1821, in response to those who advocated American support for Spanish America's independence movement from Spain,[12] Adams gave a speech in which he said that American policy was moral support for but not armed intervention on behalf of independence movements, stating that America "goes not abroad in search of monsters to destroy."[13] After the Napoleonic wars Spain lost control of most of the American colonies. .They revolted and declared independence.^ The Declaration of Independence recognized the European law of nations, as practiced among Christian nations, to be that by which they considered themselves bound, and of which they claimed the rights.
  • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Declaration did not proclaim the separate States free and independent; much less did it announce them as sovereign States, or affirm that they separately possessed the war-making or the peace-making power.
  • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They had received no authority, at their first appointment, to declare independence, or to dissolve the political connection between the Colonies and Great Britain.
  • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

.Rebels used American ports to equip privateers to attack Spanish ships, a practice defended by Henry Clay, who severely criticized both Monroe and Adams for their more cautious wait-and-see policy.^ Who was the Spanish owner here with his ship?
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I repeat that, so far as this sympathy is concerned, if it is not entirely excusable, it is much more reasonable than it is in some others who have not the same interests to defend.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
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.The Floridas, still Spanish territory but with no Spanish presence to speak of, became a refuge for runaway slaves and Indian raiders.^ The Spanish Government, for the protection of their property, would immediately accord the extradition of any slaves that might take refuge there from the southern states.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

Spain was not in charge. .Monroe sent in General Andrew Jackson who pushed the Seminole Indians south, executed two British merchants who were supplying weapons, deposed one governor and named another, and left an American garrison in occupation.^ For if its contents had beer JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 9 &nown, it is certain that all the public men of nearly two generations who figure in it would have combined into one vast and irresistible conspiracy to obtain and destroy it.
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^ In Mr. Mann's family were two daughters, one son, the son who found my brother Aaron A. Adams.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Here, then, it is avowed that the Executive government of this nation had interposed in a suit between two parties, by extending a favor entirely gratuitous to one of the parties, who, it is at the same time admitted, had no claim whatever to this gratuitous aid.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

Jackson thought he had Washington's approval, but the orders were vague. .President Monroe and all his cabinet, except Adams, believed Jackson had exceeded his instructions.^ It will be observed that both Mr. Adams and President Monroe used the phrase "continents," including thereby South as well as North America.
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^ Clay therefore had to decide for nimself, his followers, and the country whether Mr. Adams or General Jackson should be the next President of the United States.
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^ When Jackson's message of December 4, 1832, was promulgated, showing a disposition to do for South Carolina pretty much all that she de- manded, Mr. Adams was bitterly indignant.
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.Secretary of War John C. Calhoun proposed to punish Jackson.^ Because Calhoun would JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 157 not support him for the Presidency, Crawford stimulated a series of attacks upon the War De- partment.
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.Adams argued that since Spain had proved incapable of policing her territories, the United States was obliged to act in self-defense.^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams: Sixth President of the United States Sun, 20 Sep 2009 11:19:29 PDT .

^ Most unjustly it was declared that Mr. Adams had sacrificed a portion of the territory of the United States.
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Adams so ably justified Jackson's conduct as to silence protests either from Spain or Britain. Congress debated the question, with Clay as the leading opponent of Jackson, but it would not disapprove of what Jackson had done.
.Adams negotiated the "Transcontinental Treaty" with Spain in 1819 that turned Florida over to the U.S. and resolved border issues regarding the Louisiana Purchase.^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Fortunately this so dangerous negotiator was hardly less anxious than Mr. Adams to conclude a treaty.
  • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

^ In his diary, JQA describes the negotiations with the British Commissioners regarding the Treaty of Ghent.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

.The treaty recognized Spanish control of Texas (a claim taken up by Mexico when it declared independence of Spain).^ The Declaration of Independence recognized the European law of nations, as practiced among Christian nations, to be that by which they considered themselves bound, and of which they claimed the rights.
  • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And then he says, "I would respectfully inquire, sir, whether there are no treaty stipulations with the Government of Spain that would authorize our Government to deliver them up to the Spanish authorities; and if so, whether it could be done before our court sits".
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These were immediately taken up, and transferred from the seat of government of the United States to Spain.
  • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

.The post of Secretary of State was the normal path to the White House.^ JQA assumes post of secretary of state.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ Sympathy with the white, antipathy to the black—and in proof of this charge I adduce the admission and avowal of the Secretary of State himself.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He returned home to take the post of Secretary of State in the cabinet of James Monroe, then lately inaugurated as President of the United States.
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.After 1820 Adams, intent on winning the presidency, was less successful at the State Department.^ Serving as a U.S. senator, the second presidential Adams also was a successful secretary of state, working out a deal to acquire Florida from Spain and helping to create the Monroe Doctrine.
  • Tweets from the beyond: John Quincy Adams Twittering 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams: Sixth President of the United States Sun, 20 Sep 2009 11:19:29 PDT .

^ John Quincy Adams (United States Presidents), Jane C. W Fri, 25 Sep 2009 14:24:21 PDT .

.He failed to make key commercial treaties because he feared the necessary American concessions would be used to attack his candidacy.^ Because Calhoun would JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 157 not support him for the Presidency, Crawford stimulated a series of attacks upon the War De- partment.
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Instead the nation suffered from trade wars that could have been prevented.

1824–25 presidential election

.As the election of 1824 drew near people began looking for candidates.^ It was not until the time of election was near at hand that the strength of General Jackson, founded of course upon the effect of his military prestige upon the masses of the people, began to appear to the other competitors a formidable element in the great rivalry.
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^ In those days of slow communication it w r a3 vot until December, 1824, that it became every- where known that there had been no election of i President by the people.
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.New England voters admired Adams' patriotism and political skills and it was mainly due to their support that he entered the race.^ Political news from England.
  • Maryland Historical Society Library: Bland Papers, 1757-1860, MS 134 - Finding Aid 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.mdhs.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Outside of the city of Washington great numbers of the people, especially in New England, lent him a hearty support and regarded him with friendship and admiration.
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^ John Quincy ABIGAIL ADAMS New England Slavery History Mon, 28 Sep 2009 18:34:02 PDT .

.The old caucus system of the Democratic-Republican Party had collapsed; indeed the entire First Party System had collapsed and the election was a free-for-all based on regional support.^ A struggle by certain individuals of the old Federal party to recover the ascendency they had lost, may render a reaction of the Republicans necessary for their own defense .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

^ To all those transmutations the pure republicanism of Jefferson was to accommodate itself without blench and without discarding his partiality for France.
  • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It may indeed be that other associations will spring up which may be free from all the grossly objectionable engagements of that institution.
  • Letters on the Masonic Institution, by President John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.freemasonrywatch.org [Source type: Original source]

.Adams had a strong base in New England.^ John Quincy ABIGAIL ADAMS New England Slavery History Mon, 28 Sep 2009 18:34:02 PDT .

.His opponents included John C. Calhoun, William Crawford, Henry Clay and the hero of New Orleans, Andrew Jackson.^ Taylors, w/o William Henry Crawford, August 6, 1973, p5 .

^ Most Badass Quote: "I have only two regrets: I didn't shoot Henry Clay and I didn't hang John C. Calhoun."
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Oh and in the battle of New Orleans, Jackson fought alongside the same Indians he would later march to death.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

.During the campaign Calhoun dropped out, and Crawford fell ill giving further support to the other candidates.^ He adds : " Adams, Jackson, and Calhoun all think well of each other, and are united at least in one thing — to wit, a most thorough, dread and abhorrence of Crawford."
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^ Because Calhoun would JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 157 not support him for the Presidency, Crawford stimulated a series of attacks upon the War De- partment.
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.When the election day came, Andrew Jackson won, although narrowly, pluralities of the popular and electoral votes, but not the necessary majority of electoral votes.^ But the figures of the popular election showed that Mr. Adams was a choice of the plurality of the people be- cause the Adams electors had received more votes than the Jackson electors throughout the 174 JOHN QU1NCY ADAMS. country at large.
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^ When the 1828 election rolled around, a lot of people were terrified when they heard Andrew "Old Hickory" Jackson was running.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ It was said that Jackson was the choice of a plurality of the people because he had received the largest electoral vote.
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.Under the terms of the Twelfth Amendment, the presidential election was thrown to the House of Representatives to vote on the top three candidates: Jackson, Adams, and Crawford.^ A few weeks later his election was accomplished by a flattering vote, the poll showing for him 1817 votes out of 2565, with only 373 for the next candidate.
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^ Few men in public life have been subjected to trials of temper so severe as vexed Mr. Adams during his Presidential term.
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^ From the first a strong minority in the House of Representatives was hostile to him, and the next election made this a majority.
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.Clay had come in fourth place and thus was ineligible, but he retained considerable power and influence as Speaker of the House.^ Clay, Speaker of the House of Representatives, had such expecta- tions as might fairly grow out of his brilliant reputation, powerful influence in Congress, and great personal popularity.
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Crawford was unviable due to the stroke.
.Clay's personal dislike for Jackson and the similarity of his American System to Adams' position on tariffs and internal improvements caused him to throw his support to Adams, who was elected by the House on February 9, 1825, on the first ballot.^ It says, let the person who bears these marks pass the customhouse, or the guard, as the case may be.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Clay therefore had to decide for nimself, his followers, and the country whether Mr. Adams or General Jackson should be the next President of the United States.
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^ Von Hoist, by far the ablest writer who lias yet dealt with American history, says : " In the person of Ad- ams the last statesman who was to occupy it tor a long time left the White House."
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.Adams' victory shocked Jackson, who had gained the plurality of the electoral and popular votes and fully expected to be elected president.^ Calhoun was elected Vice-President by the handsome number of 182 votes.
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^ Clay therefore had to decide for nimself, his followers, and the country whether Mr. Adams or General Jackson should be the next President of the United States.
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^ Our electors met in this town on Wednesday last, and their votes for President and Vice President were unanimous.
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

When Adams appointed Clay as Secretary of State—the position that Adams and his three predecessors had held before becoming President—Jacksonian Democrats were outraged, and claimed that Adams and Clay had struck a "corrupt bargain." This contention overshadowed Adams' term and greatly contributed to Adams' loss to Jackson four years later, in the 1828 election.

Presidency 1825–1829

.Adams served as the sixth President of the United States from March 4, 1825, to March 4, 1829. He took the oath of office on a book of laws, instead of the more traditional Bible, to preserve the separation of church and state.^ JQA inaugurated as the sixth president of the United States.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ War, conquest, and force, have produced slavery, and it is state necessity and the internal law of self preservation, that will ever perpetuate and defend it."
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The principle upon which it was drawn up was, that the separate members of the confederacy should still continue Colonies, and only in their united capacity constitute States.
  • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

[14][15]

Politics

.Adams' singular intelligence, vast experience, unquestionable integrity, and devotion to his country should have made him a great chief executive.^ And this mistake discloses the source of that great perplexity, which troubles him, to find a consistency between the principle which he erroneously supposes them to have established, and their decree for carrying it into execution.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I am ashamed that such an opinion should ever have been delivered by any public officer of this country, executive or judicial.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

.But like his father he lacked political sense and an ability to command public support, and his contentious spirit spelled defeat for him personally and for many of his policies.^ They had heard him, at once reading from the book of the prophet, and speaking in the first person, declaring that the Spirit of the Lord God was upon himself.
  • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The writer there attributes the defeat of Mr. Adams to personal dislike to him.
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^ The state of the public relations of Great Britain was then such as rendered it proper for him to resume the political intercourse with her government, in the direct, personal, and informal, rather than the regular official manner.
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.He proposed a comprehensive program of internal improvements (roads, ports and canals), the creation of a national university, and federal support for the arts and sciences.^ Adams' vision of federal leadership was especially creative and included proposals for a publicly-funded national university and government investment in scientific research and exploration.
  • John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org] 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: Academic]

^ JQA receives Congressional approval for a program of internal improvement.
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^ He was a strenuous advocate of internal improvements, and happily the condi- tion of the national finances enabled the Gov- ernment to embark in enterprises of this kind.
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He favored a high tariff to encourage the building of factories, and restricted land sales to slow the movement west. .Opposition from the states' rights faction quickly killed the proposals,[16] Even more serious was the attack by the followers of Jackson, who accused him of being a partner to a "corrupt bargain" to obtain Clay's support in the election and then appoint him secretary of state.^ The Secretary of State was more wary.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ JQA meets with the Joseph Willard, president of Harvard, who advises him to wait until the following spring before starting classes.
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^ I've even been to Jackson Square Park, a square park with a statue of him drunkly tipping his hat!
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

.Refusing to play politics, Adams did little or nothing to build up a personal following committed to his re-election.^ For example, he steadfastly refused to campaign for his own re-election because he felt that political office should be a matter of service and not a popularity contest.
  • John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org] 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.ushistory.org [Source type: Academic]

^ His personal enmity was naturally towards Mr. Monroe, his political enmity necessarily also included Mr. Adams, whose appointment he had privately sought to prevent.
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^ But the precocious Adams had only a little of the prig and nothing of the hypocrite in his nature.
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He refused to discharge federal officeholders when they actively joined the opposition, and even considered appointing Jackson to his cabinet. .Losing control of Congress in the elections of 1826, he still persisted in his independent policies and thus insured his own overwhelming defeat by Jackson two years later.^ Nearly two years before had elapsed from the capture of the Antelope by Captain Jackson.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

.He was particularly embittered by the unfounded accusations of fraud and extravagance made against him during the campaign by his opponents (not to mention the false accusation that he had pimped for the Czar of Russia[17]).^ PM FlameDarkfire One more reason for Jackson to be a badass: during one of his duels, he shot his opponent through the groin, causing him to bleed to death.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ But Mr. Adams, loath to lose a good opportunity, still claimed to be heard on the charges made against him by the "infamous slave-holders.'"
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The Adams administration recorded no major legislative, diplomatic, military or administrative achievements. .Congress did pass the high Tariff of 1828--the "tariff of abominations" that created a violent outcry especially in South Carolina.^ He also asked Congress to pass the Force Bill which would allow him to use military force against South Carolina.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

.Jackson defeated Adams in a landslide in 1828, and created the the modern Democratic party and thus inaugurating the Second Party System.^ PM Vimmy At Jackson's Inauguration, he invited all of D.C. The party descended into a drunken brawl.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Andrew Jackson's inauguration party was so insane, though, that he bailed on it.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

Domestic policies

.During his term, he worked on developing the American System, consisting of a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building, and a national bank to encourage productive enterprise and form a national currency.^ All this however was but the development of national character in the form of private enterprise.
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^ That this house consider an adequate provision for the support of public credit, as a matter of high importance to the national honor and prosperity.
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^ To do this, a national revenue must be obtained; but the system must be such a one, that, while it secures the object of revenue, it shall not be oppressive to our constituents.
  • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

.In his first annual message to Congress, Adams presented an ambitious program for modernization that included roads, canals, a national university, an astronomical observatory, and other initiatives.^ JQA gives "Lighthouses of the Skies" address to Congress, in which he recommends a Department of Interior, a naval academy, a national university, a national astronomical observatory, nation - wide internal improvements for transportation, and uniform laws on bankruptcy, weights and measures, militia, and patents for invention.
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^ But this triumph of humanity has not been universal The parties to the modern law of nations do not propagate their principles by force; and Africa has not yet adopted them.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On January 4, 1836, Mr. Adams presented an abo- lition petition couched in the usual form, and moved that it be laid on the table, as others like it had lately been.
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The support for his proposals was limited, even from his own party. His critics accused him of unseemly arrogance because of his narrow victory. Most of his initiatives were opposed in Congress by Jackson's supporters, who remained outraged over the 1824 election.
Nonetheless, some of his proposals were adopted, specifically the extension of the Cumberland Road into Ohio with surveys for its continuation west to St. Louis; the beginning of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, the construction of the Delaware and Chesapeake Canal and the Portland to Louisville Canal around the falls of the Ohio; the connection of the Great Lakes to the Ohio River system in Ohio and Indiana; and the enlargement and rebuilding of the Dismal Swamp Canal in North Carolina.
One of the issues which divided the administration was protective tariffs. .Henry Clay was a leading advocate, but Vice President John C. Calhoun was an opponent.^ Calhoun was elected Vice-President by the handsome number of 182 votes.
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^ Most Badass Quote: "I have only two regrets: I didn't shoot Henry Clay and I didn't hang John C. Calhoun."
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ John Quincy Adams letter to Henry Clay .
  • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

.After Adams lost control of Congress in 1827, the situation became more complicated.^ Goulburn and Dr. Adams (the Englishman) immediately took fire, and Goulburn lost all control of his temper.
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.By signing into law the Tariff of 1828 (also known as the Tariff of Abominations), extremely unpopular in the South, he limited his chances to achieve more during his presidency.^ Well if ancestors do not do any more for the South during the next ten years than they did the past ten years, I do not want anything to do with ancestors.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal at Swain's Lock
.Adams and Clay set up a new party, the National Republican Party, but it never took root in the states.^ Clay therefore had to decide for nimself, his followers, and the country whether Mr. Adams or General Jackson should be the next President of the United States.
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^ Francis Dana, afterward Chief Justice of Mas- jachusetts, was then accredited as an envoy to Russia from the United States, and he took Mr. Adams with him as his private secretary.
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^ A compeer of his in the United States Senate once said of him, that he regarded svery public measure which came up as he &0 JOI1N QUINCY ADAMS. would a proposition in Euclid, abstracted from any party considerations.
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.In the elections of 1826, Adams and his supporters lost control of Congress.^ Goulburn and Dr. Adams (the Englishman) immediately took fire, and Goulburn lost all control of his temper.
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.New York Senator Martin Van Buren, a future president and follower of Jackson, became one of the leaders of the senate.^ Van Buren soon became recognized as the formid- able leader and organizer of the Jackson forces.
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^ Clay therefore had to decide for nimself, his followers, and the country whether Mr. Adams or General Jackson should be the next President of the United States.
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^ His progress from Mount Vernon to New York, was one triumphal procession.
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.Much of Adams' political difficulties were due to his refusal, on principle, to replace members of his administration who supported Jackson (contending that no one should be removed from office except for incompetence).^ The principle upon which it was drawn up was, that the separate members of the confederacy should still continue Colonies, and only in their united capacity constitute States.
  • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The office was at that time still sought by men of the best ability and position, and though it was hardly a step up- ward on the political ladder for one who had represented the nation in foreign parts for eight vears, yet Mr. Adams was well content to ao JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 2^ cept it.
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^ No one ever gained much in a war of words with this ever-ready and merciless tongue.
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.For example, his Postmaster General, John McLean, continued in office through the Adams administration, although he was using his powers of patronage to curry favor with Jacksonites.^ A dams, continuing after this pleasant interjection, admitted that he was in '•he power of the majority, who might try him 286 JOHN Q.UINCY ADAMS. against law and condemn him against right if they would.
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^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. wish that the unity of the body should remain unbroken during his four years of office, and the wish was very nearly realized.
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^ General tackson never deserted his adherents, whether 186 JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. their difficulties were noble or ignoble.
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.Another blow to Adams' presidency was his generous policy toward Native Americans.^ Clay therefore had to decide for nimself, his followers, and the country whether Mr. Adams or General Jackson should be the next President of the United States.
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^ As time went on, however, and the South American questions were removed from the arena, Adams's ill-feeling towards Clay be- came greatly mitigated.
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^ President Washington, toward the close of his second term, transferred Mr. Adams to the Court of Portugal.
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Settlers on the frontier, who were constantly seeking to move westward, cried for a more expansionist policy. When the federal government tried to assert authority on behalf of the Cherokees, the governor of Georgia took up arms. In contrast, Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren instigated the policy of Indian removal to the west (i.e. the Trail of Tears).[18] .Adams defended his domestic agenda as continuing Monroe's policies.^ Monroe adopts Adams's philosophy on foreign policy.
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^ This," says Mr. Charles Francis Adams in a foot-note to the passage in the Diary, "is the first hint of the policy so well known afterwards as the Monroe Doctrine."
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John Quincy Adams

Honors presidents' deaths

.On July 4, 1826, former presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died.^ JQA receives notice of his father's death; (John Adams died on 4 July 1826).
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^ John Adams and JQA have dinner with Thomas Jefferson and his daughter.
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^ President John Adams appoints JQA minister plenipotentiary to Prussia.
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.John Quincy Adams gave an Executive Order on July 11, 1826, that was a commemoration to both Thomas Jefferson and John Adams.^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
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^ Full text of "John Quincy Adams" .
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The order included a day of rest at each military station and flags were set at half staff.[19]

Foreign policies

.Adams is regarded as one of the greatest diplomats in American history, and during his tenure as Secretary of State he was the chief designer of the Monroe Doctrine.^ During the present session, a further correspondence between the Secretary of State and the Spanish minister has been communicated to Congress.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ During a conversation with the Russian Minister, Baron Tuyl, JQA articulates the position of the Monroe Doctrine.
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^ It was no proper argument for the Spanish minister to urge upon the American Secretary of State.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

[20]
On July 4, 1821, he gave an address to Congress:
... But she goes not abroad, in search of monsters to destroy. She is the well-wisher to the freedom and independence of all. She is the champion and vindicator only of her own.[21]
.During his term as president, however, Adams achieved little of consequence in foreign affairs.^ Adams achieved many successes during his life as the result of conscious effort, "> ut the greatest success of all he achieved al- together unconsciously.
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^ Few men in public life have been subjected to trials of temper so severe as vexed Mr. Adams during his Presidential term.
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^ The foreign affairs of the Union when President Washington assumed the administration of the executive power, were in a state of chaos, out of which an orderly and harmonious world was to be educed.
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A reason for this was the opposition he faced in Congress, where his rivals prevented him from succeeding.[20]
Among the few diplomatic achievements of his administration were treaties of reciprocity with a number of nations, including Denmark, Mexico, the Hanseatic League, the Scandinavian countries, Prussia and Austria. .However, thanks to the successes of Adams' diplomacy during his previous eight years as Secretary of State, most of the foreign policy issues he would have faced had been resolved by the time he became President.^ And as it is in the foreign affairs that the success or failure of the Administration will be most conspicuous, and as their success would promote the reputation and in- 8 114 JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. fluence, and their failure would lead to the disgrace of the Secretary of State, Crawford's personal views centre in the ill-success of the Administration in its foreign relations; and, perhaps unconscious of his own motives, he will always be impelled to throw obstacles in its way, and to bring upon the Depart- ment of State especially any feeling of public dissat- isfaction that he can, .
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^ I have known John Q. Adams for seven or eight years, and during that time have never heard or known him to be guilty of any improper or immoral conduct.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ During the present session, a further correspondence between the Secretary of State and the Spanish minister has been communicated to Congress.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

Administration and Cabinet

The Adams Cabinet
Office Name Term
President John Quincy Adams 1825–1829
Vice President John C. Calhoun 1825–1829
Secretary of State Henry Clay 1825–1829
Secretary of Treasury Richard Rush 1825–1829
Secretary of War James Barbour 1825–1828
Peter B. Porter 1828–1829
Attorney General William Wirt 1825–1829
Secretary of the Navy Samuel L. Southard 1825–1829

Presidential Dollar of John Quincy Adams

Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Other courts

.Adams was able to make eleven other appointments, all to United States district courts.^ The appeal from these decrees to the Circuit Court of the United States came up before Judge William Johnson, in May, 1821.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The writer begins by referring to the decision of the District Court and says the case is " one of the deepest importance to the southern states."
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Most unjustly it was declared that Mr. Adams had sacrificed a portion of the territory of the United States.
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States admitted to the Union

None

Departure from office

.John Quincy Adams left office on March 4, 1829, after losing the election of 1828 to Andrew Jackson.^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
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^ AM Fidelis Andrew Jackson wrote death threats to his opponent John Quincy Adams.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

.Adams did not attend the inauguration of his successor, Andrew Jackson, who had openly snubbed him by refusing to pay the traditional "courtesy call" to the outgoing President during the weeks before his own inauguration.^ Jackson was president during the 19th century.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ JQA meets with the Joseph Willard, president of Harvard, who advises him to wait until the following spring before starting classes.
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ An attempt to censure him in 1842 miscarried and resulted in a triumph for the old man, who conducted his own defense .
  • Dr. Teresa Whitehurst: Sen. Bill Frist v. John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was one of only three Presidents who chose not to attend their respective successor's inauguration; the others were his father and Andrew Johnson.^ I think, now-a-days, we only acknowledge our Heavenly Master, who is our father and mother too, and will protect us from such outrage and cruelty as we were subject to.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ And yet, from the earliest records of time, this animal the only one in the visible creation, who preys upon his kind.
  • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I now add that the gallant officer who commanded her remonstrated, with feelings of indignation' controlled only by the respect officially due from him to his superiors against it.
  • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

Election of 1828

After the inauguration of Adams in 1825,[22][23] Jackson resigned from his senate seat. .For four years he worked hard, with help from his supporters in Congress, to defeat Adams in the Presidential election of 1828.^ Upon its dry and uncongen- ial difficulties Mr. Adams had been employed with his wonted industry for upwards of four years; he now spoke of the result modestly as "a hurried and imperfect work."
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^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. wish that the unity of the body should remain unbroken during his four years of office, and the wish was very nearly realized.
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^ The election of 1828 gave 178 votes for Jack- son and only 83 for Adams.
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The campaign was very much a personal one. .As was the tradition of the day and age in American presidential politics, neither candidate personally campaigned, but their political followers organized many campaign events.^ Many persons had predicted that he would find him- self subjected to embarrassments and perhaps to humiliations by reason of his apparent descent in the scale of political dignities.
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Both candidates were rhetorically attacked in the press. This reached a low point when the press accused Jackson's wife Rachel of bigamy. .She died a few weeks after the elections.^ A few weeks later his election was accomplished by a flattering vote, the poll showing for him 1817 votes out of 2565, with only 373 for the next candidate.
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.Jackson said he would forgive those who insulted him, but he would never forgive the ones who attacked his wife.^ The first instinct of nearly every one was opposition towards him ; coalition might be forced by circumstances but never came by volition.
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^ They ended up calling an ambulance for him, as they were afraid he would have a heart attack, due to severe shock.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ Sooner or later every man of any note in the United States was mentioned in his pages, and there is scarcely one of them, who, if he could have read what was said of him, would not have preferred the ignominy of omission.
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.Adams lost the election by a decisive margin, 178–83 in the Electoral College.^ When the electoral 170 JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. college met the result of their ballots was as follows : — General Jackson led with .
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^ The election of 1828 gave 178 votes for Jack- son and only 83 for Adams.
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^ Election Resources and Information Electoral College: Preserve or Abolish?
  • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

.He won exactly the same states that his father had won in the election of 1800: the New England states, New Jersey, and Delaware.^ To this end he said that he would offer a resolution " ordering the clerk to call the members from New Jersey possessing the credentials from the Governor of that State."
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^ Those of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina, followed, and all shared the same fate.
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^ The most curious part of the case is, that his own election as clerk depends upon the exclusion of the New Jersey members."
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.Jackson won everything else except for New York, which gave 16 of its electoral votes to Adams, and Maryland, which cast 6 of its votes for Adams.^ It was said that Jackson was the choice of a plurality of the people because he had received the largest electoral vote.
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^ They had expected for him a fair sup- port at the South, whereas he in fact received seventy-seven out of his eighty-four votes from New York and New England ; Maryland gave him three, Louisiana gave him two, Delaware and Illinois gave him one each.
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^ When the electoral 170 JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. college met the result of their ballots was as follows : — General Jackson led with .
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Glass collodion negative copy c. 1860 of a daguerreotype of John Quincy Adams in 1847 or 1848, attributed to Mathew Brady (retouched)

Member of Congress

Adams did not retire after leaving office. .Instead he ran for and was elected to the House of Representatives in the 1830 elections as a National Republican.^ CHAPTER III. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. In September, 1S30, Mr. Adams notes in his Diary a suggestion made to him that he might if he wished be elected to the national House of Representatives from the Plymouth district.
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^ From the first a strong minority in the House of Representatives was hostile to him, and the next election made this a majority.
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.He was the first president to serve in Congress after his term of office, and one of only two former presidents to do so; Andrew Johnson later served in the Senate.^ This negotiation occupied more than one year of time - and in February, 1791, just before the expiration of the first Constitutional Congress, President Washington communicated to the Senate in secret session the fact of its existence, and the correspondence by which it had been conducted.
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^ Friendship or hostility to the President were the only two matters which were sure to have no effect whatsoever upon the fate of an incum- bent or an aspirant.
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^ Not only did he win WWII and serve three terms (elected for four), he kicked polio in the face, which is a neat trick WHEN YOU HAVE POLIO. .
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

.He was elected to eight terms, serving as a Representative for 17 years, from 1831 until his death.^ Not only did he win WWII and serve three terms (elected for four), he kicked polio in the face, which is a neat trick WHEN YOU HAVE POLIO. .
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ He con- tinued thenceforth to represent this district un- til his death, a period of about sixteen years.
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.Through redistricting Adams represented three districts in succession: Massachusetts's 11th congressional district (1831–1833), 12th congressional district (1833–1837), and 8th congressional district (1837–1843), serving from the 22nd to the 30th Congresses.^ No person could be degraded by serving the people as a Representative in Congress.
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He became a Whig in 1834.
.In Congress, he was chair of the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures (23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 28th and 29th), the Committee on Indian Affairs (for the 27th Congress) and the Committee on Foreign Affairs (also for the 27th Congress).^ Foreign Affairs Committee,- and had found it a limb?
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^ That of John Jay was associated with them shortly after the peace, in the capacity of Secretary to the Congress for Foreign Affairs.
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^ He would have preferred to exchange this post for a place upon the Committee on Foreign Affairs, for whose business he felt more fitted.
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He became an important antislavery voice in the Congress. .During the years 1836–37 Adams presented many petitions for the abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia and elsewhere to Congress.^ That Congress ought not to interfere with slavery in the District of Columbia ; 3.
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^ "John Minor Botts of Virginia asserted that the battle [led by John Quincy Adams] "made more abolitionists in one year, by identifying the right of petition with the question of slavery, than the abolitionists would have made for themselves in twenty-five years."
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^ According to historian Stanley Elkins ( Slavery: A Problem in American Institutional and Intellectual Life ,1959), that's what happened when another American tradition, the right to petition, was denied by radical conservatives in the US Congress during the volatile antebellum years of 1836: .
  • Dr. Teresa Whitehurst: Sen. Bill Frist v. John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Gag rule prevented discussion of slavery from 1836 to 1844, but he frequently managed to evade it by parliamentary skill.^ The gag rule was eventually repealed in 1844.
  • Dr. Teresa Whitehurst: Sen. Bill Frist v. John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1834 he unsuccessfully ran as the Anti-Masonic candidate[24] for Governor of Massachusetts, losing to John Davis.^ The feeling between the Freemasons and the anti-Masons ran very high for several years, and once he was prevailed upon to allow his name to be used, by the latter party.
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Adams then continued his legal career.
.In 1841, he had the case of a lifetime, representing the defendants in United States v.^ Here then are two very extensive limitations, by the laws of the United States, upon the doctrines of Sir William Scott, pronounced in the case of the Louis.
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^ I have said that the decisions of all the courts of the United States in that case directing that surrender, are apologetic.
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^ Therein he stated that the invitation which had been extended to the United States to be represented at the Congress of Panama had been accepted, and that he should commis- sion ministers to attend the meeting.
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.The Amistad Africans
in the Supreme Court of the United States.^ The appeal from these decrees to the Circuit Court of the United States came up before Judge William Johnson, in May, 1821.
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^ The Attorney says:— " In the case of the Antelope, (10 Wheaton, page 66,) this subject was fully examined, and the opinion of the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the following points:— "1.
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^ John S. Paine, commander of the Grampus, and aid in conveying on board that schooner all the Negroes, late of the Spanish schooner Amistad, in his custody, under process [now] pending before the Circuit Court of the United States for the District of Connecticut.
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.He successfully argued that the Africans, who had seized control of a Spanish ship on which they were being transported illegally as slaves, should not be extradited or deported to Cuba (still under Spanish control) but should be considered free.^ Who was the Spanish owner here with his ship?
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^ But if, by any latitude of construction, it could be applied, its benefits belong to the Africans, for they were pursuing a lawful voyage, and not to the Spaniards, who were on an unlawful voyage, in the prosecution of the slave trade.
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^ Here is no longer a demand for the delivery of slaves to their owners, nor for the surrender of the Africans to the Spanish minister as assassins, but an application to the President of the United States to transport forty individuals beyond the seas, to be tried for their lives.
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.Under Andrew Jackson's successor Martin Van Buren, the United States Department of Justice argued the Africans should be deported for having mutinied and killed officers on the ship.^ The principle upon which it was drawn up was, that the separate members of the confederacy should still continue Colonies, and only in their united capacity constitute States.
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^ In what capacity does he demand that the President of the United States should place himself?
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^ That these MEN, being at that time in judicial custody of the Court of the United States, should be taken out of that custody, under an order of the President, and sent beyond seas by his sole authority!
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.Adams won their freedom, with the chance to stay in the United States or return to Africa.^ Most unjustly it was declared that Mr. Adams had sacrificed a portion of the territory of the United States.
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^ Clay therefore had to decide for nimself, his followers, and the country whether Mr. Adams or General Jackson should be the next President of the United States.
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^ To these two libels Richard Habersham, district attorney of the United States, interposed in their name a claim to the freedom of all the Negroes, on the ground that some American citizen was interested or engaged in their transportation from Africa.
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.Adams made the argument because the U.S. had prohibited the international slave trade, although it allowed internal slavery.^ There is not a word, not a letter in the statute to authorize the intention of shielding from forfeiture a slave trading smuggler, because the captain was not her owner.
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^ The Antelope was engaged in the slave trade south of the Line, where it was not then prohibited by the laws of Spain.
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^ But while Mr. Adams, unmoved by argument, anger, or entreaty, thus alienated many and discouraged all, every one was made acquainted with the antipodal principles of his rival.
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He never billed for his services in the Amistad case.[25]
Adams sat for the earliest confirmed photograph still in existence of a U.S. president in 1843.[26] The original daguerreotype is in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery of the Smithsonian Institution.[27]
.Although there is no indication that the two were close, Adams met Abraham Lincoln during the latter's sole term as a member of the House of Representatives, from 1847 until Adams' death.^ There is no such man in the House."
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^ Perhaps I may be justified in conjecturing to what case he alludes, and I will say that, if he alludes to any case of public notoriety, I shall be able to show, before I close, that there is no analogy to this case.
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^ This was not con- soling for the representatives of that side which 88 JOHN QUJNCY ADAMS. had declared war for the purpose of curing grievances and vindicating alleged rights.
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.Thus, it has been suggested that Adams is the only major figure in American history who knew both the Founding Fathers and Abraham Lincoln.^ John Quincy Adams, then eleven years old, accompanied his father and thus made bis first acquaintance with the foreign lands where so many of his coming years were to be passed.
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^ In Mr. Mann's family were two daughters, one son, the son who found my brother Aaron A. Adams.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Adams retaliated by reciting offensive language used by Mr. Canning, who in turn replied that he had been speaking only in self-defence.
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[citation needed]

Death and burial

.
John Quincy Adams during his final hours of life after his collapse in the capitol.
^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
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^ Full text of "John Quincy Adams" .
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Drawing in pencil by Arthur Joseph Stansbury, digitally restored.
.On February 21, 1848, the House of Representatives was discussing the matter of honoring US Army officers who served in the Mexican-American War.^ That this house consider an adequate provision for the support of public credit, as a matter of high importance to the national honor and prosperity.
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^ In his single term as President, he won the Mexican War, increasing US territory by half, and got Britain to cede most of the Oregon Territory without firing a shot.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

^ JQA collapses in his seat in the House of Representatives and is carried to the Speaker's Room, where he dies on the 23 February.
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.Adams firmly opposed this idea, so when the rest of the house erupted into 'ayes', he cried out, 'No!'^ When Mr. Adams's name was called, he relates : — " I rose and said, ' Mr. Speaker, considering all the resolutions introduced by the gentleman from New Hampshire as ' — The Speaker roared out, * The gentleman from Massachusetts must answer Aye or No, and nothing else.
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^ Adams desired the office of President ; he went 184 JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. into the combination without it, and came out with it.
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^ John Smith had made no attempt to smuggle these into the United States separate from the rest.
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[28] Immediately thereafter, Adams collapsed, having suffered a massive cerebral hemorrhage.[29] .Two days later, on February 23, he died with his wife and son at his side in the Speaker's Room inside the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. His last words were reported to have been, "This is the last of Earth.^ (Roosevelt died of complications from an abscess, his son Kermit committed suicide 30 years later.
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^ The same day, February 22, 1821, closed, JOHN QU1NCY ADAMS. 127 says Mr. Adams, " two of the most memorable transactions of my life."
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^ Clay lost his temper," writes Mr. Adams a day or two later, " as he generally does whenever this right of the British to nav- igate the Mississippi is discussed.
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I am content."
His original interment was temporary, in the public vault at the Congressional Cemetery in Washington, D.C.. Later, he was interred in the family burial ground in Quincy at the First Unitarian Church, called Hancock Cemetery. After his wife's death, his son, Charles Francis Adams, had him reinterred with his wife in a family crypt in the United First Parish Church across the street. His parents are also buried there, and both tombs are viewable. Adams' original tomb at Hancock Cemetery is still there, marked simply "J.Q. Adams".[30]

Family

Tombs of Presidents John Adams (left) and John Quincy Adams (right) and their wives, in a family crypt beneath the United First Parish Church
John Quincy Adams' original tomb at Hancock Cemetery, across the street from United First Parish Church
.John Quincy Adams and Louisa Catherine (Johnson) Adams had three sons and a daughter.^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
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^ Calomese, three sons and three daughters.
  • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

Louisa was born in 1811 but died in 1812 while the family was in Russia. .They named their first son George Washington Adams (1801–1829) after the first president.^ JQA and Louisa Catherine Adams are reunited with their two older sons, George Washington Adams and John Adams, in London.
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^ JQA receives a letter from his father informing him that President George Washington has appointed him resident minister to The Hague.
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^ JQA dines with President George Washington the day before receiving his commission as resident minister to the Hague from the secretary of state.
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.Both George and their second son, John (1803–1834), led troubled lives and died in early adulthood.^ He nearly died, his son nearly died, and the injuries both mental and physical did end up killing both of them.
  • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

[31][32] (George committed suicide and John was expelled from Harvard before his 1823 graduation.)
Adams' youngest son, Charles Francis Adams (who named his own son John Quincy), also pursued a career in diplomacy and politics. .In 1870 Charles Francis built the first memorial presidential library in the United States, to honor his father.^ It was in pur- suance of the doctrine to which he thus gave the first utterance that slavery was forever abol- ished in the United States.
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^ First, he demands that the United States shall keep them safely, and send them to Cuba, all in a lump, the children as well as Cinque and Grabbo.
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^ May it please your Honors—If the President of the United States had arbitrary and unqualified power, he could not satisfy these demands.
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The Stone Library includes over 14,000 books written in twelve languages. .The library is located in the "Old House" at Adams National Historical Park in Quincy, Massachusetts.^ The Speaker then said, ' The gentleman (rom Massachusetts will take his seat ; ' which I did JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 259 and immediately rose again and presented another petition.
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^ John Quincy Adams, by an effort to present a petition from slaves, has committed a gross contempt of this House.
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^ John Quincy Adams, then eleven years old, accompanied his father and thus made bis first acquaintance with the foreign lands where so many of his coming years were to be passed.
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.John Adams and John Quincy Adams were the first father and son to each serve as president (the others being George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush).^ President John Adams appoints JQA minister plenipotentiary to Prussia.
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^ JQA and Louisa Catherine Adams are reunited with their two older sons, George Washington Adams and John Adams, in London.
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^ JQA receives a letter from his father informing him that President George Washington has appointed him resident minister to The Hague.
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.In addition, each Adams served only one term as President.^ Fortunately at present we have to do with only 10 JO UN QUJNCY ADAMS. one of these likenesses, and that one we are able to admire while knowing also that it is beyond question accurate.
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^ President Washington, toward the close of his second term, transferred Mr. Adams to the Court of Portugal.
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^ Adams was pointed out not only by his deserts but also by his position in the Cabinet, it having been the custom heretofore to promote the Secretary of State to the Presidency.
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Harvard professor of rhetoric

.Disowned by the Federalists and not fully accepted by the Republicans, Adams used his Boylston Professorship of Rhetoric and Oratory at Harvard as a new base.^ Lectures delivered from 1806 to 1809 at Harvard by JQA published as Lectures on Rhetoric and Oratory .
  • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

^ JQA writes in his diary about his appointment as the first Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory at Harvard.
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[33] Adams' devotion to classical rhetoric shaped his response to public issues. He remained inspired by classical rhetorical ideals long after the neo-classicalism and deferential politics of the founding generation had been eclipsed by the commercial ethos and mass democracy of the Jacksonian Era. .Many of Adams's idiosyncratic positions were rooted in his abiding devotion to the Ciceronian ideal of the citizen-orator "speaking well" to promote the welfare of the polis.^ The fervid laborers in pol- itics left Mr. Adams alone in his chilling re- 1 Mr. Mills, in writing of Mr. Adams's inauguration, ex- pressed well what many felt.
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^ Adams was pointed out not only by his deserts but also by his position in the Cabinet, it having been the custom heretofore to promote the Secretary of State to the Presidency.
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[34] Adams was influenced by the classical republican ideal of civic eloquence espoused by British philosopher David Hume.[35] Adams adapted these classical republican ideals of public oratory to America, viewing the multilevel political structure as ripe for "the renaissance of Demosthenic eloquence." Adams's Lectures on Rhetoric and Oratory (1810) looks at the fate of ancient oratory, the necessity of liberty for it to flourish, and its importance as a unifying element for a new nation of diverse cultures and beliefs. .Just as civic eloquence failed to gain popularity in Britain, in the United States interest faded in the second decade of the 18th century as the "public spheres of heated oratory" disappeared in favor of the private sphere.^ He concluded by saying, "In the islands above mentioned the citizens of the United States have always met with a favorable reception and kind treatment.
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^ JOHN QU1NCY ADAMS. 87 Fighting it out was a much less painful prospect for Great Britain just at that juncture than for the United States, as the Americans realized with profound anxiety.
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^ The treaty was carried faithfully into execution, and justice was established in the relations between the United States and Great Britain.
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[36]

Legacy

.John Quincey Adams is rated in the second quartile in the majority of historical presidential rankings.^ A miniseries on the life of American Revolutionary leader and second President of the United States John Adams.
  • John Adams Television show - John Adams TV Show - Yahoo! TV 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC tv.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Seneca, w/o John Quincey Adams, January 11, 1973, p5 .

^ These came in good time, and during 18 JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. the second, third, and fourth years, his business grew apace to encouraging dimensions.
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He was portrayed by Anthony Hopkins in the 1997 film Amistad.

See also

Pronunciation note

  1. ^ The name Quincy has subsequently been used for at least nineteen other places in the United States. Those places were either directly or indirectly named for John Quincy Adams (for example, Quincy, Illinois was named in honor of Adams while Quincy, California was named for Quincy, Illinois). The Quincy family name was pronounced /ˈkwɪnzi/, as is the name of the city in Massachusetts where Adams was born (About this sound spoken pronunciation of Adams' name). However, all of the other place names are locally pronounced /ˈkwɪnsi/. Though technically incorrect, this pronunciation is also commonly used for Adams' middle name. Sources: "Frequently Asked Questions". City of Quincy. http://www.quincyma.gov/Utilities/faq.cfm#13. Retrieved 2009-07-09. ; Wead, Doug (2005). The raising of a president: the mothers and fathers of our nation's leaders. New York: Atria Books. p. 59. ISBN 0743497260. OCLC 57358429. http://books.google.com/books?id=BI22SihvFJwC&pg=PA59. Retrieved 2009-07-09. 

Notes

  1. ^ "John Quincy Adams". Metropolitan Museum of Art. http://www.metmuseum.org/works_of_art/collection_database/photographs/john_quincy_adams_albert_sands_southworth/objectview.aspx?page=59&sort=0&sortdir=asc&keyword=&fp=1&dd1=19&dd2=0&vw=1&collID=19&OID=190020159&vT=1. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  2. ^ Bemis (1949)
  3. ^ See Howe (2007)
  4. ^ This Day in History in 1828, www.history.com, retrieved 3-13-2008
  5. ^ The text of his 50-volume diary (plus a supplemental volume) at the Massachusetts Historical Society can be found at Massshist.org
  6. ^ John Quincy Adams: Letters on Silesia: Written During a Tour Through that Country in the Years 1800,1801 Books.Google.com
  7. ^ U.S. Presidents Who Are Phi Beta Kappa Members, Phi Beta Kappa website, accessed Oct 4, 2009
  8. ^ McCullough. John Adams. pp. 575–576
  9. ^ a b NPS bio of JQA
  10. ^ David McCoulough. John Adams. (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005) p. 587
  11. ^ Allgor, (1997).
  12. ^ Francis Sempa essay
  13. ^ Adams speech July 4, 1821
  14. ^ "Presidential Inaugurations Past and Present: A Look at the History Behind the Pomp and Circumstance". Fpc.state.gov. http://web.archive.org/web/*/http://fpc.state.gov/fpc/40871.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  15. ^ Romero, Frances (15 January 2009). "A Brief History Of: Swearing In". Time (magazine). http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1871905,00.html. Retrieved 18 January 2009. 
  16. ^ Lynn H. Parsons, John Quincy Adams (1999)
  17. ^ The charge was made by Isaac Hill, leader of the Jacksonians in New Hampshire. Lynn Parsons, Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, and the Election of 1828 (2009) P. 150
  18. ^ Ronald N. Satz, American Indian Policy in the Jacksonian Era (1975)
  19. ^ The American Presidency Project (1999–2010). "Executive Order July 11, 1826". http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=66658. 
  20. ^ a b Bemis John Quincy Adams and the Union (1956)
  21. ^ Miller Center for Public Affairs, University of Virginia
  22. ^ Adams, John Quincy Memoirs of John Quincy Adams: comprising portions of his diary, Volume 6, accessed Oct 8, 2009
  23. ^ "Wednesday, February 9, 1825". Library of Congress. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/hlaw:@field(DOCID+@lit(hj01849)). Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  24. ^ Richards, Leonard L. (1986). The Life and Times of Congressman John Quincy Adams. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. p. 48. ISBN 0-19-504026-0. 
  25. ^ Miller, William Lee, pg 402
  26. ^ Krainik, Clifford. "Face the Lens, Mr. President: A Gallery of Photographic Portraits of 19th-Century U.S. Presidents". The White House Historical Association. http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_publications/publications_documents/whitehousehistory_16.pdf. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  27. ^ "CAP Search results related to Bishop". National Portrait Gallery. http://npgportraits.si.edu/emuseumnpg/code/emuseum.asp?style=single&currentrecord=1&page=seealso&profile=People&searchdesc=Bishop%20&searchstring=constituentid/,/is/,/30789/,/false/,/true&newvalues=1&rawsearch=constituentid/,/is/,/30789/,/false/,/true&newstyle=text&newprofile=CAP&newsearchdesc=Related%20to%20Bishop%20&%20Gray%20Studio&newcurrentrecord=1&module=CAP&moduleid=1. Retrieved 2009-09-04. 
  28. ^ Parker, Theodore (1848). A discourse occasioned by the death of John Quincy Adams. Boston: Published by Bela Marsh, 25 Cornhill. p. 26. OCLC 6354870. http://books.google.com/books?id=mD8vAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA26. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  29. ^ Widmer, Edward L. (2008). Ark of the liberties: America and the world. New York: Hill and Wang. p. 120. ISBN 978-0809027354. OCLC 191882004. http://books.google.com/books?id=9Cht_ETq3wwC&pg=PA120. Retrieved 2009-08-02. 
  30. ^ John Quincy Adams (1767–1848) – Find A Grave Memorial (original burial site
  31. ^ "Brief Biographies of Jackson Era Characters (A)". Jmisc.net. http://www.jmisc.net/BIOG-A.htm. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  32. ^ Shepherd, Jack, Cannibals of the Heart: A Personal Biography of Louisa Catherine and John Quincy Adams, New York, McGraw-Hill 1980
  33. ^ He was appointed in 1805, after turning down the presidency of Harvard.
  34. ^ Lyon Rathbun, "The Ciceronian Rhetoric of John Quincy Adams." Rhetorica (2000) 18(2): 175–215.
  35. ^ See David Hume, "Of Eloquence," in Essays, Political and Moral *1742)
  36. ^ Adam S. Potkay, "Theorizing Civic Eloquence in the Early Republic: the Road from David Hume to John Quincy Adams." Early American Literature (1999) 34(2): 147–170.

References

  • Allgor, Catherine (1997). "'A Republican in a Monarchy': Louisa Catherine Adams in Russia". Diplomatic History 21 (1): 15–43. doi:10.1111/1467-7709.00049. ISSN 0145-2096.  Fulltext in Swetswise, Ingenta and Ebsco.
  • Bemis, Samuel Flagg. .John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. vol 1 (1949), John Quincy Adams and the Union (1956), vol 2. Pulitzer prize biography.
  • Crofts, Daniel W. (1997).^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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    ^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Full text of "John Quincy Adams" .
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    "Congressmen, Heroic and Otherwise". Reviews in American History 25 (2): 243–247. ISSN 0048-7511.  Fulltext in Project Muse. Adams role in antislavery petitions debate 1835–44.
  • Holt, Michael F. The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War. 1999.
  • Lewis, James E., Jr. John Quincy Adams: Policymaker for the Union. Scholarly Resources, 2001. 164 pp.
  • Mattie, Sean (2003). ."John Quincy Adams and American Conservatism". Modern Age 45 (4): 305–314. ISSN 0026-7457.  fulltext online
  • McMillan, Richard (2001).^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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    ^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
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    ^ Full text of "John Quincy Adams" .
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ."Election of 1824: Corrupt Bargain or the Birth of Modern Politics?". New England Journal of History 58 (2): 24–37. 
  • Miller, Chandra (2000).^ But he was born to be a hereditary king, and to exemplify in his life and history the irremediable vices of that political institution, which substitutes birth for merit, as the only qualification for attaining the supremacy of power.
    • WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wallbuilders.com [Source type: Original source]

    ."'Title Page to a Great Tragic Volume': the Impact of the Missouri Crisis on Slavery, Race, and Republicanism in the Thought of John C. Calhoun and John Quincy Adams". Missouri Historical Review 94 (4): 365–388. ISSN 0026-6582.  Shows that both men considered splitting the country as a solution.
  • Miller, William Lee (1995).^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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    ^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Republicans trampled upon the Federalists, and the Federalists trampled on John Quincy Adams.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Arguing About Slavery.^ NEW Arguing about Slavery: John Quincy Adams and the...

    ^ Arguing About Slavery: The Great Battle in the United States Congress.
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    ^ Arguing About Slavery.
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    .John Quincy Adams and the Great Battle in the United States Congress
    .^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 235 The nullification chapter of our history can- not here be entered upon at length, and Mr. Adams's connection with it must be very shortly stated.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At this time the great question of the admis- sion of Missouri into the Union of States be- gan to agitate Congress and the nation.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
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    Vintage Books. .ISBN 0-3945-6922-9. 
  • Nagel, Paul C. John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life (1999)
  • Parsons, Lynn Hudson (1 October 2003).^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 235 The nullification chapter of our history can- not here be entered upon at length, and Mr. Adams's connection with it must be very shortly stated.
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    ^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ JQA visits with John Adams and Abigail Adams in Quincy, Massachusetts.
    • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

    ."In Which the Political Becomes Personal, and Vice Versa: the Last Ten Years of John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson". Journal of the Early Republic 23 (3): 421–443. doi:10.2307/3595046.^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
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    ^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ AM Fidelis Andrew Jackson wrote death threats to his opponent John Quincy Adams.
    • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

    .ISSN 0275-1275. 
  • Parsons, Lynn H. The Birth of Modern Politics: Andrew Jackson, John Quincy Adams, and the Election of 1828 (2009) excerpt and text search
  • Portolano, Marlana (2000).^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ AM Fidelis Andrew Jackson wrote death threats to his opponent John Quincy Adams.
    • The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.cracked.com [Source type: General]

    ."John Quincy Adams's Rhetorical Crusade for Astronomy". Isis 91 (3): 480–503. doi:10.1086/384852.^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 235 The nullification chapter of our history can- not here be entered upon at length, and Mr. Adams's connection with it must be very shortly stated.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ JQA visits with John Adams and Abigail Adams in Quincy, Massachusetts.
    • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

    ISSN 0021-1753.  Fulltext online at Jstor and Ebsco. He tried and failed to create a national observatory.
  • Potkay, Adam S. (1999). ."Theorizing Civic Eloquence in the Early Republic: the Road from David Hume to John Quincy Adams". Early American Literature 34 (2): 147–170. ISSN 0012-8163.  Fulltext online at Swetswise and Ebsco.
  • Rathbun, Lyon (2000).^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 261 be the case.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Full text of "John Quincy Adams" .
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ."The Ciceronian Rhetoric of John Quincy Adams". Rhetorica 18 (2): 175–215. doi:10.1525/rh.2000.18.2.175.^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 235 The nullification chapter of our history can- not here be entered upon at length, and Mr. Adams's connection with it must be very shortly stated.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ JQA visits with John Adams and Abigail Adams in Quincy, Massachusetts.
    • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

    ISSN 0734-8584. 
  • Remini, Robert V. (2002). .John Quincy Adams.^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. The next day, accordingly, this genial pair Rgain encountered.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. Ill Mr. Alford, in advocating these resolutions, talked about " this awful crisis of our beloved country."
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Quincy, in Massachusetts, was born John Quincy Adams.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    New York: Times Books. ISBN 0805069399.
     
  • Wood, Gary V. (2004). .Heir to the Fathers: John Quincy Adams and the Spirit of Constitutional Government.^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 235 The nullification chapter of our history can- not here be entered upon at length, and Mr. Adams's connection with it must be very shortly stated.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Library of Congress Subject Headings, 21st edition, 1998 LC Subject Headings: Adams, John Quincy, 1845- African Americans -- Pennsylvania -- Biography.
    • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Ladham, MD: Lexington. ISBN 0739106015.
     
  • Brinkley, Alan; Dyer, Davis (2004). The American Presidency. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0618382739. 

Primary sources

.
  • Adams, John Quincy.^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 235 The nullification chapter of our history can- not here be entered upon at length, and Mr. Adams's connection with it must be very shortly stated.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Speaker then said, ' The gentleman (rom Massachusetts will take his seat ; ' which I did JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 259 and immediately rose again and presented another petition.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    Memoirs (12 vol 1874–77), partly online, books.google.com
  • .
  • Adams, John Quincy.^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 235 The nullification chapter of our history can- not here be entered upon at length, and Mr. Adams's connection with it must be very shortly stated.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Library of Congress Subject Headings, 21st edition, 1998 LC Subject Headings: Adams, John Quincy, 1845- African Americans -- Pennsylvania -- Biography.
    • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Writings ed. W. C. Ford (7 vol. 1913–1917), vol 7 online, books.google.com
  • Butterfield, L. H. et al., eds., The Adams Papers (1961– ). .Multivolume letterpress edition of all letters to and from major members of the Adams family, plus their diaries; still incomplete.^ Click here for a list of members of the Adams family and their relationships to JQA. .
    • The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.masshist.org [Source type: General]

    Masshist.org
  • .
  • Adams, John Quincy.^ JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 235 The nullification chapter of our history can- not here be entered upon at length, and Mr. Adams's connection with it must be very shortly stated.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The severe pressure agains' JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 255 him begat only the more severe counter pres- sure upon his part.
    • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Library of Congress Subject Headings, 21st edition, 1998 LC Subject Headings: Adams, John Quincy, 1845- African Americans -- Pennsylvania -- Biography.
    • John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC docsouth.unc.edu [Source type: Original source]

    Lectures on Rhetoric and Oratory, 1810 (facsimile ed., 1997, Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, ISSN 9780820115078).

External links

This audio file was created from a revision dated 2009-01-08, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help)
More spoken articles
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Political offices
Preceded by
James Monroe
President of the United States
March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829
Succeeded by
Andrew Jackson
United States Secretary of State
Served under: James Monroe

March 5, 1817 – March 4, 1825
Succeeded by
Henry Clay
United States Senate
Preceded by
Jonathan Mason
United States Senator (Class 1) from Massachusetts
1803–1808
Served alongside: Timothy Pickering
Succeeded by
James Lloyd
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
William B. Calhoun
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 8th congressional district

1843–1848
Succeeded by
Horace Mann
Preceded by
James L. Hodges
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 12th congressional district

1833–1843
Succeeded by
District abolished
Preceded by
Joseph Richardson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 11th congressional district

1831–1833
Succeeded by
John Reed, Jr.
(Redistricted)
Party political offices
New political party National Republican Party presidential candidate
1828
Succeeded by
Henry Clay
Preceded by
James Monroe
Democratic-Republican Party presidential candidate2
1824
Party Disbanded
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Jonathan Russell
as Chargé d'affaires
United States Minister to the United Kingdom
1815–1817
Succeeded by
Richard Rush
Preceded by
William Short
United States Minister to Russia
1809–1814
Succeeded by
James A. Bayard
New title United States Minister to Prussia
1797–1801
Succeeded by
Henry Wheaton¹
Preceded by
William Short
United States Minister to the Netherlands
1794–1797
Succeeded by
William Vans Murray
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Andrew Jackson
Oldest U.S. President still living
June 8, 1845 – February 23, 1848
Succeeded by
Martin Van Buren
Notes and references
1. There was over a thirty-four year period between Adams's and Wheaton's terms.
2. The Democratic-Republican Party split in 1824, fielding four separate candidates: Adams, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay, and William Harris Crawford.

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

The great problem of legislation is, so to organize the civil government of a community...that in the operation of human institutions upon social action, self-love and social may be made the same.
John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767February 23, 1848) was an American lawyer, diplomat, politician, the sixth President of the United States (March 4, 1825March 3, 1829), and the son of John Adams and Abigail Adams

Contents

Sourced

May our country always be successful, but whether successful or otherwise, always right.
The nation which enjoys the most freedom must necessarily be in proportion to its numbers the most powerful nation.
To furnish the means of acquiring knowledge is ... the greatest benefit that can be conferred upon mankind. It prolongs life itself and enlarges the sphere of existence.
The conflict between the principle of liberty and the fact of slavery is coming gradually to an issue. .Slavery has now the power, and falls into convulsions at the approach of freedom.
  • I can never join with my voice in the toast which I see in the papers attributed to one of our gallant naval heroes.^ They were in distress, and were brought into our waters by their enemies' by those who sought, and who are still' seeking, to reduce them from freedom to slavery, as a reward for having spared their lives in the fight.
    • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As for slavery, every one knows it an evil, but it was entailed upon us by our ancestors; it was provided for by the constitution granted by the Lords Proprietors; it was encouraged from motives of policy by the Royal Government, and what right has any one to question our practice of it now?
    • The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.historycentral.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Monarchs had been dethroned for tyranny - kingdoms converted into republics, and revolted provinces had assumed the attributes of sovereign power.
    • John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.lonang.com [Source type: Original source]

    .I cannot ask of heaven success, even for my country, in a cause where she should be in the wrong.^ Hamilton is gone into the country, and I cannot be supplied with my instructions until he returns.
    • John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]
    • Who was John Quincy Adams talking about? | Familytales 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.familytales.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Before the voice of Heaven they silenced even the calls of their country.
    • Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC infomotions.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Before the voice of Heaven they silenced even 15 Orations of John Quincy Adams the calls of their country.
    • John Quincy Adams' Orations 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: Original source]

    Fiat justitia, pereat coelum. My toast would be, may our country always be successful, but whether successful or otherwise, always right.
    • Letter to John Adams (1 August 1816), referring to the popular phrase "My Country, Right or Wrong!" based upon Stephen Decatur's famous statement "Our Country! .In her intercourse with foreign nations may she always be in the right, but our country, right or wrong."^ Crouch down and lick the hand that feeds you; and may posterity forget that ye were our country men.” .
      • On Power: The Independent Institute | “A” Quotes On Power 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.onpower.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ The right to filibuster is important when senators are bitterly divided on issues (and isn't our whole nation more divided and antagonistic than ever?
      • Dr. Teresa Whitehurst: Sen. Bill Frist v. John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Right or wrong, Thurmond and other Republicans have always had the right of filibuster.
      • Dr. Teresa Whitehurst: Sen. Bill Frist v. John Quincy Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.counterpunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .The Latin phrase is one that can be translated as : "Let justice be done though heaven should fall" or "though heaven perish".
  • We know the redemption must come. The time and the manner of its coming we know not: It may come in peace, or it may come in blood; but whether in peace or in blood, LET IT COME.
    • Speech to "the colored people of Pittsburge, Pennsylvania"; Alabama Representative Dellet quoted the speech in the House of Representatives and added "though it cost the blood of thousands of white men."^ It is time, however, to return to the House of Representatives.
      • Full text of "John Quincy Adams" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.archive.org [Source type: Original source]

      ^ The Chair directed the Clerk's minutes to be read, which set forth that it was "the petition of twenty-two persons, declaring themselves to be slaves, and wishes to know whether it comes within the order o the House."
      • John Quincy Adams: Gag Rule Tactics 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: Original source]

      ^ Meanwhile, Remini does not explain that a trip home may cost two weeks time over poorly constructed roads and instead implies to the reader that JQA should have just hopped on Air Force One and sped home in a matter of minutes.
      • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: John Quincy Adams (The American Presidents Series) 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

      Adams replied Though it cost the blood of millions of white men, let it come. .Let justice be done, though the heavens fall. Miller, William Lee (1995).^ Miller, William Lee, pg 402 [14] "Brief Biographies of Jackson Era Characters (A)".
      • John_Quincy_Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ [A profile taken from Arguing About Slavery by William Lee Miller, published by Albert A. Knopf, 1996, pp.153-178] .

      ^ William Lee Miller / John Quincy Adams .

      .Arguing About Slavery.^ NEW Arguing about Slavery: John Quincy Adams and the...

      ^ Arguing About Slavery: The Great Battle in the United States Congress.
      • John Quincy ADAMS — Infoplease.com 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.infoplease.com [Source type: Academic]

      ^ Arguing About Slavery.
      • John_Quincy_Adams 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.docstoc.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      .John Quincy Adams and the Great Battle in the United States Congress
      .^ James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams - James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams While President Jefferson's policies were to a great extent diverged from those of Washington and Adams', President Madison's policies were much the same as the Federalist presidents.
      • Free John Adams Essays 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      ^ Stone Library Gems On display at the Stone Library are books that testify to John Quincy Adams' long crusade against slavery.
      • HowStuffWorks "Adams National Historical Park" 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.howstuffworks.com [Source type: News]

      ^ Of the founding fathers and persons who were essential in the naissance of the great nation known today as the United States of America, John Adams is undoubtedly one of the most vital of th...
      • Free John Adams Essays 16 January 2010 6:58 UTC www.123helpme.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

      Vintage Books. p. 469. .ISBN 0-3945-6922-9.
       
  • Individual liberty is individual power, and as the power of a community is a mass compounded of individual powers, the nation which enjoys the most freedom must necessarily be in proportion to its numbers the most powerful nation.
    • Letter to James Lloyd (1 October 1822)
  • This house will bear witness to his piety; this town, his birthplace, to his munificence; history to his patriotism; posterity to the depth and compass of his mind.^ James Welu, Director of the Worcester Art Museum, summed up the exhibit: “Winterthur’s celebrated collection of American decorative arts tells the story of American taste, and is most important to our nation’s history,” he said.
    • An American Vision: Winterthur at Worcester 9 October 2009 8:17 UTC www.antiquesjournal.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Most communication was in written form – mostly through letters.
    • The Revolutionary John Adams, a unit based on the book by Cheryl Harness</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.homeschoolshare.com/John_Adams.php">www.homeschoolshare.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The letters were often written for posterity and are a national treasure.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>McCullough (David) John Adams Summary</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mcgoodwin.net/pages/otherbooks/dm_johnadams.html">www.mcgoodwin.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__297" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="297"><ul> <li>Epitaph for John Adams (1829), inscribed on one of the portals of the United First Parish Church Unitarian (Church of the Presidents), <a href="/Quincy,_Massachusetts#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Quincy, Massachusetts">Quincy</a></li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>In charity to all mankind, bearing no malice or ill will to any human being, and even compassionating those who hold in bondage their fellow men, not knowing what they do.</strong> <ul> <li>Letter to A. Bronson (30 July 1838); a similar idea was later more famously expressed by <a href="/Abraham_Lincoln" title="Abraham Lincoln">Abraham Lincoln</a>, "With malice towards none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right".</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><em>My wants are many, and, if told,<br /> Would muster many a score;<br /> And were each wish a mint of gold,<br /> I still would want for more.</em> <ul> <li><em>The Wants of Man</em>, stanza 1, published in <em>The Quincy Patriot</em> (25 September 1841)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><em>I want the seals of power and place,<br /> The ensigns of command,<br /> Charged by the people's unbought grace,<br /> To rule my native land.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams letter to Jeremy Belknap...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/results.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams letter to John Adams Boston, MA - 4 February 1792 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Who was John Quincy Adams talking about? | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/talking-about.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams, John , 2d President of the United States .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams John Quincy: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.questia.com/library/encyclopedia/101227629">www.questia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <br /> <a name="citable__0" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="0"><strong>Nor crown, nor scepter would I ask<br /> But from my country's will,<br /> By day, by night, to ply the task<br /> Her cup of bliss to fill.</strong></em> <ul> <li><em>The Wants of Man</em>, stanza 22 (25 September 1841)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>The great problem of legislation is, so to organize the civil government of a community ...</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="0"><a href="#citable__0"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Although his ideals were surely honorable, when he said that, "if the country wants my services, she must ask for them," he appeared to be an elitist who disdained contact with ordinary people.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams [ushistory.org]</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ushistory.org/us/23e.asp">www.ushistory.org</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="0"><a href="#citable__0"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>JQA delivers address to the Young Men's Whig Club of Boston warning that the annexation of Texas would bring the country closer to Civil War.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.masshist.org/jqadiaries/timeline.cfm">www.masshist.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="0"><a href="#citable__0"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams notes that it is " perhaps the most important day of my life," and justly called it " a great epoch in our history."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Full text of "John Quincy Adams"</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.archive.org/stream/johnquincyadams00morsuoft/johnquincyadams00morsuoft_djvu.txt">www.archive.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> that in the operation of human institutions upon social action, self-love and social may be made the same.</strong> <a name="citable__192" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="192"><ul> <li>"Society and Civilization" in the <em>American Review</em> (July 1845)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>To furnish the means of acquiring knowledge is ...</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="192"><a href="#citable__192"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our American nation and society underwent tremendous changes between the war of 1812 and the civil war; some were positive and some increased the violent and selfish strains in American culture.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Daily Kos: Barack Obama and John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dailykos.com/story/2009/10/8/790830/-Barack-Obama-and-John-Quincy-Adams">www.dailykos.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="192"><a href="#citable__192"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In this way, she assured her son, he might acquire useful knowledge and virtue "such as to render you an ornament to society, an honour to your country, and a blessing to your parents."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/n/nagel-adams.html">www.nytimes.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> the greatest benefit that can be conferred upon mankind. <a name="citable__47" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="47">It prolongs life itself and enlarges the sphere of existence.</strong> <ul> <li>Report on the establishment of the Smithsonian Institution (c.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="47"><a href="#citable__47"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In his post-Presidential life, he was a prominent Congressman noted for his anti-slavery work (including his winning defense in the Amistad case) and his part in founding the Smithsonian Institute.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: John Quincy Adams (The American Presidents Series)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/John-Quincy-Adams-American-Presidents/product-reviews/0805069399">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> 1846)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li>This hand, to tyrants ever sworn the foe,<br /> For Freedom only deals the deadly blow;<br /> Then sheathes in calm repose the vengeful blade,<br /> For gentle peace in Freedom’s hallowed shade. <a name="citable__275" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="275"><ul> <li>Written in an Album (1842)l compare: "Manus haec inimica tyrannis / Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem", <a href="/Algernon_Sidney" title="Algernon Sidney" class="mw-redirect">Algernon Sidney</a>, <em>From the Life and Memoirs of Algernon Sidney</em>.</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>The conflict between the principle of liberty and the fact of slavery is coming gradually to an issue.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The struggle was for chartered rights - for English liberties - for the cause of Algernon Sidney and John Hambden - for trial by jury - the Habeas Corpus and Magna Charta.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm">www.lonang.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In thinking over my past life it was a great pleasure to me to write this little book of true facts, which I witnessed during my life while in slavery, and since in the enjoyment of the blessings of liberty as a freeman.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="275"><a href="#citable__275"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The moment you come, to the Declaration of Independence, that every man has a right to life and liberty, an inalienable right, this case is decided.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__359" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="359">Slavery has now the power, and falls into convulsions at the approach of freedom.</strong> That the fall of slavery is predetermined in the counsels of Omnipotence I cannot doubt; it is a part of the great moral improvement in the condition of man, attested by all the records of history.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="359"><a href="#citable__359"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They held their title to liberty, like their title to lands, from the bounty of a man, and in their moral and political chronology, the great charter of Runnimead was the beginning of the world.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="359"><a href="#citable__359"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Simon Cameron, the great railroad builder, and all other fine improvements, and then pay the men for their work, so that they can live too.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="359"><a href="#citable__359"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But in the consummation of these plans, questions of great difficulty, not only in politics but in morals, and questions not less controvertible of constitutional power, were necessarily involved.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm">www.lonang.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> But the conflict will be terrible, and the progress of improvement perhaps retrograde before its final progress to consummation. <a name="citable__330" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="330"><ul> <li>Journal of John Quincy Adams, 11 December 1838. <cite style="font-style:normal" class="book" id="wikiquote_CITEREFMiller_2C_William_Lee1995">Miller, William Lee (1995).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="330"><a href="#citable__330"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President John Quincy Adams for charity!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.squidoo.com/john-quincy-adams">www.squidoo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="330"><a href="#citable__330"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So he is known to us as John Quincy Adams.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Sixth President of the United States</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://all-biographies.com/presidents/john_quincy_adams.htm">all-biographies.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="330"><a href="#citable__330"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams letter to Arthur Lee...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/results.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>Who was John Quincy Adams talking about? | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/talking-about.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__259" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="259"><em>Arguing About Slavery.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>NEW Arguing about Slavery: John Quincy Adams and the...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Bookstore</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.freedomvillagemalls.com/bookstore/adamsjohnq.html">www.freedomvillagemalls.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Arguing About Slavery: The Great Battle in the United States Congress.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy ADAMS — Infoplease.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.infoplease.com/biography/us/congress/adams-john-quincy.html">www.infoplease.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="259"><a href="#citable__259"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Arguing About Slavery.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John_Quincy_Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6092208/John_Quincy_Adams">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__8" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="8">John Quincy Adams and the Great Battle in the United States Congress</em>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams - James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and John Adams While President Jefferson's policies were to a great extent diverged from those of Washington and Adams', President Madison's policies were much the same as the Federalist presidents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free John Adams Essays</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.123helpme.com/search.asp?text=John+Adams">www.123helpme.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Stone Library Gems On display at the Stone Library are books that testify to John Quincy Adams' long crusade against slavery.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>HowStuffWorks "Adams National Historical Park"</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.howstuffworks.com/adams-national-historic-site.htm">www.howstuffworks.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Of the founding fathers and persons who were essential in the naissance of the great nation known today as the United States of America, John Adams is undoubtedly one of the most vital of th...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free John Adams Essays</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.123helpme.com/search.asp?text=John+Adams">www.123helpme.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Vintage Books. p. 344. <a name="citable__125" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="125">ISBN 0-3945-6922-9.</cite><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Arguing+About+Slavery.+John+Quincy+Adams+and+the+Great+Battle+in+the+United+States+Congress&rft.aulast=Miller%2C+William+Lee&rft.au=Miller%2C+William+Lee&rft.date=1995&rft.pages=p.%26nbsp%3B344&rft.pub=Vintage+Books&rft.isbn=0-3945-6922-9&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:John_Quincy_Adams"> <span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><em>Who but shall learn that freedom is the prize<br /> Man still is bound to rescue or maintain;<br /> That nature's God commands the slave to rise,<br /> And on the oppressor's head to break the chain.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While man said that we should be slaves God said we should be .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thus was human nature chained fast for ages in a cruel, shameful, and deplorable servitude to him, and his subordinate tyrants, who, it was foretold, would exalt himself above all that was called God, and that was worshipped.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://pustakalaya.olenepal.org/wiki/wp/j/John_Adams.htm">pustakalaya.olenepal.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The District Attorney still claiming the freedom of all the Negroes, and objecting to the allowance of 75 dollars a head to Captain Jackson for salvage, though not to the allowance of 25 dollars a head for their liberation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <br /> <a name="citable__133" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="133"><strong>Roll, years of promise, rapidly roll round,<br /> Till not a slave shall on this earth be found.</strong></em> <ul> <li><em>Poem</em></li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li>I told him that I thought it was law logic — an artificial system of reasoning, exclusively used in Courts of justice, but good for nothing anywhere else.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Supreme Court told him that was too bad.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cracked.com/article_15895_p3.html">www.cracked.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Law logic--an artificial system of reasoning, exclusively used in courts of justice, but good for nothing anywhere else.” .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>On Power: The Independent Institute | “A” Quotes On Power</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.onpower.org/quotes/a.html">www.onpower.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1801, as President, John Adams offered him the position of Chief Justice of the Circuit Court of the District of Columbia .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Louisa Adams Biography :: National First Ladies' Library</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=6">www.firstladies.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__261" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="261"><ul> <li>Diary record of a comment made by Adams to <a href="/John_Marshall" title="John Marshall">John Marshall</a>, Charles Francis Adams, <em>Memoirs of John Quincy Adams : Comprising Portions of His Diary from 1795 to 1848</em> (1875), p.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="261"><a href="#citable__261"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President John Quincy Adams for charity!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.squidoo.com/john-quincy-adams">www.squidoo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="261"><a href="#citable__261"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So he is known to us as John Quincy Adams.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Sixth President of the United States</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://all-biographies.com/presidents/john_quincy_adams.htm">all-biographies.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="261"><a href="#citable__261"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams letter to Charles Adams Hague, NED - 15 September 1795 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Who was John Quincy Adams talking about? | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/talking-about.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__337" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="337">372</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>All men profess honesty as long as they can.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="337"><a href="#citable__337"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Simon Cameron, the great railroad builder, and all other fine improvements, and then pay the men for their work, so that they can live too.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="337"><a href="#citable__337"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But, in all countries where men are held as slaves, when they are charged with the commission of crimes, the right of their owners to their persons is, and must necessarily be, suspended; and when they are convicted of capital crimes, the right of the owner is extinguished.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="337"><a href="#citable__337"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by the Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among them are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__129" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="129">To believe all men honest would be folly.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I believed that the example of that great Reform would have blessed all the races of mankind by establishing true freedom purged of the native dangers and disordres of Republics.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>On Power: The Independent Institute | “A” Quotes On Power</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.onpower.org/quotes/a.html">www.onpower.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remember all Men would be tyrants if they could.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Abigail Smith Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://abigailadams.net/">abigailadams.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__216" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="216">To believe none so is something worse.</strong> <ul> <li><a href="http://books.google.com/books?id=S088AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA319" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Letter to William Eustis</a> (22 June 1809), published in <em>Writings of John Quincy, Adams</em> (1914), The Macmillan company.</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>This is the last of Earth!</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams letter to Jeremy Belknap...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/results.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President John Quincy Adams for charity!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.squidoo.com/john-quincy-adams">www.squidoo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams letter to Oliver Wolcott...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/results.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__63" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="63">I am content.</strong> <ul> <li>Last words (21 February 1848)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Posterity: you will never know how much it has cost my generation to preserve your freedom.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You will never know how much it cost the present Generation to preserve your Freedom!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Revolutionary John Adams, a unit based on the book by Cheryl Harness</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.homeschoolshare.com/John_Adams.php">www.homeschoolshare.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Do you know how he killed them?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cracked.com/article_15895_p3.html">www.cracked.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Posterity--you will never know how much it has cost my generation to preserve your freedom.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>On Power: The Independent Institute | “A” Quotes On Power</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.onpower.org/quotes/a.html">www.onpower.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__304" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="304">I hope you will make good use of it.</strong> <ul> <li>As quoted in <em>The Rebirth of a Nation : With a Bill of Rights for America's Third Century</em> (1978) by Robert S. Minor, p.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="304"><a href="#citable__304"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I hope you will make good Use of it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Revolutionary John Adams, a unit based on the book by Cheryl Harness</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.homeschoolshare.com/John_Adams.php">www.homeschoolshare.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="304"><a href="#citable__304"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>America, with the same voice which spoke herself into existence as a nation, proclaimed to mankind the inextinguishable rights of human nature, and the only lawful foundations of government.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="304"><a href="#citable__304"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I hope you will make good use of it.” “She has abstained from interference in the concerns of others, even when conflict has been for principles to which she clings, as to the last vital drop that visits the heart.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>On Power: The Independent Institute | “A” Quotes On Power</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.onpower.org/quotes/a.html">www.onpower.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> 10</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><em>La molesse est doce, et sa suite est cruelle.</em> <ul> <li>Idleness is sweet, and its consequences are cruel.</li> <li>Attributed as a diary entry, as quoted in <em>Respectfully Quoted : A Dictionary of Quotations</em> (1992) by Suzy Platt</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Always vote for principle, though you may vote alone, and you may cherish the sweetest reflection that your vote is never lost.</strong> <ul> <li>As quoted in <em>Pocket Patriot : Quotes From American Heroes</em> (2005) edited by Kelly Nickell</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikiquote_Oration_at_Plymouth__281802_29">Oration at Plymouth (1802)</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:146px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/2/6/3/09834221476716477.jpg" width="144" height="96" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <a name="citable__143" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="143"><div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Among the sentiments of most powerful operation upon the human heart, and most highly honorable to the human character, are those of veneration for our forefathers, and of love for our posterity.</div> </div> </div> <ul> <li><strong>Among the sentiments of most powerful operation upon the human heart, and most highly honorable to the human character, are those of veneration for our forefathers, and of love for our posterity.</strong> They form the connecting links between the selfish and the social passions.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hatred is yet a passion, but too powerful upon the hearts of christians.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> FrontPage Magazine - John Quincy Adams Knew Jihad</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://97.74.65.51/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=15201">97.74.65.51</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Venerated shades of our forefathers!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="143"><a href="#citable__143"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They form the connecting links between the selfish and the social passions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__310" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="310">By the fundamental principle of Christianity, the happiness of the individual is Later-woven, by innumerable and imperceptible ties, with that of his contemporaries: by the power of filial reverence and parental affection, individual existence is extended beyond the limits of individual life, and the happiness of every age is chained in mutual dependence upon that of every other.</li> </ul> <ul> <li>Respect for his ancestors excites, in the breast of man, interest in their history, attachment to their characters, concern for their errors, involuntary pride in their virtues.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="310"><a href="#citable__310"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Respect for his ancestors excites, in the breast of man, interest in their history, attachment to their characters, concern for their errors, involuntary pride in their virtues.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="310"><a href="#citable__310"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By the fundamental principle of Christianity, the happiness of the individual is interwoven, by innumerable and imperceptible ties, with that of his contemporaries.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="310"><a href="#citable__310"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By the power of filial reverence and parental affection, individual existence is extended beyond the limits of individual life, and the happiness of every age is chained in mutual dependence upon that of every other.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__178" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="178">Love for his posterity spurs him to exertion for their support, stimulates him to virtue for their example, and fills him with the tenderest solicitude for their welfare.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Love for his posterity spurs him to exertion for their support, stimulates him to virtue for their example, and fills him with the tenderest solicitude for their welfare.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Because Calhoun would JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 157 not support him for the Presidency, Crawford stimulated a series of attacks upon the War De- partment.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Full text of "John Quincy Adams"</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.archive.org/stream/johnquincyadams00morsuoft/johnquincyadams00morsuoft_djvu.txt">www.archive.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__13" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="13">Man, therefore, was not made for himself alone.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Man, therefore, was not made for himself alone.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__162" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="162">No; he was made for his country, by the obligations of the social compact: he was made for his species, by the Christian duties of universal charity: he was made for all ages past, by the sentiment of reverence for his forefathers; and he was made for all future times, by the impulse of affection for his progeny.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>No, he was made for his country, by the obligations of the social compact; he was made for his species, by the Christian duties of universal charity; he was made for all ages past, by the sentiment of reverence for his forefathers; and he was made for all future times, by the impulse of affection for his progeny.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The owners of the vessel and cargo are not all in this country and, of course, a delivery cannot be made to them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was just past ten years of age when his father was sent by his country to France, and took him along.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Sixth President of the United States</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://all-biographies.com/presidents/john_quincy_adams.htm">all-biographies.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__305" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="305">Under the influence of these principles, "Existence sees him spurn her bounded reign."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="305"><a href="#citable__305"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Under the influence of these principles, "Existence sees him spurn her bounded reign."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="305"><a href="#citable__305"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Under the influence of these principles, “Existence sees him spurn her bounded reign.” They redeem his nature from the subjection of time and space; he is no longer a “puny insect shivering at a breeze”; he is the glory of creation, formed to occupy all time and all extent; bounded, during his residence upon earth, only to the boundaries of the world, and destined to life and immortality in brighter regions, when the fabric of nature itself shall dissolve and perish.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="305"><a href="#citable__305"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Forgive the apparent rudeness of these enquiries: they are not addressed to you under the influence of a doubt what your answer to them will be.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wallbuilders.com/LIBissuesArticles.asp?id=9717">www.wallbuilders.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__211" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="211">They redeem his nature from the subjection of time and space: he is no longer a "puny insect shivering at a breeze;" he is the glory of creation, formed to occupy all time and all extent: bounded, during his residence upon earth, only by the boundaries of the world, and destined to life and immortality in brighter regions, when the fabric of nature itself shall dissolve and perish.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="211"><a href="#citable__211"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Creator of all worlds.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm">www.lonang.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="211"><a href="#citable__211"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Under the influence of these principles, “Existence sees him spurn her bounded reign.” They redeem his nature from the subjection of time and space; he is no longer a “puny insect shivering at a breeze”; he is the glory of creation, formed to occupy all time and all extent; bounded, during his residence upon earth, only to the boundaries of the world, and destined to life and immortality in brighter regions, when the fabric of nature itself shall dissolve and perish.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="211"><a href="#citable__211"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They redeem his nature from the subjection of time and space; he is no longer a "puny insect shivering at a breeze"; he is the glory of creation, formed to occupy all time and all extent; bounded, during his residence upon earth, only to the boundaries of the world, and destined to life and immortality in brighter regions, when the fabric of nature itself shall dissolve and perish.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__80" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="80"><ul> <li>He here quotes statements made about <a href="/William_Shakespeare" title="William Shakespeare">William Shakespeare</a> by <a href="/Samuel_Johnson" title="Samuel Johnson">Samuel Johnson</a>, and then one made in reference to <a href="/Timon_of_Athens_(person)#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Timon of Athens (person)">Timon</a> by <a href="/Alexander_Pope" title="Alexander Pope">Alexander Pope</a> in <em>Moral Essays</em>.</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li>The barbarian chieftain, who defended his country against the Roman invasion, driven to the remotest extremity of Britain, and stimulating his followers to battle, by all that has power of persuasion upon the human heart, concludes his exhortation by an appeal to these irresistible feelings — "<strong>Think of your forefathers and of your posterity.</strong>" <ul> <li>He here is translating a phrase of <a href="/Calgacus#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Calgacus">Calgacus</a> in <em><a href="/Agricola_(book)#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Agricola (book)">Vita Agricolae</a></em> by <a href="/Tacitus" title="Tacitus">Tacitus</a> : <em>Et majores et posteros cogitate.</em></li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Courage and perseverance have a magical talisman, before which difficulties disappear and obstacles vanish into air.</strong> These qualities have ever been displayed in their mightiest perfection, as attendants in the retinue of strong passions.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="80"><a href="#citable__80"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Courage and perseverance have a magical talisman, before which difficulties disappear and obstacles vanish into air.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="80"><a href="#citable__80"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hatred is yet a passion, but too powerful upon the hearts of christians.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> FrontPage Magazine - John Quincy Adams Knew Jihad</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://97.74.65.51/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=15201">97.74.65.51</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="80"><a href="#citable__80"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Who is William Crawford talking about?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Who was John Quincy Adams talking about? | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/talking-about.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__360" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="360"><ul> <li>In recent years this has often been misquoted as: "Patience and perseverance have a magical effect before which difficulties disappear and obstacles vanish."</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Religious discord has lost her sting; the cumbrous weapons of theological warfare are antiquated: the field of politics supplies the alchymists of our times with materials of more fatal explosion, and the butchers of mankind no longer travel to another world for instruments of cruelty and destruction.</strong> Our age is too enlightened to contend upon topics, which concern only the interests of eternity; and men who hold in proper contempt all controversies about trifles, except such as inflame their own passions, have made it a common-place censure against your ancestors, that their zeal was enkindled by subjects of trivial importance; and that however aggrieved by the intolerance of others, they were alike intolerant themselves.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="360"><a href="#citable__360"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Everywhere they perceive that they have been made the victims of their own passions and follies.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams letters for the years 1779 thru 1845 | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/results.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>Who was John Quincy Adams talking about? | Familytales</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.familytales.org/talking-about.php?tla=jqa">www.familytales.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="360"><a href="#citable__360"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Courage and perseverance have a magical talisman, before which difficulties disappear and obstacles vanish into air.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="360"><a href="#citable__360"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Happily for our ancestors, their situation allowed them to repair it before its effects had proved destructive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__197" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="197">Against these objections, your candid judgment will not require an unqualified justification; but your respect and gratitude for the founders of the State may boldly claim an ample apology.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Against these objections, your candid judgment will not require an unqualified justification; but your respect and gratitude for the founders of the State may boldly claim an ample apology.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But in order that we may be assuredly within the mark, no claim shall be made on account of these distant ports.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The appeal from these decrees to the Circuit Court of the United States came up before Judge William Johnson, in May, 1821.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The original grounds of their separation from the church of England, were not objects of a magnitude to dissolve the bonds of communion; much less those of charity, between Christian brethren of the same essential principles.</li> </ul> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikiquote_Independence_Day_address__281821_29">Independence Day address (1821)</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:146px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/07/2/1/5/94306553440281070.jpg" width="144" height="216" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <a name="citable__50" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="50"><div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Her glory is not dominion, but liberty.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="50"><a href="#citable__50"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Her glory is not dominion, but liberty.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="50"><a href="#citable__50"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>[America’s] glory is not dominion, but liberty.” [July 4, 1821, from his address as Secretary of State] .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>On Power: The Independent Institute | “A” Quotes On Power</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.onpower.org/quotes/a.html">www.onpower.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Her march is the march of the mind.</div> </div> </div> <dl> <dd><small><a name="citable__14" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="14">Adams' address as Secretary of State to the U.S. House of Representatives.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>United States presidential election, 1824 In the United States presidential election of 1824, John Quincy Adams was elected President on February 9, 1825, after the election was decided by the House of Representatives.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams - US President | Juggle.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.juggle.com/john-quincy-adams">www.juggle.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The choice of the president was thrown into the House of Representatives, and Mr. Clay now used his great influence in favor of Mr. Adams, who was forthwith elected.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://johnqadams.org/">johnqadams.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://virtualology.com/johnquincyadams/">virtualology.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="14"><a href="#citable__14"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Downloads: 0 State of the Union Addresses of John Quincy Adams Views: 4 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John_Quincy_Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6092208/John_Quincy_Adams">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> (4 July 1821)</small></dd> <a name="citable__329" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="329"></dl> <ul> <li>And now, friends and countrymen, if the wise and learned philosophers of the elder world, the first observers of <a href="/nutation#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:nutation">nutation</a> and aberration, the discoverers of maddening ether and invisible planets, the inventors of Congreve rockets and shrapnel shells, should find their hearts disposed to enquire what has America done for the benefit of mankind?</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="329"><a href="#citable__329"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And now, friends and countrymen, if the wise and learned philosophers of the older world, the first observers of mutation and aberration, the discoverers of maddening ether and invisible planets, the inventors of Congreve rockets and shrapnel shells, should find their hearts disposed to inquire, what has America done for the benefit of mankind?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="329"><a href="#citable__329"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And now, friends and countrymen, if the wise and learned philosophers of the older world, the first observers of mutation and aberration, the dis-coverers of maddening ether and invisible planets, the inventors of Congreve rockets and shrapnel shells, should find their hearts disposed to inquire, what has America done for the benefit of man-kind?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="329"><a href="#citable__329"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Come, and inquire what has America done for the benefit of mankind!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__79" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="79">Let our answer be this: <strong>America, with the same voice which spoke herself into existence as a nation, proclaimed to mankind the inextinguishable rights of human nature, and the only lawful foundations of government.</strong></li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>America, in the assembly of nations, since her admission among them, has invariably, though often fruitlessly, held forth to them the hand of honest friendship, of equal freedom, of generous reciprocity.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="79"><a href="#citable__79"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>America, with the same voice which spoke herself into existence as a nation, proclaimed to mankind the inextinguishable rights of human nature, and the only lawful foundations of government.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="79"><a href="#citable__79"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>America, in the assembly of nations, since her admission among them, has invariably, though often fruitlessly, held forth to them the hand of honest friendship, of equal freedom, of generous reciprocity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="79"><a href="#citable__79"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>America, with the same voice which spoke herself into existence as a nation, proclaimed to mankind the inextinguish-able rights of human nature, and the only lawful foundations of government.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__339" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="339">She has uniformly spoken among them, though often to heedless and often to disdainful ears, the language of equal liberty, of equal justice, and of equal rights.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="339"><a href="#citable__339"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She has uniformly spoken among them, though often to heedless and often to disdainful ears, the language of equal liberty, equal justice, and equal rights.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="339"><a href="#citable__339"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>America, in the assembly of nations, since her admission among them, has invariably, though often fruitlessly, held forth to them the hand of honest friendship, of equal freedom, of generous reciprocity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__138" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="138">She has, in the lapse of nearly half a century, without a single exception, respected the independence of other nations while asserting and maintaining her own.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They were a nation , asserting as of right, and maintaining by war, its own existence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams and Universal America</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.tripod.com/%7eamerican_almanac/quincy98.htm">members.tripod.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They were a nation, asserting as of right, and maintaining by war, its own existence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She has, in the lapse of nearly half a century, without a single exception, respected the inde-pendence of other nations, while asserting and maintaining her own.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__10" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="10">She has abstained from interference in the concerns of others, even when conflict has been for principles to which she clings, as to the last vital drop that visits the heart.</strong> She has seen that probably for centuries to come, all the contests of that <a href="/Aceldama#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Aceldama">Aceldama</a> the European world, will be contests of inveterate power, and emerging right.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We will abstain from wars of the European powers, except when our rights are invaded.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams and Universal America</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.tripod.com/%7eamerican_almanac/quincy98.htm">members.tripod.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She has abstained from in-terference in the concerns of others, even when the conflict has been for principles to which [32] she clings, as to the last vital drop that visits the heart.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She has seen that probably for centuries to come, all the contests of that Aceldama, the European World, will be contests between inveterate power, and emerging right.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__342" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="342"><strong>Wherever the standard of freedom and Independence has been or shall be unfurled, there will her heart, her benedictions and her prayers be.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="342"><a href="#citable__342"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Wherever the standard of freedom and independence has been or shall be unfurled, there will her heart, her benedictions and her prayers be.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__92" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="92">But she goes not abroad, in search of monsters to destroy.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On July 4, 1821, he gave an address to Congress: ...But she goes not abroad, in search of monsters to destroy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John_Quincy_Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6092208/John_Quincy_Adams">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But she goes not abroad in search of monsters to destroy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On Independence Day 1821, in response to those who advocated American support for Latin America’s independence movement from Spain,[5] Adams gave a speech in which he said that American policy was moral support for but not armed intervention on behalf of independence movements, stating that America "goes not abroad in search of monsters to destroy."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John_Quincy_Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6092208/John_Quincy_Adams">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__188" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="188">She is the well-wisher to the freedom and independence of all.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is the well-wisher to the freedom and independence of all.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John_Quincy_Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6092208/John_Quincy_Adams">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__163" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="163">She is the champion and vindicator only of her own.</strong> She will commend the general cause by the countenance of her voice, and the benignant sympathy of her example.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She is the champion and vindicator only of her own.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John_Quincy_Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6092208/John_Quincy_Adams">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She will recommend the general cause, by the countenance of her voice, and the benignant sympathy of her example.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The rights reserved by the people would have been exclusively their own rights, and they would have been protected from the encroachments not only of the general government, but of the disunited states.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm">www.lonang.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__212" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="212"><strong>She well knows that by once enlisting under other banners than her own, were they even the banners of foreign independence, she would involve herself beyond the power of extrication, in all the wars of interest and intrigue, of individual avarice, envy, and ambition, which assume the colors and usurp the standard of freedom.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She well knows that by once enlisting under other banners than her own, were they even the banners of foreign independence, she would involve herself, beyond the power of extrication, in all the wars of interest and intrigue, of individ-ual avarice, envy, and ambition, which assume the colors and usurp the standard of freedom.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She well knows that by once enlisting under other banners than her own, were they even the banners of foreign independence, she would involve herself, beyond the power of extrication, in all the wars of interest and intrigue, of individual avarice, envy, and ambition, which assume the colors and usurp the standard of freedom.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But they were all instigated by personal interests.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__213" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="213">The fundamental maxims of her policy would insensibly change from liberty to force.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="213"><a href="#citable__213"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The fundamental maxims of her policy would insensibly change from liberty to force.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="213"><a href="#citable__213"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The fundamental maxims of her policy would insensi-bly change from liberty to force.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__115" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="115">The frontlet on her brows would no longer beam with the ineffable splendor of freedom and independence; but in its stead would soon be substituted an imperial diadem, flashing in false and tarnished lustre the murky radiance of dominion and power.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The frontlet upon her brows would no longer beam with the ineffable splendor of freedom and independence; but in its stead would soon be substituted an imperial diadem, flashing in false and tarnished lustre the murky radiance of dominion and power.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The frontlet upon her brows would no longer beam with the ineffa-ble splendor of freedom and independence; but in its stead would soon be substituted an imperial diadem, flashing in false and tarnished lustre the murky radiance of dominion and power.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Poor would be the consolation to them to know that because we could not identify them we had given away their freedom to others.— Yet shall we refuse to act because not gifted with the power of divination?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__249" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="249">She might become the dictatress of the world; she would be no longer the ruler of her own spirit.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She might become the dictatress of the world: she would be no longer the ruler of her own spirit.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Convinced that her brother might have been saved had he received a severe upbringing, Abigail vowed that no child of hers would come to maturity only casually disciplined.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nytimes.com/books/first/n/nagel-adams.html">www.nytimes.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He says: "Were this otherwise, all confidence and comity would cease to exist among nations; and that code of international law, which now contributes so much to the peace, prosperity and harmony of the world, would no longer regulate and control the conduct of nations."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> . . . <a name="citable__135" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="135">Her glory is not dominion, but liberty.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="135"><a href="#citable__135"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Her glory is not dominion, but liberty.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__95" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="95">Her march is the march of the mind.</strong> She has a spear and a shield: but the motto upon her shield is, Freedom, Independence, Peace.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She has a spear and a shield; but the motto upon her shield is Freedom, Independence, Peace.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Speech on Independence Day by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=2336">www.teachingamericanhistory.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Economic Thinking: John Quincy Adams' July 4 Speech</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://economicthinking.blogspot.com/2007/07/john-quincy-adams-july-4-speech.html">economicthinking.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When the peace came, all controversy with Great Britain, with regard to the principles upon which the Declaration of Independence had been issued, was terminated, and ceased forever.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wallbuilders.com/LIBissuesArticles.asp?id=9717">www.wallbuilders.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> This has been her Declaration: this has been, as far as her necessary intercourse with the rest of mankind would permit, her practice.</li> </ul> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikiquote_Oration_on_Lafayette__281834_29">Oration on Lafayette (1834)</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:146px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/03/1/8/7/60492953975706405.jpg" width="144" height="192" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> He devoted himself, his life, his fortune, his hereditary honors, his towering ambition, his splendid hopes, all to the cause of liberty.</div> </div> </div> <dl> <dd><small>Oration before the US Congress on the character of <a href="/Gilbert_du_Motier,_marquis_de_La_Fayette" title="Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette">Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette</a>, (31 December 1834)</small></dd> <a name="citable__90" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="90"></dl> <ul> <li><strong>Pronounce him one of the first men of his age, and you have yet not done him justice.</strong> Try him by that test to which he sought in vain to stimulate the vulgar and selfish spirit of <a href="/Napoleon_I_of_France" title="Napoleon I of France">Napoleon</a>; class him among the men who, to compare and seat themselves, must take in the compass of all ages; turn back your eyes upon the records of time; summon from the creation of the world to this day the mighty dead of every age and every clime — and where, among the race of merely mortal men, shall one he found, who, as the benefactor of his kind, shall claim to take precedence of Lafayette?</li> </ul> <ul> <li>There have doubtless been, in all ages, men, whose discoveries or inventions, in the world of matter or of mind, have opened new avenues to the dominion of man over the material creation; have increased his means or his faculties of enjoyment; have raised him in nearer approximation to that higher and happier condition, the object of his hopes and aspirations in his present state of existence.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And yet, from the earliest records of time, this animal the only one in the visible creation, who preys upon his kind.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>WallBuilders - Historical Writings - Oration- July 4th- 1837</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wallbuilders.com/LIBissuesArticles.asp?id=9717">www.wallbuilders.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Who is then to decide for him what he must do?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Letters on the Masonic Institution, by John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://thewebfairy.com/hardtruth/lettersonthemasonicinstitutionjohnqadams.htm">thewebfairy.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Letters on the Masonic Institution, by President John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.freemasonrywatch.org/john_quincy_adams.html">www.freemasonrywatch.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We get thousands of emails from you every day.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Dr. Teresa Whitehurst: Sen. Bill Frist v. John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.counterpunch.org/whitehurst11162004.html">www.counterpunch.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <br /> <a name="citable__52" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="52">Lafayette discovered no new principle of politics or of morals.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="52"><a href="#citable__52"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Certain it is, however, that in nearly every difference which Mr. Adams had in his life a question of right and wrong, of moral or political principle, had presented itself to him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Full text of "John Quincy Adams"</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.archive.org/stream/johnquincyadams00morsuoft/johnquincyadams00morsuoft_djvu.txt">www.archive.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He invented nothing in science. <a name="citable__87" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="87">He disclosed no new phenomenon in the laws of nature.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I know of no other law that reaches the case of my clients, but the law of nature and of Nature's God on which our fathers placed our own national existence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Amistad Case- The Arguments of John Quincy Adams before the Supreme Court</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.historycentral.com/amistad/amistad.html">www.historycentral.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__145" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="145">Born and educated in the highest order of feudal Nobility, under the most absolute Monarchy of Europe, in possession of an affluent fortune, and master of himself and of all his capabilities at the moment of attaining manhood, the principle of republican justice and of social equality took possession of his heart and mind, as if by inspiration from above.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="145"><a href="#citable__145"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If my father had been working for himself no doubt all of his children would have been well educated and had good trades.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="145"><a href="#citable__145"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And fortunately for the country and the world, she revealed her distinction and her devotion to republican government, all unself-consciously, in "papers" of her own.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>William Lee Miller / John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cooperativeindividualism.org/miller_johnquincyadams.html">www.cooperativeindividualism.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="145"><a href="#citable__145"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He has also, by a system of self-education, raised himself from the low and degraded condition in which most all the victims of human slavery are found, to a point of intelligence and information very creditable to himself and all who have aided him in his laudable efforts.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__99" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="99"><strong>He devoted himself, his life, his fortune, his hereditary honors, his towering ambition, his splendid hopes, all to the cause of liberty.</strong> He came to another hemisphere to defend her.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="99"><a href="#citable__99"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And fortunately for the country and the world, she revealed her distinction and her devotion to republican government, all unself-consciously, in "papers" of her own.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>William Lee Miller / John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cooperativeindividualism.org/miller_johnquincyadams.html">www.cooperativeindividualism.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="99"><a href="#citable__99"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But certain it is that whether he credited the tale or not he soon began to devote himself with all his wonted vigor and pertinacity to its wide dissemination.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Full text of "John Quincy Adams"</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.archive.org/stream/johnquincyadams00morsuoft/johnquincyadams00morsuoft_djvu.txt">www.archive.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="99"><a href="#citable__99"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We hold these truths to be self-evident that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by the Creator with certain inalienable rights, that among them are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__144" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="144">He became one of the most effective champions of our Independence; but, that once achieved, he returned to his own country, and thenceforward took no part in the controversies which have divided us.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was by far the most qualified aspirant; no one could match the positions he had held or the training in world politics he had undergone.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>William Lee Miller / John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cooperativeindividualism.org/miller_johnquincyadams.html">www.cooperativeindividualism.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And how shall I dare to speak to YOU of a native of your own state, and one of the brightest ornaments not only of your state, but of his country, and of human nature.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm">www.lonang.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>PM You2008 Teddy Roosevelt is one of the most bad assed Presidents in US History!!!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cracked.com/article_15895_p3.html">www.cracked.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__235" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="235">In the events of our Revolution, and in the forms of policy which we have adopted for the establishment and perpetuation of our freedom, Lafayette found the most perfect form of government.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I was taking a class about the forming of the US government and our professor told us an awesomely badass story about George Washington.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The 5 Most Badass Presidents of All-Time | Cracked.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cracked.com/article_15895_p3.html">www.cracked.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is thus, and in no other sense that the Constitution of the United States is democratic - for the government of our country, instead of a Democracy the most simple, is the most complicated government on the face of the globe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm">www.lonang.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While residing on the continent of Europe, they had adopted the principles of the most complete and rigorous reformation, as taught and established by Calvin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams' Orations</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2653486/John-Quincy-Adams-Orations">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Orations / Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://infomotions.com/etexts/gutenberg/dirs/etext97/objqa10.htm">infomotions.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He wished to add nothing to it.</li> </ul> <ul> <li>When the principle of hereditary dominion shall be extinguished in all the institutions of France; when government shall no longer be considered as property transmissible from sire to son, but as a trust committed for a limited time, and then to return to the people whence it came ; as a burdensome duty to be discharged, and not as a reward to be abused; when a claim, any claim, to political power by inheritance shall, in the estimation of the wholfl French people, be held as it now is by the whole people of the North American Union — then will be the time for contemplating the character of Lafayette, not merely in the events of his life, but in the full development of his intellectual conceptions, of his fervent aspirations, of the labors and perils and sacrifices of his long and eventful career upon earth; and thenceforward, <strong>till the hour when the trump of the Archangel shall sound to announce that Time shall be no more, the name of Lafayette shall stand enrolled upon the annals of our race, high on the list of the pure and disinterested benefactors of mankind.</strong></li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikiquote_Quotes_about_Adams">Quotes about Adams</span></h2> <a name="citable__309" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="309"><ul> <li>The highest glory of the American Revolution was this, said John Quincy Adams, it connected in one indistinguishable bond the principles of civil government and the principle of Christianity.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="309"><a href="#citable__309"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President John Quincy Adams for charity!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.squidoo.com/john-quincy-adams">www.squidoo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="309"><a href="#citable__309"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams news and headlines.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.squidoo.com/john-quincy-adams">www.squidoo.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="309"><a href="#citable__309"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Personal relationships of John Quincy Adams .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams - US President | Juggle.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.juggle.com/john-quincy-adams">www.juggle.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <ul> <li><a href="/John_Wingate_Thornton#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:John Wingate Thornton">John Wingate Thornton</a> in <em>The Pulpit of The American Revolution</em> (1860)</li> </ul> </li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikiquote_External_links">External links</span></h2> <a name="citable__279" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="279"><div class="noprint" style="clear: right; border: solid #aaa 1px; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; font-size: 90%; background: #f9f9f9; width: 250px; padding: 4px; spacing: 0px; text-align: left; float: right;"> <div style="float: left;"> <div class="floatnone"><img alt="Wikipedia" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/1/2/4/0315652806810763.png" width="50" height="57" /></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 60px;"><a href="/Wikipedia" title="Wikipedia">Wikipedia</a> has an article about: <div style="margin-left: 10px;"><em><strong><a href="/John_Quincy_Adams#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="wikipedia:John Quincy Adams">John Quincy Adams</a></strong></em></div> </div> </div> <div class="noprint" style="clear: right; border: solid #aaa 1px; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; font-size: 90%; background: #f9f9f9; width: 250px; padding: 4px; spacing: 0px; text-align: left; float: right;"> <div style="float: left;"> <div class="floatnone"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/00/2/4/3/94472162085452912.png" width="50" height="52" /></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 60px;"><a href="/Wikisource#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Wikisource">Wikisource</a> has original works written by or about: <div style="margin-left: 10px;"><em><strong><a href="/Author:John_Quincy_Adams#wikisource" class="extiw" title="s:Author:John Quincy Adams">John Quincy Adams</a></strong></em></div> </div> </div> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ja6.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">White House Biography</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.american-presidents.com/presidents/john-quincy-adams" class="external text" rel="nofollow">John Quincy Adams Biography and Fact File</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/jqadams.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Biography of John Quincy Adams</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.americanpresident.org/history/johnquincyadams/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">American President.org Biography</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/presiden/inaug/qadams.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Inaugural Address</a></li> <li><a href="/State_of_the_Union#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:State of the Union">State of the Union Addresses</a>: <a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-1.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">1825</a>, <a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-2.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">1826</a>, <a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-3.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">1827</a>, <a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-4.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">1828</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.fff.org/freedom/1001e.asp" class="external text" rel="nofollow">July 4, 1821 Independence Day Speech</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.gutenberg.org/author/John_Quincy_Adams" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Works by John Quincy Adams</a> at <a href="/Project_Gutenberg#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Project Gutenberg">Project Gutenberg</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.doctorzebra.com/prez/g06.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Medical and Health history of John Quincy Adams</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.heraldrysociety.us/presidents/index.php?page=Adams" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Armigerous American Presidents Series</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">The Jubilee of the Constitution: A Discourse</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABB5322.0001.001" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Dermot MacMorrogh,: or, The conquest of Ireland.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Facts about john qu...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams, john quincy encyclopedia topics | Reference.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.reference.com/browse/adams%2C+john+quincy">www.reference.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The presidency of John Quincy Adams marks a turning point in the history of the United States.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Geometry.Net - Authors Books: Adams John Quincy</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.geometry.net/authors_bk/adams_john_quincy.html">www.geometry.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams as President John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of the United States serving from 1825 to 1829.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://politics.kosmix.com/topic/John_Quincy_Adams">politics.kosmix.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__221" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="221">An historical tale of the twelfth century.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="221"><a href="#citable__221"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>An historical tale of the twelfth century.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John_Quincy_Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6092208/John_Quincy_Adams">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>John quincy adams encyclopedia topics | Reference.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.reference.com/browse/john+quincy+adams">www.reference.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>Adams, john quincy encyclopedia topics | Reference.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.reference.com/browse/adams%2C+john+quincy">www.reference.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mywikibiz.com/John_Quincy_Adams">mywikibiz.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> In four cantos./ By John Quincy Adams</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABA7992.0001.001" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Poems of religion and society.: With notices of his life and character by John Davis and T. H. Benton</a></li> </ul> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="wikiquote_mw_normal_catlinks">Categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:United_States_Presidents" title="Category:United States Presidents">United States Presidents</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:19th_century_deaths" title="Category:19th century deaths">19th century deaths</a></span></div> </div> </div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="1911encyclopedia"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="1911encyclopedia">1911 encyclopedia</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of January 14, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="citable_wikis_fragments"> <div id="1911encyclopedia_bodyContent"> <h3 id="1911encyclopedia_siteSub">From LoveToKnow 1911</h3> <div> <div> <script type='text/javascript'> ServeFirstCustomGoogleAd(); </script> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__36" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="36"><strong>JOHN <a href="/Quincy" title="Quincy">QUINCY</a> <a href="/Adams" title="Adams">ADAMS</a></strong> (1767-1848), eldest son of President <a href="/John_Adams" title="John Adams">John Adams</a>, sixth president of <a href="/The_United_States" title="The United States">the United States</a>, was born on the 11th of July 1767, in that part of <a href="/Braintree" title="Braintree">Braintree</a> that is now <a href="/Quincy%2C_Massachusetts" title="Quincy, Massachusetts">Quincy, Massachusetts</a>, and was named after John Quincy (1689-1767), his mother's grandfather, who was for many years a prominent member of the <a href="/Massachusetts" title="Massachusetts">Massachusetts</a> legislature.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BORN July 11, 1767 in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>ThisNation.com--John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.thisnation.com/media/presidents/jqadams.html">www.thisnation.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of the United States, serving from 1825 to 1829.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hiddenlondon.com/jqadams.htm">www.hiddenlondon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams was born July 11, 1767, in Braintree (Now Quincy), Massachusetts.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theusgov.com/johnquincyadams.htm">www.theusgov.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__194" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="194">In 1778, and again in 1780, young Adams accompanied his father to <a href="/Europe" title="Europe">Europe</a>; studying in <a href="/Paris" title="Paris">Paris</a> in1778-1779and at the university of <a href="/Leiden" title="Leiden">Leiden</a> in 1780. In 1780, also, he began to keep that <a href="/Diary" title="Diary">diary</a> which forms so conspicuous a record of the doings of himself and his contemporaries.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1780, also, he began to keep that diary which forms so conspicuous a record of the doings of himself and his contemporaries.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1778 and again in 1780 the boy accompanied his father to Europe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams (president of United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/5159/John-Quincy-Adams">www.britannica.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1778, and again in 1780, young Adams accompanied his father to Europe; studying in Paris in 1778-1779 and at the university of Leiden in 1780.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__335" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="335">In 1781, at the age of fourteen, he accompanied <a href="/Francis_Dana" title="Francis Dana">Francis Dana</a> (1743-1811), American <a href="/Envoy" title="Envoy">envoy</a> to <a href="/Russia" title="Russia">Russia</a>, as his private secretary; but Dana was not received by the <a href="/Russian" title="Russian">Russian</a> government, and in 1782 Adams joined his father at Paris, where he acted as "additional secretary" to the American commissioners in the negotiation of the treaty of peace which concluded the War of <a href="/American_War_Of_Independence" title="American War Of Independence">American Independence</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="335"><a href="#citable__335"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The years 1781-1782 he spent in St. Petersburg as private secretary and interpreter to Francis Dana, U.S. minister to Russia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Massachusetts Historical Society | The Adams Family Papers</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.masshist.org/adams/biographical.cfm">www.masshist.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="335"><a href="#citable__335"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1782-1783 he served as secretary to Francis Dana, in Russia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.essortment.com/all/biographyjohnq_rnnx.htm">www.essortment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="335"><a href="#citable__335"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Upon his return to France, in 1783, the young Adams served as an additional secretary to the U.S. commissioners in the negotiation of the Treaty of Paris that concluded the American Revolutionary War.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nps.gov/adam/jqabio.htm">www.nps.gov</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__376" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="376">Instead of accompanying his father to <a href="/London" title="London">London</a>, he, of his own choice, returned to Massachusetts, graduated at Harvard College in 1787, three years later was admitted to practise at <a href="/The_Bar" title="The Bar">the bar</a> and at once opened an office in <a href="/Boston" title="Boston">Boston</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="376"><a href="#citable__376"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams graduated from Harvard in 1787 and two years later finished his legal apprenticeship.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://johnqadams.org/">johnqadams.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="376"><a href="#citable__376"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He returned home in 1785 and graduated from Harvard College, now part of Harvard University , in 1787.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ohwy.com/us/j/jqa.htm">www.ohwy.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="376"><a href="#citable__376"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was then admitted to the bar in 1791 and began practising law in Boston .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Metapedia</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.metapedia.org/wiki/John_Quincy_Adams">en.metapedia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__204" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="204">A series of papers written by him in which he controverted some of Thomas Paine's doctrines in the <em><a href="/Declaration_of_Rights_of_Man_and_of_the_Citizen" title="Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizen">Rights of Man, and</a> later another series in which he ably supported the neutral policy of the administration toward <a href="/France" title="France">France</a> and <a href="/England" title="England">England</a>, led to his appointment by <a href="/Washington" title="Washington">Washington</a> as minister to the <a href="/Netherlands" title="Netherlands">Netherlands</a> in May 1794. There was little for him to do at <a href="/The_Hague" title="The Hague">the Hague</a>, but in the absence of a minister at London, he transacted certain public business with the English foreign secretary.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Washington appointed (1794) him minister to the Netherlands, and in his father's administration he was minister to Prussia (1797–1801).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams John Quincy: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.questia.com/library/encyclopedia/101227629">www.questia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These essays attacked the ideas of Thomas Paine's The Rights of Man.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://johnqadams.org/">johnqadams.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="204"><a href="#citable__204"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Washington appointed (1794) him minister to the Netherlands, and in his father's administration he was minister to Prussia (1797-1801).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/John_Quincy_Adams.aspx">www.encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__189" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="189">In 1796 Washington appointed him minister to <a href="/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a>, but before his departure thither his father John Adams became president and changed his destination to <a href="/Berlin" title="Berlin">Berlin</a> (1797).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1794, President Washington appointed John Quincy Adams, then age 26, as U.S. minister to the Netherlands.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams and Universal America</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.tripod.com/%7eamerican_almanac/quincy98.htm">members.tripod.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President Adams then appointed his son minister to Prussia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://law.jrank.org/pages/4023/Adams-John-Quincy.html">law.jrank.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="189"><a href="#citable__189"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Washington appointed (1794) him minister to the Netherlands, and in his father's administration he was minister to Prussia (1797–1801).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams John Quincy: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.questia.com/library/encyclopedia/101227629">www.questia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__398" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="398">While there, he negotiated (1799) a treaty of amity and commerce with <a href="/Prussia" title="Prussia">Prussia</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="398"><a href="#citable__398"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While there, he negotiated (1799) a treaty of amity and commerce with Prussia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="398"><a href="#citable__398"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While overseas, he negotiated the 1799 treaty of commerce and friendship between the United States and Prussia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams and Universal America</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.tripod.com/%7eamerican_almanac/quincy98.htm">members.tripod.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="398"><a href="#citable__398"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>While in Berlin, Adams negotiated (1799) a treaty of amity and commerce with Prussia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams (president of United States) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/5159/John-Quincy-Adams">www.britannica.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> On Thomas Jefferson's election to the <a href="/Presidency" title="Presidency">presidency</a> in 1800, the elder Adams recalled his son, who returned home in 1801. The next year, he was elected to the Massachusetts <a href="/Senate" title="Senate">senate</a>, and in 1803 was sent to Washington as a member of the Senate of the United States.</em></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__344" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="344">Up to this time, John Quincy Adams was regarded as belonging to the <a href="/Federalist_Party" title="Federalist Party">Federalist party</a>, but he now found its general policy displeasing to him, was frowned upon, as the son of his father, by the followers of <a href="/Alexander_Hamilton" title="Alexander Hamilton">Alexander Hamilton</a>, and found himself nearly powerless as an unpopular member of an unpopular minority.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="344"><a href="#citable__344"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams, detail .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, detail | House Divided</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/?q=node/25009">hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="344"><a href="#citable__344"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Is john adams and jon quincy adams related?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>WikiAnswers - Were John Adams and John Quincy Adams related</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Were_John_Adams_and_John_Quincy_Adams_related">wiki.answers.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="344"><a href="#citable__344"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams (1767 - 184   .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams - King of Fling Says! - Thing Fling - Welcome! | </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.thingfling.com/forum/yaf_postsm66802_John-Quincy-Adams.aspx">www.thingfling.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams - King of Fling Says! - Thing Fling - Welcome! | </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.thingfling.com/forum/yaf_postst4541_John-Quincy-Adams.aspx">www.thingfling.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__251" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="251">He was not now, and indeed never was, a strict party man.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was not now, and indeed never was, a strict party man.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Actually, John Quincy Adams was never a strict party man.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 2 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-2.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Actually he was not then, and indeed never was, a strict party man; all through his life, ever aspiring to higher public service, he considered himself a man of my whole country.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__214" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="214">On the first important question that came before him in the Senate, the acquisition of <a href="/Louisiana" title="Louisiana">Louisiana</a>, he voted with the Republicans, regardless of the opposition of his own section.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the first important question that came before him in the Senate, the acquisition of Louisiana, he voted with the Republicans, regardless of the opposition of his own section.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His independent actions in the Senate, namely support for the Louisiana Purchase and the Embargo of 1807, quickly alienated him from the Federalist party in Massachusetts.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Massachusetts Historical Society | The Adams Family Papers</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.masshist.org/adams/biographical.cfm">www.masshist.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="214"><a href="#citable__214"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But the old ways of choosing a President were giving way in 1824 before the clamor for a popular choice.  Within the one and only party--the Republican--sectionalism and factionalism were developing, and each section put up its own candidate for the Presidency.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>USA-Presidents.Info - John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/jqadams.htm">www.usa-presidents.info</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__167" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="167">In December 1807 he warmly seconded Jefferson's suggestion of an <a href="/Embargo" title="Embargo">embargo</a> and vigorously urged instant action, saying: "The president has recommended the measure on his high responsibility.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="167"><a href="#citable__167"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In December 1807 he supported President Jefferson's suggestion of an embargo to essentially stop all commerce with other nations (an attempt to gain British recognition of American rights) and vigorously urged instant action, saying: The President has recommended the measure on his high responsibility.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="167"><a href="#citable__167"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In December 1807 he warmly seconded Jefferson's suggestion of an embargo and vigorously urged instant action, saying: ``The president has recommended the measure on his high responsibility.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="167"><a href="#citable__167"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In December 1807 he warmly seconded Jefferson's suggestion of an embargo and vigorously urged instant action, saying: "The president has recommended the measure on his high responsibility.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__352" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="352">I would not consider, I would not deliberate; I would act !"</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="352"><a href="#citable__352"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I would not consider, I would not deliberate; I would act!''</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="352"><a href="#citable__352"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I would not consider, I would not deliberate; I would act!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="352"><a href="#citable__352"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I would not consider, I would not deliberate; I would act!"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__277" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="277">Within five hours the Senate had passed the Embargo Bill and sent it to the House.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="277"><a href="#citable__277"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The bill passed in both the House of Representatives and the Senate.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>American History: John Quincy Adams, a Man Raised to Serve (VOA Special English 2008-10-08)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.manythings.org/voa/history/54.html">www.manythings.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>THE MAKING OF A NATION 55 - John Quincy Adams_����Ӣ����ѧ��</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wwenglish.com/t/d/voaspec/2004/10/11719.htm">www.wwenglish.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="277"><a href="#citable__277"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was passed by the Senate, defeated in the House.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams and Universal America</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.tripod.com/%7eamerican_almanac/quincy98.htm">members.tripod.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="277"><a href="#citable__277"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Within five hours the Senate had passed the embargo bill and had sent it to the House of Representatives.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__318" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="318">The support of a measure so unpopular in <a href="/New_England" title="New England">New England</a> caused him to be hated by the Federalists there and cost him his seat in the Senate; his successor was chosen on the 3rd of June 1808, several months before the usual time of filling the vacancy, and five days later Adams resigned.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="318"><a href="#citable__318"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Support of this measure, hated by the Federalists and unpopular in New England because it stifled the region's economy, cost Adams his seat in the Senate.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="318"><a href="#citable__318"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His independent actions, however, cost him the support of the Federalist Party and in 1808 he resigned from it and the Senate.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>National Park Service - The Presidents (John Quincy Adams)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/presidents/bio6.htm">www.cr.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="318"><a href="#citable__318"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His successor was chosen on June 3, 1808, several months before the usual time of electing a senator for the next term, and five days later Adams resigned.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__325" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="325">In the same year he attended the Republican congressional <a href="/Caucus" title="Caucus">caucus</a> which nominated <a href="/Madison" title="Madison">Madison</a> for the presidency, and thus definitely joined the Republicans.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="325"><a href="#citable__325"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the same year he attended the Republican congressional caucus, which nominated James Madison for the presidency, and thus loosely allied himself with the Republican Party.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 2 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-2.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="325"><a href="#citable__325"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By 1808, Adams was attending the Republican party caucus that nominated Madison for the presidency.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams, John Quincy | Presidents: A Reference History | Find Articles at BNET</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_gx5225/is_2002/ai_n19143639/">findarticles.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="325"><a href="#citable__325"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the same year he attended the Republican congressional caucus which nominated James Madison for the presidency, and thus definitely joined the Republicans.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__258" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="258">From 1806 to 1809 Adams was professor of <a href="/Rhetoric" title="Rhetoric">rhetoric</a> and <a href="/Oratory" title="Oratory">oratory</a> at Harvard.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="258"><a href="#citable__258"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From 1806 to 1809 Adams was Boylston professor of rhetoric and oratory at Harvard College.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 2 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-2.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="258"><a href="#citable__258"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Lectures delivered from 1806 to 1809 at Harvard by JQA published as Lectures on Rhetoric and Oratory .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Diaries of John Quincy Adams: Timeline</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.masshist.org/jqadiaries/timeline.cfm">www.masshist.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="258"><a href="#citable__258"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams was then also serving as Boylston professor of oratory and rhetoric at Harvard (1806-1809).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Joomla - JOHN QUINCY ADAMS</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://fuzzy.phpwebhosting.com/~igrbnet/igrbj/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=203&Itemid=28">fuzzy.phpwebhosting.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The American Revolution - John Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/ipeople/jadamsjr.asp">www.theamericanrevolution.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__299" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="299">In 1809 President Madison sent Adams to Russia to represent the United States.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams, John , 2d President of the United States .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams John Quincy: Free Encyclopedia Articles at Questia.com Online Library</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.questia.com/library/encyclopedia/101227629">www.questia.com</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1809, the next President, James Madison, appointed John Quincy Adams as United States minister to Russia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams and Universal America</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.tripod.com/%7eamerican_almanac/quincy98.htm">members.tripod.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1809 President Madison appointed John Quincy Adams as the first United States Minister to Russia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 2 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-2.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__37" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="37">He arrived at St <a href="/Petersburg" title="Petersburg">Petersburg</a> at the psychological moment when the <a href="/Tsar" title="Tsar">tsar</a> had made up his mind to break with <a href="/Napoleon" title="Napoleon">Napoleon</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He arrived at St. Petersburg at the psychological moment when the tsar had made up his mind to break with Napoleon .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1809 President Madison sent Adams to Russia to represent the United States at the court of Tsar Alexander I. He arrived at St. Petersburg at the psychologically important moment when the tsar had made up his mind to break with Napoleon.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He arrived at St Petersburg at the psychological moment when the tsar had made up his mind to break with Napoleon.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__257" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="257">Adams therefore met with a favourable reception and a disposition to further the interests of American commerce in every possible way.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="257"><a href="#citable__257"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams therefore met with a favorable reception and a disposition to further the interests of American commerce in every possible way.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="257"><a href="#citable__257"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams therefore met with a favourable reception and a disposition to further the interests of American commerce in every possible way.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="257"><a href="#citable__257"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Abigail Adams is further distinguished as the first American woman honored as the wife of one U. S. President and the mother of another.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Abigail Adams Home</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.abigailadams.org/">www.abigailadams.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__70" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="70">On the outbreak of the war between the United States and England in 1812, he was still at St Petersburg.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During that time, the War of 1812 broke out between Britain and the United States.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.essortment.com/all/biographyjohnq_rnnx.htm">www.essortment.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the outbreak of war between England and the United States in 1812, John Quincy became involved in efforts to negotiate an end to hostilities.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 2 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-2.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>United States Secretaries of War (55) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.kosmix.com/topic/John_Quincy_Adams">www.kosmix.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://politics.kosmix.com/topic/John_Quincy_Adams">politics.kosmix.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__23" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="23">In September of that year, the Russian government suggested that the tsar was willing to act as mediator between the two belligerents.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That September, the Russian government suggested that Tsar Alexander was willing to act as mediator between the two belligerents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 2 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-2.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That September the Russian government suggested that the tsar was willing to act as mediator between the two belligerents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In September of that year, the Russian government suggested that the tsar was willing to act as mediator between the two belligerents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__230" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="230">Madison precipitately accepted this proposition and sent <a href="/Albert_Gallatin" title="Albert Gallatin">Albert Gallatin</a> and James Bayard to act as commissioners with Mr Adams; but England would have nothing to do with it.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Madison precipitately accepted this proposition and sent Albert Gallatin and James Bayard to act as commissioners with Adams, but England would have nothing to do with it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Madison precipitately accepted this proposition and sent Albert Gallatin and James Bayard to act as commissioners with Mr. Adams; but England would have nothing to do with it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President James Madison then posted Adams to England for two years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>American President: John Quincy Adams: Life Before the Presidency</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://millercenter.org/academic/americanpresident/jqadams/essays/biography/2">millercenter.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__298" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="298">In August 1814, however, these gentlemen, with <a href="/Henry_Clay" title="Henry Clay">Henry Clay</a> and <a href="/Jonathan" title="Jonathan">Jonathan</a> <a href="/Russell_%28Family%29" title="Russell (Family)">Russell</a>, began negotiations with English commissioners which resulted in the <a href="/Signature" title="Signature">signature</a> of the treaty of <a href="/Ghent" title="Ghent">Ghent</a> on the 24th of December of that year.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was also the chief negotiator for the U.S. at the Treaty of Ghent in 1814, which ended the War of 1812.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>United States 2008-D John Quincy Adams $1 Presidential Dollar BU</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.talismancoins.com/servlet/Detail?no=543">www.talismancoins.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1814 he and four other commissioners negotiated the Treaty of Ghent, which ended the War of 1812.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>National Park Service - The Presidents (John Quincy Adams)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/presidents/bio6.htm">www.cr.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In August 1814, however, these gentlemen, with Henry Clay and Jonathan Russell, began negotiations with English commissioners which resulted in the signature of the treaty of Ghent on the 24th of December of that year.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> After this Adams visited Paris, where he witnessed the return of Napoleon from <a href="/Elba" title="Elba">Elba</a>, and then went to London, where, with Henry <a href="/Clay" title="Clay">Clay</a> and Albert Gallatin, he negotiated (1815) a "Convention to Regulate Commerce and Navigation." Soon afterwards he became U.S. minister to Great <a href="/Britain" title="Britain">Britain</a>, as his father had been before him, and as his son, <a href="/Charles_Francis_Adams" title="Charles Francis Adams">Charles Francis Adams</a>, was after him. <a name="citable__317" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="317">After accomplishing little in London, he returned to the United States in the summer of 1817 to become <a href="/Secretary_Of_State" title="Secretary Of State">secretary of state</a> in the cabinet of President <a href="/Monroe" title="Monroe">Monroe</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="317"><a href="#citable__317"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>How unusual is it that a father and son become President of the United States?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EDSITEment Lesson - Printer Friendly</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://edsitement.neh.gov/printable_lesson_plan.asp?id=264">edsitement.neh.gov</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="317"><a href="#citable__317"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Secretary of State President James Monroe recalled Adams from England to become secretary of state in 1817.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The American Revolution - John Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/ipeople/jadamsjr.asp">www.theamericanrevolution.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="317"><a href="#citable__317"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was a capable secretary of state under US President Monroe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EasyFunSchool - John Quincy Adams - A Presidential Unit - EasyFunSchool - Free homeschool curriculum lesson plans, fun unit studies, pre school activities, homeschooling high school literature units, Christian homeschooling history unit study activities, Charlotte Mason style homeschool ideas, easy preschool curriculum ideas, craft projects, homeschool through high school curriculum, unit study recipes, literature based units, homemade gifts, math games, preschool reading activities, home education help, homeschooling lesson plans, science experiments, classical history, home ec projects, geography units, art project ideas, language arts activities, and more!</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.easyfunschool.com/article2063.html">www.easyfunschool.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__96" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="96">As secretary of state, Adams played the leading part in two most important episodes, - the acquisition of <a href="/Florida" title="Florida">Florida</a> and the promulgation of the <a href="/Monroe_Doctrine" title="Monroe Doctrine">Monroe Doctrine</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As secretary of state, Adams played the leading part in two most important episodes -- the acquisition of Florida and the promulgation of the Monroe Doctrine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As secretary of state, Adams played the leading part in the acquisition of Florida.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="96"><a href="#citable__96"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Earlier, as Secretary of State, he had been a prime mover behind the Monroe Doctrine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>National Park Service - The Presidents (John Quincy Adams)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/presidents/bio6.htm">www.cr.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__7" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="7">Ever since the acquisition of Louisiana successive administrations had sought to include a part at least of Florida in that purchase.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ever since the acquisition of Louisiana successive administrations had sought to include a part at least of Florida in that purchase.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ever since the acquisition of Louisiana, successive administrations had sought to include at least a part of Florida in that purchase.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="7"><a href="#citable__7"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Did you know that he was part of the commission that handled the negotiations for the Louisiana Purchase, or that he headed the diplomatic corps that negotiated the treaty that ended the War of 1812?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life by Paul C. Nagel | LibraryThing</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.librarything.com/work/184990">www.librarything.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__262" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="262">In 1819, after long negotiations, Adams succeeded in bringing the Spanish minister to the point of signing a treaty in which the Spaniards abandoned all claims to territory east of the <a href="/Mississippi" title="Mississippi">Mississippi</a>, and the United States relinquished all claim to what is now known as <a href="/Texas" title="Texas">Texas</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1819, after long negotiations, Adams succeeded in bringing the Spanish minister to the point of signing a treaty in which the Spaniards abandoned all claims to territory east of the Mississippi, and the United States relinquished all claim to what is now known as Texas.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1819, after long negotiations, Adams succeeded in getting the Spanish minister to agree to a treaty in which Spain would abandon all claims to territory east of the Mississippi River, the United States would relinquish all claims to what is now Texas, and a boundary of the United States would be drawn (for the first time) from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="262"><a href="#citable__262"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As the son of John Adams, one of the founding fathers and the second president of the United States, John Quincy Adams had quite a legacy to live up to.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> UPF :: Prince Among Slaves :: History :: John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.upf.tv/upf06/Films/PrinceAmongSlaves/History/JohnQuincyAdams/tabid/294/Default.aspx">www.upf.tv</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__84" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="84">Before the Spanish government ratified the treaty in 1820, <a href="/Mexico" title="Mexico">Mexico</a>, including Texas, had thrown off <a href="/Allegiance" title="Allegiance">allegiance</a> to the mother country, and the United States had occupied Florida by force of arms.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before the Spanish government ratified the Transcontinental Treaty in 1819, however, Mexico (including Texas) had thrown off allegiance to the mother country, and the United States had occupied Florida by force of arms.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before the Spanish government ratified the treaty in 1820, Mexico, including Texas, had thrown off allegiance to the mother country, and the United States had occupied Florida by force of arms.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>United States presidential candidates, 1820 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Directory:John Quincy Adams - MyWikiBiz, Author Your Legacy</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mywikibiz.com/John_Quincy_Adams">mywikibiz.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The Monroe Doctrine (q.v.) rightly bears the name of the president who in <a name="citable__397" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="397">1823 assumed the responsibility for its promulgation; but it was primarily the work of John Quincy Adams.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="397"><a href="#citable__397"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Is john adams and jon quincy adams related?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>WikiAnswers - Were John Adams and John Quincy Adams related</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Were_John_Adams_and_John_Quincy_Adams_related">wiki.answers.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="397"><a href="#citable__397"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams (1767 - 184   .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams - King of Fling Says! - Thing Fling - Welcome! | </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.thingfling.com/forum/yaf_postsm66802_John-Quincy-Adams.aspx">www.thingfling.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams - King of Fling Says! - Thing Fling - Welcome! | </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.thingfling.com/forum/yaf_postst4541_John-Quincy-Adams.aspx">www.thingfling.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="397"><a href="#citable__397"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams and American conservatism.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0760591.html</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0760591.html">www.infoplease.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__350" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="350">The eight years of Monroe's presidency (1817-1825) are known as the "Era of Good Feeling."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="350"><a href="#citable__350"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The eight years of Monroe's presidency (1817-1825) are known as the "Era of Good Feeling."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="350"><a href="#citable__350"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>James Monroe 1817-1825 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The John Quincy Adams Presidential Commemorative Coin Releases in 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.us-coin-values-advisor.com/John-Quincy-Adams-Presidential-Commemorative-Coin.html">www.us-coin-values-advisor.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="350"><a href="#citable__350"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This appointment was primarily due to his diplomatic experience but also due to the president's desire to have a sectionally well-balanced cabinet in what came to be known as the Era of Good Feelings.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__224" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="224">As his second term drew to a close, there was a great lack of good feeling among his official advisers, three of whom - Adams, secretary of state, Calhoun, secretary of war, and Crawford, secretary of the treasury - aspired to succeed him in his high office.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>United States Secretaries of War (55) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Kosmix : Reference, Videos, Images, News, Shopping and more... </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.kosmix.com/topic/John_Quincy_Adams">www.kosmix.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As his second term drew to a close, there was a great lack of good feeling among his official advisers, three of whom--Adams, secretary of state, Calhoun, secretary of war, and Crawford, secretary of the treasury--aspired to succeed him in his high office.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams then became Madison's Secretary of State.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - EnchantedLearning.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.enchantedlearning.com/history/us/pres/adamsjq/">www.enchantedlearning.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__55" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="55">In addition, Henry Clay and <a href="/Andrew_Jackson" title="Andrew Jackson">Andrew Jackson</a> were also candidates.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="55"><a href="#citable__55"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Tennessee legislature nominated ANDREW JACKSON , and the Kentucky legislature nominated HENRY CLAY .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://law.jrank.org/pages/4023/Adams-John-Quincy.html">law.jrank.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="55"><a href="#citable__55"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Henry Clay, speaker of the House, and General Andrew Jackson were also candidates.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="55"><a href="#citable__55"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In addition, Henry Clay and Andrew Jackson were also candidates.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__389" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="389">Calhoun was nominated for the vice-presidency.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="389"><a href="#citable__389"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Calhoun was nominated for the vice presidency.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="389"><a href="#citable__389"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Calhoun was nominated for the Vice-presidency.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="389"><a href="#citable__389"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The 1824 election was the first time Congress decided the election of the president since the passage of the 12th Amendment in 1804, and John C. Calhoun was elected vice president by majority vote.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The House of Representatives Made the Call on John Quincy Adams - US News and World Report</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.usnews.com/articles/news/politics/2008/01/17/the-house-made-the-call.html">www.usnews.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__255" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="255">Of the other four, <a href="/Jackson" title="Jackson">Jackson</a> received 99 electoral votes, Adams 84, Crawford 41, and Clay 37; as no one had a majority, the decision was made by the House of Representatives, which was confined in its choice to the three candidates who had received the largest.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The electoral vote results were as follows: Jackson, 99; Adams, 84; Crawford, 41; and Clay, 37.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://law.jrank.org/pages/4023/Adams-John-Quincy.html">law.jrank.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As the only Northeastern candidate, Adams received 84 electoral votes to 99 for Tennessee's Andrew Jackson , 41 for Georgia's William H. Crawford .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - encyclopedia article - Citizendium</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/John_Quincy_Adams">en.citizendium.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Andrew Jackson represented the western states and received 99 electoral votes Henry Clay was a national candidate and received 37 electoral votes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Andrew Jackson</c_title></em> <c_date>25 September 2009 4:53 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.coweta.k12.ga.us/nhs/morris/ajackson.html">www.coweta.k12.ga.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> number of votes. <a name="citable__245" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="245">Clay, who was <a href="/Speaker" title="Speaker">speaker</a> of the House of Representatives, and had for years assumed a censorious attitude toward Jackson, cast his influence for Adams and thereby secured his election on the first <a href="/Ballot" title="Ballot">ballot</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Clay, who preferred Adams to Jackson, cast his influence for the former Secretary of State, whose election was thereby secured on the first ballot.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 3 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-3.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams was elected to the House of Representatives in 1830.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>George Bush Presidential Library and Museum :: Fathers and Sons: Two Families, Four Presidents</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://bushlibrary.tamu.edu/exhibits/2002-fathers_and_sons/john_quincy_adams.php">bushlibrary.tamu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="245"><a href="#citable__245"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Clay, who had for years assumed a censorious attitude toward Jackson, cast his influence for Adams, whose election was thereby secured on the first ballot ( primary source document: Inaugural Address).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__229" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="229">A few days later Adams offered Clay the secretaryship of state, which was accepted.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="229"><a href="#citable__229"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Only days after the House selected Adams president, Clay was offered the office of secretary of state, which he accepted.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://law.jrank.org/pages/4023/Adams-John-Quincy.html">law.jrank.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="229"><a href="#citable__229"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A few days later Adams offered Clay the office of secretary of state, which he accepted.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="229"><a href="#citable__229"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A few days later Adams offered Clay the office of Secretary of State, which was accepted.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 3 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-3.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__355" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="355">The wholly unjust and baseless charge of "<a href="/Bargain" title="Bargain">bargain</a> and corruption" followed, and the <a href="/Feud" title="Feud">feud</a> thus created between Adams and.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The charge of "bargain and corruption" followed and a feud was created between Adams and Jackson that both Adams and Clay denied.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 3 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-3.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The wholly unjust and baseless charge of ``bargain and corruption'' followed, and the feud thus created between Adams and Jackson greatly influenced the history of the United States.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The wholly unjust and baseless charge of "bargain and corruption" followed, and the feud thus created between Adams and Jackson greatly influenced the history of the United States.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__45" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="45">Jackson greatly influenced the history of the United States.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams - John Quincy Adams was a major influence in the history of the United States.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Free John Adams Essays</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.123helpme.com/search.asp?text=John+Adams">www.123helpme.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Clay, who preferred Adams to Jackson, cast his influence for the former Secretary of State, whose election was thereby secured on the first ballot.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 3 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-3.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="45"><a href="#citable__45"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A history reading comprehension lesson on the second president of the United States, John Adams, with information on the work he did as one of the Founding Fathers of the nation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Adams Lesson Plan, President Biography, Story History, Teaching Activity Worksheet</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.instructorweb.com/lesson/johnadams.asp">www.instructorweb.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__104" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="104">Up to this point Adams's career had been almost uniformly successful, but his presidency (1825-1829) was in most respects a failure, owing to the virulent opposition of the Jacksonians; in 1828 Jackson was elected president over Adams.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President from 1825 to 1829 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EefyWiki - John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://eefy.editme.com/JohnQuincyAdams">eefy.editme.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The John Quincy Adams Presidential Commemorative Coin Releases in 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.us-coin-values-advisor.com/John-Quincy-Adams-Presidential-Commemorative-Coin.html">www.us-coin-values-advisor.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="104"><a href="#citable__104"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President John Quincy Adams (1825 1829) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams | All American Patriots: Politics, economy, health, environment, energy and technology</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://allamericanpatriots.com/news_topics/john_quincy_adams">allamericanpatriots.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__321" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="321">It was during his administration that irreconcilable differences developed between the followers of Adams and the followers of Jackson, the former becoming known as the National Republicans,.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="321"><a href="#citable__321"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams called himself a National Republican Jackson called himself a Democratic Republican Jacksons party became known as the Democratic Party.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/Lesson_27_Notes.htm">www.socialstudieshelp.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="321"><a href="#citable__321"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Outline of events during Adams administration .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - 6th President of the United States</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.presidentsusa.net/jqadams.html">www.presidentsusa.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="321"><a href="#citable__321"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Events during Adams administration and lifetime .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - 6th President of the United States</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.presidentsusa.net/jqadams.html">www.presidentsusa.net</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> who with the <a name="citable__341" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="341">Anti-Masons were the precursors of the Whigs..</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="341"><a href="#citable__341"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was a member of the Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig parties.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John_Quincy_Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.docstoc.com/docs/6092208/John_Quincy_Adams">www.docstoc.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title> MySpace - John Quincy Adams - 80 - Male - Quincy, Massachusetts - myspace.com/adams_john_quincy</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.myspace.com/adams_john_quincy">www.myspace.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams at allvoices.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.allvoices.com/people/John_Quincy_Adams">www.allvoices.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, Politician - News - Evri</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.evri.com/person/john-quincy-adams-0x1cf28">www.evri.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, Politician - News - Evri</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.evri.com/person/john-adams-0x1cf28">www.evri.com</a> [Source type: General]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nydailynews.com/topics/John+Quincy+Adams">www.nydailynews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="341"><a href="#citable__341"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His party affiliations were Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, and later Anti-Masonic and Whig.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.goodreads.com/author/show/117066.John_Quincy_Adams">www.goodreads.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Metapedia</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://en.metapedia.org/wiki/John_Quincy_Adams">en.metapedia.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="341"><a href="#citable__341"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was during his administration that irreconcilable differences developed between the followers of Adams and the followers of Jackson, the former becoming known as the National Republicans, who with the Anti-Masons were the precursors of the Whigs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__58" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="58">In 1829 Adams retired to private life in the town of Quincy; but only for a brief period, for in 1830, largely by <a href="/Anti-Masonic_Party" title="Anti-Masonic Party">Anti-Masonic</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams 1825-1829</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bobsuniverse.com/BWAH/06-Adams/p06-jqa.htm">www.bobsuniverse.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The John Quincy Adams Presidential Commemorative Coin Releases in 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.us-coin-values-advisor.com/John-Quincy-Adams-Presidential-Commemorative-Coin.html">www.us-coin-values-advisor.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Is john Quincy adams a only child?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>WikiAnswers - Who are John Quincy Adams siblings</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_are_John_Quincy_Adams_siblings">wiki.answers.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Adams retired from public life to his farm in Quincy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Massachusetts Historical Society | The Adams Family Papers</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.masshist.org/adams/biographical.cfm">www.masshist.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> votes, he was elected a member of the national House of Representatives. <a name="citable__196" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="196">On its being suggested to him that his acceptance of this position would degrade an ex-president, Adams replied that no person could be degraded by serving the people as a representative in congress or, he added, as a selectman of his town.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In being nominated for this position he said: “Not in my opinion would an ex-President of the United States be degraded by serving as a selectman of his town, if elevated thereto by the people.” .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America's Christian Rulers: John Quincy Adams — The Forerunner</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://forerunner.com/forerunner/X0205_John_Quincy_Adams.html">forerunner.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>President Adams is the only president to have served in Congress after being president.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams | White House Christmas Cards & Messages of the Presidents of the United States</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.whitehousechristmascards.com/john-quincy-adams-1825-1829/john-quincy-adams/trackback/">www.whitehousechristmascards.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"No person can be degraded by serving the peo...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dipity.com/timeline/John_Quincy_Adams">www.dipity.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__287" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="287">His service in congress from 1831 until his death is, in some respects, the most noteworthy part of his career.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His service in congress from 1831 until his death is, in some respects, the most noteworthy part of his career.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He served from March 4 , 1831 , until his death.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Biography, Works, and Message Board</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.knowledgerush.com/kr/biography/1522/John_Quincy_Adams/">www.knowledgerush.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Defeated by Jackson in 1828, Adams won a seat representing his Massachusetts district in the House of Representatives in 1831 and served until his death in 1848.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams in The Jacksonian Era</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.shmoop.com/jackson-era/john-quincy-adams.html">www.shmoop.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__93" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="93">Throughout he was conspicuous as an opponent of the extension of <a href="/Slavery" title="Slavery">slavery</a>, though he was never technically an abolitionist, and in particular he was the champion in the House of Representatives of the right of <a href="/Petition" title="Petition">petition</a> at a time when, through the influence of the Southern members, this right was, in practice, denied by that body.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Throughout he was conspicuous as an opponent of the extension of slavery, though he was never technically an abolitionist, and in particular he was the champion in the House of Representatives of the right of petition at a time when, through the influence of the Southern members, this right was, in practice, denied by that body.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the House he became a leading opponent of slavery.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams - Harry Turtledove Wiki - Historical fiction, Days of Infamy, Homeward Bound</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://turtledove.wikia.com/wiki/John_Quincy_Adams_%28Disunited_States%29">turtledove.wikia.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="93"><a href="#citable__93"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The second career was as a member of the House of Representatives and opponent of slavery.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The American Revolution - John Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/ipeople/jadamsjr.asp">www.theamericanrevolution.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__30" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="30">His prolonged fight for the <a href="/Repeal" title="Repeal">repeal</a> of the so-called "Gag Laws" is one of the most dramatic contests in the history of congress.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His prolonged fight for the repeal of the so-called "Gag Laws" is one of the most dramatic contests in the history of the U.S. Congress.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His prolonged fight for the repeal of the so-called ``Gag Laws'' is one of the most dramatic contests in the history of congress.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="30"><a href="#citable__30"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His prolonged fight for the repeal of the gag rules and for the right of petition to Congress for the mitigation or abolition of slavery was one of the most dramatic contests in the history of Congress.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The agitation for the abolition of slavery, which really. began in <a name="citable__124" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="124"><a href="/Earnest" title="Earnest">earnest</a> with the establishment of the <em>Liberator</em> by <a href="/William_Lloyd_Garrison" title="William Lloyd Garrison">William Lloyd Garrison</a> in 1831, soon led to the sending of innumerable petitions to congress for the abolition of slavery in the District of <a href="/Columbia" title="Columbia">Columbia</a>, over which the <a href="/Federal_government" title="Federal government">Federal government</a> had jurisdiction, and for other action by congress with respect to that institution.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The agitation for the abolition of slavery, which really began in earnest with the establishment of the Liberator by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831, soon led to the sending of innumerable petitions to congress for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, over which the Federal government had jurisdiction, and for other action by congress with respect to that institution.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That Congress "ought not" legislate against slavery in the District of Columbia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>U.S. Capitol Historical Society | CAPITOL HISTORY</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uschscapitolhistory.uschs.org/articles/uschs_articles-01.htm">uschscapitolhistory.uschs.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Its history, and the history of the nation's capital, began when President George Washington signed an Act of Congress in December of 1790 declaring that the federal government would reside in a district "not exceeding ten miles square…on the river Potomac."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/history/</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/history/">www.whitehouse.gov</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__142" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="142">These petitions were generally sent to Adams for presentation.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams presents petitions .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: Gag Rule Tactics</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wfu.edu/%7Ezulick/340/gagrule2.html">www.wfu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These petitions were generally sent to Adams for presentation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Perhaps the climax was in 1837 when Adams presented a petition from 22 slaves and, threatened by his opponents with censure, defended himself with remarkable keenness and ability.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__385" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="385">They aroused the anger of the proslavery members of congress, who, in 1836, brought about the passage of the first "Gag Rule," the Pinckney <a href="/Resolution" title="Resolution">Resolution</a>, presented by <a href="/Henry" title="Henry">Henry</a> L. Pinckney, of <a href="/South_Carolina" title="South Carolina">South Carolina</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="385"><a href="#citable__385"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They aroused the anger of the proslavery members of congress, who, in 1836, brought about the passage of the first ``Gag Rule,'' the Pinckney Resolution, presented by Henry L. Pinckney, of South Carolina.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="385"><a href="#citable__385"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They aroused the anger of the pro-slavery members of congress, who, in 1836, brought about the passage of the first "Gag Rule", the Pinckney Resolution, presented by Henry L. Pinckney, of South Carolina.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="385"><a href="#citable__385"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Every year from 1836 to 1844 he led the fight to lift thegag rule that had ordered the tabling of all resolutions concerningslavery.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>I1836: John Quincy ADAMS (11 Jul 1767 - 23 Feb 1848)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://jrm.phys.ksu.edu/Genealogy/Needham/d0003/I1836.html">jrm.phys.ksu.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__132" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="132">It provided that all petitions relating to slavery should be laid on the table without being referred to committee or printed; and, in substance, this resolution was re-adopted at the beginning of each of the immediately succeeding sessions of congress, the Patton Resolution being adopted in 1837, the <a href="/Atherton" title="Atherton">Atherton</a> Resolution, or "Atherton Gag," in 1838, and the Twenty-first Rule in 1840 and subsequently until repealed.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="132"><a href="#citable__132"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It provided that all petitions relating to slavery should be laid on the table without being referred to committee or printed; and, in substance, this resolution was re-adopted at the beginning of each of the immediately succeeding sessions of congress, the Patton Resolution being adopted in 1837, the Atherton Resolution, or ``Atherton Gag,'' in 1838, and the Twenty-first Rule in 1840 and subsequently until repealed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="132"><a href="#citable__132"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1836, the House adopted a gag rule that prevented the introduction of anti-slavery petitions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Resource Guide: American Memory Collections (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/presidents/jqadams/memory.html">www.loc.gov</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="132"><a href="#citable__132"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The resolution was then laid on the table.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Full text of "John Quincy Adams"</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.archive.org/stream/johnquincyadams00morsuoft/johnquincyadams00morsuoft_djvu.txt">www.archive.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__106" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="106">Adams contended that these "Gag Rules" were a direct violation of the First <a href="/Amendment" title="Amendment">Amendment</a> to the Federal Constitution, and refused to be silenced on the question, fighting for repeal with indomitable courage, in spite of the bitter denunciation of his opponents.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Congress convened, Adams, as was his custom, moved for the repeal of the gag rule.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>U.S. Capitol Historical Society | CAPITOL HISTORY</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://uschscapitolhistory.uschs.org/articles/uschs_articles-01.htm">uschscapitolhistory.uschs.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What Congressional Rule did Adams regularly violate and fight against?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams, John Quincy - Fun Facts, Answers, Factoids, Info, Information</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.funtrivia.com/en/World/Adams-John-Quincy-13694.html">www.funtrivia.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams led the opposition to repeal the gag rule, claiming it was unconstitutional.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Resource Guide: American Memory Collections (Virtual Programs & Services, Library of Congress)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/presidents/jqadams/memory.html">www.loc.gov</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__56" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="56">Each year the number of anti-slavery petitions received and presented by him increased; perhaps the climax was in 1837, when Adams presented a petition from twenty-two slaves, and, when threatened by his opponents with censure, defended himself with remarkable keenness and ability.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Each year the number of antislavery petitions received and presented by him grew greatly.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Suggestions were again made to expel Adams, to censure him, or to burn the petition.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.3, Entry 53, PETITION | Library of Economics and Liberty</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.econlib.org/library/YPDBooks/Lalor/llCy823.html">www.econlib.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The resolution charged him with attempting to present a petition from slaves for the abolition of slavery.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams: Gag Rule Tactics</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wfu.edu/%7Ezulick/340/gagrule2.html">www.wfu.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__377" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="377">At each <a href="/Session" title="Session">session</a>, also, the majority against him decreased until in 1844 his motion to repeal the Twenty-first Rule was carried by a vote of 108 to 80 and his.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At each session, also, the majority against him decreased until in 1844 his motion to repeal the Twenty-first Rule was carried by a vote of 108 to 80 and his battle was won.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Session after session the majority against Adams' motion dwindled.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lalor, Cyclopaedia of Political Science, V.3, Entry 53, PETITION | Library of Economics and Liberty</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.econlib.org/library/YPDBooks/Lalor/llCy823.html">www.econlib.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At each session of Congress the majority against him decreased until, in 1844, his motion to repeal the gag rule of the House was carried by a vote of 108 to 80, and his long battle was over.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Adams National Historical Park - John Quincy Adams Biography Page 3 (U.S. National Park Service)</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.nps.gov/adam/jqa-bio-page-3.htm">home.nps.gov</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> battle was won. <a name="citable__400" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="400">On the 21st of February 1848, after having suffered a previous stroke of <a href="/Apoplexy" title="Apoplexy">apoplexy</a>, he fell insensible on the floor of the Representatives' chamber, and two days later died.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="400"><a href="#citable__400"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Died: 23 February, 1848.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams - US Presidents' Lives, News - The Independent</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.independent.co.uk/news/presidents/john-quincy-adams-1391114.html">www.independent.co.uk</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="400"><a href="#citable__400"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the 21st of February 1848, after having suffered a previous stroke of apoplexy, he fell insensible on the floor of the Representatives' chamber, and two days later died.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="400"><a href="#citable__400"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He died two days later without regaining consciousness.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://johnqadams.org/">johnqadams.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__157" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="157">Few men in American public life have possessed more <a href="/Intrinsic" title="Intrinsic">intrinsic</a> worth, more independence, more public spirit and more ability than Adams, but throughout his political career he was handicapped by a certain reserve, a certain austerity and coolness of manner, and by his consequent inability to appeal to the imaginations and affections of the people as a whole.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But I think I am worth more than a penny.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams, b. 1845.Narrative of the Life of John Quincy Adams,When in Slavery, and Now as a Freeman. </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/adams/adams.html">docsouth.unc.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His personal reserve, austerity, and coolness of manner prevented him from appealing to the imagination and affections of the people.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> John Quincy Adams </c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://law.jrank.org/pages/4023/Adams-John-Quincy.html">law.jrank.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Still, throughout his political career he was handicapped by a certain personal reserve and austerity and coolness of manner that prevented him from appealing to the imaginations and affections of the people.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__368" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="368">He had, indeed, few intimate political or personal friends, and few men in American history have, during their lifetime, been regarded with so much hostility and attacked with so much rancour by their political opponents.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="368"><a href="#citable__368"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He had, indeed, few intimate political or personal friends, and few men in American history have, during their lifetime, been regarded with so much hostility and attacked with so much rancour hy their political opponents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.nndb.com/people/370/000026292/">www.nndb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Biography of John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.law.cornell.edu/background/amistad/adamsbio.html">www.law.cornell.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="368"><a href="#citable__368"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He had few intimate friends, and not many men in American history have been regarded, during their lifetimes, with so much hostility or attacked with so much rancour by their political opponents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams Biography - Biography.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biography.com/articles/John-Quincy-Adams-9175983?print">www.biography.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="368"><a href="#citable__368"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The two Christian men had a falling out later in life, but were best friends during the years they heavily influenced each other's mythologies.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>20080519237 | Evangelizing to Native Peoples: Contrasting Orthodoxy with American Protestantism | Interviews</c_title></em> <c_date>9 October 2009 8:17 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.orthodoxbiz.com/20080519237/interviews/evangelizing-to-native-peoples-contrasting-orthodoxy-with-american-protestantism.html">www.orthodoxbiz.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__383" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="383">Authorities.-J. T. <a href="/Morse" title="Morse">Morse</a>, <em>John Quincy Adams</em> (Boston, 1883; new edition, 1899); <a href="/Josiah_Quincy" title="Josiah Quincy">Josiah Quincy</a>, <em>Memoir of the Life of John Quincy Adams</em> (Boston, 1858); C. F. Adams (ed.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="383"><a href="#citable__383"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Charles Francis, 1807–86, U.S. statesman: minister to Great Britain 1861–68 (son of John Quincy Adams).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John quincy adams Definition | Definition of John quincy adams at Dictionary.com</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/john+quincy+adams">dictionary.reference.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="383"><a href="#citable__383"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John and Abigail Adams were active members of the First Parish Church in Quincy, which was already unitarian in doctrine by 1753.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Abigail Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www25.uua.org/uuhs/duub/articles/abigailadams.html">www25.uua.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The religion of John Adams, second U.S. President</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.adherents.com/people/pa/John_Adams.html">www.adherents.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="383"><a href="#citable__383"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams (1767-1848) Sixth President of the United States, U.S. Senator, and Secretary of State .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>On Power: The Independent Institute | “A” Quotes On Power</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.onpower.org/quotes/a.html">www.onpower.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> ), <a name="citable__345" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="345"><em>Memoirs of John Q uincy Adams,</em> comprising portions of his diary from 1795 to 1848 (12 vols., <a href="/Philadelphia" title="Philadelphia">Philadelphia</a>, 1874-1877).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="345"><a href="#citable__345"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Memoirs of John Quincy Adams, comprising portions of his diary from 1795 to 1848 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>SearchWorks (SULAIR) Search Results</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://searchworks.stanford.edu/?f%5Bauthor_person_facet%5D%5B%5D=Adams%2C+John+Quincy%2C+1767-1848&q=%22United+States%22&qt=search_subject">searchworks.stanford.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="345"><a href="#citable__345"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Quincy Adams (1767-1848).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> 613. John Quincy Adams (1767-1848). Respectfully Quoted: A Dictionary of Quotations. 1989</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www1.bartleby.com/73/613.html">www1.bartleby.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="345"><a href="#citable__345"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"A selection from 'The memoirs of John Quincy Adams, comprising portions of his diary from 1795 to 1848."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>John Quincy Adams</c_title></em> <c_date>16 January 2010 6:58 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.kipnotes.com/John%20Quincy%20Adams.htm">www.kipnotes.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> (E. CH.)</div> <br clear="all" /> <div style='text-align:left'> <script language='javascript' type='text/javascript'> ServeSecondCustomGoogleAd(); </script> </div> <table width="100%" align="center" border="0"> <tr> <td width="50%" align="left"> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><< <a href="/John_Couch_Adams" title="John Couch Adams">John Couch Adams</a></div> </td> <td width="50%" align="right"> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a href="/Samuel_Adams" title="Samuel Adams">Samuel Adams</a> >></div> </td> </tr> </table> </div> <div id="1911encyclopedia_catlinks"> <p class='catlinks'>Categories: <a href="/Category:ACQ-ADV" title="Category:ACQ-ADV">ACQ-ADV</a> | <a href="/Category:Members_of_the_US_House_of_Representatives" title="Category:Members of the US House of Representatives">Members of the US House of Representatives</a> | <a href="/Category:US_Presidents_and_Vice_Presidents" title="Category:US Presidents and Vice Presidents">US Presidents and Vice Presidents</a> | <a href="/Category:US_senators" title="Category:US senators">US senators</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div> </div> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="simple_wikipedia"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="simple_wikipedia">Simple English</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="simple_wikipedia_fragments"> <table class="infobox vcard" style="margin-top: 1px; width:23em; font-size:90%; text-align:left; padding-left:0.5em; padding-right:0.5em;"> <tr> <td colspan="2" class="fn" style="text-align:center; font-size:140%; font-weight:bold;"><div class="imagemap-inline"><span class="fn">John Quincy Adams</span></div> </td></tr> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;"><a href="/index.php?title=Special:Upload&wpDestFile=John_Quincy" class="new" title="File:John Quincy">File:John Quincy</a><br /> <p><small></small> </p> </td></tr> <tr> <th colspan="2" style="text-align:center; font-size:110%;"> <hr /><div style="background:lavender;">6th <a href="/President_of_the_United_States" title="President of the United States">President of the United States</a></div> </th></tr> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="border-bottom:none; text-align:center;"><b>In office</b><br /><a href="/March_4" title="March 4">March 4</a>, <a href="/1825" title="1825">1825</a> – <a href="/March_3" title="March 3">March 3</a>, <a href="/1829" title="1829">1829</a> </td></tr> <tr> <th> Vice President </th><td> John Caldwell Calhoun </td></tr> <tr> <th> Preceded by </th><td> <a href="/James_Monroe" title="James Monroe">James Monroe</a> </td></tr> <tr> <th> Succeeded by </th><td> <a href="/Andrew_Jackson" title="Andrew Jackson">Andrew Jackson</a> </td></tr> <tr> <td colspan="2"><hr /> </td></tr> <tr> <th> Born </th><td> <a href="/July_11" title="July 11">July 11</a>, <a href="/1767" title="1767">1767</a><br />Braintree, <a href="/Massachusetts" title="Massachusetts">Massachusetts</a>, <a href="/United_States" title="United States">U.S.</a> </td></tr> <tr> <th> Died </th><td> <a href="/February_23" title="February 23">February 23</a>, <a href="/1848" title="1848">1848</a><br /><a href="/Washington,_D.C." title="Washington, D.C.">Washington, D.C.</a>, U.S. </td></tr> <tr> <th> Nationality </th><td> American </td></tr> <tr> <th> Political party </th><td> Federalist, Republican, National Republican and <a href="/Whig_Party_(United_States)" title="Whig Party (United States)">Whig</a> </td></tr> <tr> <th> Spouse </th><td> Louisa Catherine (Johnson) Adams </td></tr> </table> <p><b>John Quincy Adams</b> (<a href="/July_11" title="July 11">July 11</a>, <a href="/1767" title="1767">1767</a> – <a href="/February_23" title="February 23">February 23</a>, <a href="/1848" title="1848">1848</a>) was the sixth <a href="/President_of_the_United_States" title="President of the United States">President of the United States</a> and first President who was the son of a President, <a href="/John_Adams" title="John Adams">John Adams</a>. </p> <table id="toc" class="toc" summary="Contents"><tr><td><div id="toctitle"><h2>Contents</h2></div> <ul> <li class="toclevel-1"><a href="#Early_life"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">Early life</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1"><a href="#Presidency"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Presidency</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1"><a href="#Later_life"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">Later life</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1"><a href="#Other_websites"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Other websites</span></a></li> </ul> </td></tr></table><script type="text/javascript"> if (window.showTocToggle) { var tocShowText = "show"; var tocHideText = "hide"; showTocToggle(); } </script> <a name="Early_life" id="Early_life"></a><h2> <span class="mw-headline"> Early life </span></h2> <p> He was born in Braintree, <a href="/Massachusetts" title="Massachusetts">Massachusetts</a>, in <a href="/1767" title="1767">1767</a>. He watched the Battle of Bunker Hill, a fight of the <a href="/American_Revolutionary_War" title="American Revolutionary War">American Revolutionary War</a>, from his family's farm. When his father, John Adams, was in Europe, John Quincy went with him as his secretary. He became good at speaking other languages. </p><p>He went to <a href="/Harvard_University" title="Harvard University">Harvard</a> College and became a <a href="/Lawyer" title="Lawyer">lawyer</a>. At age 26 he was appointed Minister to the <a href="/Netherlands" title="Netherlands">Netherlands</a> and then he went to <a href="/Berlin" title="Berlin">Berlin</a>. In <a href="/1802" title="1802">1802</a> he was elected to the <a href="/United_States_Senate" title="United States Senate">United States Senate</a>. Six years later President <a href="/James_Madison" title="James Madison">James Madison</a> appointed him Minister to <a href="/Russia" title="Russia">Russia</a>. </p><p>Adams was <a href="/Secretary_of_State" title="Secretary of State">Secretary of State</a> when <a href="/James_Monroe" title="James Monroe">James Monroe</a> was President. He organized joint control of <a href="/Oregon" title="Oregon">Oregon</a> with <a href="/England" title="England">England</a> and helped get Florida from Spain. Adams helped make the <a href="/Monroe_Doctrine" title="Monroe Doctrine">Monroe Doctrine</a>. </p> <a name="Presidency" id="Presidency"></a><h2> <span class="mw-headline"> Presidency </span></h2> <p>Adams was elected president by the <a href="/United_States_House_of_Representatives" title="United States House of Representatives">United States House of Representatives</a> after the 1824 election that had no one get a majority of electoral votes. People who wanted future president <a href="/Andrew_Jackson" title="Andrew Jackson">Andrew Jackson</a> to win said there was a deal between Adams and Speaker of the House <a href="/Henry_Clay" title="Henry Clay">Henry Clay</a>. Adams made Clay his <a href="/Secretary_of_State" title="Secretary of State">Secretary of State</a>. </p><p>Adams was able to pass some law that made new roads and canals in the United States. Adams fought Congress many times as many supporters of Andrew Jackson did not like his support of a national bank and tariffs (taxes on trade). </p><p>Adams lost the 1828 election to Jackson. The election was noted for the personal attacks made by the candidates against each other. </p> <a name="Later_life" id="Later_life"></a><h2> <span class="mw-headline"> Later life </span></h2> <p>Adams returned to Massachusetts for a short time after he was lost. He returned to Washington D.C. in 1831 after being elected to the United States House of Representatives. He was a leading opponent of <a href="/Slavery" title="Slavery">slavery</a>. He remained in Congress until his death on February 23, 1848. </p> <a name="Other_websites" id="Other_websites"></a><h2> <span class="mw-headline"> Other websites </span></h2> <ul><li> <a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ja6.html" class="external text" title="http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ja6.html" rel="nofollow">John Quincy Adams Whitehouse biography</a> </li></ul> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"><tr><td style="padding:2px;"><table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"><tr><th style=";" colspan="3" class="navbox-title"><div style="float:left; width:6em;text-align:left;"><div class="noprint plainlinks navbar" style="background:none; padding:0; font-weight:normal;;;border:none;; font-size:xx-small;">[[Template:FULLPAGENAME: USPresidents|<span title="View this template" style=";;border:none;">v</span>]] <span style="font-size:80%;">•</span> [[{{TALKPAGENAME:Template:FULLPAGENAME: USPresidents}}|<span title="Discuss this template" style=";;border:none;">d</span>]] <span style="font-size:80%;">•</span> [{{fullurl:Template:FULLPAGENAME: USPresidents|action=edit}}<span title="Edit this template" style=";;border:none;;">e</span>]</div></div><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><a href="/President_of_the_United_States" title="President of the United States">Presidents of the United States of America</a></span></th></tr><tr style="height:2px;"><td></td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <a href="/George_Washington" title="George Washington">Washington</a> | <a href="/John_Adams" title="John Adams">J. Adams</a> | <a href="/Thomas_Jefferson" title="Thomas Jefferson">Jefferson</a> | <a href="/James_Madison" title="James Madison">Madison</a> | <a href="/James_Monroe" title="James Monroe">Monroe</a> | <strong class="selflink">J. Q. Adams</strong> | <a href="/Andrew_Jackson" title="Andrew Jackson">Jackson</a> | <a href="/Martin_Van_Buren" title="Martin Van Buren">Van Buren</a> | <a href="/William_Henry_Harrison" title="William Henry Harrison">W. H. Harrison</a> | <a href="/John_Tyler" title="John Tyler">Tyler</a> | <a href="/James_K._Polk" title="James K. Polk">Polk</a> | <a href="/Zachary_Taylor" title="Zachary Taylor">Taylor</a> | <a href="/Millard_Fillmore" title="Millard Fillmore">Fillmore</a> | <a href="/Franklin_Pierce" title="Franklin Pierce">Pierce</a> | <a href="/James_Buchanan" title="James Buchanan">Buchanan</a> | <a href="/Abraham_Lincoln" title="Abraham Lincoln">Lincoln</a> | <a href="/Andrew_Johnson" title="Andrew Johnson">A. 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Bush</a> | <a href="/Barack_Obama" title="Barack Obama">Obama</a></div></td><td style="width:0%;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px;" rowspan="1"><a href="/index.php?title=Special:Upload&wpDestFile=Seal_Of_The_President_Of_The_United_States_Of_America.svg" class="new" title="File:Seal Of The President Of The United States Of America.svg"></a></td></tr></table></td></tr></table> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"><tr><td style="padding:2px;"><table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"><tr><th style=";" colspan="3" class="navbox-title"><div style="float:left; width:6em;text-align:left;"><div class="noprint plainlinks navbar" style="background:none; padding:0; font-weight:normal;;;border:none;; font-size:xx-small;">[[Template:FULLPAGENAME: JQ Adams cabinet|<span title="View this template" style=";;border:none;">v</span>]] <span style="font-size:80%;">•</span> [[{{TALKPAGENAME:Template:FULLPAGENAME: JQ Adams cabinet}}|<span title="Discuss this template" style=";;border:none;">d</span>]] <span style="font-size:80%;">•</span> [{{fullurl:Template:FULLPAGENAME: JQ Adams cabinet|action=edit}}<span title="Edit this template" style=";;border:none;;">e</span>]</div></div><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><a href="/United_States_Cabinet" title="United States Cabinet">Cabinet</a> of <a href="/President_of_the_United_States" title="President of the United States">President</a> <strong class="selflink">John Quincy Adams</strong> (1825-1829)</span></th></tr><tr style="height:2px;"><td></td></tr><tr><td class="navbox-group" style=";;"><a href="/Vice_President_of_the_United_States" title="Vice President of the United States">Vice President</a></td><td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"><div style="padding:0em 0.25em"> <a href="/John_C._Calhoun" title="John C. 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id="related_links"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_links">Related links</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of November 16, 2009</span> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>100%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/presiden/inaug/qadams.htm" title="<A HREF=http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/presiden/inaug/qadams.htm>http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/presiden/inaug/qadams.htm</A>">Inaugural Address</a> - The Avalon Project : Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>75%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/jqadams.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD><B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> (July 11, 1767 - February 23, 1848) was the sixth (1825 - 1829) President of the United States.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Biography The first President who was the son of a President, <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> in many respects paralleled the career as well as the temperament and viewpoints of his illustrious father.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Serving under President Monroe, <B>Adams</B> was one of America's great Secretaries of State, arranging with England for the joint occupation of the Oregon country, obtaining from Spain the purchase of the Floridas, and formulating with the President the Monroe Doctrine.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.usa-presidents.info/jqadams.htm>http://www.usa-presidents.info/jqadams.htm</A>">Biography of John Quincy Adams</a> - USA-Presidents.Info - John Quincy Adams</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>45</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>68%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-3.html" title="<A HREF=http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-3.html>http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-3.html</A>">1827</a> - USA-Presidents.Info - John Quincy Adams Third State of the Union Address</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>45</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>68%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-1.html" title="<A HREF=http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-1.html>http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-1.html</A>">1825</a> - USA-Presidents.Info - John Quincy Adams First State of the Union Address</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>46</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>68%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-4.html" title="<A HREF=http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-4.html>http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-4.html</A>">1828</a> - USA-Presidents.Info - John Quincy Adams Fourth State of the Union Address</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>46</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>68%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-2.html" title="<A HREF=http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-2.html>http://www.usa-presidents.info/union/jqadams-2.html</A>">1826</a> - USA-Presidents.Info - John Quincy Adams Second State of the Union Address</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ja6.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The first President who was the son of a President, <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> in many respects paralleled the career as well as the temperament and viewpoints of his illustrious father.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Serving under President Monroe, <B>Adams</B> was one of America's great Secretaries of State, arranging with England for the joint occupation of the Oregon country, obtaining from Spain the cession of the Floridas, and formulating with the President the Monroe Doctrine.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>In the political tradition of the early 19th century, <B>Adams</B> as Secretary of State was considered the political heir to the Presidency.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ja6.html>http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ja6.html</A>">White House Biography</a> - Biography of John Quincy Adams</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.fff.org/freedom/1001e.asp" title="<A HREF=http://www.fff.org/freedom/1001e.asp>http://www.fff.org/freedom/1001e.asp</A>">July 4, 1821 Independence Day Speech</a> - John Quincy Adams on U.S. Foreign Policy</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>47</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.masshist.org/adams_editorial/volumes_published.cfm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Diary and Autobiography of <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B>, 4 vols.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The Earliest Diary of <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B>, a supplement (1753-1759), ed.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Legal Papers of <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B>, 3 vols., ed.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.masshist.org/adams_editorial/volumes_published.cfm>http://www.masshist.org/adams_editorial/volumes_published.cfm</A>">The Adams Family Papers Editorial Project</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>44</B> times over <B>a 3 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.american-presidents.com/presidents/john-quincy-adams" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD><B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> was the first president who was the son of a President.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD><B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> was born on July 11, 1767 in Braintree, Massachusetts.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>His father, <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B>, would later serve as the first Vice-President of the United States, and then the second President.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.american-presidents.com/presidents/john-quincy-adams>http://www.american-presidents.com/presidents/john-quincy-adams</A>">John Quincy Adams Biography and Fact File</a> - John Quincy Adams Biography - American Presidents on History Empire</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>39</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The struggle was for chartered rights - for English liberties - for the cause of Algernon Sidney and <B>John</B> Hambden - for trial by jury - the Habeas Corpus and Magna Charta.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>This draft was prepared by <B>John</B> Dickinson, then a delegate from Pennsylvania, who voted against the Declaration of Independence, and never signed it - having been superseded by a new election of delegates from that State, eight days after his draft was reported.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>That of <B>John</B> Jay was associated with them shortly after the peace, in the capacity of Secretary to the Congress for Foreign Affairs.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm>http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/misc/1839-jub.htm</A>">The Jubilee of the Constitution: A Discourse</a> - John Quincy Adams: Constitutional Law</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>39</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.doctorzebra.com/prez/g06.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD><B>John</B> <B>Adams</B> II, who was the grandson of <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B> and the son of <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B>, married his first cousin in the White House on Feb.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>This was the first intermarriage between the descendants of two Presidents: both bride and groom were descended from <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B>, but only the bride from <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> [5b].</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>His father, President <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B>, was the third cousin of his mother, Abigail [5a].</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.doctorzebra.com/prez/g06.htm>http://www.doctorzebra.com/prez/g06.htm</A>">Medical and Health history of John Quincy Adams</a> - President John Q. Adams : Health & Medical History</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>42</B> times over <B>a 3 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABB5322.0001.001" title="<A HREF=http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABB5322.0001.001>http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABB5322.0001.001</A>">Dermot MacMorrogh,: or, The conquest of Ireland. An historical tale of the twelfth century. In four cantos./ By John Quincy Adams</a> - Making of America Books: Dermot MacMorrogh,: or, The conquest of Ireland. An historical tale of the twelfth century. In four cantos./ By John Quincy Adams.</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>42</B> times over <B>a 3 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABA7992.0001.001" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Making of America Books: Poems of religion and society.: With notices of his life and character by <B>John</B> Davis and T.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Poems of religion and society.: With notices of his life and character by <B>John</B> Davis and T.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABA7992.0001.001>http://www.hti.umich.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=moa;idno=ABA7992.0001.001</A>">Poems of religion and society.: With notices of his life and character by John Davis and T. H. Benton</a> - Making of America Books: Poems of religion and society.: With notices of his life and character by John Davis and T. H. Benton.</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>38</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/hlaw:@field(DOCID+@lit(hj01849)" title=", Jackson resigned from his senate seat. For four years he worked hard, with help from his supporters in Congress, to defeat <B>Adams</B> in the<br><br><A HREF=http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/hlaw:@field(DOCID+@lit(hj01849)>http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/hlaw:@field(DOCID+@lit(hj01849)</A>">Wednesday, February 9, 1825</a> - American Memory from the Library of Congress</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>36</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/ADA_AIZ/ADAMS_JOHN_QUINCY_1767_1848_.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>TIME, STANDARDtime, <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> was regarded as belonging to the Federalist party, but he now found its See also:</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>MASSACHUSETTS (an Indian name, originally applied to a tribe of Indians)Massachusetts, and was named after <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> (1689-1767), his See also:</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>PORTUGALPortugal, but before his departure thither his father <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B> became president and changed his destination to See also:</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/ADA_AIZ/ADAMS_JOHN_QUINCY_1767_1848_.html>http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/ADA_AIZ/ADAMS_JOHN_QUINCY_1767_1848_.html</A>">Encyclopedia Britannica: Adams, John Quincy</a> - JOHN QUINCY ADAMS (176... - Online Information article about JOHN QUINCY ADAMS (176...</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>31</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://fpc.state.gov/fpc/40871.htm" title="<A HREF=http://fpc.state.gov/fpc/40871.htm>http://fpc.state.gov/fpc/40871.htm</A>">Page not found</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>32</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.whitehousehistory.org/08/subs/08_b.html" title="The White House Historical Association<br><br><A HREF=http://www.whitehousehistory.org/08/subs/08_b.html>http://www.whitehousehistory.org/08/subs/08_b.html</A>">The White House Historical Association</a></td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>25</B> times."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://johnqadams.org" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Independence in politics has always been characteristic of the <B>Adams</B> family, and in none has this been more strongly marked than in <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>After an absence of eight years, <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> was called back to his native land to serve as secretary of state under President Monroe.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The candidates were <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B>, secretary of state;</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://johnqadams.org>http://johnqadams.org</A>">Biography of John Quincy Adams by Appleton's and Stanley L. Klos</a> - John Quincy Adams</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/pep-red-8x11.jpg" align="bottom" title="We marked this link as controversial because it was removed and readded from Wikipedia <B>26</B> times over <B>a 2 year</B> period."><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=7070098" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD><B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> in the 1920, 1820s rather, writes a 40-page treatise against Islam.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>So you have President <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B> saying he wished that the Jews would form an army a hundred thousand strong to move into Palestine and to reclaim it as a Judean kingdom.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=7070098>http://www.npr.org/templates/transcript/transcript.php?storyId=7070098</A>">NPR Robert Siegel talks with Michael B. Oren, author of Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East: 1776 to the Present</a> - Perspective on U.S. Middle East Policy : NPR</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.uua.org/uuhs/duub/articles/johnquincyadams.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD><B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> (July 11, 1767-February 23, 1848) spent most of his youth and adult life in public service to the United States, as senator, diplomat, secretary of state, president, and congressman.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD><B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> was an extremely complex person.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>On the afternoon of February 21, 1848 <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> was, as usual, at his desk in the House of Representatives.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.uua.org/uuhs/duub/articles/johnquincyadams.html>http://www.uua.org/uuhs/duub/articles/johnquincyadams.html</A>">Unitarian Universalist site - article on John Quincy Adams</a> - John Quincy Adams</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.familytales.org/results.php?tla=jqa" title="<A HREF=http://www.familytales.org/results.php?tla=jqa>http://www.familytales.org/results.php?tla=jqa</A>">Collection of John Quincy Adams Letters</a> - Whoops, something went wrong. | Familytales</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog/NAGDEX.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>There has never been any doubt that the <B>Adams</B> family was America's first family in our politics and memory.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>This research-based and insightful book is a multigenerational biography of that family from the founder father <B>John</B> through the mordant writer Brooks.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog/NAGDEX.html>http://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog/NAGDEX.html</A>">Nagel, Paul. ''Descent from Glory: Four Generations of the John Adams Family.'' Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.</a> - Harvard University Press: Descent from Glory: Four Generations of the John Adams Family by Paul C. Nagel</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jmisc.net/BIOG-A.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The only son of <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> who made a successful career.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Son of <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B>, <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B>'s formative years were partly spent in Europe, where his father served as a diplomat.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Published early versions of the copious <B>Adams</B> family correspondence.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.jmisc.net/BIOG-A.htm>http://www.jmisc.net/BIOG-A.htm</A>">Brief Biographies of Jackson Era Characters (A)</a> - Brief Biographies of Jackson Era Characters (A)</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.example.com" title=":''For other people named <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B>, see<br><br><A HREF=http://www.example.com>http://www.example.com</A>">link title</a> - Example Web Page</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.biographyshelf.com/john_quincy_adams_biography.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Known for his antislavery viewpoints and one who attempted to push the modernization through infrastructure, <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> served as the President of the United States from 1825 to 1829.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD><B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> ran for president and actually lost the electoral and popular vote.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>With his experiences abroad, <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> had an impressive international agenda.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.biographyshelf.com/john_quincy_adams_biography.html>http://www.biographyshelf.com/john_quincy_adams_biography.html</A>">Biography resources dedicated to John Quincy Adams</a> - Biography of John Quincy Adams - biography, autobiography & memoir resources</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.abacci.com/books/book.asp?bookID=1530" title="Some of the speeches made by <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> Iodohydrin pseudoasthma, thirds institute bairn thermoenergetic lune rockery bombinate vanishes faro metavolcanic declinator snatch?<br><br><A HREF=http://www.abacci.com/books/book.asp?bookID=1530>http://www.abacci.com/books/book.asp?bookID=1530</A>">Orations</a> - Orations by John Quincy Adams</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/titles/orations.html" title="<A HREF=http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/titles/orations.html>http://www.ibiblio.org/gutenberg/titles/orations.html</A>">Orations</a> - Online Book Catalog - Overview - Project Gutenberg</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ufpc.org" title="Our church is the burial place of presidents <B>John</B> <B>Adams</B> and <B>John</B> <B>Quincy</B> <B>Adams</B> and their wives Abigail <B>Adams</B> and Louisa Catherine <B>Adams</B>.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.ufpc.org>http://www.ufpc.org</A>">United First Parish Church</a> - United First Parish Church (Unitarian), Quincy, Massachusetts</td></tr></table> </div> </span><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="related_topics"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_topics">Related topics</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of August 19, 2010</span> <ul> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Edward_Everett">Edward Everett</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Martin_Van_Buren">Martin Van Buren</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/James_Monroe">James Monroe</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/James_Buchanan">James Buchanan</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Daniel_Webster">Daniel Webster</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/John_Adams">John Adams</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Thomas_Jefferson">Thomas Jefferson</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Thomas_F._Bayard">Thomas F. Bayard</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Louis_McLane">Louis McLane</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/John_Hay">John Hay</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Millard_Fillmore">Millard Fillmore</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/United_States_democratic_Party">United States democratic Party</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Augustus_Bacon">Augustus Bacon</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/John_Tyler">John Tyler</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Andrew_Jackson">Andrew Jackson</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/James_Madison">James Madison</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Henry_Clay">Henry Clay</a> </li> </span> </ul> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div></div> </div> <br/><br/><br/> <script type="text/javascript" language="javascript"><!-- function checkEmail(myForm) { if (/^\w+([\.-]?\w+)*@\w+([\.-]?\w+)*(\.\w{2,3})+$/.test(myForm.str_email.value)){ return (true); } alert("Invalid E-mail Address! 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