Rev. Dr. Thomas Romney Robinson (23 April 1792 - 28 February 1882) was an astronomer and physicist. He was the longtime director of the Armagh Astronomical Observatory, one of the chief astronomical observatories in the U.K. during the 19th century.
Robinson was born in Dublin. He was educated at Belfast Academy then continued his studies at Trinity College, Dublin, and obtained a fellowship there in 1814, and for some years was a deputy professor of natural philosophy (physics). Having been also confirmed as an Anglican priest while at Trinity, he obtained the church livings at Enniskillen and at Carrickmacross in the early 1820s. In 1823 he additionally gained the appointment of astronomer at the Armagh observatory, and from then on he always resided at the observatory, engaged in researches connected with astronomy and physics, until his death in 1882.
Robinson compiled a large catalog of stars, and published a number of related papers in scientific journals. He is also of note as the inventor (1846) of a device for measuring the speed of the wind, the Robinson anemometer. Robinson received a Royal Medal in 1862 "for the Armagh catalogue of 5345 stars, deduced from observations made at the Armagh Observatory, from the years 1820 up to 1854; for his papers on the construction of astronomical instruments in the memoirs of the Astronomical Society, and his paper on electromagnets in the Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy."
JOHN THOMAS ROMNEY ROBINSON (1792-1882), Irish astronomer and physicist, was born in Dublin on the 23rd of April 1792. He studied at Trinity College, Dublin, and obtained a fellowship in 1814; for some years he was deputy professor of natural philosophy, until in 1821 he obtained the college living of Enniskillen. In 1823 he was appointed astronomer of the Armagh observatory, with which he (from 1824) combined the living of Carrickmacross, but he always resided at the observatory, engaged in researches connected with astronomy and physics, until his death on the 28th of February 1882. Robinson published a number of papers in scientific journals, and the Armagh catalogue of stars (Places of 5345 Stars observed from 1828 to 1854 at the Armagh Observatory, Dublin, 1859), but he is best known as the inventor (1846) of the cup-anemometer for registering the velocity of the wind.