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John W. Snow


In office
February 3, 2003 – June 28, 2006
Preceded by Paul O'Neill
Succeeded by Henry Paulson

Born August 2, 1939 (1939-08-02) (age 70)
Toledo, Ohio
Political party Republican
Alma mater Kenyon College
University of Toledo
University of Virginia
George Washington University Law School
Religion Methodist
Signature

John William Snow (born August 2, 1939, in Toledo, Ohio) served as the 73rd United States Secretary of the Treasury under U.S. President George W. Bush. He replaced Secretary Paul O'Neill on February 3, 2003 and was succeeded by Henry Paulson on July 3, 2006, in a move that had been anticipated.[1][2][3] Snow submitted a letter of resignation on May 30, 2006, effective "after an orderly transition period for my successor."[4] Snow announced on Thursday, June 29, 2006 that he had completed his last day on the job; Robert Kimmitt served as acting secretary until Paulson was sworn in.

Following his departure from government service, the private Cerberus Capital Management group, currently managing Chrysler Corporation during the 'bailout' or 'government aid to the domestic automakers' period, appointed John Snow chairman as announced in a press release on October 19, 2006 [effective at that time].

Contents

Background

Born in Toledo, Ohio, in 1939, Snow attended high school at Gilmour Academy in Gates Mills, Ohio. He did his undergraduate studies at Kenyon College (where he was a member of the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity) and the University of Toledo, from which he received a B.A. in 1962. He received a Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Virginia in 1965. From 1965 to 1968, he was an Assistant Professor of Economics at the University of Maryland. He completed an LL.B. at the George Washington University Law School in 1967 and then worked at the Washington, DC law firm of Wheeler & Wheeler from 1967 to 1972.

Snow lives in Richmond, Virginia with his wife Carolyn. He has three children and four grandchildren.

Snow's alma mater, Kenyon College, awarded him an honorary LL.D. in 1993. He has also received the U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary's Outstanding Achievement Award and has been named a Distinguished Fellow by the Yale School of Management.

Public service during the Nixon-Ford period

In 1972, Snow left Wheeler & Wheeler and took up a position as Assistant Professor of Law at the George Washington University Law School. During the 3 years he spent with the GWU Law School, Snow also held positions in the US government: in 1972-73, as Assistant General Counsel for the Department of Transportation; in 1973-74, as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy, Plans and International Affairs; and in 1974-75, as Assistant Secretary for Governmental Affairs in the Department of Transportation.

In 1975, Snow left GWU Law School and took up the full-time position of Deputy Undersecretary in the Department of Transportation. In 1976 he left this post when he was named as Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

With the election of Jimmy Carter, Snow departed public life in 1977. During his transition period out of public life, in Spring 1977, he served as a Visiting Professor of Economics at the University of Virginia and as a Visiting Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute. In addition, he was named a Distinguished Fellow at the Yale School of Management from 1978 until 1980.

Career in the railway industry

Snow's years with the Department of Transportation proved useful to him, as in 1977, he became the Vice President in charge of Governmental Affairs for Chessie System, Inc., a holding company that owned three American railroads: the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, a.k.a. the C&O (for which the Chessie System was named); the Western Maryland Railway; and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (the B&O of Monopoly fame).

In 1980, Chessie System merged with another railroad holding company, Seaboard Coast Line Industries, to form CSX Corporation, and Snow became CSX's Senior Vice President-Corporate Services at their new headquarters in Richmond, Virginia. In 1984, he was promoted to Executive Vice President.

In 1985, CSX installed Snow as President and CEO of their B&O Railroad and he oversaw its merger with their C&O Railway in 1986. This created a new entity, CSX Transportation, headquartered in Jacksonville, Florida. Snow became the President and CEO of CSX Transportation.

In 1988, Snow left CSX Transportation (the railroad) to become President and Chief Operating Officer of CSX Corporation (the holding company). As of April 1989, he was President and Chief Executive Officer of CSX. From 1991, he also served as CSX's Chairman. He continued to hold all three posts until he was named Secretary of the Treasury in 2003.[5]

In his drive for efficient capital investment,Snow cut $2.4. billion between 1984-1993. Part of the savings was effected by using 3 instead of 4 engines on some hauls. Other savings were effected by huge deferred maintenance and deferred safety measures. CSX was found guilty of flagrant violation of the public trust in the infamous Orlon switch case which resulted in punitive damage fines of $50 million which CSX was able to pass on to Amtrak which was operating the train involved, though it was found faultless.

Part of CSX, CSX Lines was sold to The Carlyle Group, early in 2003. After Snow left the company for the White House, CSX sold its international port operations to the UAE company, Dubai Transport.

Public service during time in the private sector

During Ronald Reagan's campaign for the presidency in 1980, Snow was a member of Governor Reagan's four-man advisory group on regulatory policy. Following his election victory, President-Elect Reagan named Snow as Vice Chairman of his Transportation Transition Team.

Snow would go on to serve on the White House Conference for a Drug Free America; the Services Policy Advisory Committee of the U.S. Trade Representative; as Co-Chair of the National Commission on Financial Institution Reform, Recovery and Enforcement; the National Commission on Intermodal Transportation; the National Commission on Economic Growth and Tax Reform; as a Trustee of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts; and as a Member of the Richmond City School Board.

He was the co-chairman of the Conference Board's Blue-Ribbon Commission on Public Trust and Private Enterprise. He also served as co-chairman of the National Commission on Financial Institution Reform, Recovery and Enforcement in 1992 that made recommendations following the savings and loan crisis.

From 1994 through 1996, he was Chairman of the Business Roundtable, a business policy group of 250 chief executive officers of the nation's largest companies, and played a major role in supporting passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Further affiliations

Snow has served as a director for Bassett Furniture Industries, Inc.; Circuit City Stores, Inc.; NationsBank Corp.; Textron Inc.; USX Corporation; the U.S.-Japan Business Council; Verizon Communications; and the Association of American Railroads.

He has served on the Board of Trustees of the Johns Hopkins University and the University of Virginia Darden School Foundation.

He has been a member of the Business Roundtable; the Executive Committee of The Business Council; the Virginia Business Council; and the National Coal Council.

On October 19, 2006, John W. Snow was named chairman of Cerberus Capital Management.

On August 15, 2007, Snow was appointed the inaugural Newman Visiting Fellow at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia.

John W. Snow at the 2004 IMF/World Bank Annual Meeting.

Secretary of the Treasury

Snow was nominated as Secretary of the Treasury by President George W. Bush on January 13, 2003 and unanimously confirmed by the US Senate.

In May 2004, it was revealed that Snow's brokers had bought $10 million of debt issued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac on the day and day after Snow was sworn into office as Treasury Secretary. Snow claimed this was done without his knowledge in February 2003. When Snow found out, he divested the debt holdings. A Treasury ethics lawyer has found that the holdings did not represent a conflict of interest but had the potential to do so in the future.[6] On May 26, 2006 Snow announced that he would resign effective July 3. He said the White House would make an official statement the following week. On May 30, it was formally announced that Snow would leave this position. On this same day, it was announced that President George W. Bush had nominated Henry Paulson, CEO of Goldman Sachs, to replace Snow.[7]

References

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Paul O'Neill
United States Secretary of the Treasury
Served under: George W. Bush

2003-2006
Succeeded by
Henry Paulson
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Simple English

John W. Snow
File:John W.


In office
February 3, 2003 – June 28, 2006
Preceded by Paul O'Neill
Succeeded by Henry Paulson

Born August 2, 1939 (1939-08-02) (age 71)
Toledo, Ohio
Political party Republican
Alma mater Kenyon College
University of Toledo
University of Virginia
George Washington University Law School
Religion Methodist

John William Snow (born August 2, 1939, in Toledo, Ohio) served as the 73rd United States Secretary of the Treasury. He replaced Secretary Paul O'Neill on February 3, 2003 and was succeeded by Henry Paulson on July 3, 2006, in a move that had been anticipated for several weeks[1][2][3][4]. Snow submitted a letter of resignation on May 30, 2006, effective "after an orderly transition period for my successor."[5] To replace him, U.S. President George W. Bush nominated Henry M. Paulson, Jr.. Snow announced on Thursday, June 29, 2006 that he had completed his last day on the job; Robert Kimmitt served as acting secretary until Paulson was sworn in.

References


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