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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Wain (baptised John Barrington Wain, March 14, 1925 – May 24, 1994) was an English poet, novelist, and critic, associated with the literary group "The Movement". For most of his life, Wain worked as a freelance journalist and author, writing and reviewing for newspapers and the radio.

Life and work

Wain was born and grew up in Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, and attended St. John's College, Oxford, gaining a B.A. in 1946 and M.A. in 1950. He was a Fereday Fellow of St John's between 1946 and 1949.[1] He wrote his first novel Hurry on Down during 1953, a comic picaresque story about an unsettled university graduate who rejects the standards of conventional society. Other notable novels include Strike the father dead (1962), a tale of a jazzman's rebellion against his conventional father, and Young shoulders (1982), winner of the Whitbread Prize, the tale of a young boy dealing with the death of loved ones. Wain's use of lower-case letters in the titles of his novels indicates his non-conventional manner.

Wain was also a prolific poet and critic, with critical works on fellow Midlands writers Arnold Bennett, Samuel Johnson (for which he was awarded the 1974 James Tait Black Memorial Prize), and William Shakespeare. Among the other writers he has written works about are the Americans Theodore Roethke and Edmund Wilson. He himself was the subject of a bibliography by David Gerard.

Wain taught at the University of Reading during the late 1940s and early 1950s, and during 1963 spent a term as professor of rhetoric at Gresham College, London. He was the first Fellow in creative arts at Brasenose College, Oxford (1971–1972), and was appointed a supernumerary fellow during 1973.[1] In that same year, he was elected to the five-year post of Professor of Poetry at the University of Oxford: some of his lectures are collected in his book Professing Poetry.

Literary associations

Wain was often referred to as one of the "Angry Young Men", a term applied to 1950s writers such as John Braine, John Osborne, Alan Sillitoe and Keith Waterhouse, radicals who opposed the British establishment and conservative elements of society at that time. Indeed, he did contribute to Declaration, an anthology of manifestos by writers associated with the philosophy, and a chapter of his novel, Hurry on Down, was excerpted in a popular paperback sampler, Protest: The Beat Generation and the Angry Young Men.[2][3]

Nevertheless, it may be more accurate to associate Wain with "The Movement", a group of post-war poets including Kingsley Amis, D.J. Enright, Thom Gunn, Elizabeth Jennings and Philip Larkin. Amis and Larkin, good friends of Wain's for a time, were also associated, with equal dubiousness, with the "angries". But, other than poetry, it is more accurate to refer to these three, as was sometimes done at the time, as "The New University Wits", writers who desired to communicate rather than to experiment, and who often did so in a comic mode. However, they all became more serious after their initial work. Wain is still known for his poetry (for example An Apology for Understatement) and literary interests (see his work for "The Observer"), though his work now no longer is as popular as it was previously.

Wain's tutor at Oxford had been C. S. Lewis. He encountered, but did not believe he belonged to, Lewis's literary acquaintances, the Inklings. Wain was a serious about literature as the Inklings, and believed as they did in the primacy of literature as communication, but as a modern realist writer he shared neither their conservative social beliefs nor their propensity for fantasy.




  • Hurry on Down (1953) aka Born in Captivity (US title)
  • Living in the Present (1953)
  • The Contenders (1958)
  • A Travelling Woman (1959)
  • Strike the Father Dead (1962)
  • The Young Visitors (1965)
  • The Smaller Sky (1967)
  • A Winter in the Hills (1970)
  • The Pardoner's Tale (1978)
  • Lizzie's Floating Shop (1981)
  • Young Shoulders (1982) aka The Free Zone Starts Here (winner of the Whitbread Prize)
  • Where the Rivers Meet (1988)
  • Comedies (1990)
  • Hungry Generations (1994)


  • A Word Carved on a Sill (1956)
  • Weep Before God (1961)
  • Wildtrack (1965)
  • Letters to Five Artists, poems (1969)
  • Feng, a poem (1975)
  • Poems 1949-79 (1980)
  • Poems for the Zodiac (1980)
  • The Twofold (1981)
  • Open Country (1987)

Short Stories

  • Manhood (1980)
  • The Valentine Generation
  • Down our Way
  • A Message from the Pig-man


  • Johnson is Leaving (1973) (monodrama)
  • Harry in the Night (1975)
  • Frank (1984) (radio play)

Short story collections

  • Nuncle and Other Stories (1960)
  • Death of the Hind Legs and Other Stories (1966)
  • The Life Guard (1971)

Literary criticism

  • Interpretations, essays on twelve English poems (1955 and 1972)
  • Preliminary Essays (1957)
  • American Allegory (1959)
  • Strength and Isolation in "The Living Milton", ed. Frank Kermode (1960)
  • Essays on Literature and Ideas (1963)
  • The Living World of Shakespeare, a playgoer's guide (1964)
  • Theodore Roethke (1964) (in Critical Quarterly)
  • Arnold Bennett (1967)
  • A House for the truth, critical essays (1972)
  • Johnson as critic (1973)
  • An Edmund Wilson celebration (1978)
  • Edmund Wilson, the man and his work (1978)
  • Professing poetry (1979)
  • Introduction to Milton's Paradise Lost (1991) published by The Folio Society (2003)


  • Sprightly Running: Part of an Autobiography (1962)
  • Samuel Johnson: A Biography (1975)

See also

  • Hatziolou, Elizabeth (1997). John Wain, A Man of Letters.
  • Glyer, Diana (2007). The Company They Keep: C. S. Lewis and J. R. R. Tolkien as Writers in Community. ISBN 978-0873388900.
  • "L'Art de John Wain, Poete": Edward Black, PhD Thesis, Universite de Caen 1965.


  1. ^ a b "Wain, John Barrington". Who Was Who. Oxford University Press. December 2007. 
  2. ^ Maschler, Tom (editor) (1957). Declaration. London: MacGibbon and Kee. 
  3. ^ Feldman, Gene and Gartneberg, Max (editors) (1958). Protest: The Beat Generation and the Angry Young Men. New York: Citadel Press. 


Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

John Barrington Wain (14 March 192524 May 1994) was a British poet, anthologist and journalist.


  • The lesson is that dying men must groan;
    And poets groan in rhymes that please the ear.
    • Poem Don't let's spoil it all, I thought that we were going to be such good friends.
  • Poetry is to prose as dancing is to walking.
    • Talk on BBC Radio, 13 January 1976
    • Quoted in "The Penguin Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Quotations", J M & M J Cohen (1996) p. 389 ISBN 0-14-051165-2


  • This book — amber-clear, cool and with a good head — deserves a thoughtful swig even from people who never drink.
  • How much of our literature, our political life, our friendships and love affairs, depend on being able to talk peacefully in a bar!

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