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John XVIII
Ioannes XVIII.jpg
Papacy began January, 1004
Papacy ended July, 1009
Predecessor John XVII
Successor Sergius IV
Personal details
Birth name Fasanius
Born ???
Rapagnano, Papal States
Died July, 1009
Rome, Papal States, Holy Roman Empire
Other Popes named John

John XVIII (died June or July 1009) was Pope from 1004 to 1009.

He was born Fasanius at Rapagnano, near Ascoli Piceno, the son of a Roman priest named Leo.

During his whole pontificate he was allegedly subordinate to the head of the Crescentii clan who controlled Rome, the patricius (an aristocratic military leader) Johannes Crescentius III. The period was disturbed by the conflicts between the Ottonian Emperor Henry II (1002–24) and Arduin of Ivrea, who had styled himself King of Italy. Rome was wracked with bouts of plague, and Saracens operating freely out of Sardinia ravaged the Tyrrhenian coasts.

As Pope John XVIII occupied his time with details of ecclesiastical administration. He authorized a new see at Bamberg to serve as a base for missionary activity among the Slavs, a concern of Henry II's. He adjudicated a squabble between the abbot of Fleury and the bishops of Sens and Orléans.

Ultimately he abdicated and, according to one catalog of Popes, retired to a monastery, where he died shortly afterwards. His successor was Pope Sergius IV (1009–12).

(A note on numbering: Pope John XVIII was only the seventeenth pope called John, because John XVI was an antipope. However, this was not recognized at the time so the true sixteenth Pope John called himself XVII. Thus the true seventeenth pope called John took the regnal number XVIII.)

External links

This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913. (The article can be found here: [1])

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John XVII
Pope
1004–09
Succeeded by
Sergius IV
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

JOHN XVIII., pope from 1003 to 1009, was, during his whole pontificate, the mere creature of the patrician John Crescentius, and ultimately he abdicated and retired to a monastery, where he died shortly afterwards. His successor was Sergius IV.


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