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Joinville
—  Municipality  —
The Municipality of Joinville

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): City of Princes - City of Flowers
Location of Joinville
Country Brazil Brazil
Region South
State Santa Catarina
Founded March 9, 1851
Government
 - Mayor Carlito Merss (PT)
Area
 - Total 1,130 km2 (436.3 sq mi)
Elevation 4 m (13 ft)
Population (2007)
 - Total 487,003
 - Density 430/km2 (1,113.7/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 - Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 89200-000
HDI (2000) 0.857 – high
Website Joinville, Santa Catarina

Joinville is a city in Santa Catarina, in the Southern Region of Brazil. Joinville is Santa Catarina's largest city. In 2009, its population was approximately 500,000, the majority of whom are of German descent. Joinville's metropolitan area exceeds 1 million inhabitants.[1]

Owing to urban development and relatively good infrastructure, Joinville has become a major center for events and business conferences. The city has one of the highest standards of living in Brazil.[2]

Contents

History

The first inhabitants in the region of Joinville were the Tupi-Guarani people. Joinville was founded on March 9, 1851, by German , Swiss and Norwegian immigrants.

Even though it is considered a German-Brazilian city, its name is French (Joinville was named after François d'Orléans, prince of Joinville, son of King Louis-Philippe of France, who married Princess Francisca of Brazil, in 1843). The city's former name was Dona Francisca, but was changed to Joinville in 1851.

The land where Joinville is located was part of the French and Brazilian Royal Family wedding gift, even though the Prince of Joinville and his Brazilian bride had never been to the land.

A German house in Joinville.

However, a Royal Palace was built in their honor around 1870. In 1851, the French prince, after a financial crisis, sold almost all his lands in Southern Brazil to the German Senator Mathias Schröder.

Senator Schröder was a member of the Colonization Society of Hamburg. This society, made up of bankers, businessmen and merchants, attracted immigrants to be sent to Brazil and thereby establish commercial ties between Germany and the German communities in Brazil. In 1851, the first 118 German and Swiss immigrants arrived, followed by 74 Norwegian immigrants.

From 1850 to 1888, Joinville received 17,000 German immigrants, most of them Lutherans, poor peasants coming to occupy this part of Brazil.[1]

Characteristics and tourism

Joinville in the afternoon.

Joinville is famous for its strong German-influenced culture. The city retains many aspects of the German culture, in its architecture, in the local dishes, parties and in the way of life of its inhabitants, known as workaholics.

Joinville is the host city of the Festival de Dança de Joinville (Joinville Dance Festival) which is the world's largest dance event, held every year during the month of July[3]. Joinville is the only city outside of Moscow to have a school of the Bolshoi Ballet, the renowned Russian Ballet Company. The city is home to a Catholic bishop, several Lutheran churches (one of the largest communities in Brazil), a Botanical Garden and a Zoo, parks, and several beaches are a half an hour drive away from the city. It is also home to several museums.[4]

The Royal Palace, built in the mid-19th century, nowadays is a museum about the German immigration to Brazil. It has furniture and costumes dating back to the mid-19th century.

A typical German house in Joinville, built in 1921 by the butcher Otto Schroeder, son of German immigrants.

Immigration Push

In 2006, Joinville published an advert in the Daily Mail newspaper in Britain. With the slogan 'Join Joinville' it attempted to attract educated Britons who could help 'improve the infrastructure of our growing city'. Although the local political leaders remain tight-lipped, the advert has been widely seen as a failure by members of the public.

International Dance Festival

One of the biggest dance events in Latin America, since 1983. It gathers about four thousand dancers, professionals and students, always on the second fortnight of July. The 11 days of presentations attract 50 thousand people to Centreventos Cau Hansen, every year. There are competitions in seven different categories, from classical ballet to folk dances. Squares, shopping centres and many companies take the opportunity to promote other events at the same time, such as courses and talks.

Industrial tourism

With a population of over 500,000 inhabitants and an economy based mainly on industry, Joinville has become the largest city in State of Santa Catarina. Also called the “Catarinense Manchester”, for its economic and technological leadership – the name refers to the English city that is an industrial historical point of reference – Joinville stands out as one of the most important Brazilian cities, being on the tour schedule of visitors from all over Brazil and the World.

Ethnicities

As a result of the German immigration to this part of Brazil, most of Joinville's inhabitants are Brazilians who trace their ancestry to immigrants from Germany, and a few to immigrants of other European countries, such as Portugal, Italy, Switzerland and Norway. A small minority of the population trace their ancestry to Black Africans, Native Americans and Japanese peoples.

German House in Joinville.
Race/Skin color Percentage Number
Whites 91.50% 393,085
Pardos (brown) 5.13% 22,025
Blacks 2.19% 9,413
Amerindians 0.14% 613
Yellow (Asian) 0.17% 711

Source: IBGE 2000.[5]

Religion

The first settlers were mainly Lutherans but, nowadays, followers of this religion make up only 6.13% of the population. Today, most of the Protestants are of Pentecostal faith. The main religion, as in most of Brazil, is Roman Catholicism.

Religion Percentage Number
Roman Catholics 73.26% 314,729
Protestants 22.49% 96,632
No religion 2.01% 8,656

Source: IBGE 2000.[6]

Economy

A region of Joinville.

Joinville's economy is based on industrial activities and commerce. The city is also the center to some of Brazil's largest software companies such as: Datasul[7] , Logocenter[8] and Microvix

Joinville is also home to many very well known large corporations in Brazil such as: Tupy,[9] Tigre,[10] Embraco,[11] Dohler,[12] Consul,[13] Wetzel,[14] Busscar,[15] Ciser,[16] Schulz S/A.[17]

The city has one of the highest standards of living in Brazil. Its industrial output is the third largest in the Southern States of Brazil - after the large main cities of Porto Alegre and Curitiba.

Joinville is also the fourth most populous city in the southern region of Brazil - by the end of the decade it may replace Londrina (PR) as the third largest city in the south of Brazil.

Languages

Portuguese, the official language of Brazil, is spoken and used by the entire population. English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. As most of Joinville's inhabitants are of German ancestry, the German language is also taught in some schools.[18]

Colleges and Universities

  • INESA - Instituto de Ensino Superior Santo Antônio;
  • ACE - Associação Catarinense de Ensino;
  • FCJ - Faculdade Cenecista de Joinville;
  • Ielusc - Instituto Superior e Centro Educacional Luterano Bom Jesus;
  • IESville - Instituto de Ensino Superior de Joinville;
  • SOCIESC - Sociedade Educacional de Santa Catarina;
  • UDESC - Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina;
  • Univille - Universidade da Região de Joinville;
  • UFSC - Santa Catarina Federal Unviversity will open a branch in Joinville by 2009;
  • and many others.

Infrastructure

Due to the fast growth of the city in the last decades many neighborhoods suffer from lack of basic infrastructure such as pavement and sewage. Neighborhoods located near the coast on terrains that used to be mangrove swamps are frequently flooded. The center of the city has been renewed in some parts, however many streets still have overaged pavement and damaged sidewalks.

The road from Joinville to the Vigorelli ferry harbor that connects the peninsula of Saí with the city has been in bad condition since its establishment, with several miles of muddy dirt road with no illumination. Although some pavement now exists, the road remains under any western standards, in spite of the great flux of middle-class tourists in the area.

Household water is drawn mainly from the highly polluted Rio Cubatao that runs across the city. Drinking water is highly chlorinated therefore. Despite the high rainfall rate in the region, poor infrastructure and lack of urban planning may lead to water shortage in near future.[19]

Transportation

People in Joinville Airport.

Domestic Airport

Joinville airport (IATA code: JOI) is a minor airport in southern Brazil and serves only domestic flights. It is located 13 km from downtown, 75 km from Navegantes Airport, 110 km from Curitiba International Airport and 163 km from Florianópolis International Airport.

In 2003 Joinville Airport recorded movement of 180 thousand passengers and nearly 10,000 takeoffs and landings. On March 8, 2004, during commemorations of the city’s 153rd anniversary, Joinville gained a newly upgraded airport. A new passenger terminal opened at Joinville-Lauro Carneiro de Loyola Airport, able to handle up to 500 thousand people a year. A new administrative building and control tower were also built.

The airport adopted the Aeroshopping concept, which Infraero is implementing at its airports. The number of shops went from 8 to 22. The expectation is that implementation of the airport/shopping center idea will boost the number of jobs generated by the airport by 40%.

In spite of the growth in the number of flights and passengers, the airport lack sufficient public transportation connecting it with the city center and other neighboring towns. Commuting from and to the airport is performed chiefly by taxis and private vehicles.

Highways

Joinville is 135 km away from Curitiba on the BR-101, and 184 km from Florianópolis, the state capital.

Distances

Sport

The city also offers leisure options in sports: there is a golf course, equestrian centre and a kart track. For outdoor activities lovers, there are places suitable for practicing any sport, from shooting (German tradition from the Middle Ages, kept until today) to adventure and nautical - the largest and best equipped Yacht Club in Santa Catarina State is in the municipality.

Sporting clubs

Neighborhoods

  • Adhemar Garcia
  • América
  • Anita Garibaldi
  • Atiradores
  • Aventureiro
  • Boa Vista
  • Boehmerwald
  • Bom Retiro
  • Bucarein
  • Centro
  • Comasa
  • Costa e Silva
  • Dona Francisca
  • Espinheiros
  • Fátima
  • Floresta
  • Glória
  • Guanabara
  • Iririú
  • Itaum
  • Itinga
  • Itoupava Açu
  • Jardim Iririú
  • Jardim Paraíso
  • Jardim Sophia
  • Jarivatuba
  • João Costa
  • Morro do Meio
  • Nova Brasília
  • Paranaguamirim
  • Parque Guarani
  • Petrópolis
  • Pirabeiraba-centro
  • Rio Bonito
  • Rio Velho
  • Saguaçu
  • Santa Catarina
  • Santo Antônio
  • São Marcos
  • Vila Cubatão
  • Vila Nova
  • Zona Industrial Norte
  • Zona Industrial Tupy

Famous people of Joinville

References

  1. ^ a b (( Radar Sul )) História da Cidade de Joinville - Santa Catatina - SC - Brasil
  2. ^ Bela Santa Catarina Notícias: Joinville valoriza Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH)
  3. ^ 26º Festival de Dança de Joinville
  4. ^ CELST - Comunidade Evangélica Luterana Santíssima Trindade
  5. ^ Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA
  6. ^ Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA
  7. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Datasul. joinville, Brazil: Datasul. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.datasul.com.br/. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  8. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Logocenter. joinville, Brazil: Logocenter. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.logocenter.com.br/. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  9. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Tupy. joinville, Brazil: Tupy. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.tupy.com.br/. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  10. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Tigre. joinville, Brazil: Tigre. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.tigre.com.br/home.aspx. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  11. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Embraco. joinville, Brazil: Embraco. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.embraco.com.br/entrada.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  12. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Dohler. joinville, Brazil: Dohler. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.dohler.com.br/home.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  13. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Consul. joinville, Brazil: Consul. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.consul.com.br/consul/control/cs/br/s3/home. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  14. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Wetzel. joinville, Brazil: Wetzel. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.wetzel.com.br/. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  15. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Busscar. joinville, Brazil: Busscar. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.busscar.com.br/. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  16. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Ciser. joinville, Brazil: Ciser. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.ciser.com.br/. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  17. ^ (in Portuguese) (PDF) Schulz. joinville, Brazil: Schulz. 2008. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. http://www.schulz.com.br/. Retrieved 2008-01-25.  
  18. ^ Bela Santa Catarina: Prefeitura de Joinville pretende ampliar ensino da língua alemã
  19. ^ http://www.jornaldaeducacao.inf.br/index.php?Itemid=2&id=157&option=com_content&task=view#

External links

Coordinates: 26°19′13″S 48°50′37″W / 26.3204°S 48.8437°W / -26.3204; -48.8437

Links to universities and private colleges in Joinville

Aerial Views of Joinville


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Downtown Joinville
Downtown Joinville

Joinville is the largest city in Santa Catarina, Brazil. It is principally an industrial city and many of its 500,000 inhabitants are of German descent.

Get in

Numerous cities around Brazil have flights to and from Joinville Airport, with the most regular (multiple daily flights) being São Paulo (Congonhas Airport) and Rio de Janeiro (Guarulhos Airport). Alternatively, it is possible to get to Joinville from almost any town or city in Santa Catarina by bus (Catarinense, the state's largest bus company, offers the greatest range). Outside Santa Catarina, several places offer bus services to Joinville, including Curitiba, São Paulo, Porto Alegre and Iguaçu Falls (via Curitiba).

Get around

It is easiest to get around Centro (downtown) by foot, as everything is close together. Should you wish to venture out into the suburbs, Joinville has a reliable bus network which is used heavily by locals. Tickets can be purchased from any one of the numerous bus terminals around the city, or on the buses themselves. Be warned, however: both buses painted completely blue and those with a blue stripe on each side are direct buses, they generally go from one bus station to another without stopping.

  • Bolshoi Ballet School - well worth a visit if you're in the area. This is the only school run by the famous Bolshoi Ballet Company outside of Russia. Guided tours (in Portuguese, though if you're lucky the guide may give be fluent enough in English to give you a run down) are open on Fridays from 10am to 4pm; it is recommended that you book in advanced. Entry costs R$3.00 per person as of March 2008. Avenida Beira Rio, 315, ph +5547 3422 4070.
  • Scenic Lookout - offers a panoramic view of the city and bay. It is located on top of the rainforest-covered hill next to Centro. Rua Saguaçu, Saguaçu.
  • Zoo - found at the base of the lookout, Joinville's zoo houses a modest collection of Brazilian animals. Entry is free. Rua Pastor Guilherme Rau, Saguaçu.
Rua das Palmeiras in front of the National Museum of Immigration and Colonization.
Rua das Palmeiras in front of the National Museum of Immigration and Colonization.
  • National Museum of Immigration and Colonization - located in front of the Rua das Palmeiras (a well known street lined with palm trees which were brought from Rio de Janeiro in 1873), this museum offers a glimpse of life as it was for Joinville's first European settlers . It includes a historic house set up as it would have been around 150 years ago, as well as well as a couple of sheds containing machinery which was used in past times. Open Tuesday to Sunday from 9am to midday and 2pm to 6pm. Rua Rio Branco, 229, ph +5547 3433 3776.
A presentation by the Bolshoi Ballet Company during the 2006 Joinville Dance Festival.
A presentation by the Bolshoi Ballet Company during the 2006 Joinville Dance Festival.

The best time to visit is July. For around 10 days in this month, the city transforms itself for the Joinville Dance Festival. Considered the biggest dance festival in the world, thousands of dancers from all over Brazil and beyond flock to the city. For the duration of the event, various public spaces throughout Centro become the setting of all kinds of (often free) dance performances, from hip hop to ballet. The festival cumulates with 'Champions Night', where the winners of all the categories perform in the Bolshoi Ballet Theater. It is sure to be a memorable night, though be warned: tickets sell fast. The price depends on seating location, in 2005 it ranged from R$10 to R$50 per person.

Buy

Shopping Mueller has some of the best shopping in the city, including many fashion outlets and other stores. It is located on Rua Sen. Felipe Schimidt, Centro. Otherwise, all sorts of shops can be found by wandering around Centro.

Eat

Some of the city's best valued snacks can be found at bakeries and pastelarias around Centro. For dinner, try a pizzeria (Brazilian pizzas have an incredible range of toppings, from chicken heart to strawberry and chocolate), or if you're looking for something more familiar there are Italian, Chinese and Arabic restaurants. Fast food chains like McDonalds are also present.

  • Avenida Palace Hotel, Av. Getúlio Vargas, 75, ph +5547 3433 8070.
  • Hotel Mattes, Rua XV de Novembro, 801, ph +5547 3422 3582.
  • Hotel Príncipe, Rua Jerônimo Coelho, 27, ph +5547 3028 4555.
  • Joinville Palace Hotel, Rua do Príncipe, 142, ph +5547 3433 6111.
  • Sleep Inn Joinville, Rua Senador Felipe Schmidt, 460, ph +5547 2105 3700.
  • Mercure Hotel Prinz, Rua Otto Boehm, 525, ph +5547 3481 9111.
  • Slaviero Suites, Av. Dr. Albano Schulz, 815, ph +5547 2101 8500.
  • Clans BR, Rua 9 de março, 836, upper floor, ph +5547 3422 5648.
  • Clube da Rede, Rua Tuiuti, 1447, ph +5547 3467 1257.

Get out

It could be worth making the trip to São Francisco do Sul, a fishing community on an island across from Joinville; it is around a 30 minute drive by car. São Francisco do Sul was one of the very first places in Brazil to be colonized by Europeans and the old area is full of brightly coloured Portuguese buildings. There are scenic drives between Joinville and Curitiba (off the BR-101 highway) which inclued lush countryside with ponds, fields, etc. For the residents themselves, by far the most common trip is to the beach. Barra Velha, Piçarras and Balneário Camboriú are amongst the most popular coastal towns within an hour's drive. All are reachable by bus.

Routes through Joinville
ENDCuritiba  N noframe S  Balneário CamboriúFlorianópolis
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

Joinville is a city of the Santa Catarina state, in Brazil. It is the biggest city in Santa Catarina and has about 500,000 inhabitants.

It is the third largest industrial center of southern Brazil. The region produces 13.6% of the total of GDP of the state of Santa Catarina. Emphasis on the largest of the city: Amanco, Busscar, Ciser, Datasul, Docol, Döhler, Embraco, Tupy, Lepper, Tigre, Wetzel, Whirlpool, Viqua,Schulz, Universal Leaf Tobacco, among others.

Joinville is know as the city of the Princes, Flowers, Dance and Bicycles. The festival of dance from Joinville - recognized as the world's largest in its genus (listed in Guinness Book) - reached the twenty-fifth edition in 2007. A subsidiary of the School of the Bolshoi Theater, the only outside Russia, is highlighted in the training of dancers.

The Airport of Joinville (Lauro Carneiro de Loyola) is one of the largest in South Region. is located 13 km from the city center, 110 km from airport and 163 km from Curitiba to Florianópolis Airport. Of Joinville there are several daily flights to São Paulo (Congonhas), through Companies: GOL Linhas Aéreas and TAM.








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