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History of Japan



Jōō (承応 ?), alternatively romanized as Jō-ō or Shōō, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, ?, lit. "year name") after Keian and before Meireki. This period spanned the years from September 1652 through April 1655.[1] The reigning emperors were Go-Komyo-tennō (後光明天皇 ?) and Go-Sai-tennō (後西天皇 ?).[2]


Change of era

  • 1652 Jōō gannen (承応元年 ?): The era name was changed to Jōō (meaning "receiving answers"), which was to mark the death of the third shogun, Tokugawa Iemitsu. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Keian 5, on the 18th day of the 9th month.

The name of this new era came from the Book of the Jin: "The Xia and the Shang dynasties follow their destinies, so the House of Zhou came when it was time." (夏商運、周氏期)

Events of the Jōō era

  • October 3, 1653 (Jōō 2, 12th day of the 8th month): A violent fire destroyed a large part of the Imperial palace and many temples which were nearby. Shortly thereafter, several girls, aged 12-14 years, were imprisoned for having started this fire and others in Heian-kyō.[3]
  • August 18, 1654 (Jōō 3, 6th day of the 7th month): A famous priest, Ingen, arrived at Nagasaki from China. His intention was to reform the practice of Buddhism in Japan.[3]
  • October 30, 1654 (Jōō 3, 20th day of the 9th month): Emperor Go- Kōmyō died of smallpox; and his funeral ceremonies were at Sennyū-ji (泉涌寺, senyō-ji ?) on the 15th day of the 10th month.[4]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jō-ō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 432; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 412-13.
  3. ^ a b Titsingh, p. 412.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 413; Porter, Robert. (2001). Japan: The Rise of a Modern Power, p. 65.


External links

Jōō 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
Gregorian 1652 1653 1654 1655

Preceded by:

Era or nengō:

Succeeded by:

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