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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Jordan, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Hashemite Flag of Jordan.svg
Kingdom of Jordan
Geography

Governorates · Cities
Transport · The Mediterranean
Dead Sea · Red Sea · Amman

History of Jordan

Hashemites · Transjordan · Black September
Sykes-Picot Agreement · Mandate of Palestine · PLO

Arab-Israeli conflict

1948 War · Six-Day War
Peace treaties with: Israel

Economy

Aqaba · Petra

Demographics · Culture

Music of Jordan · Sports in Jordan
University of Jordan · Arabic · Famous Jordanians

Religion

Islam in Jordan · Christianity in Jordan

Politics

Kings · Prime Ministers · Samir Rifai
King Abdullah II

Foreign affairs

United Nations · Arab League

Jordanian Armed Forces

Land Force · Intelligence Department · Air Force
His Majesty's Special Security · Royal Special Forces

Portal: Jordan

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Jordanians are mostly Arabs, except for a few small communities of Circassians, Chechens, Armenians, and Kurds which have adapted to Arab culture. Jordan's ruling class is made up of people of Bedouin Arab descent. According to UNRWA, there are 1,951,603 Palestinian refugess in Jordan as of June 2008, that's 31.5% of Jordan's population [1]. There are also approximately one million Iraqis currently residing in the country. Also, hundreds of thousands of guest workers from Egypt, Syria, Indonesia, and South Asia work as domestic and construction employees. Also, there are a few thousand residents of Lebanese origin who came to Jordan when civil strife and war broke out in their native country. They primarily reside in Amman.

The official language is Arabic, but English is used widely in commerce and government. About 70% of Jordan's population is urban; less than 6% of the rural population is nomadic or semi-nomadic. Most people live where the rainfall supports agriculture. Most of the immigrant population is Palestinian in origin, having fled the former Mandate of Palestine in the wake of the 1948 and 1967 Arab-Israeli wars.

Contents

Education

The era of King Hussein saw increased school enrollment rates, which resulted in a rapid rise in the literacy rate in Jordan. At the beginning of his reign in 1952 the literacy rate was 33% and grew to 85% in 1996; according to the 2003 estimate, it is now 91.3% of the total population.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. Population: 6,198,677 (July 2008 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.338% (2008 est.)

Birth rate: 20.13 births/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Death rate: 2.72 deaths/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Net migration rate: 5.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2008 est.)

Age structure:
0–14 years: 32.2% (male 1,017,233/female 976,284)
15–64 years: 62.4% (male 2,110,293/female 1,840,531)
65 years and over: 4.1% (male 122,975/female 131,361) (2008 est.)

The population of Jordan since 1952.

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
total population: 1.1 male(s)/female (2008 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 15.57 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 78.71 years
male: 76.19 years
female: 81.39 years (2008 est.)

Total fertility rate: 2.63 children born/woman (2006 est.)

Nationality:
noun: Jordanian(s)
adjective: Jordanian
non-Jordanians: 349.933 (7%) at the 2004 Census

Ethnic groups: Arab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%

Religions: Muslim (Sunni) 92%, Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shi'a Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.)

Languages: Arabic (official), English widely understood among the educated and the upper and middle classes

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.3%
male: 95.9%
female: 86.3% (2003 est.)

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
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