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José Giral y Pereira (Santiago de Cuba, 1879 - Mexico, 23 December 1962) was a Spanish politician during the Second Spanish Republic.

He was a licentiate in Chemistry and Pharmacy from the University of Madrid. In 1905 he became professor of chemistry in the University of Salamanca. He was a member of the Unión Republicana party and founded Acción Republicana with Manuel Azaña. During the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera he conspired against the regime, consequently he was imprisoned three times. When the Second Republic was declared, he was named director of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and advisor of State. Between 1931 and 1933 he served as Minister of the Navy.

After the failure of Diego Martínez Barrio to form a government to restrain the military revolt of 17 July 1936, Azaña ordered Giral to form a new government constituted exclusively by republicans. This 133rd Prime Minister government would last from 19 July to 4 September 1936, when, with the fall of Talavera de la Reina and the Army of Morocco within reach of Madrid, he was forced to cede power to Francisco Largo Caballero.[1]

After the end of the Spanish Civil War he went to France, then to Mexico. In 1945 he succeeded to Juan Negrín as prime minister of the Spanish Republican government in Exile until 1947.[2]

He married María Luisa González y de la Calle.


  1. ^ Beevor, Antony. The battle for Spain. The spanish civil war. Penguin Books. 2006. London. pag.144
  2. ^ Beevor, Antony. The battle for Spain. The spanish civil war. Penguin Books. 2006. London. pag.423
Preceded by
Diego Martínez Barrio
Prime Minister of Spain
Succeeded by
Francisco Largo Caballero


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