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Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium
Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg
Tenure 12 November 1964 – 7 October 2000
Spouse Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Prince Jean of Luxembourg
Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein
Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg
House House of Bourbon-Parma (by marriage)House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Leopold III of Belgium
Mother Astrid of Sweden
Born 11 October 1927(1927-10-11)
Brussels, Belgium
Died 10 January 2005 (aged 77)
Fischbach Castle

Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (born Joséphine-Charlotte Ingeborg Elisabeth Maria Josepha/Marie-José Margarethe/Marguerite Astrid 11 October 1927 – 10 January 2005) was Grand Duchess of Luxembourg as spouse of Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

Joséphine-Charlotte metro station in Brussels is named after her.



She was born at the Royal Palace of Brussels as the oldest child and only daughter of Leopold III of Belgium and Astrid of Sweden.

The young Princess spent her childhood at the Stuyvenberg Palace just outside of Brussels with her parents, Prince Léopold and Princess Astrid. Her mother, who was born a Princess of Sweden and a direct descendant of Napoleon Bonaparte's first wife Joséphine, was killed in an automobile accident in 1935 at age 29. Her father was a direct descendant of Stéphanie de Beauharnais, cousin of Joséphine's first husband and adopted daughter of Joséphine's second husband.


Princess Joséphine-Charlotte first attended school at the Royal Palace, where a small class had been organized for her. At the end of 1940, she entered a boarding school and then continued her education with her own private teachers. On 7 June 1944, the day after the Allied Forces landed in Normandy, France, she and her father were sent to Germany and kept there under house-arrest. The Royal Family, which included her brothers Baudouin and Albert and their stepmother, Mary Lilian Baels, Princess de Réthy, was freed on 7 May 1945 and settled in Prégny, Switzerland.

Princess Joséphine-Charlotte continued her studies at the "Ecole Supérieure de Jeunes Filles" in Geneva, Switzerland. Afterwards, she took Jean Piaget's lectures on child psychology at the University of Geneva. When she returned to Belgium the Princess took up her official duties. At the same time, she also devoted herself to social problems and developed her interest in the arts.


On 9 April 1953 in Luxembourg, the Princess married Prince Jean, then Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg. They had five children:

As Hereditary Grand Duchess first, then, from Jean's accession to the throne on 12 November 1964 until his abdication in 2001, as Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, she carried out the many and varied duties (particularly of a social and cultural nature) as The Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.

The Grand Duchess was interested in childhood problems, family and health problems. From 1959 to 1970 she was President of the Luxembourgish Youth Red Cross.

Her favourite hobbies included gardening and horticulture. She also enjoyed hunting, fishing, skiing and watersports.

Joséphine-Charlotte, who had suffered from lung cancer for some time, died at Fischbach Castle at the age of 77, survived by her husband, children and grandchildren.


Styles of
Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte of Luxembourg
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am
  • Her Royal Highness Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (1927 – 1953)
  • Her Royal Highness The Hereditary Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1953 – 1964)
  • Her Royal Highness The Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (1964 – 2000)
  • Her Royal Highness Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte of Luxembourg (2000 – 2005)


Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 11 October 1927 Died: 10 January 2005
Luxembourgish royalty
Title last held by
Marie Anne of Portugal
Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg
1964 – 2000
Succeeded by
Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Marie Anne of Portugal
Duchess consort of Nassau
1964 - 2000
Reason for succession failure:
Duchy annexed by Prussia in 1866
Succeeded by
Maria Teresa Mestre y Batista-Falla

External links

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