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Jose Ma. Panganiban ( February 1,1863- August 19, 1890) was an avenger of Filipino honor. He was Bicolandia's greatest contribution to the historic campaign for reforms, more popularly called the Propaganda Movement. He wrote articles for La Solidaridad, under the pen names "Jomapa" and "J.M.P."


Early life

His first teacher was his mother, he was taught to read and write in Spanish. Was enrolled by his father in a seminary in Naga, Camarines Sur where he proved that he was a brilliant student and completed his philosophy course in 1882. He came to Manila to study at Colegio de San Juan de Letran and got a bachelors degree with the financial help of the clerical rector of the seminary, and later studied medicine at the University of Santo Tomas. In 1887, he wrote Anatomia de Regines which was recognized as one of his brilliant literary works. Continued his studies at the University of Barcelona, Spain it was then he joined the newspaper La Solidaridad because he believed that there must be reforms in the colonial rule in the Philippines, and used the pen names "Jomapa" and "J.M.P."


Being one of the writers of the La Solidaridad, he called the attention of the Spaniards on the freedom of the press and criticized the educational system in the Philippines. His works were recognized by Jose Rizal who even said "He was a true orator, of easy and energetic words, vigorous in concepts and of practical and transcedental ideas". Panganiban got ill and apologized to Rizal that he cant help furhter in the reforms of the movement. In which he told Rizal, "If i only have the strength I had before, I will work with you unto the bitter end". He died of a pulmunary ailment in Spain.

See also

  • Jose Panganiban's Monument


  • Quirino, Carlos. Who's Who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books, 1995.


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