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Self-portrait of Josef Kriehubers, Lithography, 1860
Robert Schumann, Lithograph by Josef Kriehuber, in 1839
Monument at the Wiener Zentralfriedhof cemetery.

Josef Kriehuber (December 14, 1800, Vienna – May 30, 1876, Vienna) was an Austrian lithographer and painter. He prepared numerous portraits for nobility and government officials. The Vienna-born Josef Kriehuber left more than 3000 lithographs, with portraits of many people.[1][2]

Contents

Life

Josef Kriehuber was born in Vienna, Austria on 14 December 1800.[2] He was first trained by his brother Johann Kriehuber, then studied at the Vienna Academy under H. Maurer, then moved to Galicia, where he devoted himself to horse painting.[1] He worked as a lithographer for several Viennese publishing houses.[1] With nearly 3,000 works, Josef Kriehuber was the most important portrait lithographer of the Viennese Biedermeier period.[1] Kriehuber is also noted for his studies of the Prater park. He taught at the Vienna Theresianum academy.[1]

Kriehuber had already 13 years in the Imperial Academy in Vienna. In 1818, he accompanied the prince Sanguszko teachers as a sign to Poland. In 1821 he returned back to Vienna. To get money for the course at the academy, and for subsistence to procure, he was one of the most industrious employees of the publishing lithographic trend. In 1826, the new printing technique of lithography appears in his first portraits. In the next few decades, Kriehuber becomes the most visited portraitist of Biedermeier Vienna. His success probably stems from the fact that he is a master of understanding men and women pretty significant way than they were in reality.

His works, an image of the Viennese society of this epoch, contain nearly 3000 portrait-lithographs,[1] along with a few hundred Aquarelle. There is seldom a well-known person, of that time period, who did not have a portrait by Kriehuber. Names include: Francis I of Austria, Fürst von Metternich, Josef Radetzky, Franz Grillparzer, Johann Nestroy, Archduke Johann, Friedrich Halm, Friedrich Hebbel, Hammer-Purgstall, Franz Schubert, Anton Diabelli, Robert Schumann, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Carl Czerny, Franz Liszt, Sigismond Thalberg, Ole Bull, Niccolò Paganini, Elias Parish Alvars, Fritz Reuter, Therese Krones, Fanny Elßler, Archduke Karl Ludwig, Sophie of Austria, Marie-Louise of Austria, Johann Kaspar von Seiller, Stephan Endlicher, Ignaz von Seyfried, Moritz Gottlieb Saphir, Carl von Ghega, Wilhelm von Tegetthoff, Ferdinand Maximilian von Austria.

With the advances of photography, the star Kriehuber sank. In 1860, he was hailed as first artist in Austria of the Franz Joseph Order. His last years were marked by the lack of jobs and overshadowed by poverty.

Josef Kriehuber died on 30 May 1876, in his hometown. His final resting place, now an honorary grave, he found in Vienna's central cemetery.

Significant collections of his works are in the Albertina (Vienna), and the portrait collection of Austrian National Library in Vienna. Since 1889 in Vienna-Margareten (Vienna's 5th district), there has been a street named after Kriehuber.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f AEIOU Encyclopedia: "Kriehuber, Josef", 2008, (see webpage URL in References below).
  2. ^ a b Schubert and His World: A Biographical Dictionary H.P. Clive, 1997, p.104, Google Books link: Books-Google-104.

References

  • AEIOU Encyclopedia: "Kriehuber, Josef", 2008, webpge: AEIOU-Encyclopedia-496-Kriehuber.
  • Wolfgang von Wurzbach: Catalog of the Portrait-Lithograhs of Josef Kriehuber. – 2. Auflage. Vienna: Walter Krieg Verlag, 1958
  • Selma Krasa: Josef Kriehuber 1800–1876: The Portraitist of an Epoch. – Vienna: Edition Christian Brandstätter, 1987
  • Joseph Kriehuber. In Constantin von Wurzbach: Biographical Lexicon of the Kaiserthums Austria. Volume 13. Vienna 1865.
  • Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker: Allgemeines Lexicon of the Image Artist from the Antique until the Gegenwart, Bd. 21, 1927, S. 535 ff.
  • Rudolf von Eitelberger von Edelberg: Gesammelte kunsthistorische Schriften (Collected Art-history Writings), Band 1, S. 90. Wien: Braumüller, 1879.
  • Peter Wirth: Kriehuber, Josef. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB). Band 13, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1982, S. 45 f. (German)

External links

 
Translated from German: This article was translated from the German Wikipedia on 11Dec08 (plus other sources). The text contains internal German text for additional copyediting & rephrasing. There still might be several words/phrases needing translation.
 
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