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Josef Wilhelm Freiherr von Löschner or in Czech Josef Vilém z Löschneru (May 7, 1809 – April 19, 1888) was an Austrian physician born in Kaaden, Bohemia. In 1834 he received his medical doctorate at Prague, and later became a professor at the University of Prague. During 1862-63 he was rector at the University. From 1865 until 1868 he was personal physician to Franz Joseph I of Austria. A foundation arranged by Löschner resulted in the creation of the Franz Joseph Kinderhospital in Prague.

Löschner is remembered for his work in the field of balneology. He advocated the curative properties of health spas, and wrote numerous articles promoting the spas of Bohemia. These publications were instrumental in making Bohemian spas a popular tourist destination, particularly the resort at Karlsbad which was regularly visited by members of European royalty.

Written works

  • Der Gießhübler Sauerbrunn, 1846
  • Die Versendung der Karlsbader Mineralquellen, (The Dispatch of the Karlsbad Mineral Springs), 1847
  • Das Saidschitzer Bitterwasser, (Bitter waters of Saidschitz), 1853
  • Der Sauerbrunnen zu Bilin, (Aerated Springs at Bílina), 1859
  • Johannisbad im böhmischen Riesengebirge, (Johannisbad in the Riesengebirge Mountains), 1859
  • Beiträge zu Balneologie aus den Kurorten Böhmens, (Contributions to Balneology from the health resorts in Bohemia), 1862
  • Balneologische Skizze von Tetschen-Bodenbach, (Balneological sketch of Tetschen Bodenbach), 1862
  • Die Eisenwässer von Königswart, (The Ice-Cold Waters of Königswart), 1865
  • Teplitz und die benachbarten Kurorte, (Teplitz and neighbouring health resorts), 1867


  • This article is based on a translation of an article from the German Wikipedia.


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