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The Hon. Joseph-Hyacinthe Bellerose

Joseph-Hyacinthe Bellerose (July 12 1820 – August 13, 1899) was a Canadian militaman and politician. He served in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada, the Canadian House of Commons, the Legislative Assembly of Quebec, the Canadian Senate and as the mayor of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Quebec.


Early life

Joseph-Hyacinthe Bellerose was born on July 12, 1820 at Trois-Rivières to father Michel-Hyacinthe Bellerose, a merchant, and mother Geneviève-Sophie Lemaître. The young Joseph attended a local Trois-Rivières school until 1833, when he began attending Séminaire de Nicolet. Educated there until 1836 or 1837, Bellerose completed his classical education at Séminaire de Saint-Hyacinthe in 1842. He began to study law in Montreal and married Henriette Armand on October 4, 1847. After marriage, the couple moved to Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Quebec, where Bellerose entered business and began farming. There, he joined the militia and raised twenty volunteer regiments, before his commissioning as ensign in the 2nd Battalion of Terrebonne militia on December 6, 1855. On January 29, 1857, Bellerose was made captain of the 1st Company of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul volunteer militia and on December 4 of that same year was made a brigade major. The next year, he was approached regarding a captaincy position in the 100th foot of the regular army, but declined the offer for reasons unknown. On May 22, 1861, he became brigade major of Military District No. 8 and commanding officer of the new 12th Battalion of Volunteer Militia on October 29, 1862.[1][2]

Political career

In 1861, Bellerose made an attempted entry into politics by running against Louis-Siméon Morin for the Quebec Legislative Assembly of Canada constituency of Laval. Two years later, he made another attempt, and this time was successful, winning the constituency with a majority of just 94. He was first elected to the Canadian House of Commons in the 1867 elections in the Quebec riding of Laval. A Conservative, he was re-elected in the 1872 elections. He was also elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec, and served there on occasion at the same time as serving in the Canadian House of Commons. In 1873, he was appointed to the Senate of Canada representing the senatorial division of De Lanaudière, Quebec.

It was due to the insistence of Bellerose that from 1877, the record of debates in the Canadian Senate were translated into French, a reminder of his roots in Quebec.[1]

During his political career, Bellerose served in several other roles, including justice of the peace, mayor of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Quebec (at the same time as serving in the federal Senate representing a constituency!) and president of the Union Navigation Company. He died in office in 1899, aged seventy-nine years and one month. Bellerose is buried in the Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, Quebec parish church vault.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b c Joseph-Hyacinthe Bellerose - Dictionary of Canadian Biography (accessed 2010-01-09)
  2. ^ a b National Assembly webpage (accessed 2010-01-09) (French)

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