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Joseph I
Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans, Hungary and Bohemia [1][1]
King in Germany (King of the Romans)
Reign 23 January 1690–17 April 1711
Coronation 26 January 1690, Augsburg
Predecessor Leopold I
Successor Charles VI
King of Hungary
Reign 9 December 1687–17 April 1711
Coronation 9 December 1687, Pressburg
Predecessor Leopold I
Successor Charles VI
King of Bohemia
Reign 5 May 1705–17 April 1711
Predecessor Leopold I
Successor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria
Reign 5 May 1705–17 April 1711
Predecessor Leopold I
Successor Charles VI
Spouse Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick
Maria Josepha, Queen of Poland
Archduke Leopold Joseph
Maria Amalia, Holy Roman Empress
House House of Habsburg
Father Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
Born 26 July 1678(1678-07-26)
Vienna, Austria
Died 17 April 1711 (aged 32)
Vienna, Austria

Joseph I (26 July 1678 – 17 April 1711), Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, King of Hungary, King of the Romans[2][2] was the elder son of Emperor Leopold I and his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg, who was the daughter of Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine.

Born in Vienna, he was educated strictly by Prince Dietrich Otto von Salm and became a good linguist. In 1687, he received the crown of Hungary and became King of the Romans on 6 January 1690.



Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor, in imperial regalia

In 1702, at the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession, he saw his only military service. He joined the Imperial General, Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden, in the siege of Landau.

He succeeded his father as emperor in 1705. It was his good fortune to govern the Austrian dominions and to be head of the Empire, during the years in which his trusted general, Prince Eugene of Savoy, either acting alone in Italy or with the Duke of Marlborough in Germany and Flanders, was beating the armies of Louis XIV of France. During the whole of his reign, Hungary was disturbed by the conflict with Francis Rákóczi II, who eventually took refuge in the Ottoman Empire. The emperor reversed many of the authoritative measures of his father, thus helping to placate opponents. He began the attempts to settle the question of the Austrian inheritance by a pragmatic sanction, which was continued by his brother Charles VI. Joseph died in Vienna from smallpox.

Marriage and children

In 1699, he married Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick, daughter of John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. They had three children:



Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, King of Hungary, King of Croatia, King of Slavonia, King of Dalmatia, Archduke of Austria, King of Germany, Duke of Teschen

See also



  • F. Krones von Marchiand, Grundriss der Oesterreichischen Geschichte (1882)
  • F. Wagner, Historia Josephi Caesaris (1746)
  • J.C. Herchenhahn, Geschichte der Regierung Kaiser Josephs I (1786—1789)
  • C. van Noorden, Europäische Geschichte im achtzehnten Jahrhundert (1870—1882).

External links

Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Born: 26 July 1678 Died: 17 April 1711
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Leopold I
King of Bohemia
1705 – 1711
Succeeded by
Charles VI
King of HungaryJoseph I (Holy Roman Empire) - MSN Encarta (Archived 2009-10-31)[3]
1687 – 1711
King in Germany
(formally King of the Romans)

1690 – 1711
Holy Roman Emperor (elect)
1705 – 1711
Archduke of Austria
1705 – 1711
Duke of Teschen
1705 – 1711



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