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Joseph Maull Carey

In office
1911 – 1915
Preceded by Fenimore Chatterton
Succeeded by John B. Kendrick

Born January 19, 1845
Milton, Delaware
Died February 5, 1924
Cheyenne, Wyoming
Political party Republican

Joseph Maull Carey (January 19, 1845 – February 5, 1924) was a lawyer, rancher, judge, and politician, who spent most of his political career in Wyoming before and after it achieved statehood.

Carey was born January 19, 1845 in Milton, Delaware and was educated in Fort Edward Collegiate Institute and Union College before graduating from the law department at the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1864. He was admitted to the bar three years later, in 1867.

Shortly afterwards, he struck west and became the first United States Attorney for the Territory of Wyoming from its organization and served in that capacity from 1869 to 1871. He subsequently became an associate justice in the Supreme Court of the Territory of Wyoming. He served the court from 1871 to 1876 before retiring from the bench to become a rancher.

Afterwards, he began to enter politics, first as a member of the Centennial Commission from 1872 to 1876, and then as a member of the Republican National Committee from 1876 to 1879. He was subsequently elected as mayor of Cheyenne, Wyoming (from 1881 to 1885) and then was elected to the United States House of Representatives representing the Territory of Wyoming from 1885 to 1890. When the territory became a state, he was elected to the United States Senate from 1890 to 1895. In 1895 however, he failed in a run for re-election and returned to the practice of law. He did not reenter politics until 1911 when he made a successful campaign to be Governor of Wyoming.

In 1912, he abandoned his Republican party and was one of the organizers of the Progressive Party which sought to re-elect Theodore Roosevelt. He also served as the vice president of the Federal Land Bank and a member of the board of trustees of the University of Wyoming at Laramie.

He died in Cheyenne, Wyoming, aged 79.


  • American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; Peters, Betsy R. Joseph M. Carey and The Progressive Movement in Wyoming. (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wyoming at Laramie, 1971).

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Wyoming
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Mayor of Cheyenne, Wyoming
Succeeded by
Francis E. Warren
Preceded by
Bryant B. Brooks
Governor of Wyoming
Succeeded by
John B. Kendrick
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Morton Everel Post
Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
from Wyoming Territory's At-large congressional district

March 4, 1885 – July 10, 1890
Succeeded by
United States Senate
Preceded by
United States Senator (Class 2) from Wyoming
November 15, 1890 – March 3, 1895
Served alongside: Francis E. Warren
Succeeded by
Francis E. Warren


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