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Joseph Reed Ingersoll (June 14, 1786 – February 20, 1868) was an American lawyer and statesman from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

In 1835 he followed his father (Jared) and his older brother (Charles) to represent Pennsylvania in the U.S. House.

He graduated from Princeton College in 1804. He studied law, was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Philadelphia. He was elected as an Anti-Jacksonian candidate to the Twenty-fourth Congress. He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1836. He resumed the practice of law.

Ingersoll was elected as a Whig to the Twenty-seventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Sergeant. He was reelected as a Whig to the Twenty-eighth, Twenty-ninth, and Thirtieth Congresses. He was the chairman of the United States House Committee on the Judiciary during the Thirtieth Congress. He declined to accept the nomination as a candidate for reelection in 1848.

He would serve in the Congress in 1835–1837 and again in 1841–1849. In 1852, President Millard Fillmore sent him to the United Kingdom as the U.S. Minister.

He died in Philadelphia in 1868. Interment in St. Peter’s Protestant Episcopal Churchyard.


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Horace Binney,
James Harper
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district

1835 - 1837
alongside James Harper
Succeeded by
John Sergeant and George Washington Toland
Preceded by
John Sergeant
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 2nd congressional district

1841 - 1849
alongside George Washington Toland (1841-1843)
Succeeded by
Joseph R. Chandler
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Abbott Lawrence
U.S. Minister to Britain
1852 – 1853
Succeeded by
James Buchanan


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