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Joseph Vance


Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 4th & 5th district
In office
March 4, 1821 – March 3, 1823 (5th)
March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1833 (4th)
March 4, 1843 – March 3, 1847 (4th)
Preceded by Philemon Beecher (1821)
David Chambers (1823)
Jeremiah Morrow (1843)
Succeeded by John Wilson Campbell (1823)
Thomas Corwin (1833)
Richard S. Canby (1847)

In office
December 12, 1836 – December 13, 1838
Preceded by Robert Lucas
Succeeded by Wilson Shannon

Born March 21, 1786
Catfish, Pennsylvania
Died August 24, 1852
Urbana, Ohio
Political party Whig

Joseph Vance (March 21, 1786 – August 24, 1852) was a Whig politician from Ohio. He was the 13th Governor of Ohio and the first Whig to hold the position.

Vance was born in Catfish (now Washington), Pennsylvania. He moved with his father, a Revolutionary War veteran, to Vanceburg, Kentucky and then to Urbana, Ohio.

A farmer, Vance gained a commission during the War of 1812 and rose quickly from Major to Major General. He served in the Ohio House of Representatives in 1812-1813, 1815-1816 and 1818-1819. Elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1820, Vance served seven terms before losing a bid for an eighth term in 1834. Vance ran for governor in 1836 and served a single two-year term, losing a bid for re-election in 1838.

He intended to retire but was elected to the Ohio State Senate, and served there from 1840-1841. Vance then ran again for the House of Representatives in 1842, and served two more terms there before refusing to run for re-election in 1846.

References

Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Lucas
Governor of Ohio
1836–1838
Succeeded by
Wilson Shannon
Ohio House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel McCulloch
Representative from Champaign County
1812–1814
Served alongside: Hiram M. Curry (1813–1814), Samuel Newell (1812–1813)
Succeeded by
Alexander McBeth
Samuel Newell
Preceded by
Alexander McBeth
Samuel Newell
Representative from Champaign County
1815–1816
Served alongside: Samuel McCulloch
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Aaron L. Hunt
Reuben Wallace

as Representatives from Champaign County
Representative from Champaign, Logan, and Clark Counties
1819–1820
Served alongside: Reuben Wallace
District eliminated
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Philemon Beecher
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 5th congressional district

1821–1823
Succeeded by
John W. Campbell
Preceded by
David Chambers
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 4th congressional district

1823–1833
Succeeded by
Thomas Corwin
Preceded by
Jeremiah Morrow
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 4th congressional district

1843–1847
Succeeded by
Richard S. Canby
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