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Joseph Wirth


In office
10 May 1921 – 14 November 1922
Preceded by Konstantin Fehrenbach
Succeeded by Wilhelm Cuno

Born 6 September 1879(1879-09-06)
Died 3 January 1956 (aged 76)
Political party Catholic Centre Party

Karl Joseph Wirth, known as Joseph Wirth, (6 September 1879 Freiburg im Breisgau – 3 January 1956 Freiburg im Breisgau) was a German politician of the Catholic Centre Party who served as Chancellor of Germany from 1921 to 1922. Along with his foreign minister, Walther Rathenau, Wirth set out to follow a policy of "fulfillment" with respect to Germany's reparations in order to show that Germany was incapable of payment.

Only 41 years old when he took office, he was the youngest Chancellor of Germany to date. He is perhaps best known for his speech in front of the Reichstag after the assassination of Walther Rathenau by rightist extremists in 1922. Wirth famously proclaimed "The enemy is on the right!". He received the Stalin Peace Award in 1955 for his anti-fascist positions.

First Cabinet, May - October 1921

Changes

  • 29 May 1921 - Walther Rathenau (DDP) enters the cabinet as Reconstruction Minister.

Second Cabinet, October 1921 - November 1922

Changes

  • 1 February 1922 - Walther Rathenau (DDP) succeeds Wirth as Foreign Minister. Wirth remains Chancellor
  • 10 March 1922 - Anton Fehr (Bavarian Peasants' League) succeeds Hermes as Food Minister. Hermes remains Finance Minister.
  • 24 June 1922 - Upon Rathenau's assassination, Wirth again becomes Foreign Minister.
Political offices
Preceded by
Konstantin Fehrenbach
Chancellor of Germany
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Wilhelm Cuno
Preceded by
Friedrich Rosen
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1921–1922
Succeeded by
Walther Rathenau
Preceded by
Walther Rathenau
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1922
Succeeded by
Hans von Rosenberg
Preceded by
Carl Severing
Minister of the Interior
1930–1931
Succeeded by
Wilhelm Groener
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