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Joseph Yulievich Karakis (Russian: Иосиф Юлиевич Каракис; 29 May 1902, Balta - 23 February 1988, Kiev) was a Soviet architect, and one of the most prolific Kiev architects.

Joseph Yulievich Karakis
Иосиф Юлиевич Каракис
File:Иосиф Каракис 1946 г. Фото с доски почета.jpg
1902-1988
Personal information
Nationality Jewish
Born May 29, 1902(1902-05-29)
Balta, Soviet Union (now Ukraine)
Died February 23, 1988 (aged 85)
Kiev, Soviet Union (now Ukraine)
Work
Buildings National Historical Museum of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine),
Central Museum of Armed Forces of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine),
Restaurant "Dynamo" (Kiev, Ukraine),
Jewish Theater (Kiev, Ukraine)

Contents

Biography

Father - Karakis Julius B., worker and co-owner of a sugar factory in the town Turbin (1879–1943).

Mother - Karakis (maiden name Geybtman) Frida Yakovlevna, housewife (1882–1968).

From 1909 to 1917 - student of Vinnytsia Technical High School, during the same time was attending art classes of A. Cherkassky.

In 1919 - a volunteer (as he was too young to be recruited) in the ranks of the Red Army.

Since 1921 - Artist of Vinnytsia gubpolitprosveta; formed for the city museum gallery and library from the collection of Princess Branitskaya in Nemiroff.

In 1927 in a secret from their parents married a Conservatory student of piano major Anne Copeman (1904–1993), considered one of Kiev beauties.

In 1929 graduated with an architecture major. Architectural design was taught by P.F. Aleshin, A. M. Verbitsky and V. Rykov. Before the war, they built many homes and public buildings, among which - the Jewish

Theatre in Kiev, the National Museum of Ukraine and others during the war years - the construction of heavy engineering works in Rostankoproekte (Rostov-on-Don, Tashkent).

Since 1941 Associate Professor of Architectural Design at KARI.

From 1942 to 1944th - Chief architect of Architecture and Construction Bureau Farhadskaya GES (Begovat Uzbek SSR), the author of the dam, diversion channel, machine room layout and housing estates for builders, operators and relocated to the territory of the Crimean Tatars.

After the war, working in Kiev Giprograde and Civil Engineering Institute, and from 1948-th - Chief of the Institute of the art industry of USSR Academy of Architecture.

In 1951, after another ideological "cleansing" was fired. The only person who championed the preservation of historical monuments during the period of "struggle with cosmopolitanism."

Since 1952 works in Giprograde on the model design.

From 1963 to 1976 - Head of a Design department at the Architecture School in KievZNIIEP.

In 1977 Joseph Yul'evich initiated by B. E. Yasievicha (1929–1992) was temporarily joined the staff of the Kiev Research Institute of History, Theory and prospective problems of Soviet architecture, where he developed the theme "Housing near future" on the prospects of building in Kiev.

Joseph Karakis died on February 23, 1988. He was buried at Baikove cemetery beside his mother.

Projects

In Kiev:

  • House Officers - Str. Grushevskogo, 30 / 1 - now the Central Museum of Armed Forces of Ukraine;
  • The stairs and retaining wall with lanterns at the entrance to the site of the National Museum of History of Ukraine on the street. Vladimir;
  • The building of the "model" schools on field lane, 10 with GI Voloshinov and Aleshin, P.F. (1929);
  • House of the Red Army and Navy in Kiev (1932);
  • Reconstruction of the club in Aviagorodke (1933–1934);
  • Restaurant "Dynamo" (1932–1934);
  • Reconstruction of the Theatre of the Red Army on the street. Meringovskoy (1938);
  • Music School and Concert Hall of the Conservatory of Music Alley (1936–1937);
  • Nursery Plant Arsenal on the street. January Uprising (1939);
  • Art School (1938);
  • Jewish theater on Khreshchatyk str. 17 (1939);
  • Residential house in Holosievo Forestry Institute (1931);
  • 10-storey residential house in the style of constructivism in the street. Mazeppa (January Uprising). (1934–37)
  • Residential building on the January Uprising str. 3 (1934–1936);
  • Government Area (1935–1936)
  • Residential house on the street. October 25 (st. Institutskaya № 15-17) (1935–1937);
  • Dwelling house quo St George st. (1937);
  • Residential house for senior officers on the street. Zolotovorotskoy, 2 (1936);
  • River Station in Kiev in co-authorship with N. Holostenko. Rewarded [draft] (1940);
  • Residential house on the street. Streletskaya, 12 (1939–1940);
  • The residential complex of the State Planning Commission on a street. October 25 (1938–1941);
  • The second phase of the quarter on the street. January Uprising, 5 (1939–1940);
  • Houses of the pilot plant on the street. German and st. Laboratory (1939–1940);
  • Dwelling house gallery type (1940–1941, 1949) - In the house for workers of the Kiev shoe factory number 4 has been implemented completely atypical for Kiev gallery-system, typical of southern regions.
  • Staircases are located on both sides of the body, the passage to the apartments through the open gallery. This design save 15% of funds in the construction of the building. Before the war, was built in draft

form, later renovated and decorated. Includes 1-2-room apartments.

  • Homes gallery type 50 apartments on the street. Vishgorod and Nekrasov (1939–1941);
  • Building on Kreschatik, 29 (destroyed in the explosion Kreschatik) (1939–1941);
  • Machining shop pilot plant (1940);
  • Experimental School in the boulevard of Peoples' Friendship № 12 (1958);
  • Model School (1953–1955 years)..
  • Experimental Secondary School № 80 before school located square with a fountain. (1960);

In the city Begovat (Central Asia):

  • Farkhad HPS: dam, machine room, the diversion canal (2 km.) aqueduct Farkhad HPS (1942–1944);
  • Housing estates Farhadskaya GES 1000 and 500 (1943–1945);
  • Detached house for the construction of hydroelectric Farhadskaya (1943).
  • In years.Krivoy Rog, Vinnitsa , etc.:
  • Cinema at the 1000 spectators (1934–1935).

In the city of Krivoy Rog:

  • Sotsgorodok (1933–1936).

In the city of Kharkov:

  • House of the Red Army and Navy (1934);
  • House Co-operative societies (in collaboration with VI Zabolotny and P. Yurchenko) [draft] (1940)
  • School on the street. Louis Pasteur (awarded first prize contest for the best building) (1954).

In the city Skomorokhy:

  • House of the Red Army (1933–1934).

In the city of Komsomolsk:

  • Music School.

In the city of Kramatorsk:

  • Palace of Culture im.Stalina (Co-authored with L. Yurovsky) [draft] (1940)

In the city of Lugansk:

  • Hotel "October" on 173 numbers (1947–1952 years)..

In the city of Moscow:

  • Kursk Station. (Co-authored with L. Yurchenko and S. Tatarenko Award) [draft] (1932)

In the city Voroshilovgrad:

  • School.
  • Museum of the Revolution [project] (1940)

In the city of Tashkent:

  • Abrasive Works (1942);
  • School № 110 them. THShevchenko at 2600 students in the district "Ukrainian" (1969).

In the city of Chisinau:

  • Monument Kotovsk (in collaboration with the sculptor LD Muravina), custom competition (1947).

In the city of Kramatorsk:

  • Experimental School (1962).

In addition:

  • Pilot schools for children who recover from cerebral palsy in Odessa and Berdyansk (1963);
  • Experimental school for mentally retarded children in Zaporizhzhya (1964);
  • School of square classes in Kramatorsk (1965);
  • Consolidation of school buildings on 2,032 students pavilion type in Donetsk on the river Kal'mius (1965)
  • Pilot school buildings large capacity in Makhachkala, Baku, Voroshilovgrad, Dnipridzerzhinsk (1966–1969);
  • School in Komsomolsk;
  • Ukraine, the RSFSR and other republics:
  • From 1953 to 1975 was developed jointly with a team of employees over 40 model projects of different capacities of secondary schools, boarding schools and music which has built more than four thousand buildings in Ukraine, schools, and other republics of the RSFSR (1954-198?).

Selected Publications by Joseph Karakis

  • In Russian : "За комплексную застройку // Архитектурная газета. — 1936. — 8 июня. — № 32"
  • In Ukrainian : "Яким повинно бути житло // Більшовик. — 1936. — 5 серпня. — № 181"
  • In Ukrainian : "Про план житлового осередку // Соціалістичний Київ. — 1936. — № 6 (співавтор І. Дубов)"
  • In Ukrainian : "Школи художнього виховання // Соціалістичний Київ. — 1937. — № 2"
  • In Ukrainian : "Жилий квартал над Дніпром // Соціалістичний Київ. — 1937. — № 4
  • In Russian: "Жилой дом на Украине // Архитектурная газета — 1937. — 18 апреля. — № 22
  • In Russian: "Архитектура жилья на Украине: 20 лет Великой Социалистической революции // Архитектурная газета. — 1937. — 8 октября. — № 69
  • In Ukrainian : "Будівництво і проектування сільських шкіл на Україні // Радянська школа. — 1938. — № 4
  • In Ukrainian : "Колгоспний клуб // Архітектура Радянської України. — 1941. — № 6"
  • In Russian: "Экспериментальное проектирование жилых микрорайонов // Вестник ГИПРОГРАДа. — К., 1946"
  • In Ukrainian : "Москва радянська // Вісник Академії архітектури УРСР. — 1947. — № 2"
  • In Russian: "Хозяйственные сооружения в системе двухэтажной жилой застройки // Техническая информация / ГИПРОГРАД. — К., 1952. — № 3"
  • In Russian: "Здание гостиницы в г. Ворошиловграде // Техническая информация / ГИПРОГРАД. — К., 1952. — № 14"
  • In Russian: "Экспериментальный проект жилого дома галерейного типа на 72 квартиры // Техническая информация / ГИПРОГРАД. — К., 1956. — № 1"
  • In Russian: "Галерейные жилые дома // Архитектура СССР. — 1957. — № 4"
  • In Russian: "Типовое проектирование школ-интернатов // Строительство и архитектура. — 1957. — № 3; Будівництво і архітектура. — 1957. — № 3"
  • In Russian: "К вопросу проектирования новых типов школьных зданий (Из опыта типового проектирования ГИПРОГРАДа) // Проектирование и строительство школьных зданий. — К., 1958."
  • In Russian: "Средняя школа на 400 учащихся: Некоторые конструктивные и планировочные особенности школьных зданий, проектируемых из крупных стеновых блоков // Проектирование и строительство школьных зданий. — К., 1958"
  • In Russian: "Однокомнатные квартиры в галерейном доме // Строительство и архитектура. — 1958. — № 1; Будівництво і архітектура. — 1958. — № 1 (соавтор Х. Заривайская)"
  • In Russian: "Типовой проект семилетней музыкальной школы на 200—300 учащихся // Техническая информация / ГИПРОГРАД. — К., 1958. — № 7 (134)"
  • In Russian: "Пути улучшения экономических и бытовых качеств жилья // Техническая информация / ГИПРОГРАД. — К., 1958. — № 8-9 (135—136)"
  • In Russian: "Новые типовые проекты // Техническая информация / ГИПРОГРАД. — К., 1958. — № 10"
  • In Russian: "Жилые дома галерейного типа для строительства в VII и VIII пятилетках // Техническая информация / ГИПРОГРАД — К., 1958 — № 10"
  • In Russian: "Типовой проект семилетней музыкальной школы на 200—300 учащихся // Техническая информация / ГИПРОГРАД — К., 1958. — № 7"
  • In Russian: "Новые типовые проекты: О домах галерейного типа // Жилищное строительство. — 1958. — № 11"
  • In Russian: "Пути улучшения планировки жилья // Строительство и архитектура. — 1959. — № 1; Будівництво і архітектура. — 1959. — № 1"
  • In Russian: "Жилой корпус на 600 воспитанников [школы-интерната] в Киеве // Строительство и архитектура. — 1959. — № 2 (соавторы Н.Савченко, А.Волненко)"
  • In Russian: "Номенклатура домов галерейного типа для строительства в Украинской ССР // Жилищное строительство. — 1959. — № 2"
  • In Russian: "Нова, незвична… // Київський будівельник—1960. — 16 червня. — № 24"
  • In Russian: "От эксперимента — к массовому строительству: Комплексная серия типовых проектов школ и школ-интернатов // Строительство и архитектура. — 1960. — № 11 (соавтор В. Городской)"
  • In Russian: "Экспериментальная школа в Киеве // Жилищное строительство — 1961 — № 4"
  • In Russian: "Кооперирование и размещение школ и школьных городков в современной жилой застройке // Архитектура учебно-воспитательных зданий в жилой застройке. — М., 1976"
  • In Russian: "Жилище ближайшего будущего (Научно-творческое поисковое исследование): Отчет о НИР / Киевский научно-исследовательский институт теории, истории и перспективных проблем советской архитектуры (ныне — НИИТИАГ). Инв. № 1071. — К., 1977. — 29 с."
  • and more..

Publications about Joseph Karakis

TBD

Students

Various people consider themselves to be students of Karakis. Most of them studied and worked with the architect from 1933 to 1952. Several later became famous Soviet and Ukrainian architects: Anatoly Dobrovolsky, Abraham Moiseevich Miletsky, Yuri Aseev, Valentin Ezhov, Vadim Skugarev, Boris Zhezherin, Anatoly Ignaschenko, Viktor Chepelyk, Zoya V. Moiseenko, Boris M. Davidson (Karakis helped him to defend his doctoral architectural thesis), Yuriy Khimich. Several of his students later became writers, among them Victor Nekrasov Platonovich and Leonid S. Serpilin. One of the students is his daughter Irma Karakis, who later got a Ph.D. in architecture and became a senior researcher. She has long worked as head of sector KievZNIIEP interior, design institute, which later, together with a model design department got her disgraced father.

In Memory

During the celebration of the 100 years since the birth of Karakis Y.I. the following were released:

  • Five different designs of city phone calling cards with a portrait and works Karakis A.
  • Detailed Color Catalog (over 200 page) covering most important works of the architect
  • Memorial posters
  • Site created by ministry of culture with author's works

External links

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