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Juan Bautista Pérez

In office
30 May 1929 – 13 June 1931
Preceded by Juan Vicente Gómez
Succeeded by Juan Vicente Gómez

Born 20 December 1869(1869-12-20)
Caracas, Venezuela
Died 7 May 1952 (aged 82)
Caracas, Venezuela
Alma mater Central University of Venezuela

Juan Bautista Pérez (20 December 1869 - 7 May 1952), was a Venezuelan lawyer, magistrate and President between 1929 until 1931.

Graduates as lawyer at the Central University of Venezuela near 1895, practicing his profession in the town of Villa de Cura, Aragua state. In 1900 returned to Caracas, where works as magistrate until reaching the Presidency of the Federal Court in 1929.

When Juan Vicente Gómez was finalizing his presidential period (1922-1929), decided to retire to Maracay from where he would maintain control of the state as Commander-in-Chief of the Army. Nevertheless, Congress reelected Gómez, in 19 April 1929 for the period 1929-1936. A delegation of the Congress went to Gómez's estate El Trompillo, to ask him to accept the presidency for another period. As cause of the legislators insistence, Gómez decided to propose the candidacy of Juan Bautista Pérez.

Pérez was ordered to the Presidency of the Federal Court on April 19. Finally, in 30 May 1929, Perez occupied the presidency of Venezuela. One of the first measures that made was to sign an executive decree in 11 October 1929, by means of which expelled from the country the bishop of Valencia and restoring monsignor Montes de Oca, which caused problems with the Venezuelan ecclesiastical hierarchy and motivated the diplomatic intervention of the Apostolic Nuncio. Also, finally completed the full payment of the country's external debt in 1930, ordered by Juan Vicente Gómez, to be in honor of Simón Bolívar.

In June 1931, with the problems with the Church still pending, the National Congress made Pérez responsible for the strong depression that afflicted the economy (reflected by the world-wide great economic crisis initiated in 1929) and in that same opportunity, as a result of the circulation of the first manifesto of the Communist Party of Venezuela in 1 May 1931, was accused by Parliament of allowing the entry of Communist ideas into the country. Nevertheless, both the problem with the church as well as the accusations formulated by Congress were partly a product of political maneuvers designed to replace the weak figure of Juan Bautista Pérez by a representative of the new Andean generations, of which one was general Jose Maria García Velasco. Before the pressures Perez was forced to resign in 13 June 1931, but in spite of the presidential aspirations of some figures, Gómez reelected himself with greater constitutional powers for the period of 1931-1938.

Juan Bautista Pérez, was named minister of Venezuela in Spain and Portugal (1931-1933), soon returns to Venezuela, but as the result of the events of 14 February 1936, his family was expelled, and his house was sacked. Pérez lived in Barcelona (Spain) until the beginning of the Spanish Civil War (July, 1936), when was transferred to Paris. In 1939 returned to Venezuela. His properties confiscated after 18 October 1945, were restituted in 1949.

See also




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