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Juan Manuel Santos Calderón


In office
July 19, 2006 – May 23, 2009
Preceded by Camilo Ospina Bernal
Succeeded by Freddy Padilla de León

Born 10 August 1951 (1951-08-10) (age 58)
Bogotá, DC, Colombia
Nationality Colombian
Political party Party of the U
Relations Francisco Santos Calderón (cousin)
Alma mater University of Kansas
Harvard University
Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy
Profession Economist
Religion Roman Catholic

Juan Manuel Santos Calderón (born 10 August 1951) is a Colombian politician and former Minister of National Defense. He is a candidate in the 2010 Colombian presidential election.[1]

Contents

Biography

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Early life

Juan Manuel Santos spent most of his childhood in Bogotá and attended Middle School and High School at Colegio San Carlos. His last years of high school were spent as a Cadet in the Escuela Naval de Cartagena (Naval Academy of Cartagena), where he was a classmate and superior of the FARC-EP guerrilla leader known as Simón Trinidad. He continued his studies in the University of Kansas obtaining a degree in Economics and Business Administration. He later acquired master's degrees in Economics, Economic Development and Public Administration in the London School of Economics, in business and journalism from Harvard University, and in law and diplomacy from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.[1]

Career

Juan Manuel Santos has been Chief Executive of the Colombian Coffee Delegation to the International Coffee Organization in London, Sub-Director of his family owned newspaper El Tiempo and a columnist for 14 different newspapers.[citation needed] He was Minister of Foreign Trade during the administration of president César Gaviria in 1991[citation needed]. In 1992 he was appointed President of the VII United Nations Conference on Trade and Development for a period of four years.[citation needed] In 1999 he was appointed as President of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and served as Director of the Corporación Andina de Fomento (CAF) for the period 2001–2002.[citation needed]

Santos also founded the Social National Unity Party (aka Party of the U) to support the presidency of Álvaro Uribe.[citation needed] He was named Minister of Defense on July 19, 2006. During his tenure as Defense Minister the administration dealt a series of blows against the FARC guerrilla group, including the rescue of Fernando Araújo Perdomo, the death of FARC Secretariat member Raul Reyes in a March 2, 2008 air strike against a guerrilla camp located within Ecuador's borders, and the non-violent rescue of former presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt held captive since 2002, along with fourteen other hostages, including three Americans.[2]

Juan Manuel Santos announced his resignation from the Defense Ministry on May 18, 2009.[citation needed] Santos said that his resignation did not necessarily imply tossing his hat into the 2010 presidential race and that his participation in the electoral race depended on whether Uribe would pursue a third term, which he was willing to support. His resignation took effect on May 23, 2009.[citation needed]

Controversies

During his time as Colombian Defense Minister, several controversial events took place.

1. A military raid inside of Ecuador's territory to kill the FARC leader Raul Reyes. CNN news

2. Misuse of an International Committee of the Red Cross symbol during Operation Jaque. CNN News

3. On November 4, 2008, Santos admitted that the Colombian military had carried out extrajudicial executions and pledged to resolve the issue. Source El Espectador

Philantropy

In 1994 Juan Manuel Santos founded the Good Government Foundation with the main objective of helping and improving the governability and efficiency of the Colombian Government.[3][4]

Family

Santos is part of one of the most traditional families in Colombia. His grandfather's brother Eduardo Santos was President of Colombia from 1938 to 1942 and owner and Director of the newspaper El Tiempo. His father Enrique Santos has been editor of this newspaper for at least 50 years. His cousin Francisco Santos is President Álvaro Uribe's Vice President.

References


Simple English

Juan Manuel Santos was elected president of Colombia on June 20, 2010. He won by a landslide. He was sworn into office on Saturday, August 7, 2010. Santos replaces Álvaro Uribe as president.

Santos has distanced himself from Uribe. Santos intends work on the social need of the country. He also wants to improve relations Colombia's neighbors.

Since winning the presidency in a June 20 landslide, Santos has marked distance between himself and Uribe, signaling the arrival of a leader who, unlike his predecessor, intends to focus on a social agenda and the country's frayed relations with its neighbors. During his inauguration speech, he said
"I will preside over a government of national unity that will bring social prosperity for all Colombians... If we want to have economic and social development, we need to build unity among us."

Santos was schooled in the United States and is familiar with technology. He was a defense minister in the Uribe government.

He is 58 years old, and is from one of the most politically influential families of Colombia.

References


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